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Meaningful Information [chapter]

Paul Vitányi
2002 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
One can divide that information into two parts: the information accounting for the useful regularity present in the object and the information accounting for the remaining accidental information.  ...  meaningful and there is no residual randomness), determine its relation with the more restricted model classes of finite sets, and computable probability distributions, in particular with respect to the  ...  This way we can divide the information in x into meaningful information p and data-to-model information d.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-36136-7_51 fatcat:mem2ndu52fc3thpfwib3wk5foq

Meaningful Information [article]

Paul Vitanyi
2006 arXiv   pre-print
One can divide that information into two parts: the information accounting for the useful regularity present in the object and the information accounting for the remaining accidental information.  ...  meaningful and there is no residual randomness), determine its relation with the more restricted model classes of finite sets, and computable probability distributions, in particular with respect to the  ...  Such a shortest program contains no redundancy: every bit is information; but is it meaningful information?  ... 
arXiv:cs/0111053v3 fatcat:hfyolodqjnbqfavddxxfateeuq

Meaningful Information

P.M. Vitanyi
2006 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  
One can divide that information into two parts: the information accounting for the useful regularity present in the object and the information accounting for the remaining accidental information.  ...  meaningful and there is no residual randomness), determine its relation with the more restricted model classes of finite sets, and computable probability distributions, in particular with respect to the  ...  This way we can divide the information in x into meaningful information p and data-to-model information d.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tit.2006.881729 fatcat:6qw32xokazd7ldra2skzr6vrka

Turning Data into Meaningful Information

Julian Martalog, Shalu Bains
2009 Healthcare Quarterly  
Here we examine the steps that CCO took to support the collection of necessary data and turn it into meaningful information to drive improvements.  ...  As an example, Turning Data into Meaningful Information Julian Martalog and Shalu Bains The ability to meet data reporting requirements is closely monitored by the Wait Time Information Program, which  ...  Julian Martalog and Shalu Bains Turning Data into Meaningful Information With reliable wait list information extracted through the WTIS, the province can make more informed, unbiased decisions about allocation  ... 
doi:10.12927/hcq.2009.20756 fatcat:odzqle2nrbavnl56afom27kdo4

Is Semantic Information Meaningful Data?

LUCIANO FLORIDI
2005 Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  
This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information (SDI) as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and  ...  SDI is incorrect because truth-values do not supervene on semantic information, and misinformation (that is, false semantic information) is not a type of semantic information, but pseudo-information, that  ...  Meijers and his students in a series of lectures about the philosophical aspects of information at the Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, and I am very grateful to him and to the students  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1933-1592.2005.tb00531.x fatcat:ocyan7xjqnahjiqapvkgf5gakm

Gleaning meaningful information from seismic attributes

S. Chopra, K.J. Marfurt
2008 First Break  
All these factors ensure that the seismic attributes yield more accurate information for interpretation.  ...  For doing an effective job or for extracting accurate information from seismic attributes, the input seismic data needs to be optimally processed.  ...  Structure-oriented filtering As dip-steered mean or median filters and alpha-trimmed mean filters work on seismic data, they smear fault information, besides marginally lowering the frequency content of  ... 
doi:10.3997/1365-2397.2008012 fatcat:flfuukecijdffj7x5mwj2fyjhi

Information and Perception of Meaningful Patterns

Maria M. Del Viva, Giovanni Punzi, Daniele Benedetti, William W. Lytton
2013 PLoS ONE  
These results suggest that the limitedness of computing resources can play an important role in shaping the nature of perception, by determining what is perceived as "meaningful features" in the input  ...  The visual system needs to extract the most important elements of the external world from a large flux of information in a short time for survival purposes.  ...  The vertical red lines indicate the probability range selected by our model, using the constraint 1 N tot # f(p).c pd(p)dp,W. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069154.g002 Information and Perception of Meaningful  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0069154 pmid:23894422 pmcid:PMC3716808 fatcat:mv2qrxkdmjblzaz7d4v5n5lhii

Extracting meaningful information from financial data

Milan Rajković
2000 Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications  
A method for extracting information carrying eigenvalues of the correlation matrix is presented based on the topological transformation of the manifold deÿned by the data matrix itself.  ...  Twenty-three singular values contain meaningful information while the rest of them correspond to the purely random data.  ...  The dimension of the information carrying capacity also represents the number of informationally signiÿcant eigenvalues of the covariance data matrix so the method of estimating the topological dimensionality  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0378-4371(00)00377-0 fatcat:y3uhghp5s5amboriybtdtcceuu

Infographics as Images: Meaningfulness beyond Information

Valeria Burgio, Matteo Moretti
2017 Proceedings (MDPI)  
In "Envisioning Information" [4] , without even mentioning him, he refers to a chart by Holmes published in Time magazine in the Eighties as a meaningful example of chartjunk.  ...  information.  ... 
doi:10.3390/proceedings1090891 fatcat:2hbvy5kbnrfp7n7fsj2uyk6wvy

Is good will impairment loss meaningful information?

Orapin Duangploy, Khursheed Omer, Justo Manrique, Margaret Shelton
2008 Business Review  
We, therefore, test the following null hypothesis: H O: There is no information content in goodwill impairment losses reported as cumulative effect 14 Previous researchers have studied relative informativeness  ...  Gu and Lev (2004) used a similar approach in determining information content of royalty income.  ...  Further research can also use time-series analysis as more information on the relevant variables becomes available.  ... 
doi:10.54784/1990-6587.1129 fatcat:y7heo5a3djc57euwvsoibbf5oi

Information and meaningfulness needs in sensory deprivation

P. Bruce Landon, Peter Suedfeld
1969 Psychonomic Science  
Information and meaningfulness needs in sensory deprivation 1 P.  ...  Meaningfulness decreased and unpredictability (information value) increased in this order.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03329198 fatcat:charemitrjd6xf4idkdxxdhbvu

An information-theory measurement of CVC trigram meaningfulness

Kent B. Taylor
1970 Psychonomic Science  
The intent of this study is to measure the meaningfulness of CVC trigrams from an information-theory standpoint and to evaluate this unique approach in the context of existing research employing the aforementioned  ...  Information theory is based on probability measures.  ...  Information-theory ratings, while not measuring the identical qualities of meaningfulness dealt with in other investigations, can be said to measure a different aspect of meaningfulness, the capacity for  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03335786 fatcat:hex4epeytrdidnrelvnyy5gbwu

Individual olfactory perception reveals meaningful nonolfactory genetic information

Lavi Secundo, Kobi Snitz, Kineret Weissler, Liron Pinchover, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Ron Loewenthal, Nancy Agmon-Levin, Idan Frumin, Dana Bar-Zvi, Sagit Shushan, Noam Sobel
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Thus, a precise measure of olfactory perception reveals meaningful nonolfactory genetic information.  ...  In conclusion, a precise measure of olfactory perception reveals meaningful nonolfactory genetic information. olfactory perception | HLA | MHC | olfactory genetics | autoimmunity H umans have superb olfactory  ...  In other words, the olfactory perceptual fingerprint similarity was significantly informative on HLA matching, implying that it captured meaningful genetic information.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1424826112 pmid:26100865 pmcid:PMC4507195 fatcat:mwop4gmzvnbvdmz35tgbkh64oi

Attitudes Formation by Small but Meaningful Personal Information

Jaejoong Kim, Sang Won Lee, Minwook Kwak, Kyueun Lee, Bumseok Jeong
2017 Psychiatry Investigation  
ObjectiveaaPeople often evaluate others using fragmentary but meaningful personal information in recent days through social media.  ...  It is not clear that whether this process is implicit or explicit and what kind of information is more important in such process.We examined the effects of several meaningful fragmentary information onattitude  ...  However, people in these days are frequently exposed to short pieces of information about someone which is meaningful but superficial.  ... 
doi:10.4306/pi.2017.14.3.298 pmid:28539948 pmcid:PMC5440432 fatcat:pc2cqxis4jeqvlregiz74zdqvy

The generation of meaningful information in molecular systems

Peter R. Wills
2016 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
that give phenotypic meaning to the information that is quite faithfully replicated during cellular reproduction.  ...  The origin and evolution of genetic information (nucleic acid sequences) is reasonably well understood, but scant attention has been paid to the origin and evolution of the molecular biological interpreters  ...  Biological systems carry a selfdescription, meaningful relative to an algorithmic interpreter that the system contains.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2015.0066 pmid:26857673 fatcat:3cy6ng55rzayzie3soeuewabse
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