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Mapping Non-conventional Extensions of Genetic Programming [chapter]

W. B. Langdon
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Conventional genetic programming research excludes memory and iteration.  ...  We have begun an extensive analysis of the space through which GP or other unconventional AI approaches search and extend it to consider explicit program stop instructions (T8) and any time models (T7)  ...  Indeed the T7 is similar to the linear genetic programming area of existing Turing complete genetic programming research. Real computer systems lose information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11839132_14 fatcat:geyhinxlpnhahgmuri3bg2f4qm

Mapping non-conventional extensions of genetic programming

William B. Langdon, Riccardo Poli
2007 Natural Computing  
Conventional genetic programming research excludes memory and iteration.  ...  We have begun an extensive analysis of the space through which GP or other unconventional AI approaches search and extend it to consider explicit program stop instructions (T8) and any time models (T7)  ...  Indeed the T7 is similar to the linear genetic programming area of existing Turing complete genetic programming research. Real computer systems lose information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11047-007-9044-x fatcat:kycp3ugurrdgvlktmrih4uc3yq

Plant Marker-Assisted Breeding and Conventional Breeding: Challenges and Perspectives

Guo Liang Jiang
2013 Advances in Crop Science and Technology  
The extensive use of molecular markers in various fields of plant science, e.g. germplasm evaluation, genetic mapping, map-based gene discovery, characterization of traits and crop improvement, has demonstrated  ...  Conventional breeding methodologies have extensively proven successful in development of plant cultivars and germplasm.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000e106 fatcat:f4y6kfmd3vemjdtlgykk2lhkai

Regulatory genotype-to-phenotype mappings improve evolvability in genetic programming

Jinting Zhang, Ting Hu
2022 Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference Companion  
In this study, we propose two genotype-to-phenotype mapping mechanisms for linear genetic programming (LGP), where the execution and output of a linear genetic program are varied by a regulator.  ...  CCS CONCEPTS • Computing methodologies → Genetic programming.  ...  We call the conventional execution of a linear genetic program the conventional mode. Genotype and phenotype Conventionally, the genotype in an LGP algorithm is a unique linear genetic program.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3520304.3529043 fatcat:toiuyqgdafhknjhnilmwqjt6we

Genetic Dissection of Complex Traits in Outbred Populations

Claude Gaillard
1998 The Journal of Animal Genetics  
An extensive review of ascertainment schemes has been given by Ewens (1991 (Table 2) , but still they are not sufficient for fine mapping.  ...  Technical aspects Map A prerequisite for the genetic dissection of complex traits is a dense marker map.  ... 
doi:10.5924/abgri1993.26.supplement_23 fatcat:ov2b6l5n7vg4fa3jac6ebk2bpq

Plant genetic resources management and pre-breeding in genomics era

Kuldeep Singh, Sandeep Kumar, S. Raj Kumar, Mohar Singh, Kavita Gupta
2019 Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding (The)  
So, pre-breeding is a promising alternative (due to use of un-adapted materials) to link genetic resources and breeding programs.  ...  Under these circumstances, use of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) in crop improvement programs provides an avenue to solve the problem.  ...  Molecular markers, QTL mapping, association mapping etc. have been used extensively for utilization of PGR and pre-breeding (Riar et al. 2012; Neelam et al. 2016; Zhou et al. 2017) .  ... 
doi:10.31742/ijgpb.79s.1.1 fatcat:qmo2dp3vizfgpg5vhh7fjvj3fy

Genomic Selection for Poultry Breeding and its Potential Applications in Developing Countries (Review)

Fikrineh Negash, Yosef Tadesse, Ashenafi Getachew
2021 Poultry Science Journal  
The existence of conventional genetic evaluation and selection programs is also a prerequisite, along with well-established research institutions and well-trained human resources.  ...  Advances in molecular genetics have contributed to a significant rate of genetic progress in domestic fowl, especially for traits that are difficult to improve through conventional breeding methods.  ...  Both candidate gene and QTL mapping approaches have been extensively utilized in domestic animals to discover genetic markers suitable for MAS, though their limitations are becoming apparent (Fan et al  ... 
doi:10.22069/psj.2021.18778.1664 doaj:516c1f79775443009b53eca7453f1292 fatcat:x42rvtvojjempn4cbmcx566pi4

Challenges and Progresses of Molecular Plant Breeding in Crop Improvement

2020 Journal of Natural Sciences Research  
Conventional breeding is almost always based on phenotypic variation of the crops, which is affected by environments (non-heritable components) and crop improvement cycle takes long time.  ...  There are possibilities to improve the desired traits through conventional breeding methods in the presence of genetic diversities.  ...  The extensive use of molecular markers in various fields of plant science, e.g. germplasm evaluation, genetic mapping, map-based gene discovery, characterization of traits and crop improvement, has proven  ... 
doi:10.7176/jnsr/11-21-04 fatcat:g5pj6654hvfmhpfuw5jtsa7wqe

Molecular Markers- Characteristics and Applications in Animal Breeding

Rajendra Athe, Binoy Naha, Govardhana Neerasa, Parthasarathi Parthasarathi, B C, Ramesh Nukala, Divya Devara
2018 International Journal of Livestock Research  
Instead of conventional breeding program through selection alone, utilization of molecular genetic tools can ease us in optimizing the animal breeding program.  ...  During the past three decades, the development of molecular genetics, especially DNA based markers has an important role in the field of animal genetics and breeding.  ...  In order to optimize the animal breeding program, it is important to add molecular genetic techniques along with the conventional animal breeding methods.  ... 
doi:10.5455/ijlr.20170424050432 fatcat:am4halolqnf5toe6vy3uyhwzza

AUTOMOTIVE SAFETY CONTROL SYSTEM BASED ON TIMEAXIS DESIGN

Satoru Furugori, Takeo Kato, Yoshiyuki Matsuoka
2018 Mobility and Vehicle Mechanics  
Under this design framework, different methods, such as models those who integrate multiple timescales, those employ identity mapping to describe non-linear and non-steady phenomena and those employ genetic  ...  network programing to describe phenomena evolving gradually as times pass, have been proposed.  ...  KEY WORDS: timeaxis design, multi-timescale model, identity mapping model, genetic network programming, automotive safety control system UPRAVLJANJE SISTEMIMA BEZBEDNOSTI VOZILA ZASNOVAN NA INTERVALU VREMENA  ... 
doi:10.24874/mvm.2018.44.03.04 fatcat:pw4uxvph3jauzcx72su3i7i5oi

Direct sequencing of RAPD fragments using 3'-extended oligonucleotide primers and dye terminator cycle-sequencing

K. Mitchelson
1999 Nucleic Acids Research  
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers are used widely to develop high resolution genetic maps and for genome fingerprinting.  ...  primer but for the single nucleotide extension.  ...  Examples of three independent linkage groups identified by RAPD genetic mapping in an E.globulus F1 population using the linkage program MAP-MAKER 3.0 (11).  ... 
doi:10.1093/nar/27.19.e28 pmid:10481040 pmcid:PMC148638 fatcat:dofqmgb2mnhjxfpqzcyced4rea

Wheat functional genomics and engineering crop improvement

Michael Francki, Rudi Appels
2002 Genome Biology  
Genetic mapping and determination of the organization of the wheat genome are changing the wheat-breeding process.  ...  New initiatives to analyze the expressed portion of the wheat genome and structural analysis of the genomes of Arabidopsis and rice are increasing our knowledge of the genes that are linked to key agronomically  ...  large allelic combinations in a conventional breeding program, so increases in genetic gain are limited.  ... 
pmid:12049670 pmcid:PMC139361 fatcat:sr6zhsmjqnhmzeyhtafijt2l2m

Dynamic Gene-Resource Landscape Management of Norway Spruce: Combining Utilization and Conservation

Milan Lstibůrek, Yousry A. El-Kassaby, Tore Skrøppa, Gary R. Hodge, Jørn H. Sønstebø, Arne Steffenrem
2017 Frontiers in Plant Science  
Traditional gene-resource management programs for forest trees are longterm endeavors requiring sustained organizational commitment covering extensive landscapes.  ...  Our proposed approach is in contrast to worldwide current programs, where genetic evaluation is constrained by the range of environments where testing is conducted, which may be insufficient to capture  ...  and relies on simple field testing to attain genetic gains comparable to that captured from conventional programs.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.01810 pmid:29093732 pmcid:PMC5651282 fatcat:bjtf2npn5zechfwuszzms3otdq

Modelling Genetic Benefits and Financial Costs of Integrating Biobanking into the Captive Management of Koalas

Lachlan G. Howell, Stephen D. Johnston, Justine K. O'Brien, Richard Frankham, John C. Rodger, Shelby A. Ryan, Chad T. Beranek, John Clulow, Donald S. Hudson, Ryan R. Witt
2022 Animals  
Managed breeding programs held across zoo-based networks typically face high economic costs and can be at risk of adverse genetic effects typical of unavoidably small captive colonies.  ...  could substantially reduce inbreeding, lower the required colony sizes of conservation breeding programs, and greatly reduce program costs.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani12080990 pmid:35454237 pmcid:PMC9028793 fatcat:yb6jyk7itrfthdaskaihymmk3i

Statistical approaches in QTL mapping and molecular breeding for complex traits

HaiMing Xu, Jun Zhu
2012 Chinese Science Bulletin  
Understanding the genetic architecture of complex traits is a long-term task for quantitative geneticists and plant breeders who wish to design efficient breeding programs.  ...  Conventionally, the genetic properties of traits can be revealed by partitioning the total variation into variation components caused by specific genetic effects.  ...  [45] used conditional mapping to dissect the developmental behavior of tiller number and plant height, and found that conditional mapping was superior to conventional mapping for studying developmental  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5107-1 fatcat:6p34n5dwkjduhg54ni4oeprmo4
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