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The representation of lexical-syntactic information: Evidence from syntactic and lexical retrieval impairments in aphasia

Michal Biran, Naama Friedmann
2012 Cortex  
After testing the participants' syntactic and lexical retrieval abilities and establishing the functional loci of their deficits, we assessed their PAS and grammatical gender knowledge.  ...  Three participants with impaired PAS (aPASia) and impaired grammatical gender who showed intact lexical-semantic knowledge indicate that the lexical-syntactic information is represented separately from  ...  Acknowledgements We thank our Language and Brain Lab members Aviah Gvion, Dror Dotan, Julia Reznick, and Maya Yachini for stimulating and fruitful discussions of this research and paper, Yaron Sacher for  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2011.05.024 pmid:21798529 fatcat:7bjbo6kx2nbhbfgodspwvm6r2y

Access to lexical knowledge in modular interpersonal communication aids

Margherita Antona, Constantine Stephanidis, Georgios Kouroupetroglou
1999 Augmentative and Alternative Communication : AAC  
Address reprint requests to: Constantine Stephanidis, Institute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology-Hellas, Science and Technological Park of Crete, Heraklion, Crete GR-71110, Greece  ...  (Italy); FORTH and the University of Athens (Greece); University of Hertfordshire, RNIB, MA Systems and Control, and Hereward College (U.K.); and STAKES, VTT, and Pikomed (Finland).  ...  Statistical information about word or symbol occurrence in AAC user's messages can also be encoded in UVDMM vocabularies and combined with syntactic and semantic information for retrieval purposes.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07434619912331278805 fatcat:n6w2gbu7afes7bucy674lz2oi4

Semantic and syntactic forces in noun phrase production

Gabriella Vigliocco, Marcus Lauer, Markus F. Damian, Willem J. M. Levelt
2002 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The focus of this article is on the relationship between retrieving a lexical representation that specifies the meaning the speaker wants to convey and retrieving the associated lexico-syntactic information  ...  Speaking involves the retrieval of lexical representations that correspond to our intentions and the development of a syntactically well-formed frame for the to-be-uttered sentence.  ...  Prior chronometric studies of lexical retrieval during production provide evidence that suggests a different time course for the retrieval of lexico-semantic and lexico-syntactic information.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.28.1.46 fatcat:cmbdntk46vdsxjdjhvaylhnsqa

Semantic and syntactic forces in noun phrase production

Gabriella Vigliocco, Marcus Lauer, Markus F. Damian, Willem J. M. Levelt
2002 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The focus of this article is on the relationship between retrieving a lexical representation that specifies the meaning the speaker wants to convey and retrieving the associated lexico-syntactic information  ...  Speaking involves the retrieval of lexical representations that correspond to our intentions and the development of a syntactically well-formed frame for the to-be-uttered sentence.  ...  Prior chronometric studies of lexical retrieval during production provide evidence that suggests a different time course for the retrieval of lexico-semantic and lexico-syntactic information.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.28.1.46 pmid:11831212 fatcat:wvwa5aj24rcovdiot4vptix67y

Is "Count" and "Mass" Information Available When the Noun Is Not? An Investigation of Tip of the Tongue States and Anomia

Gabriella Vigliocco, David P. Vinson, Randi C. Martin, Merrill F. Garrett
1999 Journal of Memory and Language  
We discuss the implications for models of language production in which lexical retrieval includes two steps.  ...  To use a word in a sentence requires speakers to access information such as the meaning of the word, its use in a sentence (i.e., its syntax), and its sound form.  ...  of syntactic frames for the to-be-uttered sentence is lexically guided (i.e., at least some syntactic knowledge would be stored in the lexicon and this knowledge is used in the grammatical encoding for  ... 
doi:10.1006/jmla.1998.2626 fatcat:n7qnlgw5qbbclp645mwyo75yai

The relation between syntactic and phonological knowledge in lexical access: evidence from the `tip-of-the-tongue' phenomenon

Alfonso Caramazza, Michele Miozzo
1997 Cognition  
This was true not only for phonological information such as the initial phoneme of the word but also for the word's gender -a purely syntactic feature of nouns.  ...  The relation between access to the syntactic and to the phonological features of words in lexical access is investigated in two experiments.  ...  We are grateful to Ben Martin Bly and Bob Rosenthal for statistical advice and to Jennifer Shelton for helpful comments on earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0010-0277(97)00031-0 pmid:9426505 fatcat:4lhkdhust5hv7j2luety2a2tmu

MEDEA: Merging Event knowledge and Distributional vEctor Addition [chapter]

Ludovica Pannitto, Alessandro Lenci
2018 Proceedings of the Fifth Italian Conference on Computational Linguistics CLiC-it 2018  
Here we propose to enrich the best performing method (vector addition, which we take as a baseline) with distributional knowledge about events, outperforming our baseline. Italiano.  ...  graphs, structural-syntactic information and lexical information can naturally coexist and be related, moreover vectorial distributional models often struggle with the modeling of dynamic phenomena, as  ...  with lexical knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.4000/books.aaccademia.3577 fatcat:fs6nztlig5fotnopv75dd7cmu4

When is Gender Accessed? a Study of Paraphasias in Hebrew Anomia

Naama Friedmann, Michal Biran
2003 Cortex  
Studies of anomia and tip-of-the-tongue states (TOT) found that speakers of various languages (Italian, Spanish, German, Dutch) have information about the grammatical gender of words they fail to retrieve  ...  If speakers have gender knowledge when they fail to name, they should produce paraphasias that match their partial information, and thus match the gender of the target.  ...  We thank Michele Miozzo, Roberto Cubelli, Gabi Danon and Tamar Gollan for comments on earlier versions of this paper and members of our lab, Aviah Gvion, Rama Novogrodsky and Ronit Szterman for interesting  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0010-9452(08)70258-2 pmid:12870821 fatcat:rgo46k4oirbnhfhsgds7cnzgyy

Syntactic and semantic organization in word form retrieval?

A C Bachoud-Lévi, E Dupoux, J D Degos
2001 Cortex  
Prima facie, word form retrieval should not be influenced by syntactic, and even more, semantic variables.  ...  Most current models of speech production distinguish two components in the output lexicon: lexical selection and word form retrieval.  ...  This study was supported by a grant from the Assistance Publique/Hopitaux de Paris (Poste de Recherche Associé), as well as from a grant from the "Cognitique" program of the French Ministry of research and  ... 
pmid:11804217 fatcat:sx44g4gqyvd23jmrrwiz25ttp4

Interference in Native and Non-Native Sentence Processing

IAN CUNNINGS
2017 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
My central claims were that highly proficient L2 speakers construct similarly specified syntactic parses as L1 speakers, and that differences between L1 and L2 processing can be characterised in terms  ...  In explaining L1/L2 differences in this way, I argued a primary source of differences between L1 and L2 processing lies in how different populations of speakers weight cues that guide memory retrieval.  ...  I would also like to thank the editor for helpful comments on both the keynote article and my response.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728916001243 fatcat:aj7dj5hyhvhvrnw56tj7si7vvm

UMLS knowledge for biomedical language processing

A T McCray, A R Aronson, A C Browne, T C Rindflesch, A Razi, S Srinivasan
1993 Bulletin of the Medical Library Association  
permits experiments in information retrieval.  ...  The system includes a broad coverage parser supported by a large lexicon, modules that provide access to the extensive Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Knowledge Sources, and a retrieval module that  ...  part of the lexical entry for "treat" gives syntactic and morphological information and indicates the senses this verb may have.  ... 
pmid:8472004 pmcid:PMC225761 fatcat:mu5s52vvandjxoq7f6c3wqyi7u

Lexical access in semantic variant PPA: Evidence for a post-semantic contribution to naming deficits

Stephen M. Wilson, Charlotte Dehollain, Sophie Ferrieux, Laura E.H. Christensen, Marc Teichmann
2017 Neuropsychologia  
To clarify the stages at which lexical access breaks down in semantic variant PPA, eleven French-speaking patients were asked to name objects, and were then queried for semantic, lexical-syntactic, and  ...  The French language was chosen for this study because nouns in French are marked for grammatical gender, a prototypical type of lexical-syntactic information, represented at the level of the lemma.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Alex Swiderski, Marilu Gorno-Tempini and Lara Migliaccio for their assistance with this project, and all of the individuals who participated in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.08.032 pmid:28867555 pmcid:PMC5694365 fatcat:vck52cpnbvddhemgztk34zlysi

Progress in the Application of Natural Language Processing to Information Retrieval Tasks

A. F. Smeaton
1992 Computer journal  
In this paper we will examine and review recent progress in using the lexical, syntactic, semantic and discourse levels of the language analysis for tasks like automatic and semi-automatic indexing of  ...  text, text retrieval, text abstracting and summarisation, thesaurus generation from text corpus and conceptual information retrieval.  ...  For information retrieval purposes, the levels of language processing that we are interested in are the lexical, syntactic, semantic and discourse levels.  ... 
doi:10.1093/comjnl/35.3.268 fatcat:fz3jflo4ijg4xltn7kydzgn7o4

Page 160 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 9, Issue 1 [page]

1997 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
On Knowing the Auxiliary of a Verb That Cannot Be Named: Evidence for the Independence of Grammatical and Phonological Aspects of Lexical Knowledge Michele Miozzo and Alfonso Caramazza Harvard University  ...  These selective lexical deficits have important implications for theories of the structure of lexical knowledge and its organization in the brain (see Caplan, 1994; Caramazza, 1988; Garrett, 1992).  ... 

A Computational Cognitive Model of Syntactic Priming

David Reitter, Frank Keller, Johanna D. Moore
2011 Cognitive Science  
To explain both effects, we present an ACT-R model of syntactic priming based on a wide-coverage, lexicalized syntactic theory that explains priming as facilitation of lexical access.  ...  In this model, two well-established ACT-R mechanisms, base-level learning and spreading activation, account for long-term adaptation and short-term priming, respectively.  ...  In their model, the retrieval of information from memory shares properties with retrieval in ACT-R, as does the merging of information, for instance during lexical retrieval and syntactic attachment.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01165.x pmid:21564266 fatcat:sczgktxqrbecvipltacsltrzaq
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