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Open-domain textual question answering techniques

2003 Natural Language Engineering  
; and (2) techniques for reading comprehension (RC) that answer a series of questions related to a given document.  ...  Because today's RC systems involve a short series of questions in context, they represent a rudimentary form of interactive Q/A which constitutes a possible foundation for more advanced forms of dialogue-based  ...  For RC Q/A the identification of a sentence from the story constitutes an answer.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1351324903003176 fatcat:n72eansx7rcgtlqg4dtsk2dlee

The Role of Institutional Investors in Initial Public Offerings

Thomas J. Chemmanur, Gang Hu, Jiekun Huang
2010 The Review of financial studies  
See also Loughran and Ritter (2002) for a similar argument. 3 Analyzing the institutional selling of allocations is also important from the point of view of establishing the amount of profits realized  ...  the predominance of buys over sells in such trading.  ...  First, there must be a reasonable number of common firm-quarters (i.e., N BOTH) for each pair of clientcode and mgrnum so that the matching scores MATCH1 and MATCH2 are reliable.  ... 
doi:10.1093/rfs/hhq109 fatcat:nf6li3jq2jaspgh7vt4oiu3rim

Cost Saving and the Freezing of Corporate Pension Plans

Joshua D. Rauh, Irina Stefanescu, Stephen P. Zeldes
2015 Social Science Research Network  
At least one co-author has disclosed a financial relationship of potential relevance for this research.  ...  Further information is available online at NBER working papers are circulated for discussion and comment purposes.  ...  We follow a similar matching procedure to identify matched plans for CB plans freezes from a large sample of CB plans that did not freeze, among observations for which the pay credit is available.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2706448 fatcat:k7vyg7j2czhzppvfb2y26x344m

Developing and validating a technology-based diagnostic assessment using the evidence-centered game design approach: an example of intrapreneurship competence

Sandra Bley
2017 Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training  
With the development of a CDM I go beyond the IRT-scaling offering the prerequisites for identifying individuals' skill profiles as a point of departure for an informative individual feedback and guidance  ...  The Q matrix represents the a priori assumption for running the statistical CDM-procedure for identifying learners' individual competence/skill profiles.  ...  for well-fitting models; (3) the model with the smallest information criteria should be favored over the other models; and (4) item discrimination values close to one indicate a good separation between  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40461-017-0049-0 fatcat:pezwswgwhnanhe55wgggevgg2a

Foreign Ownership and Corporate Performance: The Czech Republic at EU Entry

Stepan Jurajda, Juraj Stancik
2009 Social Science Research Network  
completed, with the corresponding performance change of matched companies that remained domestically owned until 2005.  ...  Does foreign ownership improve corporate performance, or do foreign firms merely select more productive targets for takeover? Do workers benefit from foreign acquisitions?  ...  The identification of such dynamic GMM models, however, is fragile when the variables of interest are sufficiently persistent.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1480745 fatcat:hepry4lujrabhjo4qye3qdbpr4

Cost Shifting and the Freezing of Corporate Pension Plans

Joshua D. Rauh, Irina Stefanescu, Stephen P. Zeldes
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Firms that freeze have at least 50% higher 10-year expected DB accruals than matched non-freeze firms.  ...  For older workers, the sponsor's savings are larger, consistent with renegotiation of implicit contracts.  ...  We follow a similar matching procedure to identify matched plans for CB plans freezes from a large sample of CB plans that did not freeze during our sample period.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2357987 fatcat:ha5f474gkfcxbdq4tvyp27wdou

PerCQA: Persian Community Question Answering Dataset [article]

Naghme Jamali, Yadollah Yaghoobzadeh, Hesham Faili
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We also build strong benchmarks for the task of answer selection in PerCQA by using mono- and multi-lingual pre-trained language models  ...  Community Question Answering (CQA) forums provide answers for many real-life questions. Thanks to the large size, these forums are very popular among machine learning researchers.  ...  There are characteristics for the questions and Match²: A matching over matching model for sim- the answers that do not have values that will be rel- ilar question identification.  ... 
arXiv:2112.13238v1 fatcat:bdonom4a3fdqpengmncnxgxmfi

The Wage Effects of Entering Motherhood - a Within-Firm Matching Approach

Miriam Beblo, Stefan Bender, Elke Wolf
2006 Social Science Research Network  
but otherwise similar colleague of the same firm.  ...  score matching and (3) a combined procedure of exact and propensity score matching.  ...  The results indicate that our baseline model of MATCH 2 (NNM with caliper 0.5) and the kernel matching yield very similar effects.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.925618 fatcat:etnt245whjbgvk7wxask4zxkou

PROTOCOL: Effectiveness of parent‐engagement programs to reduce truancy and juvenile delinquency: A systematic review

Sesha Kethineni, Susan Frazier‐Kouassi, Yuki Shigemoto, Wesley Jennings, Stephanie M. Cardwell, Alex R. Piquero, Kimberly Gay, Dayanand Sundaravadivelu
2021 Campbell Systematic Reviews  
This objective is guided by the following research questions: (1) what is the effectiveness of parent-engagement programs for children in preschool (ages 4-5) through secondary education (ages 13-19) on  ...  Delinquent behavior will be assessed as a secondary outcome when included.  ...  [Eligibility] Answer each question with a "yes" or a "no." 4a.  ... 
doi:10.1002/cl2.1189 fatcat:hla3hkdxpzbgjcwzj7sglaqoxe

Volunteering to be taxed: Business improvement districts and the extra-governmental provision of public safety

Leah Brooks
2008 Journal of Public Economics  
When a BID is approved by a majority of property owners in a neighborhood, state law makes contributions to the BID budget mandatory.  ...  Particular thanks also go to the city and BID employees who were kind, patient and helpful with my repeated questions.  ...  Propensity Score Matching The previous estimates non-parametrically match neighborhoods with similar propensities to form a BID.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jpubeco.2007.07.002 fatcat:elzqwswylzcghaguqwinrolw2a

Artificial Intelligence in Pediatrics: Important Clinical Signs in Newborn Syndromes

Øivind Braaten
1996 Computers and Biomedical Research  
while True: line = fitnfile.readline() if not line: break match =,line) match2 =,line) if match: RunGen.append('Var')) fitns.append(  ...  AI SEARCH STRATEGIES 115 A similar approach to an identification tree is a regression tree. For regression trees the outcome is a figure, e.g. number of days of a hospital stay.  ...  CODE: LISP CODE FOR THE GENETIC ALGORITHM T T G T T T)[ACGT\s]*\)',re.MULTILINE # r'(A T T A C T G C C G A A A T C C A G A T G)' r'(A [ACGT] T [ACGT])' # Test case  ... 
doi:10.1006/cbmr.1996.0013 pmid:8812067 fatcat:p2mo43ngv5bkrl7gmbqpm2lh4q

Patterns, Constructions, and Local Grammar: A Case Study of 'Evaluation'

Susan Hunston, Hang Su
2017 Applied Linguistics  
On the positive side, all of lexis and grammar can be described in a single model, without the need for an elaborate system of grammatical levels or ranks (as, for example, in Halliday's (1985) model).  ...  Constructions are a matching of form and meaning at all levels of generalisation.  ... 
doi:10.1093/applin/amx046 fatcat:aoduxfzhq5ghtpknjs3tiolr4u


Jacek Liwinski
2017 Proceedings of the 7th Economics & Finance Conference, Tel Aviv   unpublished
For this purpose, we construct a job match index based on the usefulness of the school-provided skills and the relevance of the job performed to the field of study.  ...  The data we use come from a representative tracer survey of Poles who left secondary schools or graduated from HEIs over the period of 1998-2005.  ...  We thank all seminar participants for useful 21 comments and in particular: Margarida Rodrigues, Geraint Johnes and Antonio Di Paolo. Nonetheless, the usual disclaimer applies.  ... 
doi:10.20472/efc.2017.007.011 fatcat:amoht4rt6veupkrvrbge2pbhsm

Record linking and genetic analysis of Utah death certificates

Kerry Gene Rowe
The father's, mother's, and spouse's first name were useful as an additional attribute for linking records in which there was a questionable match for the individual's name or where there was an error  ...  There were 17 male matches and 10 female matches that were questionable matches. Some of these matches had the birth date matching exactly, but the first and middle names did not match.  ... 
doi:10.26053/0h-5mk9-1500 fatcat:gvdgoxbojvg6dlgv52pirefuia

Spatial Thinking in the Engineering Curriculum: an Investigation of the Relationship Between Problem Solving and Spatial Skills Among Engineering Students

Gavin Duffy
Long considered a primary factor of intelligence, spatial ability has been shown to correlate strongly with success in engineering education, yet is rarely included as a learning outcome in engineering  ...  Several research questions were addressed that related to the role and relevance of spatial ability to first year engineering education and, more specifically, the manner in which spatial ability is manifest  ...  questions share a similar format which consists of a short question, an image of a circuit with multiple answer choices provided for the participant to select (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.21427/d75r1q fatcat:n5g3yq3uvbglbcxz4ayuehlh24
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