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Maritime Moving Target Indication Using Passive GNSS-Based Bistatic Radar

Hui Ma, Michail Antoniou, Debora Pastina, Fabrizio Santi, Federica Pieralice, Marta Bucciarelli, Mikhail Cherniakov
2018 IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  
PASSIVE RADAR SYSTEM FORMARITIME SURVEILLANCE -spyGLASS".  ...  Acknowledgment This project has received funding from the European GNSS Agency under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 641486, "GALILEO-BASED  ...  This paper introduces the concept of maritime surveillance by means of GNSS-based passive radar systems in general bistatic acquisition geometries.  ... 
doi:10.1109/taes.2017.2739900 fatcat:op66zsio2fcw7fbfcanqkwa524

Maritime Moving Target Localization Using Passive GNSS-Based Multistatic Radar

Hui Ma, Michail Antoniou, Andrew G. Stove, Jon Winkel, Mikhail Cherniakov
2018 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Work on the conversion of the SX3 to a passive radar receiver was supported under a contract of the European Space Agency in the frame of the Announcement of Opportunities on GNSS Science  ...  and Innovative Technology within the European GNSS Evolutions Programme (EGEP ID 89 ).  ...  that would Maritime Moving Target Localization Using Passive GNSS-based Multi-static Radar Hui Ma, Michail Antoniou, Andrew G.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2018.2838682 fatcat:7y7vawp6enhl5kkrrnikyjswfu

Passive Radar Imaging of Ship Targets With GNSS Signals of Opportunity

Debora Pastina, Fabrizio Santi, Federica Pieralice, Michail Antoniou, Mikhail Cherniakov
2020 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
GNSS-BASED PASSIVE RADAR FOR MARITIME SURVEILLANCE A general configuration of the GNSS-based radar system for maritime surveillance comprises navigation satellites, used as transmitters of opportunity,  ...  The GNSS-based passive radar is particularly suited for the monitoring of maritime areas.  ...  He leads a team of researchers on radar systems and signal processing, including passive radar, SAR processing, multi-static, MIMO and cognitive radar, where he has more than 100 publications in peer reviewed  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2020.3005306 fatcat:spwot5oikfb6nbkslmnklmlhpm

Maritime moving target long time integration for GNSS-based passive bistatic radar

D. Pastina, F. Santi, F. Pieralice, M. Bucciarelli, H. Ma, D. Tzagkas, M. Antoniou, M. Cherniakov
2018 IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems  
This paper addresses the exploitation of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as transmitters of opportunity in passive bistatic radar systems for maritime surveillance.  ...  ., 0018-9251 C 2018 OAPA nique is first considered, providing target detection in a plane that represents the section of maritime area covered by the radar antenna.  ...  FOR GNSS-BASED PASSIVE BISTATIC RADAR  ... 
doi:10.1109/taes.2018.2840298 fatcat:e2setmhhujcnlaab4wrrthylxa

Target Localization Based on Bistatic T/R Pair Selection in GNSS-based Multistatic Radar System

Yue Shao, Hui Ma, Shenghua Zhou, Xue Wang, Michail Antoniou, Hongwei Liu
2021 Remote Sensing  
Hull Optimization Method, and then uses a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) as an external illuminator to verify the algorithms.  ...  To cope with the increasingly complex electromagnetic environment, multistatic radar systems, especially the passive multistatic radar, are becoming a trend of future radar development due to their advantages  ...  They are verified through maritime target positioning experiment using the GNSS-based passive multistatic radar.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13040707 fatcat:e2fx64rwavectnsdy46ijxfl7m

A Hybrid integration method for moving target detection with GNSS-based passive radar

Zhenyu He, Yang Yang, Wu Chen
2020 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) based passive radar has been applied in the detection of moving targets.  ...  Index Terms-Global navigation satellite system (GNSS) based passive radar, keystone transform (KT), long-time hybrid integration, Lv's distribution.  ...  Recent proof-of-concept experiments of GNSS-based passive radar for the maritime moving target detection (MTD) were conducted [14] , [15] , which demonstrated the feasibility of the concept.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2020.3037200 fatcat:vhlo2zarcnfz5oj5nyk3pzakpa

Maritime targets velocity estimation in space-based passive multistatic radar using long integration times

Ilaria Nasso, Fabrizio Santi, Debora Pastina
2021 IEEE Access  
Target detection by means of space-based passive radar sensors generally requires the adoption of long integration time strategies to reinforce sufficiently the signal strength.  ...  In this work, we put forward a Taylor-series approach that capitalizes on the set of bistatic Doppler-rates estimated in Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)-based multistatic radar configurations  ...  APPENDIX ACKNOWLEDGMENT The experimental campaigns were carried out inside the research project "GALILEO-BASED PASSIVE RADAR SYSTEM FOR MARITIME SURVEILLANCE-SpyGLASS" funded from the European GNSS Agency  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3133708 fatcat:kdtuicmnbnge7hr3l5cagqxa7q

A Modified Radon Fourier Transform for GNSS-Based Bistatic Radar Target Detection

Xinkai Zhou, Pengbo Wang, Jie Chen, Zhirong Men, Wei Liu, Hongcheng Zeng
2020 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  
The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)based passive bistatic radar (PBR) which uses the GNSS signal as the illuminators of opportunity is studied for moving target detection (MTD).  ...  Index Terms-Global navigation satellite system (GNSS), long-time integration, modified radon Fourier transform (MRFT), moving target detection (MTD), passive bistatic radar (PBR).  ...  In [7] , a GNSS-based PBR with a general bistatic geometry for maritime moving target indication was described.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lgrs.2020.3041623 fatcat:dk5vl7llyzdzpo7swcuusbp274

Moving Target Imaging Using GNSS-Based Passive Bistatic Synthetic Aperture Radar

Zhen-yu He, Yang Yang, Wu Chen, Duo-Jie Weng
2020 Remote Sensing  
Current studies of global navigation satellite systems (GNSS)-based bistatic synthetic aperture radar (GNSS-SAR) is focused on static objects on land.  ...  This paper proposes a moving target imaging formation algorithm for GNSS-SAR.  ...  Introduction In the last decade, passive bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has received substantial attention from the research community.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12203356 fatcat:oqfgwbbthvc5lapgttbthgt6wa

Joint Detection and Localization of Vessels at Sea With a GNSS-Based Multistatic Radar

Fabrizio Santi, Federica Pieralice, Debora Pastina
2019 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
This paper addresses the exploitation of GNSS as opportunistic sources for the joint detection and localization of vessels at sea in a passive multistatic radar system.  ...  This paper puts forward a single-stage approach to jointly detect and localize the ship targets by making use of long integration times (tens of seconds) and properly exploiting the spatial diversity offered  ...  and innovation programme, grant agreement No 641486, "GALILEO-BASED PASSIVE RADAR SYSTEM FOR MARITIME SURVEILLANCE -SpyGLASS", with project consortium composed by Aster S.p.A.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tgrs.2019.2902938 fatcat:pyukfc54nvblzivq7lyfv4bukq

BeiDou-Based Passive Radar Vessel Target Detection: Method and Experiment via Long-Time Optimized Integration

Chuan Huang, Zhongyu Li, Mingyue Lou, Xingye Qiu, Hongyang An, Junjie Wu, Jianyu Yang, Wei Huang
2021 Remote Sensing  
detection performance for the BeiDou-based passive radar.  ...  The BeiDou navigation satellite system shows its potential for passive radar vessel target detection owing to its global-scale coverage.  ...  In the field of radar target detection, there are also several literatures on the detection of vessel using the GNSS-based passive radar, which try to achieve the long-time integration of target echo after  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs13193933 fatcat:plin56dmufc43eemcyf4z64g4y

Parameter Estimation for Uniformly Accelerating Moving Target in the Forward Scatter Radar Network

Xiaofeng Ai, Yuqing Zheng, Zhiming Xu, Feng Zhao
2022 Remote Sensing  
Passive radar based on the global navigation satellite positioning system (GNSS) has become the focus of attention in the field of radar.  ...  For uniformly accelerating moving targets, only the instant times when the target crosses the individual baselines are used to retrieve the target motion parameters.  ...  of GNSS-based passive radar.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs14041006 fatcat:bkr362ief5dlzijavgflghbyki

Space-based Global Maritime Surveillance. Part I: Satellite Technologies [article]

Giovanni Soldi, Domenico Gaglione, Nicola Forti, Alessio Di Simone, Filippo Cristian Daffinà, Gianfausto Bottini, Dino Quattrociocchi, Leonardo M. Millefiori, Paolo Braca, Sandro Carniel, Peter Willett, Antonio Iodice (+2 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
However, ground-based maritime radars and AIS data do not always provide a comprehensive and seamless coverage of the entire maritime space.  ...  Several generations of sensors providing detailed maritime information have become available for large offshore areas in real time: maritime radar sensors in the 1950s and the automatic identification  ...  GNSS-R Passive bistatic radar (PBR) systems have experienced growing interest in the scientific and defence communities only in the recent past, despite their history dating back to 1955, before the development  ... 
arXiv:2011.11304v1 fatcat:clgai5egbze5ncvziawtldpb2a

DVB-S based passive polarimetric ISAR – methods and experimental validation

Iole Pisciottano, Fabrizio Santi, Debora Pastina, Diego Cristallini
2020 IEEE Sensors Journal  
In this work, we focus on passive polarimetric ISAR for ship target imaging using DVB-S signals of opportunity.  ...  target.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Jörg Heckenbach, Peter Müller, Viktor Seidel and Wolfgang Wissmann from the Fraunhofer Institute for High Frequency Physics and Radar Techniques FHR, 53343  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsen.2020.3037091 fatcat:daqhtxlthrattj26catq6zomkm

Overview of the International Radar Symposium Best Papers, 2019, Ulm, Germany

István Balajti
2020 Repüléstudományi közlemények  
Nowadays, the interference cancellation or mitigation plays a key important role in the effective use of the advanced radar technology.  ...  In civilian applications, the inter-radar interference of automotive radars is an emerging problem for automotive radar applications in case of dense deployment.  ...  Cherniakov Passive radar imagery of ship targets by using navigation satellites transmitters of opportunity draws attention to the advanced capabilities to the GNSS-based radar for maritime surveillance  ... 
doi:10.32560/rk.2019.3.553 fatcat:xwc6fasq7bah5j7tf7lctlpuki
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