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Lexical Preactivation in Basic Linguistic Phrases

Joseph Fruchter, Tal Linzen, Masha Westerlund, Alec Marantz
2015 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
These results likely reflect preactivation of nouns in highly predictive contexts.  ...  Here, we use magnetoencephalography to study the dynamics of prediction within serially presented adjective-noun phrases, beginning at the point at which the predictive information is first available to  ...  Preactivation of a specific lexical item is therefore likely to occur in the areas that are involved in lexical access more generally.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00822 pmid:25961637 fatcat:sefzoebacratvln57at5q5pp3m

Page 1720 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 29, Issue 4 [page]

1995 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
(RUS) 1 The linguistic means of expressing subjective assessments of objects & events in Contemporary Russian are examined, & the evaluative poten- tial of various parts of speech, phrases, & syntactic  ...  Fo- cus is on specific properties of units in the lexicon, including degree of activability & accessibility & its role in disambiguation, Contextual ac- tivability & preactivation are addressed, in addition  ... 

Cross-linguistic variation in the neurophysiological response to semantic processing: Evidence from anomalies at the borderline of awareness

Sarah Tune, Matthias Schlesewsky, Steven L. Small, Anthony J. Sanford, Jason Bohan, Jona Sassenhagen, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky
2014 Neuropsychologia  
In three auditory ERP experiments, we demonstrate that this result is subject to cross-linguistic variation.  ...  The cross-linguistic difference in the response to borderline anomalies was replicated in two additional studies with a slightly modified task (Experiment 2a: German; Experiment 2b: English), with a reliable  ...  Some of this work was performed in the U.S. and partly funded by the NIH NIDCD under grant DC-R01-3378 to SLS.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.01.007 pmid:24447768 pmcid:PMC3966966 fatcat:dtfevkgo6nebdgsq6cit4yg2ti


Andreas Opitz, Denisa Bordag
2021 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
They also suggest a lexical entry structure in which conversion nouns, infinitives, and inflected verbal forms share a category-neutral parent node and that specified subnodes are accessed only when specifying  ...  Together, findings suggest that orthographic cues can trigger word-class-specific lexical retrieval/access.  ...  The preactivated representation needs to be inhibited, so that the reanalysis of the new form is possible to access the intended lexical entry.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263121000711 fatcat:bct2qyqp3jhn3hi5yjgzhwz7zq

Two routes to actorhood: lexicalized potency to act and identification of the actor role

Sabine Frenzel, Matthias Schlesewsky, Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
Experiment 2, an event-related potential study, embedded nouns from Experiment 1 in verb-final sentences, in which they were either actors or non-actors.  ...  access (akin, for example, to lexical frequency).  ...  This research was supported, in parts, by grants from the German Research Foundation (DFG; BO 2471/3-2) and the German state of Hesse (Loewe Program). We would like to thank Prof. em.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00001 pmid:25688217 pmcid:PMC4311632 fatcat:xg2cryn2rjfjtk226bm7qo7ste


Denisa Bordag, Andreas Opitz
2021 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
They also support accounts assuming representations with a basic lexical entry and word-category specific subentries.  ...  In two visual priming experiments, we investigated the relation of form-identical word forms with different grammatical functions in L1 and L2 German.  ...  Full priming in the inflected condition arises due to repeated access to the same representational structure comprising the basic entry and the verb-specific subentry that had both been preactivated by  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263121000206 fatcat:mkg3omt5pbf3df5ktgflf7hb2q

Reanalyzing language expectations: Native language knowledge modulates the sensitivity to intervening cues during anticipatory processing

Francesco Giannelli, Nicola Molinaro
2018 Psychophysiology  
from previous processing to evaluate the need of an update in the linguistic expectation concerning a target lexical item.  ...  This pattern of results supports a "retracing hypothesis" according to which the neuro-cognitive system navigates through the intermediate (sub-lexical and lexical) linguistic representations available  ...  The authors acknowledge financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, through the "Severo Ochoa" Programme for Centres/Units of Excellence in R&D"  ... 
doi:10.1111/psyp.13196 pmid:29732574 fatcat:sd2v5nhpxjgizj6b55ryovjvsy

Structural priming: A critical review

Martin J. Pickering, Victor S. Ferreira
2008 Psychological bulletin  
The recent explosion of research in structural priming has made it the dominant means of investigating the processes involved in the production (and increasingly, comprehension) of complex expressions  ...  In the language sciences, a ubiquitous form of such repetition is structural priming, a tendency to repeat or better process a current sentence because of its structural similarity to a previously experienced  ...  phrase-structure rules, in consultation with lexically specific information.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0033-2909.134.3.427 pmid:18444704 pmcid:PMC2657366 fatcat:esflcb6yujazhm5k2k7gsdsmgq

Studying the grammatical aspects of word recognition: lexical priming, parsing, and syntactic ambiguity resolution

Jared M Novick, Albert Kim, John C Trueswell
2003 Journal of Psycholinguistic Research  
Additionally, observations from an auditory comprehension study suggest similar conclusions about the lexical nature of parsing in spoken language comprehension.  ...  By manipulating grammatical properties of lexical primes, we explore how lexically based knowledge is activated and guides combinatory sentence processing.  ...  The field of applied parsing in computational linguistics has also seen a shift toward lexicalization (Srinivas & Joshi, 1999) .  ... 
pmid:12647563 fatcat:lh2bvzvqvfab7on4wcpax6zymu


Giulia Bovolenta, Emma Marsden
2021 Studies in Second Language Acquisition  
There is currently much interest in the role of prediction in language processing, both in L1 and L2.  ...  We then review the evidence on the role of prediction in learning languages.  ...  However, even preferential looking to suitable targets in a visual world eye-tracking study does not necessarily imply preactivation of a specific lexical item or feature: The visual world paradigm provides  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0272263121000723 fatcat:2lqem5znifejbbchskfqojqdzi

The Unification Space implemented as a localist neural net: predictions and error-tolerance in a constraint-based parser

Theo Vosse, Gerard Kempen
2009 Cognitive Neurodynamics  
of words and phrases, and for the grammatical functions they fulfill.  ...  The wiring of the network is determined by Performance Grammar (Kempen and Harbusch in Verb constructions in German and Dutch.  ...  Acknowledgments The work reported here was supported by The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), grant 051.04.031 (PLUS: Processing of Linguistic units in the Unification Space model  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11571-009-9094-0 pmid:19784798 pmcid:PMC2777195 fatcat:pbqyd2vhvffx5a55iqr5nvmdfy

A Sampler of Event-Related Brain Potential (ERP) Analyses of Language Processing [chapter]

Marta Kutas, Katherine A. Delong
2008 Brain Research in Language  
Recording electrical brain activity in response to written and spoken words (as well as smaller and larger linguistic units) thus provides a means of tracking the brain's sensitivity to various linguistic  ...  Moreover, ERPs can be utilized even when a comprehender's only task is to understand a word, phrase or sentence or to produce names or more elaborate utterances.  ...  This report was written in part while M. Kutas was a Lady Davis Fellow at Hebrew University, Jerusalem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-74980-8_6 fatcat:h2yg2qj3e5c7jl7treyqjhxv44

Phonology in the Production of Words [chapter]

N. Schiller
2006 Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics  
For instance, the prime pal preactivates segments specified for syllable position in the perceptual network, e.g., p onset , a nucleus , and l coda .  ...  The phonological facilitation is accounted for by assuming that the phonological distracter harp preactivates segments (phonemes) in the production network.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b0-08-044854-2/00075-4 fatcat:ocvc44eagjeormzi4m3h2y46ru

Do 'early' brain responses reveal word form prediction during language comprehension? A critical review

Mante S. Nieuwland
2019 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
I discuss the implications and challenges to current theories of linguistic prediction and suggest avenues for future research.  ...  Whereas most neuroimaging studies on word prediction focus on the N400 ERP or its magnetic equivalent, various studies claim that word form prediction manifests itself in 'early', pre-N400 brain responses  ...  Word category predictions preactivate visual features associated with that category, and, likewise, lexical predictions pre-activate the basic visual features of a specific word.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2018.11.019 fatcat:bxr7tts3ynbnvifiakybizjxyq

Automatic Integration of Gender Information during Phrase Processing: ERP Evidence [article]

Maria Alekseeva, Andriy Myachykov, Beatriz Bermudez Margaretto, Yury Shtyrov
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
We collected ERPs while participants listened to Russian pronoun-verb phrases recorded in either male or female voice.  ...  We registered both early and late phrase processing signatures in the incongruent conditions including ELAN (peaking at ~150 ms) and N400.  ...  18 Supported by the HSE Basic Research Program and the Russian Academic Excellence Project '5-100'.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.07.16.206045 fatcat:d5cwoncd7zez3mvapwffdawwu4
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