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Minimal Constraints in the Parity Formulation of Optimization Problems [article]

Martin Lanthaler, Wolfgang Lechner
2020 arXiv   pre-print
An alternative to the Ising formulation is the Lechner-Hauke-Zoller model, which has the form of a lattice gauge model with nearest neighbor 4-body constraints.  ... 
arXiv:2008.10458v1 fatcat:atqsfuonyvapxewf72l2w7gkty

THERAPY OF ENDOCRINE DISEASE: Medical treatment of primary aldosteronism

Benjamin Lechner, Katharina Lechner, Daniel Alexander Heinrich, Christian Adolf, Finn Holler, Holger Schneider, Felix Beuschlein, Martin Reincke
2019 European Journal of Endocrinology  
Benjamin Lechner did the literature search and drafted the manuscript. Martin Reincke and the other authors reviewed and edited the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1530/eje-19-0215 pmid:31299637 fatcat:z637joiobfgw7ch5fy3suimcze

A Transmon Quantum Annealer: Decomposing Many-Body Ising Constraints Into Pair Interactions [article]

Martin Leib, Peter Zoller, Wolfgang Lechner
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Adiabatic quantum computing is an analog quantum computing scheme with various applications in solving optimization problems. In the parity picture of quantum optimization, the problem is encoded in local fields that act on qubits which are connected via local 4-body terms. We present an implementation of a parity annealer with Transmon qubits with a specifically tailored Ising interaction from Josephson ring modulators.
arXiv:1604.02359v1 fatcat:fwvh7odlkngvrl6dyfuirfsj4e

Does leaving welfare improve health? Evidence for Germany

Martin Huber, Michael Lechner, Conny Wunsch
2011 Health Economics  
Dehejia and Wahba, 2002) into the standard algorithm used for example by Gerfin and Lechner (2002) .  ...  The matching procedure used in this paper incorporates the improvements suggested by Lechner et al. (2009) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/hec.1615 pmid:21394818 fatcat:v4i3whwyafgp5cbfm5dlfmk5ia

Lifestyle factors and high-risk atherosclerosis: Pathways and mechanisms beyond traditional risk factors

Katharina Lechner, Clemens von Schacky, Amy L McKenzie, Nicolai Worm, Uwe Nixdorff, Benjamin Lechner, Nicolle Kränkel, Martin Halle, Ronald M Krauss, Johannes Scherr
2019 European Journal of Preventive Cardiology  
Despite major efforts to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) burden with conventional risk factor control, significant residual risk remains. Recent evidence on non-traditional determinants of cardiometabolic health has advanced our understanding of lifestyle–disease interactions. Chronic exposure to environmental stressors like poor diet quality, sedentarism, ambient air pollution and noise, sleep deprivation and psychosocial stress affect numerous traditional and
more » ... nal intermediary pathways related to ASCVD. These include body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and functionality and the intestinal microbiome, which are increasingly recognized as major determinants of cardiovascular health. Evidence points to partially overlapping mechanisms, including effects on inflammatory and nutrient sensing pathways, endocrine signalling, autonomic function and autophagy. Of particular relevance is the potential of low-risk lifestyle factors to impact on plaque vulnerability through altered adipose tissue and skeletal muscle phenotype and secretome. Collectively, low-risk lifestyle factors cause a set of phenotypic adaptations shifting tissue cross-talk from a proinflammatory milieu conducive for high-risk atherosclerosis to an anti-atherogenic milieu. The ketone body ß-hydroxybutyrate, through inhibition of the NLRP-3 inflammasome, is likely to be an intermediary for many of these observed benefits. Adhering to low-risk lifestyle factors adds to the prognostic value of optimal risk factor management, and benefit occurs even when the impact on conventional risk markers is discouragingly minimal or not present. The aims of this review are (a) to discuss novel lifestyle risk factors and their underlying biochemical principles and (b) to provide new perspectives on potentially more feasible recommendations to improve long-term adherence to low-risk lifestyle factors.
doi:10.1177/2047487319869400 pmid:31408370 fatcat:hslv267msvczjnluoz7qlqdoou

Multiplicative Measurement Error and the Simulation Extrapolation Method

Elena Biewen, Sandra Nolte (Lechner), Martin Rosemann
2008 Social Science Research Network  
Standard-Nutzungsbedingungen: Die Dokumente auf EconStor dürfen zu eigenen wissenschaftlichen Zwecken und zum Privatgebrauch gespeichert und kopiert werden. Sie dürfen die Dokumente nicht für öffentliche oder kommerzielle Zwecke vervielfältigen, öffentlich ausstellen, öffentlich zugänglich machen, vertreiben oder anderweitig nutzen. Sofern die Verfasser die Dokumente unter Open-Content-Lizenzen (insbesondere CC-Lizenzen) zur Verfügung gestellt haben sollten, gelten abweichend von diesen
more » ... bedingungen die in der dort genannten Lizenz gewährten Nutzungsrechte. AngewAndte wIrtschAftsforschung ob dem himmelreich 1 72074 tübingen t: (0 70 71) 98 96-0 f: (0 70 71) 98 96-99
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1131136 fatcat:aemspt7jvnh6zi3ywkajwit6t4

Blackthorn: Latency Estimation Framework for CNNs on Embedded Nvidia Platforms

Martin Lechner, Axel Jantsch
2021 IEEE Access  
With more powerful yet efficient embedded devices and accelerators being available for Deep Neural Networks (DNN), machine learning is becoming an integral part of edge computing. As the number of such devices increases, finding the best platform for a specific application has become more challenging. A common question for application developers is to find the most cost-effective combination of a DNN and a device while still meeting latency and accuracy requirements. In this work, we propose
more » ... ckthorn, a layerwise latency estimation framework for embedded Nvidia GPUs based on analytical models. We provide accurate predictions for each layer, helping developers to find bottlenecks and optimize the architecture of a DNN to fit target platforms. Our framework can quickly evaluate and compare large amounts of network optimizations without needing to build time-consuming execution engines. Our experimental results on Jetson TX2 and Jetson Nano devices show a per-layer estimation error of 6.104% Root-Mean-Square-Percentage-Error (RMSPE) and 5.888% RMSPE, which significantly outperforms current state-of-the-art methods. At network level, the average latency error is below 3% for the tested DNNs.
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3101936 fatcat:km6qkocbazbdndmrk4t3fbierm

Workplace Health Promotion and Labour Market Performance of Employees

Martin Huber, Michael Lechner, Conny Wunsch
2014 Social Science Research Network  
The social insurance records have also been used, for example, by Wunsch and Lechner (2008) , Biewen et al. (2013) , Wunsch (2013) , and Lechner and Wunsch (2013) , with a different sampling design  ...  The information available in the administrative data is well documented in Wunsch and Lechner (2008) and ).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2483055 fatcat:uqlvwe4fbfc4pjmiowcgzhczx4

Improving the Integrated European Impact Assessment? [chapter]

Kilian Bizer, Sebastian Lechner, Martin Führ
2010 The European Impact Assessment and the Environment  
Martin Drechsler (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research -UFZ Leipzig). Session four focused on the institutional framework based on presentations by Steven White and Dr.  ...  Therefore, the introductory paper (Bizer/Lechner/Führ 2008) develops recommendations to address these problems.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-11670-4_1 fatcat:6d6yue3gdze5ndfwivmklgcoj4

Amino Terminal pro B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels Are Elevated in the Cord Blood of Neonates With Congenital Heart Defect

Evelyn Lechner, Gabriele Wiesinger-Eidenberger, Oliver Wagner, Martin Weissensteiner, Elisabeth Schreier-Lechner, Doris Leibetseder, Wolfgang Arzt, Gerald Tulzer
2009 Pediatric Research  
This prospective study investigates whether amino terminal proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels are elevated in neonates with congenital heart defect (CHD). NT-proBNP levels in the umbilical cord blood of 60 neonates with prenatally diagnosed CHD, in the cord blood of 200 control subjects, and in the plasma of the respective mothers were analyzed using an automated enzyme immunoassay. NT-proBNP concentrations in the cord blood of the CHD group were significantly elevated compared
more » ... h controls [median (range): 158 pg/mL (378 -3631 pg/mL) and 626 pg/mL (153-2518 pg/mL); p value Ͻ0.001]. The NT-proBNP concentrations of the newborns and their mothers did correlate neither in the CHD nor in the control group. In 54 patients with CHD, NT-proBNP levels were measured on the median 5th day of life. They showed a significant increase (median 1665 pg/mL and 19222 pg/mL; p Ͻ 0.001). NT-proBNP levels in the cord blood of neonates with CHD are significantly elevated and show a marked increase in the first week of life. Furthermore, this study confirms previously published reference intervals of NT-proBNP in the cord blood of healthy neonates as well as the finding that there is no exchange of NT-proBNP across the placenta. (Pediatr Res 66: 466-469, 2009) Abbreviations: BNP, brain-type natriuretic peptide; CHD, congenital heart defect; NT, proBNP, amino terminal pro brain-type natriuretic peptide; r 2 , correlation coefficient 0031-3998/09/6604-0466 PEDIATRIC RESEARCH
doi:10.1203/pdr.0b013e3181b3aee4 pmid:19581836 fatcat:fl52zo2qxjfzpfqtxgmdu6foae

The performance of estimators based on the propensity score

Martin Huber, Michael Lechner, Conny Wunsch
2013 Journal of Econometrics  
Lechner). URL: (M.  ...  Lechner). 1 See for example the recent surveys by Blundell and Costa Dias (2009), Imbens (2004), and Imbens and Wooldridge (2009) for a discussion of the properties of such estimators as well as a list  ...  Acknowledgments Michael Lechner is a Research Fellow of CEPR and PSI, London, CES-Ifo, Munich, IAB, Nuremberg, IZA, Bonn, and ZEW, Mannheim.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jeconom.2012.11.006 fatcat:i6cfvaoblze5zhbd6gp36yackm

Thermoelectric effect in laser annealed printed nanocrystalline silicon layers

Robert Lechner, Hartmut Wiggers, André Ebbers, Jürgen Steiger, Martin S. Brandt, Martin Stutzmann
2007 Physica Status Solidi. Rapid Research Letters  
doi:10.1002/pssr.200701198 fatcat:x23f3xoy45ap7kgnhm5eiijv3e

Workplace health promotion and labour market performance of employees

Martin Huber, Michael Lechner, Conny Wunsch
2015 Journal of Health Economics  
The social insurance records have also been used, for example, by Wunsch and Lechner (2008) , Biewen et al. (2013) , Wunsch (2013) , and Lechner and Wunsch (2013) , with a different sampling design  ...  The information available in the administrative data is well documented in Wunsch and Lechner (2008) and ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2015.07.002 pmid:26300489 fatcat:iyb7ishttvcanlrlpydfov63dy

Prähospitale Anlage von Tourniquets zur Kontrolle massiver Extremitätenblutungen – ein Update

Raimund Lechner, Martin Kulla, Florent Josse, Björn Hossfeld
2019 Der Notarzt  
nein nein nein ja ja ja Cave Danksagung Interessenkonflikt Autorinnen/Autoren Raimund Lechner Martin Kulla Florent Josse Björn Hossfeld Korrespondenzadresse Raimund Lechner  ...  Martin Kulla, DESA. Tätig als Oberarzt der Klinik für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin am Bundeswehrkrankenhaus Ulm und Bereichsoberarzt der Zentralen Interdisziplinären Notfallaufnahme.  ... 
doi:10.1055/a-0815-6703 fatcat:a3sm4rac5fbxdi7yd6yxews7lm

Dedicated Multidetector CT of the Stomach: Spectrum of Diseases

Ahmed Ba-Ssalamah, Mathias Prokop, Martin Uffmann, Peter Pokieser, Bela Teleky, Gerhard Lechner
2003 Radiographics  
doi:10.1148/rg.233025127 pmid:12740465 fatcat:fkbyrklhk5gp5cnk5xzjwdxeni
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