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Gaussian Process Landmarking for Three-Dimensional Geometric Morphometrics [article]

Tingran Gao, Shahar Z. Kovalsky, Doug M. Boyer, Ingrid Daubechies
2019 arXiv   pre-print
the automatically sampled landmarks with the "ground truth" landmarks manually placed by evolutionary anthropologists; the results suggest that Gaussian process landmarks perform equally well or better  ...  Daubechies, SIAM Journal on Mathematics of Data Science (2019)] to geometric morphometrics, a branch of evolutionary biology centered at the analysis and comparisons of anatomical shapes, and compares  ...  Proof of Theorem 3.1.  ... 
arXiv:1807.11887v3 fatcat:ukuyyvwnvzhuxmtli6uhirw2q4

The spatial scaling of saprotrophic fungal beta diversity in decomposing leaves

Larry M. Feinstein, Christopher B. Blackwood
2013 Molecular Ecology  
Here, we use individual leaves as a natural sampling unit, comprising spatially distinct habitat and/ or resource patches with unique histories and suites of resources.  ...  We quantified spatial distance between leaves, and fungal community composition was assayed by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was funded through Kent State University startup funding provided to C.B.B. and grants to L.M.F. from the Kent State University Graduate Student Senate and Department of  ... 
doi:10.1111/mec.12160 pmid:23293849 fatcat:nkhsco3ocvgnlf4to6m35vtzz4

Does the skull carry a phylogenetic signal? Evolution and modularity in the guenons

2008 Biological Journal of the Linnean Society  
This finding, if confirmed in other groups, implies that the utility of specific FDMs for phylogenetic inference could, in many cases, be hampered by the low reproducibility of results.  ...  In the present study, we used computerized methods to 'dissect' the skulls of a primate clade, the guenons, into functional and developmental modules (FDM).  ...  To all of them, once more, we extend our deepest gratitude. This study was funded by a grant from The Leverhulme Trust.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.2008.01011.x fatcat:zhrbex72fjhyrndffgqece4ncu

American Gut: an Open Platform for Citizen Science Microbiome Research

Daniel McDonald, Embriette Hyde, Justine W. Debelius, James T. Morton, Antonio Gonzalez, Gail Ackermann, Alexander A. Aksenov, Bahar Behsaz, Caitriona Brennan, Yingfeng Chen, Lindsay DeRight Goldasich, Pieter C. Dorrestein (+157 others)
2018 mSystems  
We also demonstrate the utility of the living data resource and cross-cohort comparison to confirm existing associations between the microbiome and psychiatric illness and to reveal the extent of microbiome  ...  , metabolome, and the diversity of plants that are consumed (rather than relying on reductive categorical variables such as veganism, which have little or no explanatory power).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank first all the citizen science volunteers around the world. We also thank Katherine Amato, Margaret K.  ... 
doi:10.1128/msystems.00031-18 pmid:29795809 pmcid:PMC5954204 fatcat:7mate4qpw5dj3eut6hycft67q4

Program of the 89th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists

2020 American Journal of Physical Anthropology  
The ordinary, non-mosaic NF1 disorder results from a germline pathogenic mutation in the ~300,000 bp NF1 supergene and is characterized by behavioral elements, benign tumors of the nerve sheath (e.g.,  ...  Kamunda may be considered a "staple food resource" because of its high spatial and temporal availability, consistent use by orangutans, and high macronutrient content.  ...  Effects of between group competition on cooperation and oxytocin in capuchins Interspeci c variation in hominid mandibular biomechanics This work was funded in part by grants from the National Science  ... 
doi:10.1002/ajpa.24023 pmid:32058585 fatcat:gulriykcvbgdbikcya2xflv73a

Local Arrangements Committee

2007 First International Symposium on Empirical Software Engineering and Measurement (ESEM 2007)  
Ithaca College. 1:00 pm Experimental field study of handedness in wild tufted (Cebus nigritus) and white-faced (Cebus capucinus) capuchins: Evidence for individual and species differences.  ...  Primate Behavior and Ecology. Contributed Papers. Ballrooms A/B. Chair: LISA M. PACHIULLI.  ...  The Eand R-values of corms resembled foods consumed by Pongo.  ... 
doi:10.1109/esem.2007.93 fatcat:6mo2gnwg6vf6hok7afw6ovdkpq

Local Arrangements Committee

1986 INTELEC '86 - International Telecommunications Energy Conference  
Ithaca College. 1:00 pm Experimental field study of handedness in wild tufted (Cebus nigritus) and white-faced (Cebus capucinus) capuchins: Evidence for individual and species differences.  ...  Primate Behavior and Ecology. Contributed Papers. Ballrooms A/B. Chair: LISA M. PACHIULLI.  ...  The Eand R-values of corms resembled foods consumed by Pongo.  ... 
doi:10.1109/intlec.1986.4794391 fatcat:b52eylvwe5bmfkjziuzkjh4m24

American Gut: an Open Platform for Citizen-Science Microbiome Research [article]

Daniel McDonald, Embriette R Hyde, Justine W Debelius, James T Morton, Antonio Gonzalez, Gail Ackermann, Alexander A Aksenov, Bahar Behsaz, Caitriona Brennan, Yingfeng Chen, Lindsay DeRight Goldasicha, Pieter C Dorrestein (+46 others)
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
We also demonstrate the utility of the living data resource and cross-cohort comparison to confirm existing associations between the microbiome and psychiatric illness, and to reveal the extent of microbiome  ...  Our results show an unexpected range of beta-diversity in human stool microbiomes as compared to environmental samples, demonstrate the utility of procedures for removing the effects of overgrowth during  ...  (M2=0.988) colored by diet; Procrustes tests 1606 the fit of one ordination space to another.  ... 
doi:10.1101/277970 fatcat:aeghsmwtfnhk7ez2g4ymw57hpu

The makers of the Protoaurignacian and implications for Neandertal extinction

S. Benazzi, V. Slon, S. Talamo, F. Negrino, M. Peresani, S. E. Bailey, S. Sawyer, D. Panetta, G. Vicino, E. Starnini, M. A. Mannino, P. A. Salvadori (+3 others)
2015 Science  
We also wish to thank Durham University for use of their facilities and equipment as well as the American Museum of Natural History, e Powell-Cotton Museum and the University of Zurich for granting access  ...  Acknowledgements: e fieldwork at the Villabruna Rockshelter was granted by the Ministry of Culture, the Veneto Region and the Sovramonte Village Public Administration and supported by the Belluno Museum  ...  Aer generalized Procrustes Analysis (GPA), the variance-covariance matrix was explored by Principal Component Analysis (PCA).  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aaa2773 pmid:25908660 fatcat:6m44miosqzbxljew7jbfm5cm5q

Abstracts: abstracts from 2009 son/ses meeting

2009 Journal of nematology  
This unexpected result may indicate that either the abundance or quality of preferred prey is impacted by CO 2 enrichment.  ...  The overall community structure and abundance of nematodes was not affected by CO 2 or N enrichment.  ...  The topologies of the resulting analyses were used to construct supertrees using 'matrix representation of parsimony' and 'most similar supertree' approaches.  ... 
pmid:22736829 pmcid:PMC3381459 fatcat:yg3r7vtjyfeuflrdeddjwzb22i

A multifaceted appraisal of a large-scale, multi-taxon biodiversity monitoring initiative

Diane L Haughland
While many scientists called for long-term, large-scale ecological monitoring in the 1990's, the concurrent increased appreciation of statistical power and detectability-related sampling error meant that  ...  Conservationists have long debated how best to measure and conserve biodiversity.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Neither this thesis nor I would exist without the varied support, guidance, field assistance, taxonomic expertise or construction skills of the following individuals.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r31q72 fatcat:nccvechwk5b6bplcaxsp46nxzq

Evolution in Northern Neotropical Catfishes – Integrating Genomics and Morphometrics

Madlen Stange
Acknowledgements This dissertation would not have been written if it were not for the curiosity of my supervisor Marcelo R. Sánchez-Villagra.  ...  Thankfully, he got bored (just a little) with terrestrial vertebrates and became curious about aquatic species diversity.  ...  Part of this work was performed using Acknowledgements We thank T. Barros, R. Cooke, J. D. Carrillo-Briceño for field assistance and collaboration with the officials. A. Margvelashvili, J.  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-149810 fatcat:soat66yfrrffdi3molxfcwzhbm

Microbial community structure and nitrogen cycling in limestone biofilms [article]

Tinisha Hancock
The correlation between the taxonomic and functional NMDS ordinations was measured using permutations of Procrustes rotations and Mantel tests.  ...  using the Procrustes and Mantel functions of the vegan package for R.  ...  The dissimilarity measure between the January DSB and BCGB was greater than the measure of dissimilarity between the ODB and the CRPB.  ... 
doi:10.15781/t2ww37 fatcat:3zxanhyixvhtlkjhsvx7g7gdze

Contemporary and Historical Influences on the Taxonomy and Distributions of Cherax Species in South Eastern Quensland, Australia

Andrew I Bentley, University, My, Jane Hughes
By investigating variation across a nested series of scales, the primary aim of this study was to distinguish the historical and contemporary drivers that may have caused and maintained the high level  ...  Freshwater crayfish are a highly diverse group of decapod crustaceans that are distributed across all but the Indian and Antarctic continents.  ...  Jane was (and is) the epitome of an exceptional supervisor. I cannot think of anyone more patient, trusting and approachable that can still manage to keep you on track. Although Jane's tactical  ... 
doi:10.25904/1912/1714 fatcat:femfew3w2jhvnplqfwfnh4bz3q

Unravelling a vine : a taxonomic and conservation genetics study of Tetrastigma loheri Gagnep. (Vitaceae) in the Philippines [article]

Jasper John Aragon Obico, University Of Canterbury
In Chapters 2 and 3 of this thesis, I therefore used morphological and phylogenetic approaches to test the hypothesis that T. loheri s.l. is composed of more than one species.  ...  The results of the morphometric and phylogenetic analyses presented in Chapters 2 and 3 therefore do not provide conclusive evidence in support of recognizing more than one species within T. loheri s.l  ...  The Mantel test (1967) is a statistical test used to determine the correlation between two matrices.  ... 
doi:10.26021/7846 fatcat:vylm4c6vivek5adlv475vj5eky
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