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Familiarity Facilitates Feature-based Face Processing [article]

Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Kelsey G. Wheeler, Carlo Cipolli, Maria Ida Gobbini
2016 bioRxiv   pre-print
Swaroop Guntupalli, the members of the Gobbini lab and Haxby lab for helpful discussions on these results.  ...  di Oleggio Castello & Gobbini, 2015) and real-life situations (Jenkins & Burton, 2011).  ...  This result adds to the evidence that personally familiar faces enjoy facilitated processing in a variety of experimental conditions (Gobbini et al., 2013; Visconti di Oleggio Castello et al., 2014; Visconti  ... 
doi:10.1101/058537 fatcat:rzfvqzdo35hqrgmf3ggvmi6tze

Familiarity facilitates detection of angry expressions [article]

Vassiki Chauhan, Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Morgan Taylor, Maria Ida Gobbini
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
., 2014; Natu & O'Toole, 2011; Ramon & Gobbini, 2018; Jack & Schyns, 2015) .  ...  Previous research has shown that familiar identities are detected faster, as compared to unfamiliar identities (Gobbini et al. 2013; Visconti di Oleggio Castello and Gobbini, 2015; Ramon et al. 2015;  ... 
doi:10.1101/458984 fatcat:3vt54vckrjbjpi2n4mhqeabinu

Idiosyncratic, retinotopic bias in face identification modulated by familiarity [article]

Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Morgan Taylor, Patrick Cavanagh, Maria Ida Gobbini
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
The perception of gender and age of unfamiliar faces is reported to vary idiosyncratically across retinal locations such that, for example, the same androgynous face may appear to be male at one location but female at another. Here we test spatial heterogeneity for the recognition of the identity of personally familiar faces in human participants. We found idiosyncratic biases that were stable within participants and that varied more across locations for low as compared to high familiar faces.
more » ... hese data suggest that like face gender and age, face identity is processed, in part, by independent populations of neurons monitoring restricted spatial regions and that the recognition responses vary for the same face across these different locations. Moreover, repeated and varied social interactions appear to lead to adjustments of these independent face recognition neurons so that the same familiar face is eventually more likely to elicit the same recognition response across widely separated visual field locations.
doi:10.1101/253468 fatcat:uwlapt6ngbcb5iexm5p5zlyqwi

Social Saliency of the Cue Slows Attention Shifts

Vassiki Chauhan, Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Alireza Soltani, Maria Ida Gobbini
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
., 2011; Gobbini et al., 2013a) . Personally familiar faces are highly salient social stimuli (Gobbini and Haxby, 2007) .  ...  di Oleggio Castello and Gobbini, 2015; Ramon and Van Belle, 2016; Visconti di Oleggio Castello et al., 2016) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00738 pmid:28555117 pmcid:PMC5430048 fatcat:ged2tglnpjgrfo4uaovtvtz2xe

The Grand Budapest Hotel: an fMRI dataset in response to a socially-rich, naturalistic movie [article]

Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Vassiki Chauhan, Guo Jiahui, Maria Ida Gobbini
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
dir=/labs/gobbini.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.07.14.203257 fatcat:vceh6wsrujehfia5qpbpz3x57q

Prioritized Detection of Personally Familiar Faces

Maria Ida Gobbini, Jason D. Gors, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Courtney Rogers, J. Swaroop Guntupalli, Howard Hughes, Carlo Cipolli, Mitchell Valdes-Sosa
2013 PLoS ONE  
We investigated whether personally familiar faces are preferentially processed in conditions of reduced attentional resources and in the absence of conscious awareness. In the first experiment, we used Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) to test the susceptibility of familiar faces and faces of strangers to the attentional blink. In the second experiment, we used continuous flash interocular suppression to render stimuli invisible and measured face detection time for personally familiar
more » ... s as compared to faces of strangers. In both experiments we found an advantage for detection of personally familiar faces as compared to faces of strangers. Our data suggest that the identity of faces is processed with reduced attentional resources and even in the absence of awareness. Our results show that this facilitated processing of familiar faces cannot be attributed to detection of low-level visual features and that a learned unique configuration of facial features can influence preconscious perceptual processing.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066620 pmid:23805248 pmcid:PMC3689778 fatcat:2fuqv62nmrhyxayjrcuugvttz4

Distinct Neural Systems Involved in Agency and Animacy Detection

Maria Ida Gobbini, Claudio Gentili, Emiliano Ricciardi, Claudia Bellucci, Pericle Salvini, Cecilia Laschi, Mario Guazzelli, Pietro Pietrini
2011 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Reprint requests should be sent to Maria Ida Gobbini, Dipartimento di Psicologia, Università di Bologna, Viale C. Berti-Pichat, 5, 40126 Bologna, Italy, or via e-mail:  ...  , in press; Gobbini, 2010; Haxby et al., 2000) .  ...  Santiago, & Haxby, 2004; Leibenluft, Gobbini, Harrison, & Haxby, 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2010.21574 pmid:20849234 fatcat:de3gwfkzynelznnh4dvzho54y4

Influence of learning strategy on response time during complex value-based learning and choice

Shiva Farashahi, Katherine Rowe, Zohra Aslami, Maria Ida Gobbini, Alireza Soltani, Tom Verguts
2018 PLoS ONE  
Measurements of response time (RT) have long been used to infer neural processes underlying various cognitive functions such as working memory, attention, and decision making. However, it is currently unknown if RT is also informative about various stages of valuebased choice, particularly how reward values are constructed. To investigate these questions, we analyzed the pattern of RT during a set of multi-dimensional learning and decisionmaking tasks that can prompt subjects to adopt different
more » ... learning strategies. In our experiments, subjects could use reward feedback to directly learn reward values associated with possible choice options (object-based learning). Alternatively, they could learn reward values of options' features (e.g. color, shape) and combine these values to estimate reward values for individual options (feature-based learning). We found that RT was slower when the difference between subjects' estimates of reward probabilities for the two alternative objects on a given trial was smaller. Moreover, RT was overall faster when the preceding trial was rewarded or when the previously selected object was present. These effects, however, were mediated by an interaction between these factors such that subjects were faster when the previously selected object was present rather than absent but only after unrewarded trials. Finally, RT reflected the learning strategy (i.e. object-based or feature-based approach) adopted by the subject on a trial-by-trial basis, indicating an overall faster construction of reward value and/or value comparison during object-based learning. Altogether, these results demonstrate that the pattern of RT can be informative about how reward values are learned and constructed during complex value-based learning and decision making.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0197263 pmid:29787566 pmcid:PMC5963802 fatcat:hjstrdsbmzhgdjifnjg5igx3ky

The neural representation of personally familiar and unfamiliar faces in the distributed system for face perception [article]

Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, J. Swaroop Guntupalli, Jason D. Gors, Maria Ida Gobbini
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
dir=/labs/gobbini/famface/data.  ... 
doi:10.1101/138297 fatcat:ssdd6qcwszcn3fahnp7hus5jui

Two Takes on the Social Brain: A Comparison of Theory of Mind Tasks

Maria Ida Gobbini, Aaron C. Koralek, Ronald E. Bryan, Kimberly J. Montgomery, James V. Haxby
2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Ida Gobbini, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA, or via e-mail:  ...  ., 2000) and with the spontaneous activation of person knowledge of familiar others (Gobbini, Leibenluft, Santiago, & Haxby, 2004; Leibenluft, Gobbini, Harrison, & Haxby, 1 Princeton University, 2 Universitá  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2007.19.11.1803 pmid:17958483 fatcat:hoan7hplcva3fij7rufupontdy

Not so fast: Limited validity of deep convolutional neural networks as in silico models for human naturalistic face processing [article]

Guo Jiahui, Ma Feilong, Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello, Samuel A Nastase, James V Haxby, Maria Ida Gobbini
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Person knowledge plays a large role in the representation of familiar faces (Gobbini and Haxby, 2007; Gobbini et al., 2004; Leibenluft et al., 2004; Ramon and Gobbini, 2018; Visconti di Oleggio Castello  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.11.17.469009 fatcat:ewtleq44fjcd5o3ry3zvw6nmbe

Differential modulation of neural activity throughout the distributed neural system for face perception in patients with Social Phobia and healthy subjects

Claudio Gentili, Maria Ida Gobbini, Emiliano Ricciardi, Nicola Vanello, Pietro Pietrini, James V. Haxby, Mario Guazzelli
2008 Brain Research Bulletin  
Social Phobia (SP) is a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or to possible scrutiny by others. Faces of others are perceived as threatening by social phobic patients (SPP). To investigate how face processing is altered in the distributed neural system for face perception in Social Phobia, we designed an event-related fMRI study in which Healthy Controls (HC) and SPP were presented with angry, fearful, disgusted,
more » ... and neutral faces and scrambled pictures (visual baseline). As compared to HC, SPP showed increased neural activity not only in regions involved in emotional processing including left amygdala and insula, as expected from previous reports, but also in the bilateral superior temporal sulcus (STS), a part of the core system for face perception that is involved in the evaluation of expression and personal traits. In addition SPP showed a significantly weaker activation in the left fusiform gyrus, left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and bilateral intraparietal sulcus as compared to HC. These effects were found not only in response to emotional faces but also to neutral faces as compared to scrambled pictures. Thus, SPP showed enhanced activity in brain areas related to processing of information about emotional expression and personality traits. In contrast, brain activity was decreased in areas for attention and for processing other information from the face, perhaps as a result of a feeling of wariness. These results indicate a differential modulation of neural activity throughout the different parts of the distributed neural system for face perception in SPP as compared to HC.
doi:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2008.08.003 pmid:18771714 fatcat:qri2pl7e2jdihoqyph5kjzq6su

Is Social Phobia a "Mis-Communication" Disorder? Brain Functional Connectivity during Face Perception Differs between Patients with Social Phobia and Healthy Control Subjects

Sabrina Danti, Emiliano Ricciardi, Claudio Gentili, Maria Ida Gobbini, Pietro Pietrini, Mario Guazzelli
2010 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2010.00152 pmid:21152341 pmcid:PMC2996271 fatcat:6f65l6kuejgmtjijx5nhxcd3uu

Page 1680 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 89, Issue 4 [page]

2002 Psychological Abstracts  
., 11794, 12123 Go , Rodney, 11574 Gobbini, M.  ...  Ida, 10122 Gobodo-Madikizela, Pumla, 10590 Godber, Yvonne, 12498 Goddard, Cait, 11850 Goddard, Roger, 9653 Godemann, Frank, 11173 Goering, Paula, 12796 Goikhman, Igor, 11651 Golbe, L.  ... 

Page 122 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 89, Issue Author Index [page]

Psychological Abstracts  
., 16757 Gobbi, Gabriella, 670 Gobbi, Gabriella, 2241 Gobbini, M.  ...  Ida, 10122 Gobbo, Camilla, 20284 Gobel, Marianne, 30881 Goberman, Alexander, 27847 Gobert, Alain, 659, 29454 Gobet, Fernand, 35181 Gobodo-Madikizela, Pumla, 10590 Gobster, Paul H., 25516 Gochfeld, Michael  ... 
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