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Low-frequency characteristics of thin-film multijunction thermal voltage converters

S. Avramov-Zamurovic, N.M. Oldham, M.E. Parker, B.C. Waltrip
<span title="">1998</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
Low-frequency errors of thin-film multijunction thermal voltage converters are estimated using a simple model based on easily measured parameters.  ...  Index Terms-AC-DC power conversion, error analysis, frequency domain analysis, nonlinear systems, thermal converters, thin-film circuit thermal factors, thin-film circuits, transfer functions.  ...  Lipe from the Electricity Division at NIST for donating thin-film multijunction TVC's for this evaluation. At present, she is working on modeling the errors of thermal converters.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.728796">doi:10.1109/19.728796</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ugp7dl7psra2blmofxxyrch5s4">fatcat:ugp7dl7psra2blmofxxyrch5s4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170824032402/http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA575176&amp;Location=U2&amp;doc=GetTRDoc.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/64/44/64443502fec6e2df85038bdad5c4d237fb7d354a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.728796"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Performance of multilayer thin-film multijunction thermal converters

J.R. Kinard, D.X. Huang, D.B. Novotny
<span title="">1995</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
New multilayer, thin-film multijunction thermal converters (MJTC's) suitable as high performance ac-dc transfer standards have been fabricated and studied at NIST.  ...  This paper describes their thermal and physical features and the materials chosen to improve performance. Performance data are given over a wide range of frequencies and conditions.  ...  Marshall, of the NIST Semiconductor Electronics Division, for assistance with the computer-aided design, and J. Harper of Ballantine Laboratories for high-frequency measurements.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.377859">doi:10.1109/19.377859</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/c2thox32dzgv7kbbg2yptspbvy">fatcat:c2thox32dzgv7kbbg2yptspbvy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829161546/http://www.nuosimei.com/pic/Performance%20of%20Multilayer%20Thin%20Film%20Multijunction%20Thermal%20Converters%201995.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/81/e1/81e10b35118209ef3d7077c65771c25ba7f88cd5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.377859"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

1 A and 120 mA Thin-Film Multijunction Thermal Converters

Hector Laiz, Thomas Wunsch, Joseph Kinard, Thomas Lipe
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="IEEE"> 2004 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements </i> &nbsp;
We report on the development of thin-film multijunction thermal converters for the measurement of ac current.  ...  The materials and designs chosen for these devices have been optimized to provide high accuracy over a wide range of input levels and frequencies.  ...  Introduction Thin-film multijunction thermal converters (MJTCs) exhibit low ac-de transfer differences in the frequency range from 10Hz to 1 MHz.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cpem.2004.305308">doi:10.1109/cpem.2004.305308</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xa3pfef5nrghxeek47mfpiccbq">fatcat:xa3pfef5nrghxeek47mfpiccbq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200323000844/https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=31610" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ce/73/ce7326bc495bd063ea5a934818f6831b18894970.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cpem.2004.305308"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

1-A and-120 mA Thin-Film Multijunction Thermal Converters

H. Laiz, T.F. Wunsch, J.R. Kinard, T.E. Lipe
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
We report on the development of thin-film multijunction thermal converters for the measurement of ac currents up to 10 A without relying on parallel current shunts.  ...  The materials and designs chosen for these devices have been optimized to provide high accuracy over a wide range of input levels and frequencies.  ...  INTRODUCTION T HIN-FILM multijunction thermal converters (MJTCs) exhibit small ac-dc transfer differences in the frequency range from 10 Hz to 1 MHz.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tim.2004.843354">doi:10.1109/tim.2004.843354</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kfcifqzsfvfxdhydkgwkeijkqa">fatcat:kfcifqzsfvfxdhydkgwkeijkqa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060930140929/http://www.acdc.nist.gov/research/MJTC/MJTC_CPEM_04.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/01/2001d1b63bc6dce21b583e34363bd2bc64282f57.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tim.2004.843354"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

A planar Bi-Sb multijunction thermal converter with small ac-dc transfer differences

Jin-Sup Kim, Hyun-Cheol Lee, Jong-Hyun Lee, Jung-Hee Lee, Se Il Park, Sung-Won Kwon
<span title="">2002</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
The voltage responsivity, the ac-dc transfer difference, and the fluctuations of the output thermoelectric voltage and heater resistance were discussed to investigate the design factors of a thermal converter  ...  The respective voltage responsivities in air and in a vacuum of the thermal converter with a built-in NiCr-heater were about 14.0 mV/mW and 54.0 mV/mW.  ...  CHARACTERISTICS OF THERMAL CONVERTERS The Seebeck coefficient of the thin film Bi-Sb thermocouple prepared for the fabrication of the thermal converters was about 97 V/K.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.989913">doi:10.1109/19.989913</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dlb76phubbezxpxo64konuhwa4">fatcat:dlb76phubbezxpxo64konuhwa4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20050312203459/http://device.kriss.re.kr:80/ED/Publications/Papers/2002/2002-IEEE-Kim.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9f/54/9f54f67e47d7949c1a63f168b00567c19b838c86.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.989913"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Thermal converters as AC-DC transfer standards for current and voltage measurements at audio frequencies

F.L. Hermach
<span title="">1952</span> <i title="National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/puizyf5mvzbm3nategoriarmry" style="color: black;">Journal of research of the National Bureau of Standards</a> </i> &nbsp;
The project to develop thin-film MJTCs (FMJTCs) involves the use of micro-machining of silicon and photo-lithography on thin films to produce high-performance thermal transfer standards.  ...  AC voltages and currents in the frequency range from low audio to hundreds of megahertz are measured most accurately by comparison to dc standards using ac-dc thermal transfer instruments.  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Integrated micropotentiometer including the thin-film multijunction thermal converter (FMJTC) structure.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.048.018">doi:10.6028/jres.048.018</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/eng3i2kqpfez3enofn4ifjjbm4">fatcat:eng3i2kqpfez3enofn4ifjjbm4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20041016151415/http://nvl.nist.gov/pub/nistpubs/sp958-lide/090-092.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2e/e7/2ee736bccdf9ae5533a2726a0b157883a5dda2e8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.6028/jres.048.018"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Development of thin-film multi-junction thermal converters
交流電圧標準を導く薄膜型サーマルコンバータの開発

Hiroyuki FUJIKI, Yasutaka AMAGAI, Hitoshi SASAKI
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="The Editorial Committee of Synthesiology"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/36pzvicvvverhosqvguwilluu4" style="color: black;">Synthesiology English edition</a> </i> &nbsp;
from the biggest advantage of thermal converters, namely stability.  ...  With respect to the provision of AC-DC transfer standards, the AC-DC transfer differences of a thermal converter are calibrated, which correspond to the conversion error from a DC voltage to an AC voltage  ...  Currently, wired multijunction thermal converters are not in production. (3) Thin-film multi-junction thermal converter (thin-film MJTC) The development of thin-f ilm multi-junction thermal converters  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5571/syntheng.8.3_113">doi:10.5571/syntheng.8.3_113</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4rabntqvxvdohn52skiqvbolfu">fatcat:4rabntqvxvdohn52skiqvbolfu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180723204813/https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/syntheng/8/3/8_113/_pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/43/75/4375507a1f6a1cfe2768d31711a5c108fa7479a3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5571/syntheng.8.3_113"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Improvements in the NIST Calibration Service for Thermal Transfer Standards

Thomas E. Lipe, Joseph R. Kinard, Yi-hua Tang, June E. Sims
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ntwymz42j5a5nordsgmxnmppdi" style="color: black;">NCSLI Measure</a> </i> &nbsp;
The major improvement in this calibration is the increased efficiency made possible by the consolidation of three disparate calibration services -low voltage thermal transfer standards, lowfrequency thermal  ...  We report on multiple improvements made in the calibration services offered for thermal converters and thermal transfer standards in the ac-dc Difference Standards and Measurement Techniques Project at  ...  Ac-dc Difference in µV/V Figure 1 . 1 Photograph of thin-film MJTC voltage converter.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/19315775.2007.11721360">doi:10.1080/19315775.2007.11721360</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rfczgzshczba7o5gxhxb26i7oq">fatcat:rfczgzshczba7o5gxhxb26i7oq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170811123929/http://www.cenam.mx/memsimp06/Trabajos%20Aceptados%20para%20CD/Octubre%2026/Bloque%20C/C3-ELECTRICA%20III-Tension%20y%20Corriente%20Alterna/C3-3.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a2/28/a228e913193869bae0815db1e6f75bac11010169.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/19315775.2007.11721360"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> tandfonline.com </button> </a>

Intercomparison of NIST, NPL, PTB, and VSL thermal voltage converters from 100 kHz to 1 MHz

J.R. Kinard, R.B.D. Knight, P. Martin, M. Klonz, J.P.M. de Vreede, J. Dessens
<span title="">1993</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
Coaxial, thermal voltage converters were handcarried among NIST, NPL, PTB, and VSL for intercomparison of ac-dc difference from 100 kHz to 1 MHz.  ...  It has been concluded that representative values of ac-dc difference in the 100 kHz to 1 MHz frequency range have been established with 20"uncertainties of 4-8 ppm.  ...  Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB) At the PTB, multijunction thermal converters have been developed as basic standards for ac-dc voltage transfer over the entire frequency range from 10 Hz to  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.278639">doi:10.1109/19.278639</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wwrz7pmhcjge5jd3ojogcjdite">fatcat:wwrz7pmhcjge5jd3ojogcjdite</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200321132837/https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=1377" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bb/65/bb654a13b84366e56ad5a82c40d8c6a80e8c06cb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.278639"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Power-law Interpolation of AC-DC Differences [article]

Flavio A. Silveira, Regiane M. Souza, Regis P. Landim
<span title="2018-02-21">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
This method assigns a power-law behaviour to AC-DC differences, solely under the assumption that δ must be some smooth-varying function of voltage and frequency.  ...  in thermal transfer standards.  ...  Vasconcellos for helpful sugestions and a thorough revision of the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.00640v1">arXiv:1803.00640v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wd6awnayyzbyrjxo2wwgsdllfi">fatcat:wd6awnayyzbyrjxo2wwgsdllfi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200916161757/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1803.00640v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c6/66/c666ab6edd7b44428b09ea0d58bed753a3d36f67.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.00640v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

The relationship between microsystem technology and metrology

R.F. Wolffenbuttel, C.J. van Mullem
<span title="">2001</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
reference) and thin-film multijunction thermal converters (ac voltage and ac current reference).  ...  Two devices that have highly benefited from MST: thermal and capacitive rms-to-dc converters are discussed in historical perspective.  ...  Originally, fine mechanics was used for the fabrication of a three-dimensional multijunction thermal converter, as shown in Fig. 1 [10] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.982930">doi:10.1109/19.982930</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qiia6ie6ivfhfjqxn3jofmag4y">fatcat:qiia6ie6ivfhfjqxn3jofmag4y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180719035031/https://repository.tudelft.nl/islandora/object/uuid%3A9fc0256a-cbf0-47e6-87c7-f14b38903ec6/datastream/OBJ/download" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fb/e1/fbe1264d3a2df1986ab553f058470f6a4a0bd259.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/19.982930"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Integration of thermoelectrics and photovoltaics as auxiliary power sources in mobile computing applications

Ali Muhtaroglu, Alex Yokochi, Annette von Jouanne
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/72ed7chkybbaxp4qtbhpy6fqea" style="color: black;">Journal of Power Sources</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper presents sustainable power management characteristics and performance enhancement opportunities in mobile computing systems resulting from the integration of thermoelectric generators and photovoltaic  ...  The inclusion of renewable technologies as auxiliary power sources in mobile computing platforms can lead to improved performance such as the extension of battery life.  ...  As summarized in Table 1 , the average power generation from an integrated thin film PV module varied with system size.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.11.016">doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.11.016</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ajziulet5zh73n43keikomquja">fatcat:ajziulet5zh73n43keikomquja</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170812203301/http://www.ewp.rpi.edu/hartford/~lewisl2/Engineering%20Project/Other/References/Integration%20of%20thermoelectrics%20and%20photovoltaics%20as%20auxiliary%20power%20sources%20in%20mobile%20computing%20applications.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a3/90/a39043085ffeb3ef361ec1932c56009242f1bb3f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.11.016"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Present Status and Future Prospects of Silicon Thin-Film Solar Cells

Makoto Konagai
<span title="2011-03-22">2011</span> <i title="Japan Society of Applied Physics"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/pucchvqa2nd23o2rzoaa3xmd7u" style="color: black;">Japanese Journal of Applied Physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
In addition, the present status and future prospects of amorphous silicon (a-Si) thin-film solar cells, which are expected to enter the stage of full-scale practical application in the near future, are  ...  In addition, triple-junction solar cells, whose target year for practical application is 2025 or later, are introduced, as well as innovative thin-film full-spectrum solar cells, whose target year of realization  ...  Ihsanul Afdi Yunaz, both government-universityindustry collaborative researchers at the Graduate School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, for their cooperation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.50.030001">doi:10.1143/jjap.50.030001</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/kvax7l32mvh55kxvpksovrhbiu">fatcat:kvax7l32mvh55kxvpksovrhbiu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180725162637/http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1143/JJAP.50.030001/pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e3/15/e3152710577a649799fd297d991bc93d5bda198c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1143/jjap.50.030001"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Advanced Inorganic Materials for Photovoltaics

Abdelilah Slaoui, Reuben T. Collins
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4blfynd4h5govevt4qdogct6wi" style="color: black;">MRS bulletin</a> </i> &nbsp;
The discussion begins with ma te rials and cell designs for second -generation photovoltaics based on thin films [a -Si:H, Si, Cu(In,Ga)(Se,S) 2 , CdTe].  ...  This issue of MRS Bulletin reviews the status and future development of solar photovoltaic technologies based on inorganic ma te rials.  ...  Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the Air Force Research Laboratory. Advanced Inorganic Materials for Photovoltaics Ruud E.I. Schropp Arthur J. Nozik David C. Paine  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.24">doi:10.1557/mrs2007.24</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/63h5ru6qifaqjnhvozs5n67t6m">fatcat:63h5ru6qifaqjnhvozs5n67t6m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180726022118/https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/CAFDB7112883B946236D36229E58491F/S0883769400006886a.pdf/div-class-title-advanced-inorganic-materials-for-photovoltaics-div.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/57/12/5712b63f9d46f8dc2c75124e5a672e9315be6be5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1557/mrs2007.24"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Index by Authors

<span title="">2020</span> <i title="IEEE"> 2020 Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements (CPEM) </i> &nbsp;
II Small mass realization in the new SI Realization and Dissemination of the kg-Other kg Hagmann, Joseph Fabrication of High-Current Multijunction Thermal Current Converters on Silicon Substrates  ...  of UME Kibble Balance-3 Realization and Dissemination of the kg-Kibble Balance I Dominguez, Jason New Generation Multijunction Thermal Converters at Sandia National Laboratories Conventional Electrical  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cpem49742.2020.9191903">doi:10.1109/cpem49742.2020.9191903</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lbfsuf6uvzbgjpywo2lkbobx5i">fatcat:lbfsuf6uvzbgjpywo2lkbobx5i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201013015326/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/9187439/9191686/09191903.pdf?tp=&amp;arnumber=9191903&amp;isnumber=9191686&amp;ref=" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/19/80/1980f8ca3caac3ee3543ccb73a3617348f2ad6f8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cpem49742.2020.9191903"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>
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