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LegalRuleML: XML-Based Rules and Norms [chapter]

Monica Palmirani, Guido Governatori, Antonino Rotolo, Said Tabet, Harold Boley, Adrian Paschke
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In the last decade, several Legal XML standards were proposed to describe and represent legal texts [23; 35; 4] with XML based rules (RuleML, SWRL, RIF, LKIF, etc.) [12; 7] .  ...  PERSISTENCE OF NORMATIVE EFFECTS LegalRuleML To extend RuleML into LegalRuleML, we have defined two more XML-schemas: LegalMeta.xsd module and Legal_operators.xsd module (see Fig.2 ).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24908-2_30 fatcat:2gypa5dnyrc7lnmgswc2d4bgna

LegalRuleML: From Metamodel to Use Cases [chapter]

Tara Athan, Harold Boley, Guido Governatori, Monica Palmirani, Adrian Paschke, Adam Wyner
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Motivation and Background Several XML-based standards have been proposed for describing rules (RuleML, RIF, SWRL, SBVR, etc.), or specific dialects (RuleML family [1, 2] ).  ...  To provide an expressive XML standard for modelling normative rules that is able to satisfy the requirements of the legal domain.  ...  To properly model such contextual dependence, LegalRuleML associates rules with the jurisdictions where the rules hold. isomorphism between rules and natural language normative provisions: norms have a  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39617-5_4 fatcat:wtba3su6i5b5ll57yvk5pgytry

Legal Interpretations in LegalRuleML

Tara Athan, Guido Governatori, Monica Palmirani, Adrian Paschke, Adam Z. Wyner
2014 International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems  
LegalRuleML allows for mutually incompatible renderings (or interpretations) of a legal source to coexist in the same LegalRuleML document, and provides facilities to identify the interpretations and to  ...  Legislative documents are by their own nature subject to interpretation, and interpretations of one document can diverge.  ...  A RIF dialect is a rule-based language with an XML syntax and a well-defined semantics.  ... 
dblp:conf/jurix/AthanGPPW14 fatcat:vov2h3rxgvfrvc77uqojhzcyoi

Enabling Reasoning with LegalRuleML [article]

Ho-Pun Lam, Mustafa Hashmi
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents an approach for transforming legal norms represented using LegalRuleML to a variant of Modal Defeasible Logic (and vice versa) such that a legal statement represented using LegalRuleML  ...  In order to automate verification process, regulatory rules written in natural language need to be translated into a format that machines can understand.  ...  as SPINdle DFL, XML, LegalRuleML, etc.  ... 
arXiv:1711.06128v2 fatcat:hzfdopnu6beo3perephawdx5qu

Semantic Business Process Regulatory Compliance Checking Using LegalRuleML [chapter]

Guido Governatori, Mustafa Hashmi, Ho-Pun Lam, Serena Villata, Monica Palmirani
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Legal documents are the source of norms, guidelines, and rules that often feed into different applications.  ...  of norms can be modeled and reasoned with.  ...  to their xml counterpart.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-49004-5_48 fatcat:ldaymd6z3nd7vcfva3lygctcsy

RAWE: An Editor for Rule Markup of Legal Texts

Monica Palmirani, Luca Cervone, Octavian Bujor, Marco Chiappetta
2013 International Web Rule Symposium  
LegalRuleML, an OASIS XML standard candidate.  ...  The Web editor exploits the legal information embedded in the Akoma Ntoso markup, in combination with and XML techniques, so as to help the legal-knowledge engineer model legal rules and convert them into  ...  RAWE transforms all the rules in LegalRuleML and it saves them in a native XML repository, eXist. It is also possible to export the outcomes to a XML file.  ... 
dblp:conf/ruleml/PalmiraniCBC13 fatcat:nr2fiss455fq5hma5y43voxhmy

Legal Rules, Text and Ontologies Over Time

Monica Palmirani, Tommaso Ognibene, Luca Cervone
2012 International Web Rule Symposium  
The goal of the project is to design an information system using XML standards able to store in an XML-native database legal resources and legal rules in an integrated way for supporting legal knowledge  ...  engineers and end-users (e.g., public administrative officers, judges, citizens).  ...  A particular thanks go to Guido Boella, University of Turin, for the precious inputs on the research topics and on the organization of the paper for improving readability.  ... 
dblp:conf/ruleml/PalmiraniOC12 fatcat:cinyg46h3zduzhlzwonqpz3w64

Legal Rules Modelling Meets the Web

Monica Palmirani, Luca Cervone, Octavian Bujor
2013 International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems  
Prescriptive rule is a sequence of deontic operators). For this reason RAWE is based on the LegalRuleML prescriptive grammar constraints and it lead the end user to compose the rules correctly.  ...  RDF format; ix) Web editor environment with WYSIWIG interface; x) Contextual functionalities based on the XML tree and XML-schemas; xi) Mouse-over for detecting the metadata of a portion of legal text  ... 
dblp:conf/jurix/PalmiraniCB13 fatcat:ishiu3dtsvh75mb6ynax3hal5i

Checking Compliance in European Tender Documents through Ontologies and Rules

Isabella Distinto
2012 International Web Rule Symposium  
providing a rule-based extension of legal knowledge representation on the top of ontologies.  ...  We show a hybrid approach, i.e. a theory and a system that combine the use of Akoma-Ntoso standard to describe legal texts, OWL 2.0 for modeling legal concepts and the emerging LegalRuleML standard for  ...  Thanks go also to the TC of the RuleML Initiative and to the LegalRuleML TC for their helpful hints.  ... 
dblp:conf/ruleml/Distinto12 fatcat:xpsrijjvm5buvhs3rxyixco4aq

Combining Ontology and Rules to Model Judicial Interpretation

Marcello Ceci
2012 International Web Rule Symposium  
The XML interchange uses OWL, RuleML, and the emerging LegalRuleML.  ...  For pursuing this goal it is important to integrate the legal ontology construction with a rule formalization following legal reasoning-oriented theory and defeasible logics, just like the Carneades application  ...  Thanks go also to Harold Boley and Tara Athan of the RuleML Initiative for his helpful hints.  ... 
dblp:conf/ruleml/Ceci12 fatcat:f4u4sgclqfdmrhmjrrnpftalda

Knowledge-Based Legal Document Assembly [article]

Marko Marković, Stevan Gostojić
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This knowledgebase has two components - the formal knowledge of legal norms represented as a rule-base and the tacit knowledge represented by a document template.  ...  The system also creates an argument graph as an explanation of the reasoning process providing the user with an interpretation of how the input data and the rule-base influence the content of the output  ...  Figure 1 -Representation of defeasible rules To represent rule-base in the machine-readable format we choose LegalRuleML, a format specifically designed for representation of legal norms.  ... 
arXiv:2009.06611v1 fatcat:voqdgqqle5ettd2sr3ldlpvhbi

Rule reasoning for legal norm validation of FSTP facts [article]

Naouel Karam, Shashishekar Ramakrishna, Adrian Paschke
2014 arXiv   pre-print
This short paper provides an overview on a methodology proposed for legal norm validation of FSTP facts using rule reasoning approach.  ...  We propose to use LegalRuleML [6] , an XML standard for legal knowledge representation based on RuleML [7] and which supports the modelling of norms.  ...  We are implementing a prototype in conjunction with the FSTP expert system [1] for rule based patent norm reasoning.  ... 
arXiv:1412.3137v1 fatcat:zpf7kcsglrhchjrapvzw7k4cma

First Approaches on Knowledge Representation of Elementary (Patent) Pragmatics

Shashishekar Ramakrishna
2013 International Web Rule Symposium  
The focus of this article is to provide first approachs to a possible key solution representation and construction of legal norms, especially the national patent law norms.  ...  This paper covers the initial abstract solutions and possible outcomes as gathered during the first year of PhD research 3 .  ...  This would then help in applying the (elementary) cognitive norms required for interpretation and evaluation of such identified facts. Acknowledgements The author would like to thank Prof.  ... 
dblp:conf/ruleml/Ramakrishna13 fatcat:do7ha2v4rjhzxo3d7s7ixz7ahi

Legal Knowledge Framework for Identifying Water, Energy, Food and Climate Nexus

Mizanur Rahman
2013 International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems  
Then a legal knowledge framework, based on computational ontology, Akoma Ntoso and LegalRuleML standard, is proposed to identify WEFC nexus.  ...  The paper inclines to briefly articulate major problems and critical questions exist in water, energy, food and climate (WEFC) nexus from artificial intelligent and law perspective.  ...  a great level of aspirations to think in emergent and transformative way to solve the most critical problems of WEFC nexus using artificial intelligent and law.  ... 
dblp:conf/jurix/Rahman13 fatcat:lcgccg44cvfkrbipn7un4twx7i

An Agile Approach to Validate a Formal Representation of the GDPR [chapter]

Cesare Bartolini, Gabriele Lenzini, Cristiana Santos
2019 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We devise such a validation methodology and exemplify it over a knowledge base of articles of the GDPR translated into Reified I/O (RIO) logic and encoded in LegalRuleML.  ...  What emerges is an agile process to build logic knowledge bases of legal texts, and to support their public trust, which we intend to use for a logic model of the GDPR, called DAPRECO knowledge base.  ...  In essence, each formula expressed as a LegalRuleML rule contains two parts: premise (if) and the consequence (then).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-31605-1_13 fatcat:empjajy2u5cwte3433srqfoqlq
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