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Collective Attention on the Web

Christian Bauckhage, Kristian Kersting
2016 Foundations and Trends® in Web Science  
Interestingly, attention dynamics like these are not exclusive to the phenomenon of Internet memes.  ...  Internet memes are dynamic media objects that evolve through commentary or parody. Consider, for example, the "y u no" meme shown in Figure 1 .1.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1800000024 fatcat:rj4ogkeisjchbm2et7ydqcahku

Cascades on Online Social Networks: A Chronological Account [chapter]

Nora Alrajebah, Thanassis Tiropanis, Leslie Carr
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Additionally, we present a survey of the structural and temporal features of cascades; we categorise them, define them and explain their significance, as these features serve as quantifiers to understand  ...  The traces of the spreading content and the individuals' incentives behind such behaviour are all parts of a phenomenon known as information diffusion.  ...  In mathematical terms, networks are modelled as graphs with vertices and edges [48] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-70284-1_31 fatcat:bk2b3pkvqnhg3pvpy5yqhczm3q

Why are there descriptive norms? Because we looked for them

Ryan Muldoon, Chiara Lisciandra, Stephan Hartmann
2014 Synthese  
In this work, we present a mathematical model for the emergence of descriptive norms, where the individual decision problem is formalized with the standard Bayesian belief revision machinery.  ...  In this paper we show that with a Bayesian model we can provide a more general picture of the emergence of norms, which helps to motivate the assumptions made in heuristic models.  ...  It is difficult to even retrospectively determine what the total set of fashion choices made was in a set time and place. Internet memes and other fads pose a similar challenge.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-014-0534-y fatcat:56bm72uccrepljw3zwdgp3zwte

Coevolution spreading in complex networks [article]

Wei Wang, Quan-Hui Liu, Junhao Liang, Yanqing Hu, Tao Zhou
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To uncover the dynamical mechanisms, spatio-temporal evolving patterns and critical phenomena of networked coevolution spreading is extremely important, which provides some theoretical foundations for  ...  In this review, we introduce recent progresses of coevolution spreading dynamics, emphasizing the contributions from the perspective of statistical mechanics and network science.  ...  [438] focused on the mathematical problem of finding the optimal allocation of containment resources to eradicate epidemic outbreaks over the models of temporal and adaptive networks, including Markovian  ... 
arXiv:1901.02125v2 fatcat:kha5htaw2nds7obkeovtq7q5yy

Coevolution spreading in complex networks

Wei Wang, Quan-Hui Liu, Junhao Liang, Yanqing Hu, Tao Zhou
2019 Physics reports  
In this review, we introduce recent progress in the study of coevolution spreading dynamics, emphasizing the contributions from the perspectives of statistical mechanics and network science.  ...  To uncover the dynamical mechanisms, the evolving spatiotemporal patterns and critical phenomena of networked coevolution spreading are extremely important, which provide theoretical foundations for us  ...  the advancement of credible studies on mathematical models.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2019.07.001 pmid:32308252 pmcid:PMC7154519 fatcat:zvkfs3pdondvbnxpdd43mm4tne

Life, information, entropy, and time: Vehicles for semantic inheritance

Antony R. Crofts
2007 Complexity  
Recognition of semantic content as a common component allows an understanding of the relationship between genes and memes, and a reformulation of Universal Darwinism. (2) The emergent properties of life  ...  Combinatorial possibilities are extended through interactions of increasing complexity in the temporal dimension. (3) All living things show a behavior that indicates awareness of time, or chronognosis  ...  of Time, to Gary Olsen for sharing with me his miracle, and to all three for interesting and stimulating discussion in the early days of my interest.  ... 
doi:10.1002/cplx.20180 pmid:18978960 pmcid:PMC2577055 fatcat:a5fsqqktonbtnaazinbqlouv2a

Discussing the Use of Complexity Theory in Engineering Management: Implications for Sustainability

Gianpaolo Abatecola, Alberto Surace
2020 Sustainability  
However, only a limited number of studies appear to formally adhere to CT, to explain the different EM issues investigated.  ...  What is the state-of-the-art literature regarding the adoption of the complexity theory (CT) in engineering management (EM)?  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su122410629 fatcat:wlanhwpsyrduhpp3twh7lpjrsa

Epidemic processes in complex networks

Romualdo Pastor-Satorras, Claudio Castellano, Piet Van Mieghem, Alessandro Vespignani
2015 Reviews of Modern Physics  
to our understanding of the unfolding of dynamical processes in complex networks.  ...  For this reason, while focusing on the main results and the paradigmatic models in infectious disease modeling, the major results concerning generalized social contagion processes are also presented.  ...  The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the funding agencies or  ... 
doi:10.1103/revmodphys.87.925 fatcat:uzfyzpqsjfhmtncx3qfcuresiy

Towards a unified science of cultural evolution

Alex Mesoudi, Andrew Whiten, Kevin N. Laland
2006 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Existing approaches within anthropology and archaeology demonstrate a good match with the macroevolutionary methods of systematics, paleobiology, and biogeography, whereas mathematical models derived from  ...  We suggest that human culture exhibits key Darwinian evolutionary properties, and argue that the structure of a science of cultural evolution should share fundamental features with the structure of the  ...  models were from mathematical descriptions of biological evolution.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x06009083 pmid:17094820 fatcat:cmuhsa6uhzhllahj4ylmzd4wgu

Enlarging the Scope

Webb Chamberlain
1965 American Orthoptic Journal  
Likewise the authors also wish to express their gratitude for revisions and comments that Alfred Zinck and Susana Pazos provided to earlier versions of this document.  ...  Acknowledgments References Acknowledgments The authors would like to express their gratitude to Dick Arnold, for his continued support, comments and suggestions made over the years to this document.  ...  explain this discrepancy associated with the idiosyncratic social practice of the tested taxonomies.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0065955x.1965.11981464 fatcat:o5xxzd3uevfhzljf6alyzhjgfu

Introduction – The Contributions of Big Data
Introduction – Les apports des Big Data

Philippe Tassi
2019 Economics and Statistics  
They are also a driver for development in computer science in the broadest sense, and in applied mathematics.  ...  The obvious benefits include "added" knowledge -a better statistical description of the economy and the society.  ...  in combining search information with dynamic probability switching models, and Galbraith & Tkacz (2015) in the testing and use of internet search variables within more extensive indicator systems.  ... 
doi:10.24187/ecostat.2018.505d.1963 fatcat:42rehacy6ffb7hc6k2l2q4u4yy

Open Social Scholarship Annotated Bibliography

Randa El Khatib, Lindsey Seatter, Tracey El Hajj, Conrad Leibel, Alyssa Arbuckle, Ray Siemens, Caroline Winter
2019 KULA knowledge creation dissemination and preservation studies  
The aim of this document is to present a working definition of open social scholarship through the aggregation and summation of critical resources in the field.  ...  Our work surveys foundational publications, innovative research projects, and global organizations that enact the theories and practices of open social scholarship.  ...  They claim that this study provides insight into the dynamics, patterns of change, and variety of political activity on the internet.  ... 
doi:10.5334/kula.58 fatcat:a56cxxnn55dqndfmcesccihy2q

Information politics: liberation and exploitation in the digital society

2015 ChoiceReviews  
Internet Network and Internet Protocol The internet has been seen as both one of the most powerful existing networks and as a model of networks.  ...  The internet is also no stranger to processes of securitisation, which have been present almost from its beginning and even given birth to an internet meme in the 'four horsemen of the infocalypse' (Assange  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.192748 fatcat:5pg4tuexzjastgaw5eawzzwzfa

Cultural evolution in more than two dimensions: Distinguishing social learning biases and identifying payoff structures

Alex Mesoudi
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
s two-dimensional conceptual map is complementary to cultural evolution research that has sought to explain population-level cultural dynamics in terms of individual-level behavioral processes.  ...  Here, I qualify their scheme by arguing that different social learning biases should be treated distinctly, and that the transparency of decisions is sometimes conflated with the actual underlying payoff  ...  a new idea or potential "meme."  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13001805 pmid:24572232 fatcat:kh45ncgbpfcqnaa6fxm3nsm2ne

Using big data to map the network organization of the brain

James E. Swain, Chandra Sripada, John D. Swain
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
We speculate that the dependency dimension – individuality versus sociality – might offer important insights into the dynamics of neurons and neuronal ensembles.  ...  AbstractThe past few years have shown a major rise in network analysis of "big data" sets in the social sciences, revealing non-obvious patterns of organization and dynamic principles.  ...  a new idea or potential "meme."  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13001908 pmid:24572243 pmcid:PMC4327852 fatcat:6buaugmen5d3nkhj6gxpaxrfh4
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