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Local Closed World Semantics: Keep it simple, stupid!

Adila Alfa Krisnadhi, Kunal Sengupta, Pascal Hitzler
2011 International Workshop on Description Logics  
A combination of open and closed-world reasoning (usually called local closed world reasoning) is a desirable capability of knowledge representation formalisms for Semantic Web applications.  ...  However, none of the proposals made to date for extending description logics with local closed world capabilities has had any significant impact on applications.  ...  said to adhere to the Local Closed World Assumption (LCWA).  ... 
dblp:conf/dlog/KrisnadhiSH11 fatcat:svpobm2p6fe33opmubhplkbvse

Defining Stupidity

James F Welles, Auctores Publishing LLC
2018 Psychology and Mental Health Care  
We are naturally stupid. That is, we can be stupid just by being ourselves.  ...  In fact, this article is based on two fundamental contentions: we cannot really understand ourselves without understanding stupidity, and if we understand stupidity, we will understand our-selves.  ...  hatch) and then close the nest.  ... 
doi:10.31579/2637-8892/024 fatcat:c7icjqt5w5bgtjurwpwtwd5mn4

Don't look stupid

Sean M. McNee, Nishikant Kapoor, Joseph A. Konstan
2006 Proceedings of the 2006 20th anniversary conference on Computer supported cooperative work - CSCW '06  
Finally, we succinctly summarize our most striking results as "Don't Look Stupid" in front of users.  ...  If recommenders are to help people be more productive, they need to support a wide variety of real-world information seeking tasks, such as those found when seeking research papers in a digital library  ...  It is not that simple: showing one horrible recommendation in five is enough for users to lose confidence in the recommender.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1180875.1180903 dblp:conf/cscw/McNeeKK06 fatcat:xfig7z3eu5ezhb43evvpyporl4

Semantic networks

Fritz Lehmann
1992 Computers and Mathematics with Applications  
It becomes semantic when you assign a meaning to each node and link.  ...  Serious users are soon frustrated by the indiscriminate stupidity of pure rule-based systems. A knowledgeable person will spot obvious errors in a description whereas a dolt will just accept it.  ...  INTRODUCTION A computer or robot seems stupid when you have to tell it exactly what to do and how to do it.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0898-1221(92)90135-5 fatcat:4nli67lrsjdzdiu56i5ixwhm2a

Discourse Semantics and Ideology

Teun A. van Dijk
1995 Discourse & Society  
In this framework, it is examined how semantic structures of discourse (such as topic, focus, propositional structure, local coherence, level of description, implications and macrostructures) are monitored  ...  They thus indirectly control the mental representations (models) that form the interpretation basis and contextual embeddedness of discourse and its structures.  ...  Local semantic moves Relations between propositions in a discourse may also have a more strategic nature.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0957926595006002006 fatcat:5pndwj4uovhgxkzv2a6giodiea

Product Classification in E-Commerce using Distributional Semantics [article]

Vivek Gupta, Harish Karnick, Ashendra Bansal, Pradhuman Jhala
2016 arXiv   pre-print
To address the above challenges, we propose a new distributional semantics representation for document vector formation.  ...  The vector encodes local context and therefore is sensitive to local word order and captures word meaning to some extent. It relies on the 'Distributional Hypothesis' (Harris, 1954) i.e.  ...  in order to lighten the burden of his brain on his soul. how i became stupid. how i became stupid. how i became stupid Actual Class : books-tree → literature and fictionPredictions, Probability books-tree  ... 
arXiv:1606.06083v2 fatcat:f7xorlauxbeonnn7qbe2k5yutq

Keep it Simple, Make it Fast! An approach to underground music scenes (vol. 3)

Paula Guerra, Tânia Moreira
Acknowledgements: This paper is based on ideas presented at the 2016 Keep it Simple, Make it Fast conference in 2016.  ...  He expresses his talent in the world and its image is closely linked to that of its peer or its instrument.  ...  Business Model Canvas is simple to understand for newcomers in the business world. In the picture 1 it is presented the Business Model Canvas.  ... 

The interpretation of the logophoric pronoun in Ewe

Hazel Pearson
2015 Natural Language Semantics  
as its semantic value.  ...  John think COMPL LOG COP stupid ' By contrast, yè cannot be used with third person reference in a simple matrix clause; the plain pronoun e must be used instead. 20 A more surprising finding is that  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11050-015-9112-1 fatcat:b6pnqzrlqzcfzffx4o7yzbgzxq

Semantic Ambiguity and Perceived Ambiguity [article]

Massimo Poesio
1995 arXiv   pre-print
A theory of underspecification is developed 'from the first principles', i.e., starting from a definition of what it means for a sentence to be semantically ambiguous and from what we know about the way  ...  I explore some of the issues that arise when trying to establish a connection between the underspecification hypothesis pursued in the NLP literature and work on ambiguity in semantics and in the psychological  ...  , it has a semantics of its own, defined bottom-up much in the way the semantics of DL would be defined.  ... 
arXiv:cmp-lg/9505034v1 fatcat:4jyo2vshqrep7finoesjiqzpvq

Semantic Drift in Multilingual Representations

Lisa Beinborn, Rochelle Choenni
2020 Computational Linguistics  
Using this analysis method, we can reconstruct a phylogenetic tree that closely resembles those assumed by linguistic experts.  ...  We introduce a methodology for comparing languages based on their organization of semantic concepts.  ...  As the global position of a vector is often not comparable across corpora, the semantic drift is approximated by determining changes in the relative position of a concept within its local neighborhood  ... 
doi:10.1162/coli_a_00382 fatcat:csl5xocz55ez3l2pncbfibqf2u

The Semantics of Gradation [chapter]

Manfred Bierwisch
1989 Dimensional Adjectives  
Simple examples of this are: Manfred Bierwiscb The Semantics of Gradation 85 Version II: (36)(a) ox [[HANS [TALL xl] II~[Nc x]] (b) ox [[HANS [TALL x]] II~[EVA [TALL xIJ] (c) 'Ix [[EVA [TALL xl]~[HANS  ...  The improper B-role iT is not assigned to any syntactic argument. It is referentially bound (details below).  ...  It is not clear why only indefinite NPs are possible here. Notice that the semantically closely related cases (iv) -(vii) are possible.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-74351-1_3 fatcat:iwrzsetjojfoxpzfue2ljoje3e

Free Choice in Deontic Inquisitive Semantics (DIS) [chapter]

Martin Aher
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Free Choice in Deontic Inquisitive Semantics (DIS) Martin Aher Definition 3. Maximality restriction.  ...  It also demonstrates that the counterarguments to deontic reduction failed to take into account the different effects of inquisitive and informative utterances in conversation, such that a refined definition  ...  B: So it is not a club of which every elderly is a member.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-31482-7_3 fatcat:vqnczv27vrbh5bekucsnhlocxm

Mathematics in Language

Richard Hudson
2020 Cognitive Semantics  
School teachers should be aware of the mathematics already built into language so as to build on it; and they should also be able to offer special help in the conflict zones.  ...  This paper explores a number of areas of arithmetic and other elementary areas of mathematics, considering for each area whether it helps or hinders the young learner: counting and larger numbers, sets  ...  The simple future will call leaves us in the world of present reality, even though its details are only predicted.  ... 
doi:10.1163/23526416-bja10005 fatcat:tkhmte2cpjdmlmvua5glbtirli

The ethnopragmatics and semantics of 'active metaphors'

Cliff Goddard
2004 Journal of Pragmatics  
Elements of the natural world figure in expressions such as wati nyalpi (lit. leaf man) 'a man who keeps changing his opinion depending on the situation (like a leaf that blows in the wind)', wati apu  ...  What I think he meant can be stated in fairly simple, non-metaphoric terms, as in (16) below.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pragma.2003.10.011 fatcat:mqlq4twyyfdqrojj6kcpo4yn5i

Causal attribution and the analysis of literary characters: A. C. Bradley's study of Iago and Othello

Enrique Cámara Arenas
2010 Journal of Literary Semantics  
It is necessary to examine as closely as we can the cognitive ground upon which CTCA stands.  ...  This being so, even if Othello had not been trustful and simple, it would have been quite unnatural in him to be unmoved by the warnings of so honest a friend, warnings offered with extreme reluctance  ... 
doi:10.1515/jlse.2010.003 fatcat:msa2eojq6beyzfixi3wickfpeq
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