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Enforcing Margin Squeeze Ex Post Across Converging Telecommunications Markets

Christian Bergqvist, John Townsend
2015 Social Science Research Network  
A margin squeeze is an exclusionary abuse which occurs when a vertically integrated telecoms operator creates a disparity between upstream and downstream prices with the intention of squeezing an access  ...  effective competition.  ...  For a critical review of this see Nicolas Petit Price Squeezes with positive margins in EU competition law: Economic and legal anatomy of a zombie, SSRN, portion of joint and common costs and a margin  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2672626 fatcat:7fvcmkfhmff7fal4d6qw6az26y

Margin Squeeze in Fixed-Network Telephony Markets -- Competitive or Anticompetitive?

Wolfgang Briglauer, Georg Götz, Anton Schwarz
2011 Review of Network Economics  
We find that entrants without market power might be subject to a margin squeeze if the wholesale access price is set at average costs and competitive pressure from other infrastructures increases.  ...  This paper looks at the effects of different forms of wholesale and retail regulation on retail competition in fixed network telephony markets.  ...  If the fixed fee is regulated and sufficiently small, the margin squeeze disappears.  ... 
doi:10.2202/1446-9022.1257 fatcat:goakxk37qfh2rdly2vzgaq425y

Economic Replicability Tests for Next Generation Access Networks

Laure Jaunaux, Marc Lebourges
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Academics and institutions have analysed "margin squeeze" in depth (for instance, see Jullien, Rey, Saavedra (2013) for an overview), but only for linear wholesale prices.  ...  Although the paper directly refers to the EC Recommendation on consistent non-discrimination obligations and costing methodologies, the economic arguments would also be suitable for a margin squeeze test  ...  The authors also thank the anonymous reviewer of the European University Institute (EUI) of the Florence School of Regulation for his/her suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2278947 fatcat:h3ikyfekfzebvjaom6vmfhrtwa

Economic Replicability Tests for Next-Generation Access Networks

Laure Jaunaux, Marc Lebourges
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Academics and institutions have analysed "margin squeeze" in depth (for instance, see Jullien, Rey, Saavedra (2013) for an overview), but only for linear wholesale prices.  ...  Although the paper directly refers to the EC Recommendation on consistent non-discrimination obligations and costing methodologies, the economic arguments would also be suitable for a margin squeeze test  ...  The authors also thank the anonymous reviewer of the European University Institute (EUI) of the Florence School of Regulation for his/her suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2418274 fatcat:nqbr4jpcmbckje2ph6thvh2ffy

Economic replicability tests for next-generation access networks

Laure Jaunaux, Marc Lebourges
2015 Telecommunications Policy  
Academics and institutions have analysed "margin squeeze" in depth (for instance, see Jullien, Rey, Saavedra (2013) for an overview), but only for linear wholesale prices.  ...  Although the paper directly refers to the EC Recommendation on consistent non-discrimination obligations and costing methodologies, the economic arguments would also be suitable for a margin squeeze test  ...  The authors also thank the anonymous reviewer of the European University Institute (EUI) of the Florence School of Regulation for his/her suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.telpol.2015.02.004 fatcat:pcfejvsapjerfcibcr3xkvy7vi

Economic Replicability Tests for Next-Generation Access Networks

Laure Jaunaux, Marc Lebourges
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Academics and institutions have analysed "margin squeeze" in depth (for instance, see Jullien, Rey, Saavedra (2013) for an overview), but only for linear wholesale prices.  ...  Although the paper directly refers to the EC Recommendation on consistent non-discrimination obligations and costing methodologies, the economic arguments would also be suitable for a margin squeeze test  ...  The authors also thank the anonymous reviewer of the European University Institute (EUI) of the Florence School of Regulation for his/her suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2346225 fatcat:jhpm7b26yvc37cb2vd3jv3vtee

Economic Replicability Tests for Next-Generation Access Networks

Laure Jaunaux, Marc Lebourges
2014 Social Science Research Network  
Academics and institutions have analysed "margin squeeze" in depth (for instance, see Jullien, Rey, Saavedra (2013) for an overview), but only for linear wholesale prices.  ...  Although the paper directly refers to the EC Recommendation on consistent non-discrimination obligations and costing methodologies, the economic arguments would also be suitable for a margin squeeze test  ...  The authors also thank the anonymous reviewer of the European University Institute (EUI) of the Florence School of Regulation for his/her suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2462454 fatcat:ykylmb3tgvhirmpusleyet3gne

The Diverging Approach to Price Squeezes in the United States and Europe

G. A. Hay, K. McMahon
2012 Journal of Competition Law & Economics  
to the regulation of a price or margin squeeze.  ...  This significantly broadens the potential liability for a margin squeeze in the EU and reconstitutes EU competition law as a form of de facto regulation in liberalized markets.  ...  This highlights a crucial difference between the EU and US approaches to competition law and the regulation of a margin squeeze in particular.  ... 
doi:10.1093/joclec/nhs007 fatcat:tzv373hc45ej5kqzdwos4kjg3e

The Diverging Approach to Price Squeezes in the United States and Europe

Kathryn McMahon, George Alan Hay
2012 Social Science Research Network  
regulation of a price or margin squeeze.  ...  This significantly broadens the potential liability for a margin squeeze in the European Union and reconstitutes EU competition law as a form of de facto regulation in liberalized markets.  ...  of Competition Law and Regulation: The Case of Margin Squeeze Abuses in the Telecommunications Sector, 1 J.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2012450 fatcat:xg5ugojs5zdadewapinbqab2xe

The Concurrent Application of Competition Law and Regulation: The Case of Margin Squeeze Abuses in the Telecommunications Sector

Damien Geradin, Robert O'Donoghue
2005 Social Science Research Network  
Margin squeeze under sector-specific regulation A.  ...  Several issues are then examined that are at the core of the interface between competition law and sector-specific regulation in respect of margin squeeze.  ...  It is difficult to see, however, why, as a matter of competition law, a margin squeeze abuse could be found in these circumstances.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.671804 fatcat:ba52y3onfzeovp2khi3hxyjqam

The 'Regulatory Authority Dixit' Defence in European Competition Law Enforcement

Pierluigi Congedo
2014 Social Science Research Network  
margin squeeze.  ...  from innovating and investing in new infrastructures (impact on growth).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2738498 fatcat:iucbo7icivhkdf5hlczplsx6de

MARGIN SQUEEZE: AN ABOVE-COST PREDATORY PRICING APPROACH

Germain Gaudin, Despoina Mantzari
2016 Journal of Competition Law & Economics  
and commentators in the United States and "margin squeeze" in Europe.  ...  This can reduce both the risks of false positives and false negatives in margin squeeze cases.  ...  that arise in regulated sectors, in the EU the presence of sector-specific regulation does not prevent the application of competition law and the margin squeeze concept, provided that the vertically integrated  ... 
doi:10.1093/joclec/nhv042 fatcat:4uzby4oaurgnhiyanrt27ezpgy

Margin Squeeze: An Above-Cost Predatory Pricing Approach

Germain Gaudin, Despoina Mantzari
2015 Social Science Research Network  
This can reduce both the risks of false-positives and false-negatives in margin squeeze cases.  ...  Our approach can help to reconcile the divergent US and EU antitrust stances on margin squeeze. JEL: K21; L12; L43.  ...  58 Finally, in the case of margin squeezes that arise in regulated sectors, in the EU the presence of sector-specific regulation does not prevent the application of competition law and the margin squeeze  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2584399 fatcat:72ar2btoqnewhgoc6s33xfveki

The need for a new approach to regulating fixed networks

Wolfgang Briglauer, Ingo Vogelsang
2011 Telecommunications Policy  
We show that this option is superior to FL-LRAIC or RM alone and to other approaches, such as short-run marginal costs.  ...  In contracting markets the price-squeeze issue, however, becomes paramount and lower prices both at the wholesale and retail levels would be efficient.  ...  / margin-squeeze tests.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.telpol.2010.12.012 fatcat:nqeqveuwqzbkbjxpnrtyld2bf4

Competition Policy and Property Rights*

John Vickers
2010 Economic Journal  
The analysis focuses on whether competition law and regulation are complements or substitutes, and on incentives for investment and (sequential) innovation. JEL classi...cations: K21, L41, O31, O34  ...  One of the most controversial questions in current competition policy is when, if ever, should competition law require a ...rm with market power to share its property, notably intellectual property, with  ...  squeeze'(sometimes called margin squeeze) against rivals?  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-0297.2010.02360.x fatcat:yjzuje7qcnef3dbd4krshsz4jq
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