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Behind the Veils

1999 Cell  
Similarly, Caleb Finch's Longevity, Senescence, and the Genome (Chicago, causal mechanism of aging for many organ systems for which there is no adult mechanism of replacement, such 1990) is an awe-inspiring  ...  greatly improved microscopes, and Prof.  ...  Again too biased toward the biology of MCP-1, chapters 11-14 still represent kines is extremely important, but it is by no means the entire biology of the system.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0092-8674(00)81502-0 fatcat:mzydxafzsbf5rpxubha46lfxeq

Governance conundrum in pursuit of the human right to water and sanitation: tracking the progress of the leave-no-one-behind principle in Uganda

G. Z. Ahabwe, D. W. Batega, A. Ssewaya, C. B. Niwagaba
2021 Journal of Water and Climate Change  
The Government of Uganda is a party to numerous international and national commitments, laws and regulatory frameworks to deliver the socio-economic transformation of its citizens.  ...  For instance, the pro-poor strategies to access safe water, sanitation and hygiene facilities are largely insignificant.  ...  Section 51 provides for water user associations that give powers for the operation of a water and sanitation committee in order to ensure communal supply of clean water leaving no person behind.  ... 
doi:10.2166/wcc.2021.079 fatcat:y3do4ojxw5dxfljbbqemozj2ym

Climate information services, integrated knowledge systems and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

Fortunate Machingura, Admire Nyamwanza, David Hulme, Elizabeth Stuart
2018 Sustainable Earth  
no one behind' in contributing ideas towards the achievement of the targets outlined under the 17 SDGs, contributing to the inclusive approach at the centre of Agenda 2030.  ...  Secondly, that integrating diverse knowledge systems for effective climate information services in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development will present an auspicious platform for 'leaving  ...  Climate information services and the imperative to leave no-one behind The 2030 agenda's ambition to 'leave no one behind' , put the worst off first and help the most vulnerable and extremely poor to reach  ... 
doi:10.1186/s42055-018-0003-4 fatcat:jljwpzq2lzgonfc57hh6smavd4

Motives behind willingness to pay for improving biodiversity in a water ecosystem: Economics, ethics and social psychology

Clive L. Spash, Kevin Urama, Rob Burton, Wendy Kenyon, Peter Shannon, Gary Hill
2009 Ecological Economics  
The results show that standard socioeconomic explanatory variables are far inferior to those of social psychology and philosophy, and that these factors offer a better understanding of the motives behind  ...  More specifically a contingent valuation method survey was applied to biodiversity improvement while simultaneously assessing rights based beliefs, consequentialism and the theory of planned behaviour.  ...  Acknowledgments Ideas behind this research were originally developed during the VALSE project (O'Connor et al., 1998; O'Connor, 2000) ; the final report of which, including chapters summarising Spash  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.09.013 fatcat:pnxkc3b4gnhodf56i3o5xh4guq

Being naturalised, being left behind: the HIV citizen in the era of treatment possibility

Corinne Squire
2010 Critical Public Health  
With around five million people accessing anti-retroviral treatment, which significantly reduces mortality and extends life, the HIV pandemic now exists in a context of treatment possibility, if not access  ...  This paper discusses ways in which the pandemic is becoming naturalised through medicalisation, normalisation and marketisation, and how these processes undermine themselves internally.  ...  In some of my 1990s UK interviews, for instance, HIV positive ex-drug users reported their non-HIV positive friends envying their status for the goods that accompanied it.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09581596.2010.517828 fatcat:rpp5irlgpzge5k7f5et4bffg4y

Prisons, law and public health: the case for a coordinated response to epidemic disease behind bars

Scott Burris
1992 University of Miami law review  
The CDC recommendations display a general agnosticism towards the social needs and autonomy of prisoners with, or at risk, of TB.  ...  Litigation focussed on its utility as a tool for case finding.  ... 
pmid:11657378 fatcat:gu7q342ytfctzoto5ipswk7kcm

Recommendation Fairness: From Static to Dynamic [article]

Dell Zhang, Jun Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Shouldn't research on the fairness of recommender systems follow the same trend from static evaluation and one-shot intervention to dynamic monitoring and non-stop control?  ...  In this paper, we portray the recent developments in recommender systems first and then discuss how fairness could be baked into the reinforcement learning techniques for recommendation.  ...  We thank the workshop organizers for providing this forum and the reviewers for their constructive feedback.  ... 
arXiv:2109.03150v3 fatcat:4id3mnvgzrhq7ol4brztqfmg2a

From Divergence to Convergence: Reevaluating the History Behind China's Economic Boom

Loren Brandt, Debin Ma, Thomas G. Rawski
2014 Journal of Economic Literature  
The Qing Empire , the world's largest national economy before 1800, experienced a tripling of population during the 17 th and 18 th centuries with no signs of diminishing per capita income.  ...  This essay develops an integrated framework for understanding that entire history, including both the divergence and the recent convergent trend.  ...  There was no modern constitution or commercial law, and no reform of the currency system.  ... 
doi:10.1257/jel.52.1.45 fatcat:5y5srmacefeivlh5b7pydeniwi

Getting Behind the Grain: The Politics of Genetic Modification on the Canadian Prairies

Emily Eaton
2009 Antipode  
For many prairie farm organizations, the fate of the family farm is tied up with the future of wheat farming and the capacity of farmers to collectively market their wheat in international markets.  ...  Monsanto's vision for the future of prairie wheat crossed moral and cultural boundaries for producers and organizations that understood themselves as active subjects. iii Scott Prudham has played a huge  ...  My mom (Valerie Veillard) and my father (Bob Eaton) provided me with a home and access to a car during my fieldwork and are significantly responsible for my successes in the field.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8330.2009.00672.x fatcat:ihg5vsyapndmrjksclqqe3q74a

A Critical Study on Data Leakage in Recommender System Offline Evaluation [article]

Yitong Ji, Aixin Sun, Jie Zhang, Chenliang Li
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we provide a comprehensive and critical analysis of the data leakage issue in recommender system offline evaluation.  ...  We first show the temporal dynamics of user-item interactions along global timeline, and then explain why data leakage exists for collaborative filtering models.  ...  Future items to a user are the items that are released after the user leaves the system. This result shows that both models utilize future data to predict a current value.  ... 
arXiv:2010.11060v3 fatcat:z72upetkh5alrdkc4p73mukt3q

Los Estudios Críticos de Internet: conceptos, debates y retos

Laura Favaro
2018 Revista Teknokultura  
This paper outlines the concept of produsage as a model of describing today's emerging user-led content creation environments.  ...  Produsage overcomes some of the systemic problems associated with translating industrial-age ideas of content production into an informational-age, social software, Web 2.0 environment.  ...  LEAVE BLANK THE LAST 2.5 cm (1") OF THE LEFT COLUMN ON THE FIRST PAGE FOR THE COPYRIGHT NOTICE.  ... 
doi:10.5209/tekn.56687 fatcat:zhe34yxpsrhcdlhk3kb6zhjshu

Popularity Bias in Recommendation: A Multi-stakeholder Perspective [article]

Himan Abdollahpouri
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Traditionally, especially in academic research in recommender systems, the focus has been solely on the satisfaction of the end-user.  ...  Prior research has examined various approaches for mitigating popularity bias and enhancing the recommendation of long-tail items overall.  ...  For example, in an e-commerce context, suppliers who receive low utility may leave the eco-system, suggesting that the distribution of supplier utility may be important as well as the mean.  ... 
arXiv:2008.08551v1 fatcat:yiuamp6lcnc2bmhzkklakq6ui4

Countering the Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Underpinnings Behind Susceptibility to Fake News: A Review of Current Literature With Special Focus on the Role of Age and Digital Literacy

Stefan Gaillard, Zoril A. Oláh, Stephan Venmans, Michael Burke
2021 Frontiers in Communication  
As a result, these efforts might not be as efficacious as intended and could be improved upon significantly.  ...  Our meta-analysis showed that 74% of behavioral studies looking at fake news largely ignore age (N = 62), even though voter turnout was far higher among older generations for both the 2016 United States  ...  When trying to detect fake news by looking at language, there are a number of linguistic "flags" that could indicate that a news item is fabricated. This flag system, however, is no guarantee.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2021.661801 fatcat:j27quvrjcbdg3aer6y3wtbagfu

Beyond accuracy

Mouzhi Ge, Carla Delgado-Battenfeld, Dietmar Jannach
2010 Proceedings of the fourth ACM conference on Recommender systems - RecSys '10  
When we evaluate the quality of recommender systems (RS), most approaches only focus on the predictive accuracy of these systems.  ...  Overall, we argue that our new ways of measuring these concepts reflect the quality impression perceived by the user in a better way than previous metrics thus leading to enhanced user satisfaction.  ...  In this way, the system is not considered to have poor coverage for leaving out of items that are of no interest to the user.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1864708.1864761 dblp:conf/recsys/GeDJ10 fatcat:vx24khtqofchllearheod6cwy4

An Analysis of the Interaction Between Intelligent Software Agents and Human Users

Christopher Burr, Nello Cristianini, James Ladyman
2018 Minds and Machines  
Such agents benefit by steering the user's behaviour towards outcomes that maximise the ISA's utility, which may or may not be aligned with that of the user.  ...  In such interactions, the ISA mediates the user's access to the content, or controls some other aspect of the user experience, and is not designed to be neutral about outcomes of user choices.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creat iveco mmons .org/licen ses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use,  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11023-018-9479-0 pmid:30930542 pmcid:PMC6404627 fatcat:742vxbnknrcm3pgxlf4q2p3g5m
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