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Manuals as Structured Programs [chapter]

Mark Addison, Harold Thimbleby, Gilbert Cockton, Stephen Draper, George R. S. Weir
People and Computers IX  
A manual may therefore be viewed rather like a computer program, as pre-planned instructions.  ...  We consider structured programming methods, and show that some difficulties with user interfaces may be attributed to manuals being 'unstructured.'  ...  Acknowledgements This research work has been conducted as part of an SERC-supported project "Systems, manuals, usability and graph theory," Grant No. GR/J43110.  ... 
doi:10.1017/cbo9780511600821.007 fatcat:wc4g5j4c4vbutbmu6nu5jhwvvm

Persistent Data Retention Models [article]

Tiancong Wang, James Tuck
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We identify two models present in prior work but not described as such, the Reset and Manual Model, and we propose a new one called the Automatic Model.  ...  In contrast, if data is to be retained, the Manual Model relies on the programmer to implement code that upgrades data from one version of the program to the next.  ...  of data structure, as we expect this to be a common need.  ... 
arXiv:2009.14705v1 fatcat:5fjtrh65hrdazfi7ryaw6s645a

MALIDUP: A database of manually constructed structure alignments for duplicated domain pairs

Hua Cheng, Bong-Hyun Kim, Nick V. Grishin
2007 Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics  
This carefully constructed database could be used in studies on protein evolution and as a reference for testing structure alignment programs.  ...  Our manual alignments in most cases agree with the automatic structural alignments generated by several commonly used programs.  ... 
doi:10.1002/prot.21783 pmid:17932926 fatcat:3nzoclo5gnfj3h3hi574xgblty

Use of Ms-Excel Sheets to Design Various Parameter of RCC Structure Review

Akhil Deshbhratar, Ankita Madavi, Akanksha Meshram, Nirali Thakur, Milind Kumbhare, Neha Arukia
2022 International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology  
Abstract: Structural designers especially in India use MS-Excel to execute the structural analysis and design purpose. The manual calculation is being used.  ...  A VBA program has been developed to access the analysis results in MS- Excel such that the design process is fully automated which reduces manual interference.  ...  It reduces time as compared to the manual calculation for the design of structural elements of a large project.  ... 
doi:10.22214/ijraset.2022.42942 fatcat:vknszszv3fednk6lcff233smji

Video Stream Structuring and Annotation Using Electronic Program Guides

Jean-Philippe Poli, Jean Carrive
2005 International Semantic Web Conference  
In order to provide an access to particular programs in these streams, each program must be described. Presently, a stream is manually structured and annotated.  ...  Our work focuses on the use of electronic program guides to structure and annotate a video stream. We present in this article a way for our system to index a video stream using such program guides.  ...  From Manual to Automatic Video Stream Structuring As we saw in the previous section, to index a stream we need to structure it and divide it into telecasts and commercials.  ... 
dblp:conf/semweb/PoliC05 fatcat:mezzk5gdwbg7vlp36hytobs7ey

Tunnel Asset Management (TAM) Program Application for High Risk Structural Components

Hamed Zamenian, Dan D. Koo
2014 Journal of Engineering and Architecture  
This paper describes a conceptual frameworkdevelopment and application plan for a tunnel asset management program focusing on high risk structural components inspection and condition inspection technologies  ...  Application of tunnel asset management program is the first step to enhance public safety of existing tunnel system.  ...  Both manuals introduces the fundamentals of inspections for tunnels components such as of structural systems, mechanical systems, and electrical systems, as well as provides guidelines for inspection frequency  ... 
doi:10.15640/jea.v2n2a1 fatcat:coesmjnq55eand5sisvhfhuwwy

HipHop. A novel refinement method for protein structures

J. Ondrácek
2005 Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography  
Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ...  extending fragments, and fitting the ill matched residues of model by using the computer graphics program such as O.  ...  Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ... 
doi:10.1107/s0108767305093074 fatcat:6n6knroaafg7he3emtepfs5ymu

Lafire: a software for automatic protein structure refinement

Y. Zhou, M. Yao, I. Tanaka
2005 Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography  
Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ...  extending fragments, and fitting the ill matched residues of model by using the computer graphics program such as O.  ...  Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ... 
doi:10.1107/s0108767305093098 fatcat:4jp54qa37vhrbhkn3xntxjdbpe

Recent Advances And Challenges In Tv Structuring

Patrick Gros
2012 Zenodo  
Naturel's work [11] is the only complete structuring solution that is based on a reference database containing manually annotated breaks.  ...  Most of previous works focus on structuring a single program or a collection of programs without dealing with streams containing several heterogeneous programs.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.51990 fatcat:inq7pqblcrgx3ngvsoobecsqta

A structured program for teaching pancreatojejunostomy to surgical residents and fellows outside the operating room: a pilot study

Kenichi Oshiro, Kazuhiro Endo, Kazue Morishima, Yuji Kaneda, Masaru Koizumi, Hideki Sasanuma, Yasunaru Sakuma, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Naohiro Sata
2021 BMC Surgery  
Conclusion We developed a structured program for teaching PJ.  ...  As a subjective assessment, the confidence to perform a PJ anastomosis increased after simulation training (from 1.6 to 2.6). Participants considered that this structured teaching program is useful.  ...  As teaching materials, we created a procedure manual, inanimate models and a frame box. From the results of this pilot study, participants greatly appreciated the structured program.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12893-021-01101-w pmid:33632184 fatcat:we6h4fw7j5g2zgzc7oj7jbzyea

Deconvolution of X-ray diffraction profile by using the regularization technique

V. Piskarov, J. Wagner, R. Hempelmann
2005 Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography  
Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ...  extending fragments, and fitting the ill matched residues of model by using the computer graphics program such as O.  ...  Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ... 
doi:10.1107/s0108767305093062 fatcat:sv5ezrd4o5ctlgx3bgtbrvj3gm

Page 154 of Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology Vol. 12, Issue 4 [page]

1980 Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology  
PROGRAM STRUCTURE Figure 2 depicts the WREPCL program phases. The routines have been written in Fortran IV.  ...  PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS To aid practical acceptance a computer program to aid PCB layout design must allow for manual interaction.  ... 

Powder3D: towards automatic image plate analysis

B. Hinrichsen, R. E. Dinnebier, M. Jansen
2005 Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography  
Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ...  extending fragments, and fitting the ill matched residues of model by using the computer graphics program such as O.  ...  Refining an initial protein model to its final structure is usually composed of rounds of refinement performed by programs such as CNS and REFMAC, and manual model modification that includes linking and  ... 
doi:10.1107/s0108767305093086 fatcat:ku5a4n5u35bgbeldn64ujuciie

Investigating the Feasibility of Automatic Assessment of Programming Tasks

2018 Journal of Information Technology Education Innovations in Practice  
Background: Manual assessment of programs written by students can be tedious.  ...  Future Research: Investigate the feasibility of automatic assessment of students' programming tasks in a practical lab environment while accounting for structural, functional and conceptual assessment  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank Annette van der Merwe at the North-West University for her cooperation in using the data obtained from the manual and automatic assessment of the solutions  ... 
doi:10.28945/4150 fatcat:gj2ff2sj7bcthi5rjlkyvge4la

Inference and enforcement of data structure consistency specifications

Brian Demsky, Michael D. Ernst, Philip J. Guo, Stephen McCamant, Jeff H. Perkins, Martin Rinard
2006 Proceedings of the 2006 international symposium on Software testing and analysis - ISSTA'06  
Our results indicate that (1) automatic constraint generation produces constraints that enable programs to execute successfully through data structure consistency errors, (2) compared to manual specification  ...  Corrupt data structures are an important cause of unacceptable program execution.  ...  As the program runs, this code monitors its data structures for consistency property violations, repairing any violations as necessary to keep the program executing acceptably.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1146238.1146266 dblp:conf/issta/DemskyEGMPR06 fatcat:m5dt7u4ozzhe7j4z6t7otz2zha
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