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Lexical Plasticity in Early Bilinguals Does Not Alter Phoneme Categories: II. Experimental Evidence

Núria Sebastián-Gallés, Fátima Vera-Constán, Johan P. Larsson, Albert Costa, Gustavo Deco
2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Recently, Larsson, Vera, Sebastian-Galles, and Deco [Lexical plasticity in early bilinguals does not alter phoneme categories: I. Neurodynamical modelling.  ...  On the other hand, no evidence of alterations at the phoneme level, either in the behavioral discrimination task or in the electrophysiological measurement (MMN), could be detected.  ...  However, the dynamics of this process should not significantly alter the sublexical (phoneme) representations.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.21152 pmid:18855552 fatcat:oqplnrbicbhurcvh7w4ticztya

Language impairment and colour categories

Jules Davidoff, Claudio Luzzatti
2005 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The models are inspired by the main approaches to human categorisation being discussed in the literature: nativism, empiricism, and culturalism. Colour is taken as a case study.  ...  This article proposes a number of models to examine through which mechanisms a population of autonomous agents could arrive at a repertoire of perceptually grounded categories that is sufficiently shared  ...  Our work is supported in part by grants from the Research Grant Council of the Hong Kong SAR: CUHK-1224/02H and CUHK-1127/04H.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x05280081 fatcat:ejj2h2zl5jcp5njzbtgtjurzq4

The effects of language dominance switch in bilinguals: Galician new speakers' speech production and perception

GISELA TOMÉ LOURIDO, BRONWEN G. EVANS
2018 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
bilingual environment, but in adolescence, decide to switch to using Galician almost exclusively, for ideological reasons.  ...  The current study investigates the effects of language dominance switch in Galician new speakers (neofalantes) who are raised with Spanish as a primary language and learn Galician at an early age in a  ...  Acknowledgements: We thank Antonio Cardenal for his help in providing and implementing the forced aligner.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728918000603 fatcat:h7lqevsxebdarjrwbriq2luwpu

Coordinating perceptually grounded categories through language: A case study for colour

Luc Steels, Tony Belpaeme
2005 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Our work is supported in part by grants from the Research Grant Council of the Hong Kong SAR: CUHK-1224/02H and CUHK-1127/04H.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are extremely grateful to the many commentators for their highly insightful remarks and to the editors of BBS who have been This research was sponsored by the Sony Computer Science Laboratory in  ...  Experimental evidence for shared color categories has been found in other species, as well, such as chimpanzees (Matsuno et al. 2004) or even flies (Troje 1993) .  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x05000087 pmid:16209771 fatcat:ea62tuwiq5gyxkigbkjf3paidu

The Time Course of Conceptual Processing in Three Bilingual Populations

Brian McElree, Gisela Jia, Annie Litvak
2000 Journal of Memory and Language  
Conceptual retrieval was evaluated in three bilingual groups: 10 balanced bilinguals with equal proficiency in Russian (L1) and English (L2); 9 Russian-dominant bilinguals who were less than fully proficient  ...  in English (L2); and 7 English-dominant bilinguals for whom English (L2) had become their primary language.  ...  The authors thanked Lisbeth Dyer and Stephani Foraker for their assistance in preparing the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1006/jmla.1999.2677 fatcat:ow542jqpzfcovl4p5dsivsfbwq

Bilingual signed and spoken language acquisition from birth: implications for the mechanisms underlying early bilingual language acquisition

L A Petitto, M Katerelos, B G Levy, K Gauna, K Tétreault, V Ferraro
2001 Journal of Child Language  
corresponding words in each of their two languages from their very first words or signs (translation equivalents), and demonstrated sensitivity to the interlocutor's language by altering their language  ...  Children did mix their languages to varying degrees, and some persisted in using a language that was not the primary language of the addressee, but the propensity to do both was directly related to their  ...  Therefore, these researchers argue that language mixing does not reflect confusion but instead demonstrates the bilingual child's distinct representations of their two input languages from an early age  ... 
pmid:11449947 fatcat:bcviqazff5a7lnf2yyt5zom6tq

The "Perceptual Wedge Hypothesis" as the basis for bilingual babies' phonetic processing advantage: New insights from fNIRS brain imaging

L.A. Petitto, M.S. Berens, I. Kovelman, M.H. Dubins, K. Jasinska, M. Shalinsky
2012 Brain and Language  
In a neuroimaging study focusing on young bilinguals, we explored the brains of bilingual and monolingual babies across two age groups (younger 4-6 months, older 10-12 months), using fNIRS in a new event-related  ...  milestone, thus revealing a first-time focal brain correlate that may mediate a universal behavioral milestone in early human language acquisition.  ...  We extend our heartfelt thanks to the parents and babies who gave us their time in order to carry out this research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2011.05.003 pmid:21724244 pmcid:PMC3192234 fatcat:wkyolmh7cfdg7bqrphoq4xf3om

Renewal of the Neurophysiology of Language: Functional Neuroimaging

Jean-François Démonet, Guillaume Thierry, Dominique Cardebat
2005 Physiological Reviews  
Third, we discuss the matter of language processing in the context of developmental or postlesional brain plasticity. II.  ...  Evidence for brain plasticity in dyslexic adults has been obtained by Temple et al.  ... 
doi:10.1152/physrev.00049.2003 pmid:15618478 fatcat:wqxnhnbue5gahabs3pqejpjsfq

Implicit and explicit language learning: conditions, processes, and knowledge in SLA and bilingualism

2011 ChoiceReviews  
Contents Processes, and Knowledge in SLA and Bilingualism were first presented at the 2009 Georgetown University Round Table on Languages and Linguistics on March 13-15, hosted by the Department of Spanish  ...  to Germán Zárate-Sández and Sarah Grey, from the Department of Spanish and Portuguese, who made sure everyone was fed and happy; they also did a fine job of making sure the conference was successful not  ...  The positions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of NIH.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.48-6736 fatcat:33lfgmgqgner7jzfnzv6xtw5o4

Language

2001 Developmental Science  
While such alterations of input cannot be performed experimentally in humans, researchers have taken advantage of natural variations across different populations, in order to understand the nature and  ...  course of normal language development, and alterations that occur in this course with altered experience and in cases of abnormal development, and consider what is known about plasticity and the effects  ... 
doi:10.1111/1467-7687.00173 fatcat:3l4dkgq5ibbfbmq6ffg3n3bpb4

3 The Multilingual Brain: Implications for the Future [chapter]

Valéria Csépe, Simone E. Pfenninger, Judit Navracsics
2017 Future Research Directions for Applied Linguistics  
Second language is thus interpreted in its broadest possible sense.  ...  In this latter connection, no particular theoretical stance is privileged in the series; nor is any relevant perspective -sociolinguistic, psycholinguistic, neurolinguistic, etc.  ...  The study is also unique in the sense that the language under investigation is not a 'neutral' foreign language, such as French or German in Western European education, but a language loaded with political  ... 
doi:10.21832/9781783097135-004 fatcat:mdw4r3hc5be6hdbnaz2elot2le

On the plasticity of semantic generalizations: Children and adults modify their verb lexicalization biases in response to changing input

Carissa L. Shafto, Catherine Havasi, Jesse Snedeker
2014 Developmental Psychology  
These experiments explored the plasticity of these biases.  ...  Keywords Verb learning; lexicalization bias; semantic reorganization hypothesis; manner-path To acquire a language, a child not only has to learn names for all the objects that she encounters, she also  ...  This research was generously funded by a grant from the National Science Foundation (IIS-0218852) to the third author and Bob Berwick, and the writing of this article was funded in part by a grant from  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0034253 pmid:24001149 pmcid:PMC4039090 fatcat:vkenhllxajcf5bl4rk2g3s23fy

Bilingual Development and the Education of Bilingual Children during Early Childhood

Eugene E. Garcia
1986 American Journal of Education  
Bilingual Development and the Education -of Bilingual Children Dur.ing Early Childhood The simultaneous" development of two languages II during early childhood has begun to receive increased research and  ...  educational attention in the last decade.  ...  did not score lower on measures of cognitive development than their "matched" monoljngua1 English peers.Therefore, a bilingual experience in early childhood alone does not necessarily retard linguistic  ... 
doi:10.1086/444294 fatcat:eih7wi6vjreptbeyidkslj6d7u

Phonetic learning as a pathway to language: new data and native language magnet theory expanded (NLM-e)

P. K Kuhl, B. T Conboy, S. Coffey-Corina, D. Padden, M. Rivera-Gaxiola, T. Nelson
2008 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Not only does non-native speech perception decline, as often shown, but native language speech perception skills show improvement, reflecting a facilitative effect of experience with native language.  ...  The mechanism underlying change at this point in development, and the relationship between the change in native and non-native speech perception, is of theoretical interest.  ...  It is not yet clear whether bilingual infants form two distinct representations, one for each language, in the early period.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2007.2154 pmid:17846016 pmcid:PMC2606791 fatcat:3l4uq5i2rzgatkgh26qze3hcnq

Precursors to language development in typically and atypically developing infants and toddlers: the importance of embracing complexity

DEAN D'SOUZA, HANA D'SOUZA, ANNETTE KARMILOFF-SMITH
2017 Journal of Child Language  
In this paper, we describe evidence that early language development is an experience-dependent process, shaped by diverse, interconnected, interdependent developmental mechanisms, processes, and abilities  ...  We also present evidence from our studies on neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g.  ...  Does their sensitivity to different levels of speech input (phonemes, syllables, onset, rime, lexical stress, prosody, grammatical structure, semantics, etc.) change over developmental time?  ... 
doi:10.1017/s030500091700006x pmid:28393740 fatcat:khypu5z2jbe2njmv47pkl7zxlm
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