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LINKING ONTOLOGICAL RESOURCES USING AGGREGATABLE SUBSTANCE IDENTIFIERS TO ORGANIZE EXTRACTED RELATIONS

BYRON MARSHALL, HUA SU, DANIEL MCDONALD, HSINCHUN CHEN
2004 Biocomputing 2005  
In this paper we delineate five potentially useful levels of relational granularity and propose the use of aggregatable substance identifiers to help reduce lexical ambiguity.  ...  An aggregatable substance identifier applies to a gene and its products. We merged 4 extensive lexicons and compared the extracted strings to the text of five million MEDLINE abstracts.  ...  To implement our five level aggregation strategy, we need to identify multiple references to the same aggregatable substances and establish a method of linking those aggregatable substance references to  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812702456_0016 fatcat:w2ow6nb2xvag7evp6fdwalj27q

Global mapping of gene/protein interactions in PubMed abstracts: A framework and an experiment with P53 interactions

Xin Li, Hsinchun Chen, Zan Huang, Hua Su, Jesse D. Martinez
2007 Journal of Biomedical Informatics  
We demonstrate the application of the proposed framework using a testbed of P53-related PubMed abstracts, which shows that literature-based P53 networks exhibit small-world and scale-free properties.  ...  Recent advances in text mining tools have made it possible to automatically extract such documented interactions from free-text literature.  ...  Existing gene and protein nomenclature and ontology sources, including RefSeq, Locuslink, HUGO, SGD, and Gene Ontology, are employed to create an Aggregatable Substance Lexicon and a Feature Lexicon.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jbi.2007.01.001 pmid:17317333 pmcid:PMC2047827 fatcat:wl3xjzdf4vcqfpwnk473q5lts4

Europe's mirror: civil society and the Other

Julie Fieldhouse
1997
These are explored through two conceptions of alterity which have operated in Western thought and their connections to questions of comparison. An analysis is made of the relations [...]  ...  The work of three late twentieth-century social scientists (Shils, Gellner and Fukuyama) is examined and their concept of civil society and use of non-Western Others is contrasted with those of the prior  ...  resource used by Locke or Hobbes.  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0088078 fatcat:cl3u5awoybd3leel4jzzmgo7vy

Ziolkowski_columbia_0054D_15675.pdf [article]

2019
a product for immediate extraction.  ...  Ernst Mach is also closely associated with theorizing the transition of substance to function, specifically in relation to the problem of causality.  ... 
doi:10.7916/d8-2jgr-ec38 fatcat:d6lvfbaltnaqdd2al2voolf4ui

Granular architectures : granular materials as "designer matter" in architecture [article]

Karola Dierichs, Universität Stuttgart, Universität Stuttgart
2020
All granular materials are both fully recyclable and reconfigurable due to the fact that the individual particles are in no way bound to each other.  ...  Consequently, the overall granular material can have characteristics which are novel in comparison to non-designed granular materials.  ...  "Metamaterials" relate primarily to periodically organized units in or on a substrate, which designed granular materials are not (see section 4.3.2.5).  ... 
doi:10.18419/opus-10765 fatcat:u3fbqbxjtbcxnji7iulxx5cf74

ALVA-Tagung, Seminarhotel Wesenufer

Univ.-Doz, Gerhard Bedlan, Mag Astrid, Plenk Druck
2017 unpublished
The determination of the organic acids could be used to identify the processed cultivar and to exclude adulteration.  ...  For assessing the influence of feed supplements on the tetracycline resistance transfer, the test substances (phytogenic substances and organic acids) were added to the agar for subsequent direct plate  ...  Using optimized RT-PCR-systems, chance is given to investigate the distribution of these viruses or virus-complexes in birch.  ... 
fatcat:cr6uv66cqjezxabymv4tdxu7xy

Vtrum equus albus sit equus annon, sive Graeco-Indo-Sinicae Philosophiae perscrutatio

Josè Maria <1981> Bellido Morillas, Walter Cavini, Giorgio Renato Franci, Ana Agud
2007
It also relates substances to their properties and explains the relation between universals and individuals.  ...  extract some germs of truth out of them» 284 .  ... 
doi:10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/469 fatcat:byfplogvsngzhmopo5ig4su6dq