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Load-In-Load-Out AGV Route Planning in Automatic Container Terminal

YiXiang Xu, Liang Qi, WenJing Luan, XiWang Guo, HuiJuan Ma
2020 IEEE Access  
Thus, this paper proposes a load-in load-out route planning for AGVs providing two-way loading between the dock and the container yard. It is designed with the help of a buffer zone.  ...  To the best of our knowledge this is the first study a load-inload-out AGV route planning mode providing two-way loading between the dock and the container yard.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3019703 fatcat:em2hgk7lfjchllmu4qevf5jyn4

Determination of the number of automated guided vehicles required at a semi-automated container terminal

I F A Vis, R de Koster, K J Roodbergen, L W P Peeters
2001 Journal of the Operational Research Society  
The routing and control of vehicles in a container terminal is studied in several papers. In Evers and Koppers. the traffic control of large numbers of AGVs is studied.  ...  A complete review of the routing of vehicles is given in Bodin et al.* Steenken’ and Steenken ef al* describe the more specific problem of the routing of straddle carriers at a container terminal.  ... 
doi:10.1038/sj.jors.2601094 fatcat:74jxnrmm5ndcfeff6f5focqe4y

Automatic Guided Vehicles System and Its Coordination Control for Containers Terminal Logistics Application [article]

Roni Permana Saputra, Estiko Rijanto
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Secondly, application of AGV system in containers terminal is proposed including AGV design specification, AGV control method, multi AGV system supervisory control method, and containers terminal port  ...  Automatic Guided Vehicle (AGV) has been widely applied in automatic logistics system because it provides flexibility and efficiency.  ...  Path planning control is aimed to determine the route to be taken by all AGVs [42] .  ... 
arXiv:2104.08331v1 fatcat:dgykb7nubzccbmatqi6kfi2fqu

Container terminal operation and operations research - a classification and literature review

Stefan Vo�, Robert Stahlbock, Dirk Steenken
2004 OR spectrum  
With ever increasing containerization the number of seaport container terminals and competition among them have become quite remarkable.  ...  In this paper we describe and classify the main logistics processes and operations in container terminals and present a survey of methods for their optimization.  ...  Up to now AGV terminals only exist in combination with automatic gantry cranes.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00291-003-0157-z fatcat:uhkyfwvd6rdabmkeyocroe2hly

Research on Cooperative Scheduling of Automated Quayside Cranes and Automatic Guided Vehicles in Automated Container Terminal

Qianru Zhao, Shouwen Ji, Dong Guo, Xuemin Du, Hongxuan Wang
2019 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
According to previous research studies, automated quayside cranes (AQCs) and automated guided vehicles (AGVs) in automated container terminals have a high potential synergy.  ...  The minimum total energy consumption of automated quayside cranes (AQCs) and Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGVs) is taken as the objective function.  ...  Taking the Qianwan automated terminal of Qingdao Port as an example, a container ship carries out synchronous loading and unloading operations. e cooperative operation of the AQC and the AGV is shown in  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/6574582 fatcat:4tk37exdo5hy5p7jg7mbkgacdm

Cooperative Scheduling of AGV and ASC in Automation Container Terminal Relay Operation Mode

Qinglei Zhang, Weixin Hu, Jianguo Duan, Jiyun Qin, Thomas Hanne
2021 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
In order to solve this problem, this paper proposed a new method to optimize the scheduling of ASC and AGV. In the automated container terminal, each container block is equipped with twin ASCs.  ...  Considering the buffer capacity constraint and twin ASC operation interference, and introducing the design of handshake area, this paper developed a collaborative scheduling model of AGV and ASC in automatic  ...  In the automatic container terminal, the loading and unloading processes are carried out simultaneously.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/5764012 fatcat:dtb7iezpond35ioqrfutnmgzdq

The Optimization of Automated Container Terminal Scheduling Based on Proportional Fair Priority

Yiqin Lu, Debiao Meng
2022 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
With the goal of maximizing the efficiency of automated container terminals, taking the loading and unloading time as the research object, the integrated optimization of automated container terminal scheduling  ...  The model considers separate assignments of general containers and special containers in the actual operation at the automated container terminal, which is never considered in other literatures.  ...  In the integrated optimization model, QCs, AGVs (or YTs), and ASCs cooperate with each other to maximize quantities of the loading and unloading containers per unit time, and the optimal scheduling plan  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/7889048 fatcat:57xmbs6mx5axzoh2h5s27hhkia

An Improved Shuffled Frog Leaping Algorithm for Multiload AGV Dispatching in Automated Container Terminals

Xiaoyang Ma, Yongming Bian, Fei Gao
2020 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Multiload AGVs, which can carry more than one container at a time, are widely used in automated container terminals.  ...  In this paper, we establish a new mathematical model to describe multiload AGVs operating in automated container terminals, which is closer to the actual situation in real terminals.  ...  Introduction Automatic guided vehicles (AGVs), driverless and batterypowered vehicles, are applied extensively for container handling operations in container terminals. e use of multiload AGVs, which can  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/1260196 fatcat:ciwacxx5ovdcllincd547yyuhi

Transshipment of containers at a container terminal: An overview

Iris F.A. Vis, René de Koster
2003 European Journal of Operational Research  
This means that large amounts of containers have to be loaded, unloaded and transshipped in a short time span, with a minimum use of expensive equipment.  ...  At container terminals, containers are transshipped from one mode of transportation to another.  ...  Processes at container terminals Ships are nowadays unloaded and loaded at large terminals. The unloading and loading process at a typical modern container terminal is illustrated in Fig. 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0377-2217(02)00293-x fatcat:rtog2u3bqrhcxkcs3u76ykhfi4

Modelling of integrated scheduling problem of capacitated equipment systems with a multi-lane road network

Di Luan, Mingjing Zhao, Qianru Zhao, Nan Wang, Peng Li
2021 PLoS ONE  
problem, the assignment problem of the container-handling lane and the conflict-free route planning problem of automated guided vehicles (AGVs).  ...  In the real terminal, we should consider many real-life issues, such as the equipment capacity, the equipment collision, changing lanes in the multi-lane road, and choosing one of container-handling lanes  ...  and AGV conflict-free routing planning.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0251875 pmid:34077456 fatcat:xgisb5gnv5c3zmhzjk34sdar7a

A simulation study of a bi-directional load-exchangeable automated guided vehicle system

Che-Fu Hsueh
2010 Computers & industrial engineering  
With this load-exchangeable AGV (EX-AGV) system, common problems such as conflicts and deadlocks will not occur; therefore, the load of an AGV is always on its shortest path, resulting in higher system  ...  This paper proposes a new design for a bi-directional automated guided vehicle (AGV) system, in which two AGVs can exchange their loads, their scheduled transportation tasks, and even their vehicle numbers  ...  At most times, the EX-AGV is in normal mode. When two loaded EX-AGVs are approaching each other, they automatically switch to stretching mode.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cie.2009.12.008 fatcat:l2ksusxwpjaulhfjuiypakrxam

Optimal Scheduling and Routing of Free-range AGVs at Large Scale Automated Container Terminals

Francesco Corman, Jianbin Xin, Rudy R. Negenborn, Andrea D'Ariano, Marcella Samà, Alessandro Toli, Gabriël Lodewijks
2016 Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering  
New optimization models and algorithms are provided for scheduling and routing equipment that is moving containers in a quay area, loading/unloading ships, transporting them via Automated Guided Vehicles  ...  This work tackles the problem of controlling operations at an automated container terminal.  ...  Evaluation of trajectory planning The output of the trajectory planning module results in updated trajectories for 12 of the containers out of 40 (30 %).  ... 
doi:10.3311/pptr.8620 fatcat:lpdflzon55gphdncuyafiacugy

Analysis and Design of Typical Automated Container Terminals Layout Considering Carbon Emissions

Nanxi Wang, Daofang Chang, Xiaowei Shi, Jun Yuan, Yinping Gao
2019 Sustainability  
With the rapid development of world economy and trade and the continuous construction of green port, automated container terminal (ACT) has increasingly become the direction of future development.  ...  Then, with the developed model, an ACT in East China was taken as a case study.  ...  Introduction As the important hub for the realization of land and sea logistics transportation, container terminals play an extremely crucial role in the world's economic trade, and containerized trade  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11102957 fatcat:m3we2yo3sfdk3kewt323dvj25m

Integrated Design Methodology for an Automated Transportation System in a Seaport Terminal

Satoshi Hoshino, Jun Ota
2007 Engineering of Complex Computer Systems (ICECCS), Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on  
Automation of transportation systems and promotion of the operations are becoming an international demand on seaport container terminals. For this issue, we propose an integrated design methodology.  ...  in an automated transportation system.  ...  AGV TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN AN AUTOMATED SEAPORT CONTAINER TERMINAL A.  ... 
doi:10.1109/robot.2007.363093 dblp:conf/icra/HoshinoO07 fatcat:vfmkf6syvvd4vdy5z33omtb5xi

Scheduling vehicles in automated transportation systems

Matthieu van der Heijden, Mark Ebben, Noud Gademann, Aart van Harten
2002 OR spectrum  
One of the major planning issues in large scale automated transportation systems is so-called empty vehicle management, the timely supply of vehicles to terminals in order to reduce cargo waiting times  ...  Using simulation, the planning options are evaluated on their performance in terms of customer service levels, AGV requirements and empty travel distances.  ...  Automatic Guided Vehicles (AGVs) carry cargo between terminals in standardised load units (air pallets, flower mid boxes).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s291-002-8199-x fatcat:oiq7n4ty5jhb5n2jcaevh74jsq
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