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Clinical Natural Language Processing in languages other than English: opportunities and challenges

Aurélie Névéol, Hercules Dalianis, Sumithra Velupillai, Guergana Savova, Pierre Zweigenbaum
2018 Journal of Biomedical Semantics  
This paper offers the first broad overview of clinical Natural Language Processing (NLP) for languages other than English.  ...  Main Body: We envision three groups of intended readers: (1) NLP researchers leveraging experience gained in other languages, (2) NLP researchers faced with establishing clinical text processing in a language  ...  How do we best leverage existing data and tasks? Leveraging resources for English.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13326-018-0179-8 pmid:29602312 pmcid:PMC5877394 fatcat:xas3ynaltjeuhgdymutha7akvi

Biomedical Interpretable Entity Representations [article]

Diego Garcia-Olano, Yasumasa Onoe, Ioana Baldini, Joydeep Ghosh, Byron C. Wallace, Kush R. Varshney
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This can be a barrier to model uptake in important domains such as biomedicine.  ...  There has been recent work on general interpretable representation learning (Onoe and Durrett, 2020), but these domain-agnostic representations do not readily transfer to the important domain of biomedicine  ...  In Proceedings of the 18th BioNLP Workshop and A Cross-Lingual Dictionary for English Wikipedia Shared Task. Concepts. In Proceedings of LREC.  ... 
arXiv:2106.09502v1 fatcat:irdxjdgzb5bxvd232urlithh7u

Neural relation extraction: a review

2020 Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences  
This can 3 especially be vital for some domains such as drug-side effect relations in pharmaceutical documents [51].  ...  We describe the 5 evaluation methodologies and the datasets used for model assessment.  ...  For instance, BERTurk [42] extends 27 [ 1 ] 1 Artetxe, M. and Schwenk, H. (2019). Massively multilingual sentence embeddings for zero-shot cross-lingual transfer 31 and beyond.  ... 
doi:10.3906/elk-2005-119 fatcat:o36duadbunhmbesuyayc5jfmxe

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Homogenization provides powerful leverage but demands caution, as the defects of the foundation model are inherited by all the adapted models downstream.  ...  Though foundation models are based on standard deep learning and transfer learning, their scale results in new emergent capabilities,and their effectiveness across so many tasks incentivizes homogenization  ...  In addition, we would like to especially thank Vanessa Parli for helping to organize this effort.  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v2 fatcat:yktkv4diyrgzzfzqlpvaiabc2m

ICCIT 2020 Conference Proceedings [Front matter]

2020 2020 23rd International Conference on Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT)  
Bhavani Thuraisingham is the Founders Chair Professor of Computer Science and the  ...  Sentiment analysis in Bengali via transfer learning using multi-lingual BERT Based on the mathematical modeling the physical model has been built using Arduino Mega.  ...  For this purpose, we exploited the Liquid Warping GAN for domain transfer and U-Net with Grab-cut for segmentation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iccit51783.2020.9392749 fatcat:pz3hf7rsmzbjpe6hxjlu5tmrfq

Hidden Costs and the Role of Modularity: A Study on Offshoring Process Performance

Marcus M. Larsen
2013 Academy of Management Proceedings  
Mortality of new international ventures (NIVs) is exacerbated by economic shocks in the environment, which elevates the liabilities of newness, smallness and foreignness in these firms.  ...  We suggest that employee gender role perceptions and global mindsets influence these attitudes, which we examine within a Recent research suggests that the capabilities needed for new ventures to survive  ...  In the process, we identify the need for cross national transfer of emerging management models and practice to facilitate "travel of ideas" in multiple directions.  ... 
doi:10.5465/ambpp.2013.16390abstract fatcat:qgexsh5fkjawppojjmj744l7fu

Towards Personalized and Human-in-the-Loop Document Summarization [article]

Samira Ghodratnama
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We further propose solutions to the information overload problem in different domains through summarisation, covering network traffic data, health data and business process data.  ...  approaches, and (iv) the need for reference summaries.  ...  Language Model Based on the input documents' language, three different categories exist for summarisation: monolingual, multilingual or cross-lingual.  ... 
arXiv:2108.09443v2 fatcat:245c3byhg5htrnmbnoofexzh3u

Feature generation for textual information retrieval using world knowledge

Evgeniy Gabrilovich
2007 SIGIR Forum  
In our future work we intend to investigate more elaborate techniques for leveraging the high degree of cross-linking between Wikipedia articles.  ...  Ballesteros and Croft (1997) studied query expansion with phrases in the context of cross-lingual information retrieval.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1328964.1328988 fatcat:blfxbh3jijfqpemo756gpyobs4

Pretrained Transformers for Text Ranking: BERT and Beyond

Andrew Yates, Rodrigo Nogueira, Jimmy Lin
2021 Proceedings of the 14th ACM International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining  
In the context of text ranking, these models produce high quality results across many domains, tasks, and settings.  ...  The goal of text ranking is to generate an ordered list of texts retrieved from a corpus in response to a query for a particular task.  ...  However, there remain many open research questions, and thus in addition to laying out the foundations of pretrained transformers for text ranking, this survey also attempts to prognosticate where the  ... 
doi:10.1145/3437963.3441667 fatcat:6teqmlndtrgfvk5mneq5l7ecvq

Deep Learning in Science [article]

Stefano Bianchini, Moritz Müller, Pierre Pelletier
2020 arXiv   pre-print
However, the 'DL principle' qualifies for its versatility as the nucleus of a general scientific method that advances science in a measurable way.  ...  We find i) an exponential growth in the adoption of DL as a research tool across all sciences and all over the world, ii) regional differentiation in DL application domains, and iii) a transition from  ...  Transfer learning can further improve learning tasks in one domain by using knowledge transferred from other domains, in turn catching the generalizations and differences across different domains.  ... 
arXiv:2009.01575v2 fatcat:4ttqgjdjfjbydp7flnhcgg5p7m

The People's Encyclopedia Under the Gaze of the Sages: A Systematic Review of Scholarly Research on Wikipedia

Chitu Okoli, Mohamad Mehdi, Mostafa Mesgari, Finn Årup Nielsen, Arto Lanamäki
2012 Social Science Research Network  
In the major section of this article, we then categorize and summarize the studies. An appendix features an extensive list of resources useful for Wikipedia researchers.  ...  We present the WikiLit website (, where most of the papers reviewed here are described in detail.  ...  We thank Bilal Abdul Kader for his assistance in the pilot study ). We thank Richard Wong for his assistance in collecting author data. We thank Emilio J.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2021326 fatcat:egbnz5qzcjbfbnzxlz75x4ktz4

Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Battling Against Covid-19: A Literature Review

Mohammad-H. Tayarani-N.
2020 Chaos, Solitons & Fractals  
We also tried to conclude the paper with ideas on how the problems can be tackled in a better way and provide some suggestions for future works.  ...  The rapid growth of the pandemic has wreaked havoc and prompted the need for immediate reactions to curb the effects.  ...  The authors focus on cross-lingual transfer learning for intent detection across English, Spanish, French and Spanglish (Spanish+English) languages.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chaos.2020.110338 pmid:33041533 pmcid:PMC7532790 fatcat:gl3i37hag5gflajsa7fh6khvva

Report from Dagstuhl Seminar 12362

Paul Buitelaar, Key-Sun Choi, Philipp Cimiano, Eduard Hovy, Paul Buitelaar, Key-Sun Choi, Philipp Cimiano, Eduard Hovy, Paul Buitelaar, Key-Sun Choi, Philipp Cimiano, Eduard Hovy
The document states the motivation for the workshop as well as the main thematic focus.  ...  It describes the organization and structure of the seminar and briefly reports on the main topics of discussion and the main outcomes of the workshop.  ...  The series of workshops on the Multilingual Semantic Web should continue. The question is in which form and for which audience and at which conferences to organize the workshop.  ... 

The Network Dynamics of Financing Technological (R-) Evolution [article]

Daniel Hain
2015 The PhD Series of the Faculty of Social Sciences  
The search for new technologies is a risky and uncertain endeavor, especially for the ones leaving established technological trajectories and engaging in more radical forms of innovation.  ...  of the technological system in which this change happens.  ...  Finally, networks are well established in many areas of social science and thus a representation of semantic features as networks is likely to help bridging the gap between scholars in computer and social  ... 
doi:10.5278/ fatcat:q57htjujingfnpgvxpqsl6zrjq

Acoustic GIS‐based monitoring of Atlantic cod ecosystems in coastal Newfoundland

George A. Rose
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
These models are now ready to be included in standardization work.  ...  Beyond, this contradiction, specific space analysis models and tools can help to visualize the acoustic interactions between workstations, teams and departments accommodated in the same room.  ...  of the same-channel and cross-channel models.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2932540 fatcat:v6w3j7upx5duhkunch6oai5jve
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