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A sustainable approach for reusing treated wastewater in agricultural irrigation in the West Bank – Palestine

L.S. McNeill, M.N. Almasri, N. Mizyed
2009 Desalination  
Reuse of treated (reclaimed) wastewater has great potential to alleviate these problems and improve crop yield, but there are many challenges to implementing wastewater reuse.  ...  Water resources in the West Bank are limited, and nearly 70% of the water is used for agricultural irrigation.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to extend thanks to the Municipality of Tubas and Eng. Rema Saleh for assistance with this study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.desal.2008.05.070 fatcat:vafoxl52vzb6xdital3kriw6ei

The River Segura: reclaimed water, recovered river

M. A. Ródenas, M. Albacete
2014 Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination  
The Region of Murcia is located in southeast Spain, an area known for structural water stress.  ...  The situation reached such a critical point, that the Regional Government presented a General Plan for Wastewater Reclamation, to be developed in 10 years.  ...  Design criteria for wastewater treatment plants The Plan established that treatment plants should supply reusable water suitable for two main purposes: discharge in the river for 'indirect reuse' downstream  ... 
doi:10.2166/wrd.2013.044 fatcat:nlk2wzmlzbcjbnqrh5vqwlhjrq

Optimal Implementation of Wastewater Reuse in Existing Sewerage Systems to Improve Resilience and Sustainability in Water Supply Systems

Aakash Dev, Timo C. Dilly, Amin E. Bakhshipour, Ulrich Dittmer, S. Murty Bhallamudi
2021 Water  
These numbers are about 12% and 34% respectively for the implementation of decentralized wastewater treatment and reuse.  ...  Reusing treated wastewater for non-potable purposes is a promising opportunity toward the aforementioned resolutions.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors thank Ligy Philip of IIT Madras for the many fruitful discussions, especially while formulating the problem and Vineeth, P who carried out initial simulation runs when he was  ... 
doi:10.3390/w13152004 fatcat:gtjlykqfajawxidvloksubdygm

Development of an integrated simulation model for treatment and distribution of reclaimed water

Darko Joksimovic, Jiri Kubik, Petr Hlavinek, Dragan Savic, Godfrey Walters
2006 Desalination  
A water reuse system is likely to have many possible design options: type and degree of treatment, number and location of treatment plants, number and location of pumps/pumping stations, number, size and  ...  The model includes a computational module for wastewater treatment trains, a computational/optimisation module for reclaimed water distribution system, and a knowledge base.  ...  A water reuse system is likely to have many possible design options: type and degree of treatment, number and location of treatment plants, number and location of pumps/pumping stations, number, size and  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.desal.2005.04.097 fatcat:t54vph6yb5bm7cnteugxdqnl5q

Wastewater Treatment and Water Reuse in Spain. Current Situation and Perspectives

Antonio Jodar-Abellan, María Inmaculada López-Ortiz, Joaquín Melgarejo-Moreno
2019 Water  
This paper shows how wastewater treatment and reuse are linked, as the reuse of wastewater is associated with a previous regeneration, and both of them are essential tools for maximizing environmental  ...  The issues of wastewater treatment and the reuse of water are of great importance, especially in areas where the shortage of conventional resources is a structural problem, as it is in the case of Spain  ...  Water 2019, 11, 1551  ... 
doi:10.3390/w11081551 fatcat:iysajkbttrgttmmbxyqx3yqohe

Study on the Pollution Control of Down Washing Wastewater in West Anhui, China

Xinwei Song, Yulan Gao, Dongmei Shen, Rusheng Jia, W. Qin, L. Wang, V. Yepes
2020 E3S Web of Conferences  
By analysing the characteristics of wastewater from down washing industry, it is proposed that the enterprises of down industry should separate heavily polluted wastewater from slightly polluted and reuse  ...  the wastewater directly or after regeneration treatment.  ...  Acknowledgments: Key Research Project of West Anhui University (WXZR201720)  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202016502035 fatcat:g2zsgvyndjbv7cip4i376tcjrm

Page 395 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 125, Issue 5 [page]

1999 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
De- centralization is a key element in reduced costs since water reclamation plants are located near sites where water is reused.  ...  The need for integration of water reuse planning into management of a sustainable water supply is obvious.  ... 

Ten Signs of a Good Reuse Management Plan [chapter]

Edwin Morris, Wm B. Anderson, Mary Catherine Ward, Dennis Smith
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
For example all wastewater may be diverted to the sewer. • Include a site plan showing location of the treatment system and location of the irrigation system.  ...  The amount of area required for irrigation will depend on the amount of wastewater being generated and treated.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30587-3_36 fatcat:gbv2mfg7qjblrer6hd5t2ho73q

Identification of Water-Reuse Potentials to Strengthen Rural Areas in Water-Scarce Regions—The Case Study of Wuwei

Sonja Bauer
2020 Land  
Hence, the study presents the potential to increase wastewater treatment and waterreuse for, e.g., agricultural irrigation.  ...  Since treated wastewater is a daily resource with calculable quantities available, reused water can contribute to the sustainable strengthening of a region.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The author declares no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/land9120492 fatcat:w4iaavgyxnaijh5bhn6qblmstu

Possibilities and Challenges of Wastewater Reuse—Planning Aspects and Realized Examples

Sonja Bauer, Martin Wagner
2022 Water  
The wastewater treatment technologies are currently providing solutions for an adequate provision of reclaimed water.  ...  Some countries, such as the USA or Singapore, have been leading the way for decades in implementing water-reuse concepts and in treating wastewater for potable and non-potable reuse.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w14101619 fatcat:kg7wezhg6zeb5jrajgzwr2cnze

Water Reuse in Industry: Necessities and Possibilities

Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari, Saeid Eslamian
2021 American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences  
Finally, reusing of wastewaters has adequate potential for decreasing costs of any project as well as wastewater treatment.  ...  By industrialization and reduction of pressure on water sources, using water in industry has adequate potential to reduce costs in saving water and treatment of wastewater.  ...  Ethics This study was approved by Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.  ... 
doi:10.3844/ajeassp.2021.94.102 fatcat:p7bnwaj6cvgi5g6nowj3sd2avy

Coastal California Wastewater Effluent as a Resource for Seawater Desalination Brine Commingling

Kelly Rodman, Ahron Cervania, Valerie Budig-Markin, Cory Schermesser, Oliver Rogers, Joshua Martinez, Julia King, Patrick Hassett, Jacob Burns, Malia Gonzales, Alexandra Folkerts, Peter Duin (+11 others)
2018 Water  
Furthermore, this study provides a survey of the treatment levels and typical discharge violations of ocean wastewater treatment facilities in California.  ...  Results reveal that throughout the California coast, approximately 4872 MLD (1287 MGD) of treated wastewater are discharged into the ocean and might be available as dilution water.  ...  In general, tertiary level-treated wastewater would be preferable for water reuse.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w10030322 fatcat:ropd5j7v5fgn5mw3yqpzbeqwa4

Wastewater Reuse Planning in Agriculture: The Case of Aitoloakarnania, Western Greece

Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis, Christos Arambatzis, Dimitrios Kalfountzos, Soterios P. Varnavas
2011 Water  
In the present paper, the possibility of the treated municipal wastewater (TMWW) reuse in agriculture, produced by the Wastewater Treatment Plants of Aitoloakarnania prefecture, one of the greatest agricultural  ...  The volume of the effluents produced by the wastewater treatment plants of Messolonghion, Agrinion, Nafpaktos, Aitoliko and Thermo could cover OPEN ACCESS Water 2011, 3 989 19.3%, 25.14%, >100%, 17.18  ...  In 2008, 106 hm 3 of wastewater were treated in 80 wastewater treatment plants (WWTP). In this region, the irrigated land with treated wastewater is 1600 ha [13] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/w3040988 fatcat:43hr6otyvnfn7gpdpv6nj7hm2u

Page 1130 of American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals Vol. 109, Issue 5 [page]

1983 American Society of Civil Engineers. Collected Journals  
Wastewater Treatment Plant.—The wastewater treatment plant is the most important component when considering the quality of the water to be provided for direct reuse.  ...  After primary usage the water must be treated for future reuse.  ... 

Wastewater Treatment Plants in Mediterranean Spain: An Exploration of Relations between Water Treatments, Water Reuse, and Governance

Paula Rodríguez-Villanueva, David Sauri
2021 Water  
In Mediterranean Spain, an area with recurrent episodes of water stress, treated wastewater may become a critical resource for the future.  ...  Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are fundamental to enable the transition towards the principles of a circular economy in water supply.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank Sandra Ricart and three anonymous reviewers for helpful comments and suggestions on a previous version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/w13121710 fatcat:bscjg7pbsrhwldxa3ky4gfukie
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