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Opportunities for the East

1990 Nature  
each of Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Yugoslavia to work in the United Kingdom for up to 10 months.  ...  Designed primarily to improve training by linking British and Polish higher education institutions, the scheme includes projects in environmental management and agriculture.  ... 
doi:10.1038/345196a0 fatcat:fi6fq6anlzh25cmdth3ujq4oqu

East-West mortality divide and its potential explanations: proposed research agenda

M. Bobak, M. Marmot
1996 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
There is a sharp divide in mortality between eastern and western Europe, which has largely developed over the past three decades and is caused mainly by chronic diseases in adulthood.  ...  Available data show socioeconomic gradients in all cause mortality within eastern European countries similar to those in the West.  ...  Central and eastern Europe Former Czechoslovakia Poland Former East Germany Former Yugoslavia Portugal Ireland Denmark Malta Israel United Kingdom Europe Belgium Former West Germany Luxembourg  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.312.7028.421 pmid:8601115 pmcid:PMC2350098 fatcat:aymnvlv4y5evlbb7fwipuhd4ey

Environmental Assessment of European Union Countries

Jin-chi Hsieh, Ching-cheng Lu, Ying Li, Yung-ho Chiu, Ya-sue Xu
2019 Energies  
This study utilizes the dynamic data envelopment analysis (DEA) model by considering time to measure the energy environmental efficiency of 28 countries in the European Union (EU) during the period 2006  ...  Third, the output variables of GHE, SOx, and GDP exhibit a significant impact on environmental efficiency.  ...  Moreover, the energy and environmental efficiencies slightly showed in the east regions having a more balanced development than the central and west regions.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en12020295 fatcat:aakt4ewjmzfnblxlqmslajceti

Study of Social and Environmental Needs for the Selection of Sustainable Criteria in the Procurement of Public Works

Laura Montalbán-Domingo, Madeleine Aguilar-Morocho, Tatiana García-Segura, Eugenio Pellicer
2020 Sustainability  
Fostering sustainability in the construction industry has been claimed; however, important barriers are hindering its implementation in public procurement.  ...  Five environmental categories and eight social categories were established, and, to assess the sustainability performance of the 28 European countries, 42 national indicators were selected and the Promethee  ...  Funding: This research was funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, grant number BIA2017-85098-R and the Valencian Regional Government, grant number GV/2018//085.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12187756 doaj:6c2b949c31f34d06aa288a61fc5021c7 fatcat:f2db24c4angktp6l2xvt662qlu

Towards Sustainable Mobility through a Change in Values. Evidence in 12 European Countries

Carlos Javier de las Heras-Rosas, Juan Herrera
2019 Sustainability  
For this purpose, data from the International Social Survey Program (ISSP) and the European Social Survey (ESS) are used to analyse postmodern values and citizens' environmental awareness, linking these  ...  environmental knowledge and risk which indicate that greater environmental education and awareness is needed.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors are grateful to de anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su11164274 fatcat:csgrva6emvde3c7r5gnorzpsva

D3.2 European Polar Infrastructure Catalogue

EU-PolarNet Consortium
2016 Zenodo  
It will provide all necessary information on the capacities of European Arctic and Antarctic infrastructures to support science and their availability to international scientists.  ...  and with the agreement and participation of the INTERACT community.  ...  Annual precipitation for the lake varies greatly over an east west gradient with 1000 mm in the west to 400 mm in the east.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5121436 fatcat:6l7ranqozrbuxeohprlxbp2hvq

Central and East European Diversification under New Gas Market Conditions

Csaba Weiner
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Imports other than from Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, the United Kingdom and Turkmenistan. b Imports other than from Denmark, the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom.  ...  , Norway and the United Kingdom. b Imports other than from the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom. c Imports other than from Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, the United Kingdom and Turkmenistan  ...  Csaba Weiner / Central and East European Diversification under New Gas Market Conditions Table S47 Gas consumption in CEE, according to the IEA (2003-2013e, mmcm).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2837202 fatcat:o7cqdeuqmjd4rcobghzl5yuuoe

PROSPECTS FOR BUSINESS CLUSTERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA

Antoaneta Kirova, Zoran Cekerevac
2018 MEST Journal  
On the other hand, innovations are linked with the potential for development of high-quality education in Bulgaria, based on knowledge, skills, and capacity for absorption and further development of new  ...  The positioning of Bulgaria in the field of global technologies imposed and maintained by the leading economies implies an appropriate policy at a state level strongly dependent on innovations.  ...  Examples are represented by the London Financial and Insurance Cluster, United Kingdom, the Wine Cluster in Bordeaux, France, and others.  ... 
doi:10.12709/mest.06.06.02.08 fatcat:kulbyvejbjah3ahmydzp2ncqsq

Dynamics of Public Spending on Health and Socio-Economic Development in the European Union: An Analysis from the Perspective of the Sustainable Development Goals

Antonio Rafael Peña-Sánchez, José Ruiz-Chico, Mercedes Jiménez-García
2021 Healthcare  
With the aim of improving the lives of countries and societies, in 2015 the United Nations (UN) approved the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.  ...  In recent years, healthcare has become a fundamental pillar of the level of well-being of any society.  ...  On the opposite side, with a growth of less than 1.5%, we can find Luxembourg, Sweden, United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Greece, France and Austria, countries from the West, and older in terms of  ... 
doi:10.3390/healthcare9030353 pmid:33804622 fatcat:cpsahdi2zvebpdzckrv2xwgmeu

Bridging the Gaps in Tree-Ring Records: Creating a High-Resolution Dendrochronological Network for Southeastern Europe

Tomasz Ważny, Brita Lorentzen, Nesibe Köse, Ünal Akkemik, Yurij Boltryk, Tuncay Güner, Josef Kyncl, Tomaš Kyncl, Constantin Nechita, Severin Sagaydak, Jeni Kamenova Vasileva
2014 Radiocarbon: An International Journal of Cosmogenic Isotope Research  
and northwestern Turkey, with the aim of linking the North-Central European and East Mediterranean tree-ring networks and creating a new pan-European oak data set for dendrochronological dating and paleoclimatic  ...  This article presents the initial results of a project, in which we have built oak tree-ring chronologies from forest sites and historical/archaeological sites along a north-south transect between Poland  ...  There are substantial long-distance east-west teleconnections in the study area across the Greater Hungarian Plain.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0033822200050347 fatcat:qushihpksndxvkyzw4wdka7vbm

Building the New Europe: western and eastern roads to social partnership

Elena Iankova, Lowell Turner
2004 Industrial relations journal  
In his article, we examine the contemporary status of social partnership in four case study countries-Germany, the United Kingdom, Bulgaria and Poland-as well as for Europe as a whole.  ...  In the west, while Germany presents a case of established social partnership under pressure, the United Kingdom has stood over the past two decades on the opposite neoliberal side.  ...  the United Kingdom.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1468-2338.2004.00301.x fatcat:2ora7bhehjdg5b74q3z7536lge

Health services in central and eastern Europe: past problems and future prospects

M McKee
1991 Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health  
This could be built up through long term links, although it is disappointing that the level of funding for the UK Academic Links projects is not greater, especially in view of the relatively high cost  ...  In most of these countries life expectancy at one year is between four and six years shorter than in the United Kingdom (table I) .  ... 
doi:10.1136/jech.45.4.260 pmid:1795142 pmcid:PMC1059456 fatcat:rctor537ejcsve3pvbgn3veahy

Similarities and Differences Between Sexes and Countries in the Mortality Imprint of the Smoking Epidemic in 34 Low-Mortality Countries, 1950-2014

2019 Nicotine & Tobacco Research  
The average sex difference in the peak is at least 25.6 years in its timing and at most 22.9 percentage points in its level.  ...  Among men in all countries except Bulgaria, a clear wave pattern was observed, with SAMF35-99 peaking, on average, at 33.4% in 1986.  ...  Acknowledgments I thank Mark van der Broek (econometrics, University of Groningen) for running the analyses in R.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ntr/ntz154 pmid:31504830 pmcid:PMC7291812 fatcat:kgabczaaj5by5kbhszmkn66jiu

Bridging the Gaps in Tree-Ring Records: Creating a High-Resolution Dendrochronological Network for Southeastern Europe

Tomasz Ważny, Brita Lorentzen, Nesibe Köse, Ünal Akkemik, Yurij Boltryk, Tuncay Güner, Josef Kyncl, Tomaš Kyncl, Constantin Nechita, Severin Sagaydak, Jeni Kamenova Vasileva
2014 Radiocarbon: An International Journal of Cosmogenic Isotope Research  
and northwestern Turkey, with the aim of linking the North-Central European and East Mediterranean tree-ring networks and creating a new pan-European oak data set for dendrochronological dating and paleoclimatic  ...  This article presents the initial results of a project, in which we have built oak tree-ring chronologies from forest sites and historical/archaeological sites along a north-south transect between Poland  ...  Wiener Foundation, the Akkerman Fortress Project funded by the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, and individual patrons of the  ... 
doi:10.2458/azu_rc.56.18335 fatcat:2eld5rgqljeuvd5kgvfk732pce

Behind the Red Curtain: Environmental Concerns and the End of Communism

Joseph W. Dellapenna
2010 Social Science Research Network  
or East Germany-but in a curious way.  ...  The Greens were unable to build a new regime, so their successes against the Communists yielded a united and decidedly un-Green Germany.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1555141 fatcat:7n7vhzgsgfckphbrhbkvpihdu4
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