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The Readiness Ruler as a measure of readiness to change poly-drug use in drug abusers

Morten Hesse
2006 Harm Reduction Journal  
In a prospective study of drug abusers seeking opiate agonist maintenance treatment in the City of Copenhagen, subjects were administered the Addiction Severity Index, and the Readiness Ruler for each  ...  Subjects who indicated they wanted to quit or cut down upon admission, reported less drug use at 18 month follow-up, after controlling for severity of drug problems at intake.  ...  Although the Readiness Ruler (RR), developed by Stephen Rollnick, has been used in training settings and is recommended for use in clinical settings, no scientific studies have been conducted of the RR  ... 
doi:10.1186/1477-7517-3-3 pmid:16436208 pmcid:PMC1395301 fatcat:5hyt5xh2zrhktbcgob6ds2t4me

Development of a Readiness Ruler for use with alcohol brief interventions

Nick Heather, David Smailes, Paul Cassidy
2008 Drug and Alcohol Dependence  
When patients who endorsed the "maintenance" point on the Readiness Ruler were excluded from the analysis, the above relationships were considerably strengthened for reasons that are discussed.  ...  For this purpose, a Readiness Ruler that had been validated among a sample of male college students in the USA was adapted and applied to a sample of excessive drinkers in a general medical practice located  ...  We also thank Professors Colin Drummond and Michael Sayette for advice on psychometric aspects of the Readiness Ruler. Resources for this project were provided by Northumbria University.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2008.06.005 pmid:18639393 fatcat:tkkmcbm47zdq7ho24gc37y4gee

A comparison of the concurrent and predictive validity of three measures of readiness to change alcohol use in a clinical sample of adolescents

Stephen A. Maisto, Marketa Krenek, Tammy Chung, Christopher S. Martin, Duncan Clark, Jack Cornelius
2011 Psychological Assessment  
For the 82 participants with an alcohol use disorder diagnosis, the findings for the Ruler and Recognition were similar, but the Staging Algorithm had poorer prediction of DDD at 12 months, and Taking  ...  Evidence for predictive validity was based on percentage of independent variance accounted for by each of the readiness measures in predicting drinking behavior at six months from the start of treatment  ...  Setting .16 Table 7 7 Predictive Validity Change in R 2Results for Subsample Diagnosed with a Current AUD at the Initial Assessment (N=82) Outcome (N) Readiness Ruler Staging Algorithm Recognition  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0024136 pmid:21767028 pmcid:PMC3433156 fatcat:qhtki3ooafgrnjzutvbwjeljfu

Motivation rulers for smoking cessation: a prospective observational examination of construct and predictive validity

Edwin D Boudreaux, Ashley Sullivan, Beau Abar, Steven L Bernstein, Adit A Ginde, Carlos A Camargo
2012 Addiction Science & Clinical Practice  
After adjusting for covariables, each of the rulers significantly improved prediction of smoking behavior change. The strength of their predictive ability was on par with that of stage of change.  ...  Although popular clinically, the psychometric properties of motivation rulers for tobacco cessation are unknown.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the following data-collection sites for participating as well as each site's principal investigator (PI) (some affiliations may have changed since completion of this  ... 
doi:10.1186/1940-0640-7-8 pmid:23186265 pmcid:PMC3507634 fatcat:2hv7lnzv6ndkrdhf364bcjym3a

Predictors of Abstinence from Smoking: A Retrospective Study of Male College Students Enrolled in a Smoking Cessation Service

Yeji Lee, Kang-Sook Lee, Haena Kim
2019 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Our results suggest that provision of visiting smoking cessation services can be an active intervention platform for college student smokers who need professional assistance or support.  ...  Participants were administered more than nine face-to-face and telephone counseling sessions by trained tobacco cessation specialists for six months.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph16183363 pmid:31547229 pmcid:PMC6765825 fatcat:6dtfttgk3nbarb5j3zzuomgela

Comparison of the concurrent and predictive validity of three measures of readiness to change marijuana use in a clinical sample of adolescents

Stephen A Maisto, Marketa Krenek, Tammy Chung, Christopher S Martin, Duncan Clark, Jack Cornelius
2011 Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs  
The results showed evidence for good concurrent and predictive validity for the ruler, the staging algorithm, and Taking Steps but poor evidence for the validity of Recognition.  ...  Evidence for predictive validity was based on the results of multilevel regression models of the readiness measures in predicting frequency of marijuana use, symptoms, and problems at 6 months from the  ...  For prediction of 12-month data, the direction of the predictive validity associations was expected to be the same as for the initial to 6-month predictions, but the magnitude of variance accounted for  ... 
pmid:21683041 pmcid:PMC3125883 fatcat:46imzfatebecndhujqqshr4yli

The Foundations of Limited Authoritarian Government: Institutions and Power-Sharing in Dictatorships

Carles Boix, Milan Svolik
2011 Social Science Research Network  
Our theory generates new predictions about the empirical relationship between political institutions, leader tenure, and the concentration of power in dictatorships, which we assess using data on the existence  ...  of legislatures in dictatorships.  ...  The ruler who controls such a resource would be able to pay off a set of subordinates who would substitute for allies.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1352065 fatcat:ud64up76lnfopmfoj24de75zqu

Brief assessment of readiness to change tobacco use in treated youth

Tammy Chung, Stephen A. Maisto, Anthony Mihalo, Christopher S. Martin, Jack R. Cornelius, Duncan B. Clark
2011 Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment  
This study examined the concurrent and predictive validity of four brief measures of readiness to change tobacco use for use with adolescents in clinical practice: Readiness Ruler, Thoughts About Abstinence  ...  Predictive validity analyses indicated that Ruler and motivation to abstain ratings predicted number of cigarettes smoked at 6-and 12-months.  ...  Acknowledgments Support for the conduct of the research and preparation of the manuscript was provided by funding from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (R01 AA014357, K02 AA018195  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2011.02.010 pmid:21489740 pmcid:PMC3137741 fatcat:vnastprbq5ebjczqrwvv7vd6yy

SMiTe: Precise QoS Prediction on Real-System SMT Processors to Improve Utilization in Warehouse Scale Computers

Yunqi Zhang, Michael A. Laurenzano, Jason Mars, Lingjia Tang
2014 2014 47th Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture  
With a set of Rulers, which are carefully designed software stressors that apply pressure to a multidimensional space of shared resources, we quantify application sensitivity and contentiousness in a decoupled  ...  One of the key challenges for improving efficiency in warehouse scale computers (WSCs) is to improve server utilization while guaranteeing the quality of service (QoS) of latency-sensitive applications  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We thank the anonymous reviewers for their feedback. This research was supported by Google and by the National Science Foundation under grants CCF-SHF-1302682 and CNS-CSR-1321047.  ... 
doi:10.1109/micro.2014.53 dblp:conf/micro/ZhangLMT14 fatcat:fyx7gxw7jfcxjktrm7q3rjn7me

Pixel-level Intelligent Segmentation and Measurement Method for Pavement Multiple Damages based on Mobile Deep Learning

Jiaxiu Dong, Zhaonan Li, Zibin Wang, Niannian Wang, Wentong Guo, Duo Ma, Haobang Hu, Shan Zhong
2021 IEEE Access  
By uploading the image to the server, it can provide big data support for deep learning and improve more basic information for road maintenance.  ...  and the pixel size information of the damage was further predicted.  ...  Now he is mainly engaged in the intelligent detection of damage for high highway.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3121413 fatcat:jijtm2doffarpp5citc2wk655m

Improved Intelligent Vehicle Localization Using Magnetic Ruler

Chunxiang Wang, Ming Yang, Bing Wang, Haigui Xu, Hao Li
2011 International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems  
This paper proposes an improved intelligent vehicle localization method, which integrates the data from the odometry and the magnetic ruler(MR).  ...  Acknowledgements The work was supported by the Shanghai Science and Technology Action Program for World Expo (10dz0581100).  ...  process model (7) to yield a set of transformed samples ) 1 , , ( 1 1 , 1 | , − = − − − k u f k k i k k i χ χ (11) 3) The predicted mean is computed as ∑ = − − = n i k k i i k k W X 2 0 1 | , 1 | χ  ... 
doi:10.2991/ijcis.2011.4.3.14 fatcat:5saosq233rgv5phxyd6ndmvr7y

Page 231 of New Englander and Yale Review Vol. 45, Issue 192 [page]

1886 New Englander and Yale Review  
The new letter looks like the fulfillment of this prediction.  ...  did Pius toward the rulers and toward the political principles of the present age.  ... 

Cyber Surveillance for Flood Disasters

Shi-Wei Lo, Jyh-Horng Wu, Fang-Pang Lin, Ching-Han Hsu
2015 Sensors  
It also has several other advantages, such as flexibility in location selection, no requirement of a standard water-level ruler, and a relatively large field of view, when compared with the traditional  ...  Instant heavy rainfall often results in the flooding of rivers and the neighboring low-lying areas, which is responsible for a large number of casualties and considerable property loss.  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s150202369 pmid:25621609 pmcid:PMC4367310 fatcat:y3hbq4ur5jddfgbixo776ibrse

The Foundations of Limited Authoritarian Government: Institutions, Commitment, and Power-Sharing in Dictatorships

Carles Boix, Milan W. Svolik
2013 Journal of Politics  
We use both historical and large-N data to assess new empirical predictions about the relationship between political institutions, leader survival, and the concentration of power in dictatorships.  ...  of power within the ruling coalition undermines this threat's credibility.  ...  Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and APSA, IPES, ISA and MPSA annual conventions for helpful comments and Aya Kachi for research assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0022381613000029 fatcat:2ppeeipb2nf7liltxtiwf3qmzy

Comparison of sensors and methodologies for effective prognostics on railway turnout systems

Fatih Camci, Omer Faruk Eker, Saim Başkan, Savas Konur
2014 Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part F, journal of rail and rapid transit  
This paper aims to guide practitioners for the deployment of PHM technologies in railway turnout systems by providing advantages and disadvantages of using different sensors and prognostics methods.  ...  Prognostics, aiming to forecast the time of failures to achieve effective maintenance planning, has attracted industry and researchers in recent years.  ...  Acknowledgement This research was partially supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) under project 108M275.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0954409714525145 fatcat:vmbrg5bo65hzrpqafgb6lqk4om
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