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Supplementary Information accompanies the paper on www.nature.com/nature. Acknowledgements We thank A. Dornhaus, M. Enquist, E. Fehr and L.-A. Giraldeau for comments on a previous version of this Letter. Authors' contributions J.M.M. formulated the main ideas as a result of conversations with A.I.H.; J.M.M. also formulated the model, and was responsible for the material in Box 1; Z.B. carried out the computations, and prepared the figures; A.I.H. surveyed the literature, and had the main responsibility for writing the Letter.doi:10.1038/nature02447 pmid:15085132 fatcat:cjc6wxwn5rfvhbnou7cnbimp7e
McCollough and Others Portions of the results of Experiment 3 were described previously in Vogel and Machizawa (2004) . ... Recently, we have reported lateralized ERP activity that appears to be analogous to the delay activity observed in single unit studies as well as in fMRI studies (Vogel and Machizawa, 2004) . ...doi:10.1016/s0010-9452(08)70447-7 pmid:17334209 fatcat:byki7wtodnf6lmk2e5krokqvzu
AbstractHuman emotions are complex and constructed of multiple facets of separable components. Amongst many models of emotions, circumplex model of emotion is one of a major theory. The use of the circumplex model allows us to model variable aspects of emotion; however, such momentary expression of one's internal mental state still lacks to consider another, the third dimension of time. Here, we provide an exploratory attempt to build a three-axial model of human emotion to model one of ourdoi:10.1101/659979 fatcat:kjt7sowasnagzaurvg7lkuma7q
more »... licated sense of anticipatory excitement, "Waku-Waku (in Japanese)", when people are predictively coding upcoming emotional events. Electroencephalography (EEG) was recorded from 28 young adult participants while they mentalized upcoming emotional pictures. Three auditory tones were used as indicative cues, predicting the likelihood of valence of upcoming picture, either positive, negative, or unknown. While seeing an image, participants judged its emotional valence during the task, and subsequently rated their subjective experiences on valence, arousal, and expectation immediately after the experiment. The collected EEG data were then analyzed to determine contributory neural signature for each of three axes. As was expected, a three axial model revealed considerable contribution of the third dimension over the classical two-dimension model. Distinctive contributing EEG components for each axis have been determined. The resultant model is provided as a novel model of 'brain-emotion-interface'. Limitations and applicability of this method are discussed.
Machizawa MG, Kalla R, Walsh V, Otten LJ. The time course of ventrolateral prefrontal cortex involvement in memory formation. J Neurophysiol ...doi:10.1152/jn.90937.2008 pmid:20089812 pmcid:PMC2887631 fatcat:ejdwnn5trzah7ar7frr43icziy
During the fixation task, the color of the fixation point, in a gray background, changed from white ([R,G,B] = [255,255,255]) to faint pink ([R,G,B] = [255,255-Δ,255-Δ]) (pre-MRS, post-MRS 1, vs. post-MRS ...doi:10.1038/nn.4490 pmid:28135242 pmcid:PMC5323354 fatcat:yiij7iiozbc6fdpok5qxc4nefi
Fig. 1 . 1 Please cite this article in press as: Machizawa, M. G., & Driver, J. ... Spatial cues lead to best performance.Please cite this article in press as: Machizawa, M. G., & Driver, J. ... ARTICLE IN PRESS G Model No. of Pages 9 M.G. Machizawa, J. ...doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.11.032 pmid:21130786 fatcat:nods5enqerchrjcqrfs4uuispm
Male Sprague-Dawley rats (375-400 g) were randomized to two groups: (1) CPB + Saline or (2) CPB + Minocycline, (n = 6/group). ... The granule cell layer (G) and hilus (H) of the dentate gyrus are shown in sections from the CPB + Saline and CPB + Minocycline groups. ...doi:10.3389/fncel.2022.780880 pmid:35281295 pmcid:PMC8907423 fatcat:ufztgepwsjhodnnzod53vpku2u
Using appropriate stimuli to evoke emotions is especially important for researching emotion. Psychologists have provided several standardized affective stimulus databases-such as the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) and the Nencki Affective Picture System (NAPS) as visual stimulus databases, as well as the International Affective Digitized Sounds (IADS) and the Montreal Affective Voices as auditory stimulus databases for emotional experiments. However, considering the limitationsdoi:10.3758/s13428-018-1027-6 pmid:29520632 fatcat:3734yvs5qne6hlk2bl5eohxzhy
more »... the existing auditory stimulus database studies, research using auditory stimuli is relatively limited compared with the studies using visual stimuli. First, the number of sample sounds is limited, making it difficult to equate across emotional conditions and semantic categories. Second, some artificially created materials (music or human voice) may fail to accurately drive the intended emotional processes. Our principal aim was to expand existing auditory affective sample database to sufficiently cover natural sounds. We asked 207 participants to rate 935 sounds (including the sounds from the IADS-2) using the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) and three basic-emotion rating scales. The results showed that emotions in sounds can be distinguished on the affective rating scales, and the stability of the evaluations of sounds revealed that we have successfully provided a larger corpus of natural, emotionally evocative auditory stimuli, covering a wide range of semantic categories. Our expanded, standardized sound sample database may promote a wide range of research in auditory systems and the possible interactions with other sensory modalities, encouraging direct reliable comparisons of outcomes from different researchers in the field of psychology. Keywords Emotion . Affective auditory stimuli . Affective ratings . International Affective Digitized Sounds . SAM Emotion, as one of the most significant issues in psychology and psychophysiology, has been thoroughly examined in the field of cognitive psychology (Lindquist, 2010) . For a complete understanding of emotional processes, it is especially important to select appropriate experimental materials that complement the experimental purposes appropriately (for a review, see Gerdes, Wieser, & Alpers, 2014) . In daily human life, the various types of external stimulus that we receive across different modalities not only have powerful effects on subjective senses and evoked emotions (e.g., Fazio, 2001; Jaquet, Danuser, & Gomez, 2012; Marin, Gingras, & Bhattacharya, 2012) but also influence our decision-making and subsequent behavior (mood management theory; Zillmann, 1988). Therefore, many standardized affective stimulus databases were provided and have been extensively used in studies on emotion. The emotional processes have been intensively studied particularly in the visual system. In many psychological and neuroimaging studies, visual stimuli have been used to evoke
Achieving clear visibility through a windshield is one of the crucial factors in manufacturing a safe and comfortable vehicle. The optic flow (OF) through the windshield has been reported to divert attention and could impair visibility. Although a growing number of behavioral and neuroimaging studies have assessed drivers' attention in various driving scenarios, there is still little evidence of a relationship between OF, windshield shape, and driver's attentional efficacy. The purpose of thisdoi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.00183 pmid:32528266 pmcid:PMC7264157 fatcat:pidt7kktrnat3c5uisszgubnuq
more »... esearch was to examine this relationship. Methods: First, we quantified the OF across the windshield in a simulated driving scenario with either of two types of the windshield (a tilted or vertical pillar) at different speeds (60 km/h or 160 km/h) and found more upward OF along the tilted pillar than along the vertical pillar. Therefore, we hypothesized that the predominance of upward OF around the windshield along a tilted pillar could distract a driver and that we could observe the corresponding neural activity. Magnetic resonance scans were then obtained while the subjects performed a visual detection task while watching the driving scene used in the OF analysis. The subjects were required to press a button as rapidly as possible when a target appeared at one of five positions (leftmost, left, center, right, and rightmost). Results: We found that the reaction time (RT) on exposure to a tilted pillar was longer than that on exposure to a vertical pillar in the leftmost and rightmost conditions. Furthermore, there was more brain activity in the precuneus when the pillar was tilted than when it was vertical in the rightmost condition near the pillar. In a separate analysis, activation in the precuneus was found to reflect relative changes in the amount of upward OF when the target was at the rightmost position. Conclusions: Overall, these observations suggest that activation in the precuneus may reflect extraneous cognitive load driven by upward OF along the pillar and could distract visual attention. The findings of this study highlight the value of a cognitive neuroscientific approach to research and development in the motor vehicle manufacturing industry.
Japanese Journal of Physiological Psychology and Psychophysiology
., Northoff, G. (2006) . Dissociable networks for the expectancy and perception of emotional stimuli in the human brain. ...doi:10.5674/jjppp.1605ci fatcat:qo33x6butnbuloosbqnqtwrqvm
, Maro G., 9643 MacKay, Donald G., 9546 Macke, Caroline, 10800 Mackenzie, Janeen, 11445 Mackey, Brian, 9319 Mackie, Jean Kanitz, 10870 Mackie, Paul Force-Emery, 12124 Mackinnon, A., 10962 Mackler, Bernard ... 10712 Macarthur, Colin, 12358 Maccia, Daniel, 11212 Maccoby, Eleanor E., 12389 Macdonald, Ranald R., 9472 Macdonald, Raymond, 9910 Mace, Britton L., 12026 Mace, Sharon E., 11781 MacFall, James R., 10624 Machizawa ...
The KIPS Transactions PartC
현금자동입출금기/현금지급기에서 개선된 비밀번호 입력 방법
현금자동입출금기/현금지급기에서 개선된 비밀번호 입력 방법
Vogel & Maro G. ... Machizawa, "Neural activity predicts individual differences in visual working memory capacity", Nature, Vol.428, pp.748∼751, 2004.  INCA Internt Co., Ltd., P-Protect, http://www.inca.co.kr/ include_file ...doi:10.3745/kipstc.2011.18c.2.071 fatcat:wunscsgdxzc4rozg525aehmtuy
; https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.02.08.430334 doi: bioRxiv preprint ܲ ௗ , ௦ ൌ 1 ܶ r e g ݖ ௧ ௧ א ሺ r e g ሻ , where ሺ r e g ሻ denotes the set of the time points ... ., Okada, G., Tanaka, S.C., Kasai, K., Kato, N., Okamoto, Y., Seymour, B., Takahashi, 525 H., Kawato, M., Imamizu, H., 2018. ...doi:10.1101/2021.02.08.430334 fatcat:bajjtiqppnfhdaj32wvo44o2qi
, Maro G., 9643 Machner, Bjérn, 4795 Machotka, Pavel, 25143 Machouf, Anousheh, 2774 Macht, Michael, 23503, 28666 Macias, Macarena Pradas, 28197 Macias, Michelle M., 1924, 17420, 32439 Macias, Wendy, 5106 ... ., 3951, 16633 Mackensen, G. ...
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