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Learning with Instance Bundles for Reading Comprehension

Dheeru Dua, Pradeep Dasigi, Sameer Singh, Matt Gardner
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing   unpublished
When training most modern reading comprehension models, all the questions associated with a context are treated as being independent from each other.  ...  We empirically demonstrate the effectiveness of training with instance bundles on two datasets-HotpotQA and ROPES-showing up to 9% absolute gains in accuracy.  ...  We would also like to thank Hasso Plattner Institute (HPI) for supporting the first author through UCI-HPI fellowship.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.emnlp-main.584 fatcat:oj4nn4duqbhmdousydezuhcuum

Preface [chapter]

Albert Einstein, David M. Gershenson, Gretchen M. Lentz, Fidel A. Valea, Roger A. Lobo
2022 Comprehensive Gynecology  
This will allow rapid assessment of the content of each chapter for more indepth reading of areas of greater interest, as well as provide key learning facts in all areas of gynecology.  ...  the same chapters, although in two instances we have consolidated chapters, combining vulvar and vaginal cancers, as well as combining fallopian tube and peritoneal cancers with ovarian cancer.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-323-65399-2.00004-8 fatcat:ebbcvtedofba7p6d6jzfktqls4

One Size Fits Many: Column Bundle for Multi-X Learning [article]

Trang Pham, Truyen Tran, Svetha Venkatesh
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Much recent machine learning research has been directed towards leveraging shared statistics among labels, instances and data views, commonly referred to as multi-label, multi-instance and multi-view learning  ...  In this paper, we propose Column Bundle (CLB), a novel deep neural network for capturing the shared statistics in data.  ...  Acknowledgement This work is partially supported by the Telstra-Deakin Centre of Excellence in Big Data and Machine Learning  ... 
arXiv:1702.07021v2 fatcat:x2h5ei5ezjabhb6ckucw6p2n7e

On College English Vocabulary Teaching Strategies from the Perspective of Constructivism

Jia Yu, School of Foreign Languages, Southwest Petroleum University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
2022 Journal of Innovation and Social Science Research  
The application of constructivism theory in vocabulary teaching makes it possible to put forward some college English vocabulary teaching strategies, including the root-affix lexical bundle construction  ...  activation-schematic construction, which is conducive to the combination of top-down explanation by teachers and bottom-up construction by students, giving full play to students' subjective initiative in vocabulary learning  ...  There were some scholars applying constructivism theory to vocabulary teaching, for instance, Zhang Ming studied vocabulary learning strategies and teaching models for English majors [11] .  ... 
doi:10.53469/jissr.2022.09(01).11 fatcat:vvtetycdf5fefm2x5fczr2s55a

ESL Reading Strategies: Differences in Arabic and Mandarin Speaker Test Performance

Marilyn L. Abbott
2006 Language Learning  
This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that reading comprehension items, which elicit specific bottom-up and top-down strategies, favor certain linguistic/cultural groups.  ...  : 1. breaking words into smaller parts 2. using knowledge of syntactic structures or punctuation Learning Vol. 56, No. 4 3. scanning for specific details 4. paraphrasing or rewording the original text  ...  process of learning to read (Parry, 1996) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9922.2006.00391.x fatcat:hxiaakwiova37ijhj3ws3sroua

A Corpus Study of Structural Types of Lexical Bundles in MUET Reading Texts

Christina Ong Sook Beng, Chee Keong Yuen
2014 3L Language, Linguistics and Literature: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies  
This study investigates the use of lexical bundles (LBs) in the reading passages of Malaysian University English Test (MUET).  ...  In view of the recurrent issues concerning university students' inability to comprehend reading passages in their studies, texts used in a Malaysian examination for tertiary education were analysed.  ...  Text comprehension has always been the main concern of reading.  ... 
doi:10.17576/3l-2014-2002-11 fatcat:fszipyr43ne5jnlmb2c3mp7bgm

The Use of Formulaic Expressions in the Reading Texts of Senior High School Textbooks Grade XI

Yudha Pambudi Wibowo, Dwi Rukmini
2020 English Education Journal  
This study showed that (1) not all of lexical bundles variants were fully applied in the reading texts.  ...  There were not many examples of idiomatic phrases in the reading texts, (2) formulaic expressions in the reading texts presented various functions, (3) few lexical bundles and free combinations of verb  ...  Related with knowledge aspect, reading comprehension is a determination of learning success. As a matter of fact, reading comprehension is usually tested to students in the final examination.  ... 
doi:10.15294/eej.v10i4.38742 fatcat:b4ggfpuydnhqbdhxukeikmbfae

Establishment of a List of Non-Compositional Multi-Word Combinations for English for Journalism Learners

Wenhua Hsu
2019 Research Journal of Education  
As with other individual word lists, it is hoped that this opaque expressions list may serve as a reference for English for Journalism teaching.  ...  , who need to read English news in their field of study.  ...  Among a plethora of multi-word expressions, the researcher was more concerned with the word combinations that may pose reading comprehension problems if they are not known.  ... 
doi:10.32861/rje.53.49.57 fatcat:nflnholcgve6hgqpfm4duvtozm

Discourse Functions of Lexical Bundles in Pakistani Chemistry and Physics Textbooks

Tehseen Zahra, Gulfam Hussain, Akhtar Abbas
2021 GEMA Online® Journal of Language Studies  
Students may face complications while dealing with the text of science; they might be incompetent in comprehending the text of science and write for science.  ...  Lexical bundles (LBs) are indispensable building blocks and essential constituents of academic discourse.  ...  For instance, compared LBs in conversation with the LBs in academic prose.  ... 
doi:10.17576/gema-2021-2101-13 fatcat:5zktmgcshzad3jjidsgp2cyfva

Multiword Sequences and Language Learning Pedagogy: Bridging the Research-Practice Gap

Abdullah A. Alasmary
2018 English Language Teaching  
bundled sequences in several learning contexts.  ...  Although the literature is replete with research-informed, evidence-based guidelines on how to maximize the learning of such sequences, such guidelines need to be synthesized, analyzed and evaluated for  ...  one, by means of providing learners with opportunities for trying out newly learned strings in novel ways.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v12n1p204 fatcat:fmm4rbydabg4pkrcbhzfzzcsjm

Are Active Teaching Methods Suitable for All Generation Y students?—Creativity as a Needed Ingredient and the Role of Learning Style

Nina Pološki Vokić, Ana Aleksić
2020 Education Sciences  
Perceptions of students regarding 52 individual teaching methods, and teaching methods bundles were investigated.  ...  Still, some individual characteristics, such as creativity and learning style, need to be considered as they can affect outcomes of the learning process.  ...  Some researchers indicate student academic performance to influence their preferences for specific teaching methods. For instance, Fatima et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/educsci10040087 fatcat:fhllv2pogfch5nu2nyrlvzgngq

Demonstratives as bundlers of conceptual structure

Eva Wittenberg, Shota Momma, Elsi Kaiser
2021 Glossa  
In two English self-paced reading studies, each replicated once with slight variations, we show that readers are reading the demonstrative slower throughout, independently of frequency or complexity of  ...  with demonstratives.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank Ray Jackendoff, Cathal O'Madagain, Jeremy Skipper, Joshua Wampler, the audience of AMLaP 2017, as well as three anonymous reviewers for helpful discussion and suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.5334/gjgl.917 fatcat:xuzoyxuqmzfl5p7mi22sukt2my

How Is Working Memory Training Likely to Influence Academic Performance? Current Evidence and Methodological Considerations

Sissela Bergman Nutley, Stina Söderqvist
2017 Frontiers in Psychology  
AUTHOR CONTRIBTIONS All authors listed, have made substantial, direct, and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication.  ...  For instance, one study of beginning readers (7-year olds) found that phonological awareness predicted reading accuracy, while phonological awareness and verbal WM predicted reading comprehension (Leather  ...  For instance, phonological awareness has a more significant impact on reading acquisition in the early stages than WM.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00069 pmid:28223948 pmcid:PMC5295142 fatcat:yeah4flwjzc45nlwx4b5liuklq

Unraveling Contradictions: Which Glosses Facilitate Reading Comprehension Among ELLs, and Why?

Andrea Lofgren
2022 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
An analysis of these studies reveals that glossing is an effective means to enhance reading comprehension among ELLs. However, gloss language—whether L1 or English, may depend on learner factors.  ...  trade-offs when glossing is used as a means to promote incidental vocabulary acquisition through independent reading.  ...  For instance, Kim et al.'  ... 
doi:10.17507/jltr.1301.01 fatcat:lxfccdnv2bdspncaq4famyfxe4

Health4Afrika - Implementing HL7 FHIR Based Interoperability

Mert Baskaya, Mustafa Yuksel, Gokce Banu Laleci Erturkmen, Miriam Cunningham, Paul Cunningham
2019 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
range of functionality and medical programs in partnership with Ministries of Health, district health officers, clinic managers and primary healthcare workers from urban, rural and deep rural health facilities  ...  co-designing and validating a modular, multilingual, state-of-the-art health information system addressing primary healthcare requirements in resource constrained environments. mHealth4Afrika has co-designed a comprehensive  ...  We are not aware of any other project to date that has used HL7 FHIR for data transfer of readings from medical sensors (e.g. for blood pressure, blood glucose, SpO2, heart rate, weight, temperature) with  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti190175 pmid:31437877 fatcat:khd5qq6pyfdklahaglwypqbsii
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