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Literally better: Analyzing and improving the quality of literals

Wouter Beek, Filip Ilievski, Jeremy Debattista, Stefan Schlobach, Jan Wielemaker, Amrapali Zaveri, Dimitris Kontokostas, Sebastian Hellmann, Jürgen Umbrich, Amrapali Zaveri, Dimitris Kontokostas, Sebastian Hellmann (+1 others)
2017 Semantic Web Journal  
Nevertheless, analyzing and improving the quality of literals is important since literals form a substantial (one in seven statements) and crucial part of the Semantic Web.  ...  We present a toolchain that builds on the LOD Laundromat data cleaning and republishing infrastructure and that allows us to analyze the quality of literals on a very large scale, using a collection of  ...  Motivation This section gives motivation for analyzing and improving the quality of literals. We first explain the importance of literals overall.  ... 
doi:10.3233/sw-170288 fatcat:cuqrrdujkzf2xhzd46w6zqfnfy

A Survey on Knowledge Graph Embeddings with Literals: Which model links better Literal-ly? [article]

Genet Asefa Gesese, Russa Biswas, Mehwish Alam, Harald Sack
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Along with a theoretical analysis and comparison of the methods proposed so far for generating KG embeddings with literals, an empirical evaluation of the different methods under identical settings has  ...  Knowledge Graphs (KGs) are composed of structured information about a particular domain in the form of entities and relations.  ...  quality improvement.  ... 
arXiv:1910.12507v2 fatcat:j3roq6x4jfahnikk3yc4zclmlu

Canonicalizing Knowledge Base Literals [chapter]

Jiaoyan Chen, Ernesto Jiménez-Ruiz, Ian Horrocks
2019 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
One such issue is the use of string literals instead of semantically typed entities.  ...  In this paper we study the automated canonicalization of such literals, i.e., replacing the literal with an existing entity from the KB or with a new entity that is typed using classes from the KB.  ...  237889), the Royal Society, EPSRC projects DBOnto, MaSI 3 and ED 3 .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-30793-6_7 fatcat:b26y7ew5lbcpho6ftvdmwdkcy4

Incorporating Literals into Knowledge Graph Embeddings [article]

Agustinus Kristiadi, Mohammad Asif Khan, Denis Lukovnikov, Jens Lehmann, Asja Fischer
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Knowledge graphs, on top of entities and their relationships, contain other important elements: literals.  ...  We extend several popular embedding models based on LiteralE and evaluate their performance on the task of link prediction.  ...  The closely related problem of detecting incorrect triples in KGs is referred to as link correction and is relevant for improving the quality of a KG.  ... 
arXiv:1802.00934v3 fatcat:tn6yelj64ffmbfornmrqmu37ai

The Illiterate Literates

Helmut E. Gerber
1956 Journal of Higher Education  
The Illiterate Literates By HELMUT E.  ...  We may certainly well ask, Why does not the level of literacy, thinking, and culture improve much while the student is on the college campus? It does improve, of course.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00221546.1956.11776309 fatcat:xvqfx7cajjag3jivvdpkpjuw5i

An environment for literate Smalltalk programming

T. Reenskaug, A. L. Skaar
1989 Conference proceedings on Object-oriented programming systems, languages and applications - OOPSLA '89  
The programming environment described in this paper is an adaptation of Donald Knuth's concept of literate programming, applied to Smalltalk programs.  ...  The environment provides a multi-media document production system including media for Smalltalk class and method definitions.  ...  The simultaneous programming and documentation lead to significantly improved quality of both programs and documentation.  ... 
doi:10.1145/74877.74912 dblp:conf/oopsla/ReenskaugS89 fatcat:3t5pyi4yqza4vjgtvtf3kjxbte

Oral and literate traditions

Pieter J.J. Botha
1992 Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship  
It is necessary to take into account the fu ll range o f language use as it is spoken and listened to, read and written, to improve our descriptions and analyses o f ways o f communicating and consequently  ...  to uncover the inter-relatedness o f language and culture.  ...  Orality studies will improve our descriptions and analyses of ways of communicating and of how oral and literate traditions relate to each other and other features of society.  ... 
doi:10.4102/koers.v57i3.787 fatcat:e7oevjbt4nfn7b6dspm3y5iysm

Developing Health Literate Businesses: A Qualitative Study

Kristine Sørensen, Katarzyna Czabanowska
2015 Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs  
Societal implications: A mind shift is needed at business level to encourage health literate decisions not only in the fitness room, but also in the boardroom as part of corporate social responsibility  ...  The approach should be sustainable and match the needs of employees including health literacy as an explicit target.  ...  of healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion so as to improve the quality of life during the course of life [7] .  ... 
doi:10.4172/2329-6879.1000216 fatcat:u3mdjmmcvzcvdgwcqjavagccya

A Literal Review of Software Quality Assurance

C. SenthilMurugan, S. Prakasam
2013 International Journal of Computer Applications  
For maintaining the quality, performance, speed, efficiency and cost of the software the Software quality Assurance activities, principles and its methods are implemented in the early stages of software  ...  In this paper I include the important concepts of Software Quality Assurance that are used to make the quality software in error free and time consuming manners.  ...  Project Preparation TIMING ACTIVITIES OF SQA PROCESSES The start and end time of the SQA processes are analyzed. A.  ... 
doi:10.5120/13511-1279 fatcat:gyfmfh67qzc73efqhmubuxlsk4

Communicating Across Diverse and Differently Literate Audiences [chapter]

Jennifer E. Mersereau, Anna R. Brandon
2013 Oncofertility Communication  
the interaction of language and culture [ 5 ].  ...  in the last decade, and growing at 4 times (43 %) the growth of the total population (10 %).  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Oncofertility Consortium NIH 5UL1DE019587.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-8235-2_2 fatcat:c5su5zawkbbtfpfxdgwthy4bye

Toward a More Quantitatively Literate Citizenry

Richard L. Scheaffer
1990 American Statistician  
W e make the case by considering literatures on various kinds of literacy, and using a number of examples to explore some of the challenges that emerge from trying to move to a more data literate citizenry  ...  Of these literacy terms, information literacy is the one that seems to generate the most interest in the field of Library and Information Science.  ...  We posit that a data literate citizenry would enable us all to have a higher quality of life.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00031305.1990.10475681 fatcat:xpkx4v77svg7fewzkolk46xyui

Creating Health Literate Consumer Resources: Insights from a Professional Development Program

Brooke Hayward, Siniva Sinclair, Margot Martin-Babin, Luis Villa, Dominic Madell
2020 HLRP Health Literacy Research and Practice  
Local evaluation of this program explored participant learning and barriers to becoming a health literate organization.  ...  However, within the evaluation period, the RA Program had limited influence on the design and refinement of systems for developing, reviewing, disseminating, and evaluating consumer resources for their  ...  it's really the quality of the interaction is how I see it, and that's why we've tried to turn it around from focused on the individual, you know the level of capability of the individual, to the way  ... 
doi:10.3928/24748307-20200806-01 pmid:32929518 pmcid:PMC7490146 fatcat:ag4j4ugvu5gpvhwpba327s7ycq

Knowledge-rich image gist understanding beyond literal meaning

Lydia Weiland, Ioana Hulpuş, Simone Paolo Ponzetto, Wolfgang Effelsberg, Laura Dietz
2018 Data & Knowledge Engineering  
Our method identifies the connotation of objects beyond their denotation: where most approaches to image understanding focus on the denotation of objects, i.e., their literal meaning, our work addresses  ...  The best result with a Mean Average Precision (MAP) of 0.69 indicate that by combining both dimensions we are able to better understand the meaning of our image-caption pairs than when using language or  ...  This work is funded by the RiSC programme of the Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wuerttemberg, and used computational resources offered from the bwUni-Cluster within the framework program  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.datak.2018.07.006 fatcat:2t73wjr3nnci3dz6xxar3c3boi

Demonstration of literal three-dimensional imaging

Cheng Ho, Kevin L. Albright, Alan W. Bird, Jeffrey Bradley, Donald E. Casperson, Miles Hindman, William C. Priedhorsky, W. Robert Scarlett, R. Clayton Smith, James Theiler, S. Kerry Wilson
1999 Applied Optics  
We report on the results from the laboratory and the field demonstration of this literal three-dimensional imaging technique.  ...  topography and the probing of a complex scene.  ...  This research was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy. C. Ho thanks Lauren and Karen Ho for their assistance with the construction of the Styrofoam target.  ... 
doi:10.1364/ao.38.001833 pmid:18305814 fatcat:7637ra7ehjczfhkbbq55kvkltq

Preparations for colon capsule endoscopy. Prospective and randomized comparative study between two preparations for colon capsule endoscopy: PEG 2 liters + ascorbic acid versus PEG 4 liters

Federico Argüelles-Arias, Mileidis San-Juan-Acosta, Alba Belda, Josefa María García-Montes, Francisco Pellicer, J Polo, Ángel Caunedo-Álvarez, Juan Manuel Herrerías-Gutiérrez
2014 Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas  
Nevertheless, when the grade of cleansing was analyzed in segments, a significant difference was found in the cecum and transverse colon.  ...  PillCam© colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) enables the study of colonic diseases in a safe and non-invasive way, although there are aspects that need to be improved.  ...  Nevertheless, there are some aspects of the technique that could be improved.  ... 
pmid:25287233 fatcat:derxrn3je5fyhkbqyzgy3zhqea
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