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Page 5862 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 98I [page]

1998 Mathematical Reviews  
of context-free parallel communicating grammar systems (256-266); Daniel Popescu, Parallel communicating grammar sys- tems with communication by signals (267-277); Adrian Chitu, PC grammar systems versus  ...  , Determin- 68 COMPUTER SCIENCE 5862 istic cooperating distributed grammar systems (137-149); Tudor Balanescu, Horia Georgescu and Marian Gheorghe, Grammar systems with counting derivation and dynamical  ... 

A Language for Human Action

Gutemberg Guerra-Filho, Yiannis Aloimonos
2007 Computer  
CONCEPTUAL REPRESENTATIONS One important aspect of HCC is the need for computers to be able to share a conceptual system with humans.  ...  Many researchers hold the philosophical position that all concepts are symbolic and abstract and therefore should be implemented outside the sensory-motor system.  ...  A parallel communicating grammar system (PCGS) consists of several grammar components working simultaneously in synchronization.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2007.154 fatcat:tiwnicg4ejehpp4oazanywtzwm

General introduction: A comparative perspective on probabilistic variation in grammar

Jason Grafmiller, Benedikt Szmrecsanyi
2018 Glossa  
What is more, she observes a stable, universal pattern of communicatively efficient behavior in the probabilistic grammars of all the varieties under study.  ...  As to grammar specifically, we know that intra-systemic grammatical variation -that is, variation within and across varieties of the same language -is highly systematic, and that the determinants of this  ... 
doi:10.5334/gjgl.690 fatcat:oqz2wfco6ncbpaoiq25iwv7q6a

The evolution of language

M. A. Nowak, D. C. Krakauer
1999 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We argue that grammar originated as a simplified rule system that evolved by natural selection to reduce mistakes in communication.  ...  The error matrix specifies the crucial difference between grammar and nongrammar. The system can be completely understood in analytic terms.  ...  It is likely that for most animal communication systems, the inequality (4) is not fulfilled.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.96.14.8028 pmid:10393942 pmcid:PMC22182 fatcat:iyqqmn2gjvcqpjpc5fmczmowzy

dP Automata versus Right-Linear Simple Matrix Grammars [chapter]

Gheorghe Păun, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The relation with right-linear simple matrix grammars is useful in this respect. Some research topics and open problems are also formulated.  ...  string distributed in an arbitrary (hence not necessary balanced) way, and we investigate their language accepting power, both in the case when a bound there is on the number of objects present inside the system  ...  Both cases are naturally related to a classic family of regulated grammars, the simple matrix grammars of [5] (see also [2] ).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-27654-5_29 fatcat:3djgmlmixze3zp7yxkti5nmd5y

Abstracts of Current Computer Literature1 (415) 1623

1971 IEEE transactions on computers  
; Paging Simulation of a Model of Paging System Performance 9182 Parallel; Parallelism Direct Emulation of Control Structures by a Parallel Microcomputer 9163 Parse Class of Context-Free Grammars  ...  Three new measures for analyzing togrOprogramming philosophies are intro-4uced: "monophase" versus "polyphase," "ptallel" versus "serial," and "encode" versus-"little encode."  ... 
doi:10.1109/t-c.1971.223194 fatcat:hh2wp6alenexvpphuet7losv7e

Evolution of Universal Grammar

M. A. Nowak
2001 Science  
In this case, language would have remained a rather dull communication system without any creative ability on the level of syntax.  ...  We can compare the performance of individuals using list-based versus rule-based grammars.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.291.5501.114 pmid:11141560 fatcat:hcy22b6425herjcrvtmax3llsy

An infinite hierarchy of languages defined by dP systems

Gheorghe Păun, Mario J. Pérez-Jiménez
2012 Theoretical Computer Science  
We solve here affirmatively this question (by connecting P automata with right linear simple matrix grammars), then we also briefly discuss the relation between the balanced and the non-balanced way of  ...  is distributed to the dP automaton components in a balanced way, i.e., in equal parts up to one symbol, like in the communication complexity area.  ...  The similarity of producing a string in a finite dP system and in a right linear simple matrix grammar is apparent, and this makes expected the following result (and construction). Lemma 4.2.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2011.12.053 fatcat:twepyu2cyrbzzib5dxklbvhv7u

Client–Server P Systems in Modeling Molecular Interaction [chapter]

Gabriel Ciobanu, Daniel Dumitriu, Dorin Huzum, Gabriel Moruz, Bogdan TanasĂ
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We present a new version of P systems called Client-Server P Systems (CSPS).  ...  Introduction Membrane computing is based on membrane systems or P systems, a new class of distributed and parallel computing devices introduced in [12] .  ...  A matrix of type 4 is used only once, in the last step of a derivation. According to Lemma 1.3.7 of [6] , for each matrix grammar, there exists an equivalent matrix in the binary normal form.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-36490-0_13 fatcat:bxsgesvmlveq5ir65tra7hrpau

Code Switching and Mixing [chapter]

S. Mahootian
2006 Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics  
Furthermore, the markedness model addresses the universal aspects of communicative competence in terms of the cognitive abilities that use readings of markedness to assess speakers' intentions.  ...  The system he presents involves a matrix language L m with a corresponding grammar G m and an embedded language L e with grammar G e .  ...  The other, the Matrix Language Frame model, relies on a matrix/embedded relationship between the speaker's two languages and on the distinction between system and content morphemes.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b0-08-044854-2/01507-8 fatcat:qkw5jdp25jdsbifihplkjvvfje


Carl W. Roberts
2012 Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology  
conceptual framework) or representationally (according to the texts' sources' perspectives), as well as in which variables are thematic (counts of word/phrase occurrences), semantic (themes within a semantic grammar  ...  Inferences from such a data matrix might be made within randomly sampled newspaper accounts of labor disputes, by comparing the odds that representatives of management versus of labor initiate collective  ...  communication), but that it can be used to trace patterns in representational communication (i.e., communication that "means what it says on its face").  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1004780007748 fatcat:sz7r5soa6vcwtkbl76momqa3ci

Grammar Instruction and Error Correction: A Matter of Iranian Students" Beliefs

Mahyar Ganjabi
2017 Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology  
This was further supported by the results of Parallel Analysis, which showed only two components with eigenvalues exceeding the corresponding criterion values for a randomly generated data matrix of the  ...  to be taught grammar using games and communicative activities.  ...  My second language improves most quickly if I study the grammar of the language. 6. I can communicate in a second language without knowing the grammar rules. 7.  ... 
doi:10.25115/ejrep.v9i25.1619 fatcat:cdfrfppfmbcpllfb2oukp6nsfu

Do French speakers really have two grammars?

2013 Journal of French Language Studies  
Rather, I suggest that only FD is an autonomous grammar.  ...  I consider variation within French and its status in speakers' mental grammars.  ...  output of a system distinct from FD.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s095926951200035x fatcat:iht3bcfry5hpbo3zusctqj2ur4

Parallel parsing made practical

Alessandro Barenghi, Stefano Crespi Reghizzi, Dino Mandrioli, Federica Panella, Matteo Pradella
2015 Science of Computer Programming  
To prove the practicality of a parallel lexing and parsing approach, we report the results of the adaptation of JSON and Lua to a form fit for parallel parsing (i.e. an operator-precedence grammar) through  ...  simple grammar changes and scanning transformations.  ...  Figure 3 : 3 The OPM of the grammar inFigure 1. Figure 4 : 4 (a) OP grammar in FNF generating arithmetic expressions without parentheses, (b) its precedence matrix, (c) a sample syntax tree.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scico.2015.09.002 fatcat:h5xzooyiizh3vkmc6pwvnl63u4

Discourse, grammar, discourse

M. Ariel
2009 Discourse Studies  
The central theme is then that discourse depends on grammar, which in turn depends on discourse. Discourse and grammar often seem to be two very different facets of human communication.  ...  Grammatical constraints are local, pertaining to possible versus impossible structures (within specific languages). Yet, the two must meet in natural discourse.  ...  Looked at functionally, then, it seems that the relationship between the complement and the matrix here very much parallels the relationship between some proposition and an epistemic stance adverbial,  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461445608098496 fatcat:bebimzec6vfvfd3hm45tpq5jhi
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