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Reading comprehension and vocabulary: Is vocabulary more important for some aspects of comprehension?

Kate Cain, Jane Oakhill
2014 Annee Psychologique  
In"the"case"of"global"coherence"inferences,"vocabulary,"and"in"particular"depth"of"word" knowledge,"was"found"to"be"a"strong"predictor"of"performance."  ...  Second," we"have"shown"that"vocabulary"in"general"predicts"a"greater"proportion"of"variance"in"global" coherence"inferences"than"in"local"cohesion"inferences."  ... 
doi:10.4074/s0003503314004035 fatcat:ntrfxgcbivdxdh5bnhlnjlfyym

Children's inference generation: The role of vocabulary and working memory

Nicola Kate Currie, Kate Cain
2015 Journal of Experimental Child Psychology  
For local coherence inferences, only vocabulary predicted unique variance for the 6-and 8-year-olds; in contrast, none of the variables predicted performance for the 10-year-olds.  ...  Mediation analysis confirmed that although working memory was associated with the ability to generate local and global coherence inferences in 6-to 10-year-olds, the effect was mediated by vocabulary.  ...  For local coherence inferences, simple span predicted significant variance in local coherence inference making for the 6-year-olds (see Table 5 ).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2015.03.005 pmid:25930678 fatcat:udhwtjljnrdvnnts5pdfpy7u5y

What plausibly affects plausibility? Concept coherence and distributional word coherence as factors influencing plausibility judgments

Louise Connell, Mark T. Keane
2004 Memory & Cognition  
We conclude that the processes involved in rating plausibility are based on evaluating concept coherence, not word coherence.  ...  In the first, we manipulated concept coherence by using different inference types to link the sentences in a pair (e.g., causal or temporal).  ...  Some parallels may be drawn between word and concept coherence as described in this article and the local and global context models of discourse comprehension.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03196851 pmid:15190712 fatcat:lnvrujpebff4zcw3kgnkz7ilgi

A cognitive model of coherence-driven story comprehension

Elliot Smith
1998 Proceedings of the 36th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
of coherence (e.g. local and global); and (3) inability to find interpretations at variable depths.  ...  Variable inference processes are a reflection of different thresholds, and the skepticism of an individual inference process determines how thresholds are reached.  ...  The inference processes described in these early models are still implemented in many contemporary systems.  ... 
doi:10.3115/980691.980819 dblp:conf/acl/Smith98 fatcat:zmmiwuov2faffh4zqxnqv4g4ki

Locally strong coherence and inference with lower-upper probabilities

A. Capotorti, L. Galli, B. Vantaggi
2003 Soft Computing - A Fusion of Foundations, Methodologies and Applications  
We introduce an operational way to reduce the spatial complexity in inference processes based on conditional lower-upper probabilities assessments.  ...  To reach such goal we must suitably exploit zero probabilities taking account of logical conditions characterizing locally strong coherence.  ...  If P G is strong coherent with respect to the event B ¼ V i: E i jH i 2R H c i , then P E is locally strong coherent on G.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00500-002-0214-6 fatcat:p7ozm7fid5ahxgoo5qxoihfevy

Inferences in Discourse, Psychology of [chapter]

Leo G.M. Noordman, Wietske Vonk
2015 International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences  
Attention is paid to the relation between inference processes and the brain.  ...  Inferencing is considered as a central component in discourse understanding. Experimental methods to detect inferences, established findings, and some developments are reviewed.  ...  Kim et al. (2012) used strong coherence and weak coherence stories of three sentences in a positron emission tomography study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-097086-8.57012-3 fatcat:ndwu4txmcza4dghvewhj2o3fkm

Inferences in Discourse, Psychology of [chapter]

W. Vonk, L.G.M. Noordman
2001 International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences  
Attention is paid to the relation between inference processes and the brain.  ...  Inferencing is considered as a central component in discourse understanding. Experimental methods to detect inferences, established findings, and some developments are reviewed.  ...  Kim et al. (2012) used strong coherence and weak coherence stories of three sentences in a positron emission tomography study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b0-08-043076-7/01533-3 fatcat:obxkmrh5yffvlfgjxwhsofa7i4

Effects of coherence and relevance on shallow and deep text processing

Stephen Lehman, Gregory Schraw
2002 Journal of Educational Psychology  
breaks in local and global coherence.  ...  In Experiment 1, they found that breaks in local coherence had no effect on any outcome measures, whereas relevance enhanced deeper processing.  ...  In contrast, reduced local coherence tends to enhance deeper processing, given that the reader possesses adequate background knowledge to generate inferences that bridge conceptual gaps in the text (Caillies  ... 
doi:10.1037//0022-0663.94.4.738 fatcat:wpfr4ghvmrgpxbpkprrun4sfr4

Effects of coherence and relevance on shallow and deep text processing

Stephen Lehman, Gregory Schraw
2002 Journal of Educational Psychology  
breaks in local and global coherence.  ...  In Experiment 1, they found that breaks in local coherence had no effect on any outcome measures, whereas relevance enhanced deeper processing.  ...  In contrast, reduced local coherence tends to enhance deeper processing, given that the reader possesses adequate background knowledge to generate inferences that bridge conceptual gaps in the text (Caillies  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-0663.94.4.738 fatcat:z5zd263gmfalbfclxtnynnhiti

Cognitive Effects of a Structural Overview in a Hypertext

Rijk Hofman, Herre van Oostendorp
1999 British Journal of Educational Technology  
After reading, they answered textbase questions which measured their recognition and also inference questions supposed to measure their situation model constructed from the information read.  ...  In the list condition, the same topics were mentioned as in the overview condition, but just in the format of a list.  ...  macrostructure in a locally coherent text.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-8535.00101 fatcat:z5hwnufx7jglhgmryknzjciuxe

Self-Organized Complexity and Coherent Infomax from the Viewpoint of Jaynes's Probability Theory

William A. Phillips
2012 Information  
Coherent Infomax, shows, in principle, how adaptively self-organized complexity can be preserved and improved by using probabilistic inference that is context-sensitive.  ...  It is concluded that the theory of Coherent Infomax specifies a general objective for probabilistic inference, and that contextual interactions in neural systems perform functions required of the scientist  ...  Acknowledgments Jim Kay formalized the Coherent Infomax theory. Christopher Fiorillo convinced me that Jaynes's probability theory has much to offer.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info3010001 fatcat:lq3h3vwegjc4nn6ahcb7kznenm

Page 2076 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 2003C [page]

2003 Mathematical Reviews  
Finally, to illustrate our method, we give some examples.” 2003¢:68219 68T37 60A05 62A01 Capotorti, Andrea (I-PERG-MI; Perugia) ; Vantaggi, Barbara (I-ROME-M; Rome) Locally strong coherence in inference  ...  We reach our goal by introducing the notion of locally strong coherence and characterizing it by logical condi- tions.  ... 

The coherence theory: simple attentional modulation effects

Raul C. Mureşan
2004 Neurocomputing  
Our "Coherence Theory" as a new way of understanding neural processing offers the theoretical framework for our findings.  ...  We present a novel method of achieving attentional modulation effects, based on the spatial coherence of the stimulus.  ...  More, we believe that such inferred local coherence could play an important role in the modulation of attention in hyperacuity and preattentive visual search.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2004.01.151 fatcat:w26xixejjrcanjxa2vv3mqpchm

The coherence theory: simple attentional modulation effects

R MUREAN
2004 Neurocomputing  
Our "Coherence Theory" as a new way of understanding neural processing offers the theoretical framework for our findings.  ...  We present a novel method of achieving attentional modulation effects, based on the spatial coherence of the stimulus.  ...  More, we believe that such inferred local coherence could play an important role in the modulation of attention in hyperacuity and preattentive visual search.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0925-2312(04)00156-0 fatcat:qw6wjrsesbgerczjnpmgfmvlim

Time-dependent universal conductance fluctuations and coherence in AuPd and Ag

A. Trionfi, S. Lee, D. Natelson
2005 Physical Review B  
We report quantitative comparisons of coherence lengths inferred from weak localization magnetoresistance measurements and time-dependent universal conductance fluctuation data.  ...  Strong agreement is observed in both quasi-2D and quasi-1D AuPd samples, a metal known to have high spin-orbit scattering.  ...  This strongly supports the theoretical statement [23] that weak localization and UCF measurements probe precisely the same coherence physics, even in the presence of strong spin-orbit and magnetic impurity  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevb.72.035407 fatcat:plbzxw7jlrhdphsy5br6jqnye4
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