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Making Pre-trained Language Models Good Long-tailed Learners [article]

Chen Zhang, Lei Ren, Jingang Wang, Wei Wu, Dawei Song
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The results demonstrate that prompt-tuning exactly makes pre-trained language models at least good long-tailed learners.  ...  The summary is that the classifier structure and parameterization form the key to making good long-tailed learners, in comparison with the less important input structure.  ...  Therefore, we are inspired to hypothesize that Prompt-tuning can make PLMs good long-tailed learners, as pre-trained knowledge is intuitively learned from a long-tailed vocabulary.  ... 
arXiv:2205.05461v1 fatcat:63fn2d66tbbmxiraldd56qajjq

Teaching reading strategies to ESP readers

Seyyed Mohammad Reza Amirian
2013 International Journal of Research Studies in Educational Technology  
Another major finding was that reading strategy training does not affect the reading ability of learners with different proficiency levels in the same way and that less able readers might benefit more  ...  from training.  ...  Moreover, reading strategy training makes learners independent learners of language which is considered to the ultimate goal of language learning.  ... 
doi:10.5861/ijrset.2013.318 fatcat:7ss3rksqljgdbmk7lomo25ugmi

The Effects of Self-Monitoring and Peer-Monitoring on Writing Activities

Zohreh Zare Toofan, Mojtaba Maghsoudi, Davood Madani
2014 English Language Teaching  
I am grateful to the supervisor of Rashed English Language Institute Mr.  ...  Totally, each learner had 10 marks for both pre & posttest except language proficiency test. Both self and peers gave their classmates one mark for pre-test and one mark for classmates' posttest.  ...  to make good lesson plan, and it facilitated learning writing tasks, how to be a professional writer.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v7n6p109 fatcat:4xnxzsocefby3a33wixap2tari

Rehabilitating Fossilized Consonants through Computer-aided and Animated Material

Mustafa Naci KAYAOĞLU
2018 Hacettepe University Journal of Education  
Nevertheless, there is now far greater awareness and increasing need amongst language learners regarding the necessity of possessing a good working pronunciation for a successful communication and international  ...  Therefore, any kind of accent is regarded acceptable "as long as the accent does not jeopardize international intelligibility" (Jenkins, 2002: 85).  ...  All these methods appear to be characterized by (a) imitating the sound of the target language (b) following good models (native speakers, audiocassettes and compact discs) to be imitated (c) using extensive  ... 
doi:10.16986/huje.2018040668 fatcat:5afugn6r5veh3ablfrshn5jjme

A Hierarchical BERT-Based Transfer Learning Approach for Multi-Dimensional Essay Scoring

Jin Xue, Xiaoyi Tang, Liyan Zheng
2021 IEEE Access  
The key strength of the pre-trained language model is that we can train models for particular tasks with small datasets.  ...  Little research has been conducted to utilize the pre-trained language model BERT for AES tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3110683 fatcat:phvzakoeozadravqsbnobu7cb4

A complementary approach to lifelong learning strategies

Galina Kavaliauskiené, Ligija Kaminskiené
2009 Ibérica  
This paper examines how the language learning strategies that learners prefer in learning professional language at tertiary level can be used for lifelong education.  ...  It is well known that when learning a language learners use various learning strategies, but not all learners are equally successful in their studies.  ...  In Cohen's (1998) model, teachers act as a diagnostician, language learner, learner trainer, coordinator and coach.  ... 
doaj:315666d598724bae8542a9913c5941f9 fatcat:b2phrkqrivchtbbtgz33w2rs4q


Indry Widyasti Anwar, Min Jung Jee, Sutisno Adam, Sartika Sailuddin
2021 Journal of Languages and Language Teaching  
Willingness to communicate (WTC) can be defined as the readiness of a language learner to enter communication situation.  ...  Language learning beliefs items were reported to be moderately agreed upon among pre-service teachers influencing their WTC.  ...  Pre-service teachers mostly believe that mistakes during English communication is fine as long as each speaker understands each other.  ... 
doi:10.33394/jollt.v9i4.4201 fatcat:oz44i65hwnbkxi4burdcttxx6e

Processing Instruction and the Learning of English Adjectives by Brazilian Students

Daniel Ortins Salerno
2014 Literacy Information and Computer Education Journal  
This study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of the foreign language pedagogical intervention Processing Instruction (PI) in helping Brazilian learners in acquiring adjective phrases in English.  ...  However, the results indicated significant differences between the pre and post-test (34.65) (p<0,001) for PI.  ...  (2-tailed) 0.173 0.001 Exact significance [2*(uni-tailed)] 0.210 0.000 The teaching of English as a typologically hybrid language, i.e. showing both Anglo-Saxon and Latin languages properties  ... 
doi:10.20533/licej.2040.2589.2014.0211 fatcat:rk2hz47f45gkxm2h4v5zgt6k4u

A Study on Web-Based Self-access Learning

2013 US-China Foreign Language  
This kind of learning mode involves learners' responsibility and active participation for their own learning, thus enhancing the quality of the students' language learning experience.  ...  This paper aims at making evaluation on the effect of self-access learning by way of an empirical study.  ...  correlation 1 0.465 ** Sig. (2-tailed) 0.000 N 60 60 Learner autonomy Pearson correlation 0.465 ** 1 Sig. (2-tailed) 0.000 N 60 60  ... 
doi:10.17265/1539-8080/2013.07.006 fatcat:7afyd6xdazfnhfuki7ulbtml5m

Effects of Peer Scaffolding on Students' Grammar Proficiency Development

2019 Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics  
In instructional scaffolding the language learner is assisted in a new task by a more skilled language user who models the language task to be used verbally and/or in writing.  ...  For him, learning is achieved through tutored/formal/ instruction, like learning grammar rules, which is incapable to make L2 learners use the target language for communication.  ...  Five items were about its effectiveness in making them become good reader, bring permanent change in reading performance and start to think, as they were capable of becoming good readers.  ... 
doi:10.7176/jlll/58-02 fatcat:p3uzwqqcsndddmnu7uthwymc2i

The Effect of Strategy Training on the Vocabulary Development of EFL Learners in Public High Schools of Iran

Seyyed Ali Ostovar-Namaghi, Mehdi Rajaee
2013 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
To this end, it statistically sampled sixty EFL language learners form an accessible population of 700 students. The subjects were then randomly assigned to the experimental and control group.  ...  His chief research interest is language teacher knowledge. He has published in a number of leading peer-reviewed journals including: The Reading  ...  of papers collectively known as the "good language learner" studies (Cohen & Weaver, 1998) .  ... 
doi:10.4304/tpls.3.11.2061-2066 fatcat:f3pumq3mnzcrpaqiuxmo3u4jsa

A Model of Two Tales: Dual Transfer Learning Framework for Improved Long-tail Item Recommendation [article]

Yin Zhang, Derek Zhiyuan Cheng, Tiansheng Yao, Xinyang Yi, Lichan Hong, Ed H. Chi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Highly skewed long-tail item distribution is very common in recommendation systems. It significantly hurts model performance on tail items.  ...  The two types of transfers are incorporated to ensure the learned knowledge from head items can be well applied for tail item representation learning in the long-tail distribution settings.  ...  It also highlights the importance of considering curriculum transfer among items to make the learned meta-mapping suitable for tail items. achieves good performance for tail items, demonstrating the proposed  ... 
arXiv:2010.15982v2 fatcat:ef436novm5clxmbem35rkkf4wi

An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Online Text-to-Speech Tools in Improving EFL Teacher Trainees' Pronunciation

Gonca Yangin Eksi, Sabahattin Yesilcinar
2016 English Language Teaching  
The results indicate that the trainees perceived a native-like accent as a measure of being a good language teacher.  ...  A pre- and post-test experimental design was used.  ...  would become a language teacher and thus a model in the classroom.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v9n2p205 fatcat:thv7fuzvmrfdfgb6dl6ec6ve7e


Nguyen Le Ngoc Anh, Thai Cong Dan
2021 European Journal of Applied Linguistics Studies  
Therefore, developing information literacy curriculum for learners who speak English as a foreign language is of critical concern for librarians and English as a Foreign Language: EFL educators.  ...  Key issues about training provision in this area were examined, and options of developing information literacy support for EFL learners were also discussed.  ...  Therefore, the information literacy training outside libraries should be encouraged to organize so that EFL teachers may make a good combination between language skills and information literacy skills.  ... 
doi:10.46827/ejals.v4i1.293 fatcat:xr3sjstyqzdxjgfr7vm7e346jm

The Impacts of Emotional Intelligence Enhancement on Iranian Intermediate EFL learners Writing Skill

Mohammad Reza Ebrahimi, Hooshang Khoshsima, Esmail Zare-Behtash
2018 International Journal of Instruction  
The study also tried to scrutinize the impact of TBI on learners" emotional intelligence.  ...  This study tried to investigate the impact of task-based instruction (TBI) on the enhancement of Iranian EFL learners" speaking skill.  ...  (Long, 1983; Long, Adams, McLean, & Castanos, 1976; Taylor, 1982) .  ... 
doi:10.12973/iji.2018.11130a fatcat:5lnmrwmrvzfk5ijrqarzxcidxi
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