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A case study on effectively identifying technical debt

Nico Zazworka, Rodrigo O. Spínola, Antonio Vetro', Forrest Shull, Carolyn Seaman
2013 Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Evaluation and Assessment in Software Engineering - EASE '13  
The tools used are especially useful for identifying defect debt but cannot help in identifying many other types of debt, so involving humans in the identification process is necessary.  ...  While it is highly useful as a metaphor, it has utility beyond the facilitation of discussion, to inspire a useful set of methods and tools that support the identification, measurement, monitoring, management  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The participation of Seaman and Zazworka in this work is supported by the US National Science Foundation, award #0916699.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2460999.2461005 dblp:conf/ease/ZazworkaSVSS13 fatcat:xcwjqtojf5aktptfmwjnaghxma

Managing Technical Debt in Software Engineering (Dagstuhl Seminar 16162)

Paris Avgeriou, Philippe Kruchten, Ipek Ozkaya, Carolyn Seaman, Marc Herbstritt
2016 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report documents the program and outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 16162, "Managing Technical Debt in Software Engineering."  ...  We summarize the goals and format of the seminar, results from the breakout groups, a definition for technical debt, a draft conceptual model, and a research road map that culminated from the discussions  ...  In order to manage the defect debt, software managers require to be aware of amount of debt (principal) and interest in their system.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.6.4.110 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/AvgeriouKOS16 fatcat:h4kxyter2fcbthuqozlwakcfsa

Understanding automated and human-based technical debt identification approaches-a two-phase study

Rodrigo O. Spínola, Nico Zazworka, Antonio Vetro, Forrest Shull, Carolyn Seaman
2019 Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society  
with the values of principal and interest, when deciding to pay off a debt.  ...  Context: The technical debt (TD) concept inspires the development of useful methods and tools that support TD identification and management.  ...  Authors' contributions ROS and NZ planned and executed the study, and analyzed and interpreted its results. AV analyzed and interpreted the study results. FS and CS planned  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13173-019-0087-5 fatcat:wx7n45xqfnbm3bnze2s5z7rsaa

An Analysis of Techniques and Methods for Technical Debt Management: A Reflection from the Architecture Perspective

Carlos Fernandez-Sanchez, Juan Garbajosa, Carlos Vidal, Agustin Yague
2015 2015 IEEE/ACM 2nd International Workshop on Software Architecture and Metrics  
Technical debt is a metaphor referring to the con  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The work reported here has been partially sponsored by the Spanish fund: MESC DPI2013-47450-C2-2-R.  ...  They calcúlate the defect likelihood on the basis of the times a technical debt item is changed to solve defects.  ... 
doi:10.1109/sam.2015.11 dblp:conf/icse/Fernandez-Sanchez15 fatcat:brzvmizfwvcznnx7dfeql6ou2q

Technical debt at the crossroads of research and practice

Davide Falessi, Philippe Kruchten, Robert L. Nord, Ipek Ozkaya
2014 Software engineering notes  
We report here on the Fifth International Workshop on Managing Technical Debt, collocated with the Seventh International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement (ESEM 2013).  ...  Increasingly, software developers and managers use the metaphor of technical debt to communicate key trade-offs related to release and quality issues.  ...  The amount indicates the cost necessary to modify the system to pay down the principal of its technical debt.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2579281.2579311 fatcat:nfvk5q5h2bfyrh22hkcoxv4fbi

The financial aspect of managing technical debt: A systematic literature review

Areti Ampatzoglou, Apostolos Ampatzoglou, Alexander Chatzigeorgiou, Paris Avgeriou
2015 Information and Software Technology  
In total we selected 69 studies relevant to the financial aspect of technical debt.  ...  Results: The most common financial terms that are used in technical debt research are principal and interest, whereas the financial approaches that have been more frequently applied for managing technical  ...  of Technical Debt principal as a function of the number of should-fix violations in an application, the hours needed to fix each violation and the labor cost P13] This paper calculates the principal of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2015.04.001 fatcat:s2hczipy6jhl5edkgoq4gnyrte

Technical debt

Philippe Kruchten, Robert L. Nord, Ipek Ozkaya, Davide Falessi
2013 Software engineering notes  
In this paper, we highlight the current confusion in industry on the definition of technical debt, their contributions that have led to a deeper understanding of this concept and the limits of the metaphor  ...  A better understanding of the concept of technical debt, and how to approach it, both from a theoretical and a practical perspective is necessary to advance its state of the art and practice.  ...  At the top of people's lists are how to measure technical debt and how to include value in the technical debt landscape.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2507288.2507326 fatcat:2kxentaxrrefjatogynp7s2xq4

Investigate,Identify And Estimate The Technical Debt: A Systematic Mapping Study

Hany Ammar Mrwan BenIdris
2018 Zenodo  
Context: Technical Debt (TD) is a metaphor that refers to short-term solutions in software development that may affect the cost to the software development life cycle.  ...  Objective: To explore and understand TDrelated to the software industry as well as an overview on the current state of TD research.  ...  In S6, the authors measured the Principal of Defect Debt and employed KNN regression for predicting the value of fixing time (principal).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1451464 fatcat:pnor3ju4avaslcq5lzged4qbpe

Page 248 of The Journal of Business Vol. 28, Issue 4 [page]

1955 The Journal of Business  
On the basis of such an assump- tion, gross cash outlays on account of interest and principal can be converted to net cash outlays. From these, the net interest cost of the loan can be measured.  ...  The most important defect is that it fails to recognize that debt funds gener- ally cannot be used without committing some proportion of equity funds, and that these equity funds also involve a “cost”  ... 

Page 223 of The Yale Review Vol. 21, Issue 2 [page]

1931 The Yale Review  
Neither party intends that what is repaid shall, in addition to in- terest, be immensely increased by a mere defect in the measuring rod.  ...  I have always considered it one of the principal errors of recent years that this corrective provision was not retained in the Young Plan of 1929.  ... 

Page 429 of The Huntington Library Quarterly Vol. 2, Issue 4 [page]

1939 The Huntington Library Quarterly  
With the abatement of most of the interfamily debts, these tabulations afford a more accu- rate measure of his indebtedness than any calculation based upon the large but defective collection of bonds.  ...  DEBTS OF SIR THOMAS TEMPLE FALLING DUE EACH HALF YEAR Interest Principal (half year) Brokerage Total £ a «@ £ & @& £ a @ £ & 0 571 12 8 we?  ... 

Page 249 of Central Law Journal Vol. 28, Issue [page]

1889 Central Law Journal  
MEASURE OF DAMAGES — Conversion. Held, that plaintiff was not entitled to punitive damages for the conversion of a steer under the facts of the case but only to the actual value. — Waller v.  ...  C collected the principal and interest of the various loans from defendant, und returned to de- fendant his coupons: Held, that the payment of the principal to C,in response to the usual notice from him  ... 

Page 459 of Central Law Journal Vol. 46, Issue [page]

1898 Central Law Journal  
NEGLIGENCE—Death—Measure of Damages.—The measure of damages for persona! injuries resulting in death is not the value of decedent’s power to labor, but the value of his power to earn money.  ...  MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS—Defective Sidewalks— Notice.  ... 

Page 241 of The Merchant's Magazine and Commercial Review Vol. 58, Issue 3 [page]

1868 The Merchant's Magazine and Commercial Review  
Owing to defects in the State revenue laws, and also, in a measure, to the prostrat condit‘on of the country the usual sources of revenue were found almost unproductive and io view of an indefinate continuance  ...  Noy. 1, 1867) funded debt of the State amounts to the sum total of $4,175,110.  ... 

Page 185 of Notes and Queries Vol. 48, Issue 2 [page]

2001 Notes and Queries  
The dictionary is a serious contribution to the genre, but we still await Shakespeare’s author- itative legal interpretation. There is much of value here, but the work has two principal defects.  ...  The first sum is the condition of the bond and the second is the debt upon which the creditor sues in the writ of Debt if the condition is not met But Debt lay only for a fixed sum of money (o1 fungibles  ... 
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