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Measuring Disagreement Among Knowledge Bases [chapter]

Nico Potyka
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
When combining beliefs from different sources, often not only new knowledge but also conflicts arise. In this paper, we investigate how we can measure the disagreement among sources.  ...  We start our investigation with disagreement measures that can be induced from inconsistency measures in an automated way.  ...  Conclusions and Future Work In this paper, we investigated approaches to measuring disagreement among knowledge bases.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00461-3_15 fatcat:3fnopbkdzrfopgzdxtxympg4am

Applying the Repgrid Technique to Resolve Cognitive Conflicts Among Experts During Knowledge Capture

Ananth Chiravuri, Derek Nazareth, K. Ramamurthy
2007 2007 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS'07)  
There is an urgent need to understand and resolve conflict that may occur among multiple experts during the knowledge acquisition process so that it remains less of a "bottleneck".  ...  Our study addresses this need by examining the effectiveness of the Repertory Grid technique (Repgrid) in resolving cognitive conflicts among multiple experts in virtual teams during the process of knowledge  ...  We calculated the degree of agreement/disagreement using three measures.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2007.84 dblp:conf/hicss/ChiravuriNR07 fatcat:k36oqdl2szfjbd6cft3h6kqzui

Measuring Evidence-Based Practice in Physical Therapy: Translation, Adaptation, Further Development, Validation, and Reliability Test of a Questionnaire

Susanne Bernhardsson, Maria E.H. Larsson
2013 Physical Therapy  
Evidence-based practice (EBP) and evidence-based clinical practice guidelines are becoming increasingly important in physical therapy.  ...  The final translated and adapted questionnaire was determined to have good face and content validity and acceptable reliability for measuring selfreported attitudes, knowledge, behavior, prerequisites,  ...  Jette et al 9 for the assessment of beliefs, attitudes, knowledge, and behavior regarding EBP among physical therapists.  ... 
doi:10.2522/ptj.20120270 pmid:23431214 fatcat:47erjoxjxjdmbg52h2zklnxddy

Cognitive Conflict and Consensus Generation in Virtual Teams During Knowledge Capture: Comparative Effectiveness of Techniques

Ananth Chiravuri, Derek Nazareth, K. Ramamurthy
2011 Journal of Management Information Systems  
Also, although previous studies have attempted to describe and measure disagreement and therefore cognitive conflict among experts, they have not been able to evolve a measure for disagreement for rating  ...  For the purposes of this study, we define cognitive conflict in terms of disagreement among experts and measure it accordingly.  ... 
doi:10.2753/mis0742-1222280110 fatcat:nnur2bgkvnc5dlxukes26tnqri

Measuring shared knowledge with group false memory

Yoshiko Arima
2019 Research Outreach  
following a disagreement among 269 participants.  ...  When small differences among group members were found, depolarization (reverse direction to the polarization) followed disagreement.  ... 
doi:10.32907/ro-107-5053 fatcat:py6odzwqxbhnvej44hsxsfefnm

Comparing the Conceptual Systems of Experts

Brian R. Gaines, Mildred L. G. Shaw
1989 International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
The knowledge to be acquired for the development of knowledge based systems is often distributed across a group of experts rather than available for elicitation from a single expert.  ...  This paper describes a computer-supported methodology for knowledge acquisition from groups in which the conceptual frameworks of different experts are compared in a way that makes such disagreements overt  ...  We are grateful to many colleagues at the knowledge acquisition workshops for discussions which have highlighted many of the issues raised in this paper.  ... 
dblp:conf/ijcai/GainesS89 fatcat:cpk7eopndzaxrng74ggrtvoj2e

Too Liberal, Too Conservative, or About Right? The Implications of Ideological Dissatisfaction for Supreme Court Legitimacy

James L. Gibson, Michael J. Nelson
2015 Social Science Research Network  
We first show that ideological dissatisfaction has practically no impact on legitimacy, irrespective of how dissatisfaction is measured.  ...  Unfortunately, serious measurement issues cloud the literature. Here, we reconsider these questions using a nationally representative sample.  ...  We measure knowledge with five conventional items.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2669122 fatcat:cvzxhbxc7fb2vi76ob57ungdva

Exploring the world of knowledge management: agreements and disagreements in the academic/practitioner community

Kostas Metaxiotis, Kostas Ergazakis, John Psarras
2005 Journal of Knowledge Management  
Design/methodology/approach -The authors attempt to review and analyze in a coherent way the main agreements and disagreements among researchers and practitioners -in the field of KM -based on a wide range  ...  Findings -Based on the key agreements among researchers and practitioners and having in mind the remaining disagreements, the third KM generation should proceed to further investigation of several KM issues  ...  Based on the key agreements among researchers and practitioners and having in mind the remaining disagreements, the third KM generation should proceed to further investigation of several KM issues and  ... 
doi:10.1108/13673270510590182 fatcat:3y76zgpwyjam3nnlofzku5xokq

Multi-class Ensemble-Based Active Learning [chapter]

Christine Körner, Stefan Wrobel
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
To determine the utility of a candidate training instance, the disagreement about its class value among the ensemble members is used.  ...  We show that margins outperform the other disagreement measures on three of four active learning strategies.  ...  All four strategies choose training instances based on the disagreement among their ensemble members.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11871842_68 fatcat:tdwdwtas6vbqbbzwkxwxamrdhi

Orientations toward Conflict and the Conditional Effects of Political Disagreement

Paul F. Testa, Matthew V. Hibbing, Melinda Ritchie
2014 Journal of Politics  
We examine how differences in individual orientations toward conflict condition the effects of disagreement on political tolerance, knowledge, and participation.  ...  account for large gaps in both political knowledge and participation.  ...  Acknowledgments We wish to thank Brian Gaines, Benjamin Klein, Jim Kuklinski, Jeffery Mondak, Tom Rudolph, Scott conditional effects of political disagreement  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0022381614000255 fatcat:s2zy74mqhvad7oou2dctprjibq

Knowledge Sharing Among Accounting Students: An Exploratory Study

Omer Ali BAGAIS, Khaled Salmen ALJAAIDI, Ehsan Saleh AL-MOATAZ
2020 Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business  
The study explored knowledge sharing among 202 accounting students at Umm Al-Gura University in session during the 2013-2014 academic year.  ...  The findings may encourage policymakers at the university and the classroom levels to organize activities that promote knowledge sharing such as seminars, symposiums, or knowledge sharing exercises during  ...  Future studies should consider other measurements of knowledge sharing with a larger number of items or different composite measurements.  ... 
doi:10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no11.557 fatcat:uah77jtimjd6nhauzdr2r2vzly

Intra project team disagreement, conflict communications, and team performance in cross-functional new product teams: A decision-making quality perspective

Tsun Jin Chang, Shang-Pao Yeh
2014 South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences  
This model firstly suggests a concave relationship between intrateam task disagreement and decision-making comprehensiveness.  ...  The findings show that an inverse U-shaped relationship exists between intrateam task disagreement and decision-making comprehensiveness.  ...  to create a new knowledge base in the decision-making process.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajems.v17i1.664 fatcat:6ojdregaerbnranwzzix666oy4

Scientific Credibility, Disagreement, and Error Costs in 17 Biotechnology Policy Subsystems

Éric Montpetit
2011 Policy Studies Journal  
The third is derived from an "error costs" argument: (iii) Disagreements among scientists are even more pronounced than disagreements among other policy actors.  ...  KEY WORDS: scientific disagreement, scientific consensus, cost of errors in scientific knowledge, political adverseness, use expert knowledge in policymaking  ...  As long as scientists produce curiosity-based knowledge, exclusionary processes inherent to knowledge production are largely unproblematic.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1541-0072.2011.00419.x fatcat:2gta3fjx5fckflq5h42wbecipm

Harmonization of conflicting medical opinions using argumentation protocols and textual entailment - a case study on Parkinson disease [article]

Adrian Groza, Madalina Mand Nagy
2016 arXiv   pre-print
To better understand the relations between new findings and current medical knowledge, we need tools able to analyse published medical papers based on natural language processing and tools capable to identify  ...  To harmonize this disagreement, we design mediation protocols within a multi-agent framework.  ...  Given the set of hypotheses H, based on fuzzy membership function, we can measure the degree of disagreement between two agents.  ... 
arXiv:1607.08075v1 fatcat:pbvibvway5bvdfzwu3yph6zutu

Disagreeing about Disagreement: How Conflict in Social Networks Affects Political Behavior

Casey A. Klofstad, Anand Edward Sokhey, Scott D. McClurg
2012 American Journal of Political Science  
We tackle these discrepancies by investigating the effect of conceptual and measurement differences on key findings relating interpersonal political disagreement to political attitudes and behaviors.  ...  Drawing on the 2008-2009 ANES panel study, we find evidence that different measures of disagreement have distinct effects when it comes to individuals' preferences, patterns of engagement, and propensities  ...  from 20% among those who did not perceive general disagreement, to 16% among those who did perceive such disagreement).  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2012.00620.x fatcat:w4cagas6xra3zabznw2hropiau
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