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TB DIAGNOSTIC CENTERS
A STUDY OF QUALITY ASSURANCE OF TB DIAGNOSTIC CENTERS THROUGH PROFICIENCY TESTING IN LAHORE

Taimia Ayub, Saima Ayub, Saim Maqsood, Maryam Ayub, Ayub Ali
2018 The Professional Medical Journal  
ABSTRACT... Introduction: Tuberculosis is the leading infectious cause of death and was declared as global emergency in 1993. Sputum smear microscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis of the pulmonary tuberculosis. Blinded rechecking of the slides and panel testing are WHO recommended methods for assuring the quality of the TB diagnostic centers. Period: Oct, 2014 to Dec, 2014. Objectives: To assess the quality of sputum microscopy at diagnostic centers through proficiency testing.To compare
more » ... e performance of trained and untrained laboratory staff in terms of sputum microscopy. Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive. Setting: Lahore District. Methodology: Blinded rechecking and panel testing was performed and data was collected with the help of checklists in all the 30 (75%) functional diagnostic centers of Lahore district. Results: Errors in reporting were found in 13 (43%) out of 30 diagnostic centers during the blinded rechecking. There was no error in the blinded rechecking in microscopy of 17 (68%) AFB microscopy trained lab workers, while all the 5 (100%) untrained lab workers committed error. Only 17 (56%) lab workers reported 80-100% slides correctly during the panel testing; a minimum acceptable level of skill, while 13 (44%) reported 40-60% slides correctly. One of the most striking findings of the study was the relation of training with the performance of lab workers. Conclusion: Untrained lab staff should immediately undergo standardized training for sputum smear microscopy and refresher training should be given to the trained lab workers to enhance their knowledge and skills.
doi:10.29309/tpmj/18.4432 fatcat:exky5mt5xnfvvny5gcppumbyhm

DIETARY AWARENESS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS AT AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL (ATH)

Dr Omar Sultan Khan, Dr Asad Khan, Dr Maryam Bibi
2020 Zenodo  
KEYWORDS: Diabetes Mellitus, Socio-demographic, Determinants, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad.  ...  The current study aimed to access the dietary awareness among the diabetic patients admitted in Endocrinology unit of Ayub Teaching Hospital.  ...  This study was Endocrinology ward of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad. The duration of this study was from 1 st March to 31 st August, 2016.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3929613 fatcat:xz5cuqoidrabhjkhjv7daiqyvy

DIETARY HABITS AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF AYUB TEACHING HOSPITAL STAFF ABBOTTABAD

Dr Maryam Bibi, Dr Asad Khan, Dr Omar Sultan Khan, Dr Uzma Bibi
2020 Zenodo  
And the frequency of exercise among the teaching staff of Ayub Medical College to see their physical health status.  ...  METHODOLOGY: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad Pakistan between December 2015 and June 2016.  ...  RESULTS: Study included the staff of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad. 203 staff members agreed to take part in research. 60.59% were males and 39.41% female.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3929610 fatcat:o7q4mp2xxzf27iyjbqvtawjdye

Developing the outcomes of a baccalaureate of dental surgery programme

Junaid Sarfraz Khan, Saima Tabasum, Osama Mukhtar, Maryam Iqbal
2010 Journal of Ayub Medical College  
Curriculum broadly falls into two categories, prescriptive and outcome-based. In the prescriptive curricula emphasis is placed on teaching with generally little integration between subjects and across disciplines. Currently, universities in Pakistan are undergoing a cultural change in the curricular design in order to apply an outcome-based learning instead of prescriptive teaching. Regionally, the need for change was recognised on account of the vast body of evidence available internationally.
more » ... In order to bring about a shift towards an outcome based curriculum in the 4-year BDS programme, we first need to specify the outcomes/traits that the dental health professionals should be able to demonstrate upon leaving the programme. This paper describes the process and outcome of arriving at the desired consensus through a series of workshops involving all stakeholders including students, community members, teaching faculty, programme directors and representatives of the dental health industry. A series of workshops were conducted between September 2009 to February 2010 in all of the 18 disciplines of basic and dental sciences individually and then collectively. A questionnaire sought responses from the participants regarding their perception about the status of the current BDS curriculum and their understanding of an outcome-based integrated curriculum, as well as whether such an integrated curriculum should be adopted or not? In the second half of the workshop through brainstorming and Delphi technique, the outcomes in terms of measurable traits that should be possessed by a graduate dental health professional entering community service were enlisted. The pre- and post-workshop questionnaire scores were entered into SPSS-16 and paired sample t-test as well as chi-square test were applied. Cron back alpha value of < 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. Secondly, the outcomes developed in each workshop were entered into Ethnograph and common outcomes of the 4-year BDS programme were extracted. In total, 234 participants attended the workshop over a period of five months in 18 discipline-wise workshops and four integrated workshops involving faculty members of all disciplines. Results indicate clearly that the workshop resulted in an attitude shift of the participants and their perception of the current curriculum and the need and rationale for a move towards an outcome-based curriculum. The 30 outcomes identified were grouped under two categories namely 'clinical skills' and 'professional behaviours'. Defining the final programme outcomes is only the initial step in developing an outcome-based, objective, integrated curriculum which will require considerable work in the future.
pmid:22338457 fatcat:mmiomz7mbrh2zcu6st6d7m6qlu

INTRA-ARTICULAR PIROXICAM AND TRIAMCINOLONE IN A RAT MODEL OF OSTEOARTHRITIS; ELEVATION AND COMPARISON OF CHONDROPROTECTIVE EFFICACY

Noaman Ishaq, Nausheen Ata, Maryam Saqib, Bushra Shaheen, Ayman Zafar, Ashwa Malik
2021 Journal of Ayub Medical College  
Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic degenerative joint disease. Definite treatment of osteoarthritis is still undiscovered. This study was designed to evaluate and compare the chondroprotective efficacy of piroxicam and triamcinolone in rat model of osteoarthritis. Methods: This laboratory based experimental study was conducted in Pharmacology Department, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, from April-June 2019. Osteoarthritis was induced by medial meniscectomy and anterior cruciate
more » ... resection in knee joints of twenty-four rats. They were divided in three groups with eight rats in each. Group I, II and III were control, piroxicam and triamcinolone groups that were treated by intra articular saline, piroxicam and triamcinolone once weekly for four weeks respectively and then gait pattern was scored. Animals were euthanized thereafter and samples were taken for histopathological analysis. Results: Comparison of gait score of control, piroxicam and triamcinolone groups exhibited a p-value of <0.01. Intergroup comparison of gait of group I and II, group I and III and group II and IV depicted p-value of <0.001,0.013 and 0.013 respectively. Likewise histopathological comparison of control, piroxicam and triamcinolone groups showed p-value of <0.01. While Intergroup histopathological comparison of group I and II, group I and III and group II and IV showed p-value of <0.001, <0.001 and 0.008 respectively. conclusion: Comparison of control group with treatment group proved chondroprotective efficacy of piroxicam and triamcinolone. On comparison of treatment groups, it was concluded that piroxicam has better chondroprotective efficacy as compared to triamcinolone.
doi:10.55519/jamc-01-8924 pmid:35466627 fatcat:ckc3duwpzvembac7dx2j4b7a7i

EVALUATION OF ASSOCIATED FACTORS IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE IN PATIENTS WITH RENAL PROBLEMS

Farsom Ayub, Hafsa Zia, Maryam Talib
2020 Zenodo  
Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the associated factors in chronic kidney disease in patients with renal problems. Type of Study: Cross Sectional. Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in a duration of 10 months form February 2019 to November 2019 in Services Hospital Lahore. Materials and Methods: A total of 200 patients were selected for the study who were willing to take part in it. The patients visiting the outdoor department of Nephrology or
more » ... admitted in ward were seen. Proper sampling technique was used to select the patient. A carefully designed proforma was used to collect the data by interview method and also by secondary data. Results: A total of 200 patients were selected from medical wards, OPD, kidney transplant OPD and dialysis center. Mean age of the patients was 43.95 years. Evaluation of demographic data shows following results regarding age, marital status, sex and educational status. Conclusion: The stage 5 or end stage renal disease associated with high morbidity and mortality can be prevented by controlling high blood pressure which can lead to end stage renal disease. The results obtained by this study would have been more accurate if current level of creatinine would have been used. Furthermore, patients were unable to fill some of the questions which affected the results of this study.
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4400122 fatcat:sa2r7wcefbhrjblp2qfwji3z3u

Dialogue Policies for Learning Board Games through Multimodal Communication

Maryam Zare, Ali Ayub, Aishan Liu, Sweekar Sudhakara, Albert F. Wagner, Rebecca J. Passonneau
2020 SIGDIAL Conferences  
The use of demonstrations of win conditions is based on observations from our previous work of how people start asking questions to learn a new game (Ayub and Wagner, 2018) .  ... 
dblp:conf/sigdial/ZareALSWP20 fatcat:7tq3mvfoevcprdgcdrayfrs44q

AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON THE INFORMED CONSENT OF PATIENTS IN ELECTIVE SURGERY AT MAYO HOSPITAL LAHORE

Iqra Matloob, Dr Maryam Ayub, Dr Anum Saleem
2018 Zenodo  
Objectives: The objective of this research was to assess the patient's perception and practice of the informed consent before the act of any elective surgical procedure at tertiary healthcare service provision setup. Methodology: This research was carried out at the Surgical Department of Mayo Hospital Lahore from April 2018 to August 2018. A standard questionnaire was distributed among patients who underwent elective surgical procedures during hospitalization. Our research independent
more » ... were level of education, age and socioeconomic standing of the patients; whereas, among dependent variables we included disease awareness, available options of the treatment, alternatives of the treatment, repercussions if not treated, postoperative complications and anesthesia associated risks with other variables such as complication management, authority consent, patient's satisfaction and all the information extended to the patients or to the attendants of the patients including signing of the patients. Results: Concerned surgeon gave the consent for 37 patients (24.33%); whereas, house surgeons and trained medical officers gave the consent for 113 patients (75.33%) in this research. These house surgeons and junior medical officers were junior doctors. Explanation of the disease and availability of various alternative therapies were also told to 105 patients (70%) and 67 patients (44%) respectively. Complications associated with the elective surgical procedure were also explained to 135 patients (90%) by concerned surgeons of junior doctors. Interestingly, the majority of the patients 110 were satisfied with the information which was extended to them about the surgical management of the disease (73.33%). In this series, every patient signed the informed consent before the commencement of surgical procedures. Conclusion: The ongoing practice of informed consent is n [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1494139 fatcat:nqsyvqzvlne2rl4lcvoqywsrhq

Group Awareness in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Environments

Hajar Ghadirian, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, Abu Daud Silong, Kamariah Binti Abu Bakar, Maryam Hosseinzadeh
2016 International Education Studies  
<p class="apa">It is commonly discussed that a key challenge for online collaboration is to promote group awareness. Although this challenge has gained intensified consideration by scholars, scarce attempt has been devoted into development of a reasonable hypothetical comprehension of what group awareness really is and how it can be studied empirically. This paper discusses the conceptions and the research approaches that underlie research on group awareness in computer-supported collaborative
more » ... earning circumstances. While reviewing literatures they were classified in three categories (behavioral, knowledge and social awareness) and variations in underlying techniques for visualization of awareness were also provided. It was found that research is dominated by the knowledge awareness, which focus on awareness of self and group members' level of expertise, skills, prior knowledge of task as well as areas of interest. However, some researchers studied all dimensions of awareness. Findings suggest that the notion of displaying of awareness information has been shifted from implicit to the explicit technique through which users intentionally express their current understanding and feelings or assess self and others and provide necessary information to be visualized. The paper suggests some areas for future empirical investigations and concludes with some theoretical considerations on the nature of group awareness.</p>
doi:10.5539/ies.v9n2p120 fatcat:sk664nxanjh6floboet722t6nu

Pregnancy Outcome in First Trimester Bleed

Munazza Ayub, Sumera Begum, Yad Zamin, Sajjad Khan, Maryam Munir, Abeer .
2021 Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences  
Bleeding is common during pregnancy and it is quite normal during first trimester. As the first bleed indicates, implantation of fertilized egg in the lining of uterus. It is common complication of almost 16-25% of pregnancies. 20% of the women experience light or spotted bleeding. Half of these pregnancies survive while the rest lead towards miscarriage. The first trimester bleed can be because of different pathological conditions mainly: miscarriage, cervical bleeding, infection and ectopic
more » ... egnancy. Methodology: Women with bleeding or pain or both in pregnancy, without any conclusive analysis from December 2020 to December 2021 were presented to Gynecology ward, of DHQ Hospital, Timergara and Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar. Evaluation was done with history and physical examination counting ultrasonography, pelvic examination, an HCG level and cervical cultures. 60 gravid females with less than 20 weeks of gestational age that presented with substantial per vaginal bleeding were recruited into the study population. Patients were properly counseled and each patient was given informed oral consent before being recruited for the research. Information about these prenatal, obstetric, and puerperal patients was recorded in an organized obstetric data sheet. SPSS version 16.0 was used for analysis of data. The chi-square test was used to evaluate relationships among groups. Results: The mothers mean age in the study and group of control was 24.7 ± 3.2 years and 23.93 ± 3.3 years, correspondingly (P> 0.05). The study group has mean parity of 1.9 ± 1.3 and in the control group 2.1 ± 1.4 (P> 0.05). At the time of presentation; mean gestational age for bleeding in the study group was 12.3 ± 1.68 weeks and for control group, it was 12.4 ± 1.39 weeks (P> 0.05). The comparison in both groups was accomplished but no significant differences in relations of birth history, gestational age and age was noted. Conclusion: The study found that recurrent episodes of bleeding per vaginal in late gestation and bleeding per vaginal in early gestation were related with premature delivery, low birth weight and miscarriage. Keywords: Apgar scores, Abruptio placentae, placenta praevia, low birth weight.
doi:10.53350/pjmhs22166903 fatcat:yxvumgeswnfd3jak6uh5dlokka

Medical Students Knowledge About Clinical Importance and Effective Teaching Methods of Anatomy

Enam Alhagh Charkhat Gorgich, Maryam Sarbishegi, Sanam Barfroshan, Ayub Abedi
2017 Shiraz E Medical Journal  
Authors' Contribution: Enam Alhagh Charkhat Gorgich and Maryam Sarbishegi co-designed the study, Enam Alhagh Charkhat Gorgich and Maryam Sarbishegi were the project designers of the research and wrote  ...  Ayub Abedi and Sanam Barfroshan participated in collecting the data and analyzed the results. All authors read, modified, and approved the final version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.5812/semj.14316 fatcat:io5yf6xuyvhcfalpsbd3zo5tzq

Natural Interaction of Game-based Learning for Elasticity

Maryam Savari, Mohamad Nizam Bin Ayub, Ainuddin Wahid Bin Abdul Wahab, Nurul Fazmidar Mohd. Noor
2016 Malaysian Journal of Computer Science  
Game-based Learning (GBL) is an alternative method for learners to experiencing a volatile environment in a safe place. In this environment, an alternative technique is required to facilitate the learning and to prevent injuries and potential hazards. Subjects involving elasticity are commonly considered as a hazardous issue and can cause injuries such as bouncing a ball. Elasticity is a subject that requires hands-on practicality for learners to experience the effect of elastic objects. In
more » ... paper, we have investigated the interaction between learners and elastic objects naturally in a safe environment using GBL. During the interaction, the potentials of natural interaction in the learning process had been observed to investigate the exhibited gestures over the learning procedure. GBL was developed using Kinect technology to teach elasticity to children aged 7-12 years old in primary school. The procedure comprises of detecting the gesture of body and defining the meaning of gestures exhibited during the learning process. The quantitative approach was applied to constantly monitor the interaction between the student and the system. Based on our results, we found that Natural Interaction GBL (Ni-GBL) made students feel that the educational game is useful indirectly because they can learn how to play the game easily.
doi:10.22452/mjcs.vol29no4.5 fatcat:6zgnfdgflfgi5nolbxowwtkzyq

Comparison of Radiopacity of Six Endodontic Sealers

Maryam Ehsani, Farida Abesi, Sina Haghanifar, Sorayya Khafri, Mahtab Hamzeh, Ayub Habibi
2013 Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology Pathology and Surgery  
Ayub Habibi's thesis (Number 493) which was supported by Dental Material Research Center and Deputy of Research of Babol University of Medical Science.  ... 
doi:10.18869/acadpub.3dj.2.2.23 fatcat:myv4cfdutvhhpeoeka4gslhbha

Psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on postgraduate trainees: a cross-sectional survey

Nazish Imran, Hafiz Muhammad Umar Masood, Maryam Ayub, Khalid Masood Gondal
2020 Postgraduate medical journal  
BackgroundThe present study aimed to evaluate psychological impact of COVID-19 outbreak on postgraduate trainees in Pakistan by quantifying the symptoms of depression, anxiety and acute stress disorder and by analysing potential risk factors associated with these symptoms.MethodsFollowing Institutional Review Board approval, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 10,178 postgraduate trainees following COVID-19 outbreak through e-log system of College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan.
more » ... The nine-item Patient Health Questionnaire, seven-item Generalised Anxiety Disorder scale and Stanford Acute Stress Reaction Questionnaire were used to collect data. Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS.26. Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, the χ2 test and logistic regression analysis were performed. The significance level was set at α=0.05.ResultsThe prevalence of depressive symptoms, generalised anxiety disorder and acute stress disorder were 26.4%, 22.6% and 4.4%, respectively. Female postgraduate trainees, senior trainees and front-line workers reported experiencing more anxiety, depression and acute stress symptoms (p value<0.001). Logistic regression showed that being a front-line and senior staff member and female was associated with higher risk of experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety and acute stress.ConclusionsOur study findings raise concerns about the psychological well-being of postgraduate trainees during the acute COVID-19 outbreak in Pakistan. It is necessary to employ strategies to minimise the psychological distress and provide adequate psychosocial support for postgraduate trainees during crisis situation such as COVID-19 pandemic.
doi:10.1136/postgradmedj-2020-138364 pmid:32843485 fatcat:m4q3mefw6vguteknbaapdyac6i

Evaluation of Biological Characteristics of Abelmoschus esculentus

Mamuna Hafeez, Syeda Mona Hassan, Shahzad Sharif Mughal, Ali Raza Ayub, Muhammad Yasin, Muhammad Nasir Mehmood Khan, Maryam Mushtaq, Muhammad Kamran Khan
2020 International Journal of Biochemistry Biophysics & Molecular Biology  
Abelmoschus esculentus is an economically important medicinal plant grown in tropical and sub-tropical parts of the world. This paper was aimed to review the biological characteristics and its health benefits against certain diseases. Different parts of Abelmoschus esculentus are used for various purposes. Its immature fruits are consumed as vegetables, used in salads, soups and stews, fresh or dried form. Abelmoschus esculentus mucilage has medicinal applications when used as a plasma
more » ... nt or blood volume expander. The mucilage of Abelmoschus esculentus binds cholesterol and bile acid carrying toxins dumped into it by the liver. Abelmoschus esculentus seeds are a potential source of oil, with concentrations varying from 20% to 40%, which consists of linoleic acid up to 47.4%. Abelmoschus esculentus is rich source of phenolic and flavonoids. These phytochemicals are responsible for its high antioxidants and antimicrobial activity. Abelmoschus esculentus has vast potential of health beneficial effects on some of the important human diseases like cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, digestive diseases and some cancers s. Overall, Abelmoschus esculentus is an important plant with diverse biological properties and potential health benefits. Abelmoschus esculentus possesses high contents of fibers. These fibers help to stabilize blood sugar because their main function is to regulate the rate of sugar absorption from the intestinal tract. The fibers present in A. esculentus play a vital role in minimizing blood sugar level in the body, assisting along with diabetes. These fibers also help to support the level of blood sugar by slowing down the process of sugar absorption through the intestines. Abelmoschus esculentus is also recognized for having high antioxidants activity. Different parts of A. esculentus are rich source of phenolic compounds, largely flavanols derivatives and oligomeric catechins. These phenolic compounds have attained a lot of importance among other antioxidants. So, it is a good supplier to antioxidant status as well as a promising chemo-preventive agent.
doi:10.11648/j.ijbbmb.20200502.15 fatcat:jtbjdoh5lze5xn5k6ogd54wiw4
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