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Maximizing coverage while ensuring fairness: a tale of conflicting objective [article]

Abolfazl Asudeh and Tanya Berger-Wolf and Bhaskar DasGupta and Anastasios Sidiropoulos
2022 arXiv   pre-print
between two conflicting objectives.  ...  In this paper we address the problem of incorporation of fairness from a combinatorial optimization perspective.  ...  Introduction In this paper we introduce and analyze a combinatorial optimization framework capturing two conflicting objectives: optimize the main objective while trying to ensure that the selected solution  ... 
arXiv:2007.08069v3 fatcat:4ykhxjpwzzfwlmadiigiesisby

A Fair Trade-off? Paradoxes in the Governance of Fair-trade Social Enterprises

Chris Mason, Bob Doherty
2015 Journal of Business Ethics  
(Bus Eth Q 23 (3) :407-442, 2013) by developing a recursive model of legitimacy-seeking governance processes, conceptualizing how boards seek to mitigate, but not necessarily resolve, paradoxes.  ...  This paper explores how fair trade social enterprises (FTSEs) manage paradoxes in stakeholder-oriented governance models.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to offer their thanks to the following colleagues or their advice during the writing of this article: Jo Barraket, Ben Huybrechts, Lester Johnson, John Simmons, and  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10551-014-2511-2 fatcat:we252gfeubhozh3mgk645zvbbe

Fair Use Harbors

Gideon Parchomovsky, Kevin A. Goldman
2007 Social Science Research Network  
The Optimal Level of Fair Use The final potential objection we wish to address is more general.  ...  Finally, the FMA seems to strike an ideal balance, clearly delineating the scope of acceptable modification while ensuring that the commercial vitality of the original work is not diminished.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1014436 fatcat:vsykpoqw55eerbwvx5bya7xlty

Minding the Gaps: Fairness, Welfare, and the Constitutive Structure of Distributive Assessment

Robert C. Hockett
2006 Social Science Research Network  
"Welfare" denotes a proposed object of distribution. "Fairness" describes an appropriate pattern of distribution. Welfare itself is distributed fairly or unfairly.  ...  A conspicuous contemporary case of confusion turns up in recent discussion concerning "fairness versus welfare." The very naming of this putative dispute signals a crude category error.  ...  to ensure a more equitable spread of the (now known) surplus.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.933129 fatcat:r2pzzsqr2rhhblwzkcbiurvwkq

Inclusion Imagined: Fair Housing as Metropolitan Equity

David Troutt
2016 Social Science Research Network  
scholars tended to ignore metropolitan equity or associated it with something called "the New Regionalism," the latter inviting lengthy dismissals about the effectiveness (or the political likelihood) of  ...  objects of discrimination had an interest in ensuring fair housing, as they too suffered." 46 In other words, fair housing represents a broad interest in integrated living that is frustrated by race discrimination  ...  The idea of expanding coverage into many aspects of the overall housing market has a long pedigree.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2777563 fatcat:jzxnfz6jazagrcbg27w2bwj2qm

A Pattern-Oriented Approach to Fair Use

Michael J. Madison
2003 Social Science Research Network  
A more explicit acknowledgment of the role of these patterns in fair use analysis would be consistent with fair use, copyright policy, and tradition.  ...  As did much of copyright law, fair use originated as a judicially unacknowledged effort via the law to validate certain favored practices and patterns.  ...  of reciprocity), and a set of commonly understood objectives.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.442441 fatcat:x3xu5eheibbk7elwkpgjyg5grq

Transformative Teaching and Educational Fair Use after Georgia State

Brandon Butler
2016 Social Science Research Network  
The Supreme Court has said that copyright's fair use doctrine is a "First Amendment safety valve" because it ensures that certain crucial cultural activities are not unduly burdened by copyright.  ...  While many such activities (criticism, commentary, parody) have benefited from the courts' increased attention to first amendment values, one such activity, education, has been mired for years in a minimalist  ...  is room for conflict.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2723611 fatcat:j6nnzh6oo5bxxor3eudopawrai

The Idea of Fairness in the Law of Enterprise Liability

Gregory C. Keating
1997 Michigan law review  
This paper argues that, contrary to this consensus, there is a powerful and important fairness case to be made for enterprise liability.  ...  Economically inclined scholars have flocked to the field, while other kinds of tort theorists have shunned it, implicitly or explicitly conceding it to economic analysis.  ...  principle of fairness must have priority over the policy of wealth-maximization. 15.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1290009 fatcat:j755wwkjnjdlpliivy4gt7qf2q

Soft Law and the Principle of Fair and Equitable Decision Making in International Contract Arbitration

L. A. DiMatteo
2013 The Chinese Journal of Comparative Law  
This article provides a survey of the special relationship between international commercial arbitration and soft law instruments.  ...  It also examines the importance of the use of multiple interpretive methodologies, including the use of soft law, by arbitrators in order to reach fair and reasonable decisions.  ...  soft law as a legitimate 'legal source.' 17 While most legal systems recognize a strict hierarchy of sources of law where the lower sources of the hierarchy are prohibited from conflicting with higher  ... 
doi:10.1093/cjcl/cxt013 fatcat:zwcl7tmjeba4zb2nob4h6mvd3q

The Irony of International Business Law: U.S. Progressivism, China's New Laissez Faire, and Their Impact in the Developing World

Andrew Brady Spalding
2011 Social Science Research Network  
Nourse, A Tale of Two Lochners: the Untold History of Substantive Due Process and the Idea of Fundamental Rights, 97 CAL. L.  ...  but important respects now represents the heavier hand of government regulation, while "communist" China has become comparatively laissez-faire.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1795563 fatcat:kqehokvokvek7pjp7qmifw3kgi

Response to Part II�Being Rhetorical When We Teach Intellectual Property and Fair Use [chapter]

James E. Porter
2011 Copy(write): Intellectual Property in the Writing Classroom  
Consistent with the wide ranging approaches characteristic of teaching and scholarship in writing across the curriculum, the series presents works that take divergent perspectives on working as a writer  ...  The Perspectives on Writing series addresses writing studies in a broad sense.  ...  The two-tiered approach: Institutions used precise language situating authors into one of two categories (e.g., either "student" or "staff "). 5.  ... 
doi:10.37514/per-b.2011.2355.2.14 fatcat:atwfonbxvndobero5uojltt4ga

Evaluating the Impact of Fair Value Accounting on Financial Institutions: Implications for Accounting Standards Setting and Bank Supervision

Sanders Shaffer
2011 Social Science Research Network  
(FASB 2011b) For a detailed account of the use of fair value accounting at Enron see "Fair-value accounting: A cautionary tale from Enron."  ...  A third potential change is a new liquidity coverage ratio requirement for certain large institutions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2006381 fatcat:suyqybqwenav3kqocgdbyzp5qu

Fair Coverage in Internal Union Periodicals

Jacobs, Louis A.; Spring, Gary W.
1981
The authors explore incumbent control of the labor press based on the LMRDA Bill ofRights, election campaign regulation, and union officials'fiduciary obligations, and submit that a fair coverage standard  ...  and maintain discretion while providing fair coverage.  ...  V A FAIR COVERAGE STANDARD Fair coverage cannot be reduced to a simple formula, but the concept may be both described and objectively measured.' 7 6 The model for LMRDA fair coverage is the fairness doctrine  ... 
doi:10.15779/z382333 fatcat:xcecdumaprc6ffyd5dsf424blq

The Concept of Media Accountability Reconsidered

Patrick Lee Plaisance
2000 Journal of Mass Media Ethics  
The shape-shifting nature of the concept contributes to the volatility of debate surrounding conflicting notions of press freedom and responsibility.  ...  as a dynamic of interaction between a given medium and the value sets of individuals or groups receiving media messages.  ...  for a formal way to ensure a responsible press.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327728jmme1504_5 fatcat:fw3ltoo7e5fj3l4upw7qgdbk2y

The Invention of Health Law

M. Gregg Bloche
2003 California Law Review  
The result would be case-by-case incoherence and unpredictability and a high degree of legal conflict over denials of coverage.  ...  This alternative approach takes a pragmatic account of Americans' conflicting expectations of medicine-expectations that often lie unseen behind conflicting claims about what social-welfare maximization  ... 
doi:10.2307/3481333 pmid:15046033 fatcat:pagfpmyjfnexrluck2j5sguf7e
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