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LiDAR-Aided Mobile Blockage Prediction in Real-World Millimeter Wave Systems [article]

Shunyao Wu, Chaitali Chakrabarti, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We formulate the LiDAR-aided blockage prediction problem and present the first real-world demonstration for LiDAR-aided blockage prediction in mmWave systems.  ...  Based on the real-world dataset, our LiDAR-aided approach is shown to achieve 95\% accuracy in predicting blockages happening within 100ms and more than 80\% prediction accuracy for blockages happening  ...  INTRODUCTION Millimeter wave (mmWave) and sub-terahertz (sub-THz) communication systems have the potential of providing high data rates thanks to the large bandwidth available at these frequency bands  ... 
arXiv:2111.09581v1 fatcat:6vdkcsjcs5cqjo7246uqt4cmuq

Computer Vision Aided Blockage Prediction in Real-World Millimeter Wave Deployments [article]

Gouranga Charan, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper provides the first real-world evaluation of using visual (RGB camera) data and machine learning for proactively predicting millimeter wave (mmWave) dynamic link blockages before they happen.  ...  Based on the adopted real-world dataset, the developed solution achieves ≈ 90% accuracy in predicting blockages happening within the future 0.1s and ≈ 80% for blockages happening within 1s, which highlights  ...  INTRODUCTION Millimeter wave (mmWave) and sub-terahertz communication systems rely on line-of-sight (LOS) links to achieve sufficient receive signal power.  ... 
arXiv:2203.01907v1 fatcat:orbc73aeu5anba26oadfg37joi

LiDAR Aided Future Beam Prediction in Real-World Millimeter Wave V2I Communications [article]

Shuaifeng Jiang, Gouranga Charan, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2022 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents the first large-scale real-world evaluation for using LiDAR data to guide the mmWave beam prediction task.  ...  Based on the large-scale real-world dataset, DeepSense 6G, this model was evaluated in a vehicle-to-infrastructure communication scenario with highly-mobile vehicles.  ...  This demonstrates the potential of LiDAR sensing information in real-world mmWave/THz communication systems. II.  ... 
arXiv:2203.05548v1 fatcat:epiv2kmgpzelrinpa44eiwtqgm

ViWi Vision-Aided mmWave Beam Tracking: Dataset, Task, and Baseline Solutions [article]

Muhammad Alrabeiah, Jayden Booth, Andrew Hredzak, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Vision-aided wireless communication is motivated by the recent advances in deep learning and computer vision as well as the increasing dependence on line-of-sight links in millimeter wave (mmWave) and  ...  By leveraging vision, this new research direction enables an interesting set of new capabilities such as vision-aided mmWave beam and blockage prediction, proactive hand-off, and resource allocation among  ...  INTRODUCTION Wireless communication systems are moving towards millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency bands in 5G and above 100GHz in 6G and beyond [2] , [3] .  ... 
arXiv:2002.02445v3 fatcat:esojrxoyhbcq5f4ekwwcudsp2i

Towards Intelligent Millimeter and Terahertz Communication for 6G: Computer Vision-aided Beamforming [article]

Yongjun Ahn, Jinhong Kim, Seungnyun Kim, Kyuhong Shim, Jiyoung Kim, Sangtae Kim, Byonghyo Shim
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In 5G NR system, the beam sweeping and beam refinement are employed to find out the best beam codeword aligned to the mobile.  ...  Beamforming technique realized by the multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna arrays has been widely used to compensate for the severe path loss in the millimeter wave (mmWave) bands.  ...  In order to verify the real-world latency and power consumption performances and also support a variety of emerging services in 6G, we should have a dedicated AI processor.  ... 
arXiv:2209.02258v1 fatcat:p65uzesaobedjm3z4oprslytgu

Going Beyond RF: How AI-enabled Multimodal Beamforming will Shape the NextG Standard [article]

Debashri Roy, Batool Salehi, Stella Banou, Subhramoy Mohanti, Guillem Reus-Muns, Mauro Belgiovine, Prashant Ganesh, Carlos Bocanegra, Chris Dick, Kaushik Chowdhury
2022 arXiv   pre-print
analysis of the different approaches used for beamforming today, focusing on mmWave bands, and then proceeds to make a compelling case for considering non-RF sensor data from multiple modalities, such as LiDAR  ...  number, and (ii) inclusion of AI/ML in the critical path of the network reconfiguration process that can access sensor feeds from a variety of RF and non-RF sources.  ...  They describe different radio frequency system design and implementation for millimeter wave beamforming for indoor and outdoor communication scenarios.  ... 
arXiv:2203.16706v1 fatcat:44pger2flveondbtachzhcdgam

Position Aided Beam Prediction in the Real World: How Useful GPS Locations Actually Are? [article]

João Morais, Arash Behboodi, Hamed Pezeshki, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we investigate position-aided beam prediction using a real-world large-scale dataset to derive insights into precisely how much overhead can be saved in practice.  ...  Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication systems rely on narrow beams for achieving sufficient receive signal power.  ...  REAL-WORLD EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS In this section, we use the aforementioned real-world dataset to test the performance of different algorithms and justify why differences between synthetic and real-world  ... 
arXiv:2205.09054v5 fatcat:qcoegpvyqjgexc6cm54hk5x36q

Computer Vision Aided mmWave Beam Alignment in V2X Communications [article]

Weihua Xu, Feifei Gao, Xiaoming Tao, Jianhua Zhang, Ahmed Alkhateeb
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we propose a novel beam alignment framework that leverages images taken by cameras installed at the mobile user.  ...  Moreover, to avoid performing beam alignment too frequently or too slowly, a beam coherence time (BCT) prediction method is developed based on the vision information.  ...  The authors in [9] propose a Radar-aided beam alignment method, and verify it by the real-world dataset.  ... 
arXiv:2207.11409v1 fatcat:kkyuryrevjemnoz7mxyldygcz4

Where, When, and How mmWave is Used in 5G and Beyon [article]

Kei Sakaguchi, Thomas Haustein, Sergio Barbarossa, Emilio Calvanese Strinati, Antonio Clemente, Giuseppe Destino, Aarno Pärssinen, Ilgyu Kim, Heesang Chung, Junhyeong Kim, Wilhelm Keusgen, Richard J. Weiler, Koji Takinami (+8 others)
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Wireless engineers and business planners commonly raise the question on where, when, and how millimeter-wave (mmWave) will be used in 5G and beyond.  ...  The second deployment example is a 60 GHz unlicensed indoor access system at the Tokyo-Narita airport, which is combined with Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) to enable ultra-high speed content download with  ...  2017 [37] , which was the world first millimeter-wave prototype system demonstrated in a running subway train with a peak data rate of 1.25 Gbps.  ... 
arXiv:1704.08131v1 fatcat:dods7jcn3nae7em4braibe5l5q

An Overview of the Latest Progress and Core Challenge of Autonomous Vehicle Technologies

Zongwei Liu, Hao Jiang, Hong Tan, Fuquan Zhao, A. Nicholson, L. Wismans
2020 MATEC Web of Conferences  
The mass production of autonomous vehicle is coming, thanks to the rapid progress of autonomous driving technology, especially the recent breakthroughs in LiDAR sensors, GPUs, and deep learning.  ...  This paper systematically reviews the latest development and future trend of the autonomous vehicle technologies, discusses the extensive application of AI in ICV, and identifies the key problems and core  ...  expensive price of mobile parts.  ... 
doi:10.1051/matecconf/202030806002 fatcat:cywklrivsnb75dybzzjnc4exde

A Perception-Driven Autonomous Urban Vehicle [chapter]

John Leonard, Jonathan How, Seth Teller, Mitch Berger, Stefan Campbell, Gaston Fiore, Luke Fletcher, Emilio Frazzoli, Albert Huang, Sertac Karaman, Olivier Koch, Yoshiaki Kuwata (+16 others)
2009 Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics  
These innovations provide a strong platform for future research in autonomous driving in global positioning system-denied and highly dynamic environments with poor a priori information.  ...  in a dynamic and uncertain environment.  ...  "Pushbroom" (downward-canted SICK) LIDARs and the Velodyne data detect drivable surfaces. Out past the LIDAR range, millimeter wave radar detects fast-approaching vehicles.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-03991-1_5 fatcat:pnribpwrgncixkglmeulhqoccm

A perception-driven autonomous urban vehicle

John Leonard, Jonathan How, Seth Teller, Mitch Berger, Stefan Campbell, Gaston Fiore, Luke Fletcher, Emilio Frazzoli, Albert Huang, Sertac Karaman, Olivier Koch, Yoshiaki Kuwata (+16 others)
2008 Journal of Field Robotics  
These innovations provide a strong platform for future research in autonomous driving in global positioning system-denied and highly dynamic environments with poor a priori information.  ...  in a dynamic and uncertain environment.  ...  "Pushbroom" (downward-canted SICK) LIDARs and the Velodyne data detect drivable surfaces. Out past the LIDAR range, millimeter wave radar detects fast-approaching vehicles.  ... 
doi:10.1002/rob.20262 fatcat:nbirfudwmfdrjcdmw3r5chkutq

ICMIM 2020 TOC

2020 2020 IEEE MTT-S International Conference on Microwaves for Intelligent Mobility (ICMIM)  
We conduct this analysis using measured millimeter Wave vehicular channels, and we assume typical physical layer settings for a performance analysis.  ...  In this paper we present a geometry-based stochastic channel model (GSCM) for mobile urban scenarios.  ...  Radar, Lidar and camera systems are among the environmental sensors used in a modern vehicle.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icmim48759.2020.9299087 fatcat:3m4rbeocczemranjgyflevdyhi

Dense Moving Fog for Intelligent IoT: Key Challenges and Opportunities [article]

Sergey Andreev, Vitaly Petrov, Kaibin Huang, Maria A. Lema, Mischa Dohler
2018 arXiv   pre-print
in the air.  ...  Conventional cloud and edge computing paradigms may thus become insufficient in supporting the increasingly stringent operating requirements of intelligent Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices that can move  ...  Therefore, utilization of the millimeter-wave (mmWave) band is envisioned as a key enabler for intelligent IoT services.  ... 
arXiv:1812.08387v1 fatcat:2ldqwzmbhreixbkqgq2jgnd52q

Where, When, and How mmWave is Used in 5G and Beyond

Kei SAKAGUCHI, Thomas HAUSTEIN, Sergio BARBAROSSA, Emilio Calvanese STRINATI, Antonio CLEMENTE, Giuseppe DESTINO, Aarno PÄRSSINEN, Ilgyu KIM, Heesang CHUNG, Junhyeong KIM, Wilhelm KEUSGEN, Richard J. WEILER (+9 others)
2017 IEICE transactions on electronics  
Wireless engineers and business planners commonly raise the question on where, when, and how millimeter-wave (mmWave) will be used in 5G and beyond.  ...  The second deployment example is a 60 GHz unlicensed indoor access system at the Tokyo-Narita airport, which is combined with Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) to enable ultra-high speed content download with  ...  2017 [37] , which was the world first millimeter-wave prototype system demonstrated in a running subway train with a peak data rate of 1.25 Gbps.  ... 
doi:10.1587/transele.e100.c.790 fatcat:dr7g3dq3enhnlhmxrwfe3glzcq
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