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Learning to identify animate references

Constantin Orǎsan, Richard Evans
2001 Proceedings of the 2001 workshop on Computational Natural Language Learning - ConLL '01   unpublished
Our evaluation results show that the accuracy of the classification of a noun is around 97% and that animate entities are more difficult to identify than inanimate ones.  ...  In this paper, we present a method for determining the animacy of English nouns using WordNet and machine learning techniques.  ...  Our assumption was that a noun with many animate senses is likely to be used to refer to an animate entity.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1117822.1117834 fatcat:6oy3p77iqbem5kralz5fyl3z7i

When Veps Cry: Two-Year-Olds Efficiently Learn Novel Words from Linguistic Contexts Alone

Brock Ferguson, Eileen Graf, Sandra R. Waxman
2017 Language Learning and Development  
(e.g., The vep is crying), but that the speed with which they identify the referents of novel words lagged far behind that for familiar words.  ...  We also offer the first evidence to date that, at both 19- and 24-months, the number of verbs infants know predicts their ability to use known verbs to learn novel nouns.  ...  This research was also supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Doctoral Fellowship awarded to B.F. and a National Science Foundation grant (BCS-1023300) to S.R.W.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15475441.2017.1311260 pmid:30416398 pmcid:PMC6219756 fatcat:m7ltqgql5vco5a2qubsxzejwom

NP Animacy Identification for Anaphora Resolution

C. Orasan, R. J. Evans
2007 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
The extrinsic evaluation demonstrates that animacy identification can be beneficial in anaphora resolution, especially in the cases where animate entities are identified with high precision.  ...  The first method is a rule-based one which uses information about the unique beginners in WordNet to classify NPs on the basis of their animacy.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Laura Hasler for helping us with the annotation process and the three referees for their useful comments which enabled us to improve the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.2179 fatcat:h7gxl266qzc4dgmx5vabnwp2yu

Should Dairy Cattle be Trained to a Virtual Fence System as Individuals or in Groups?

Patricia I. Colusso, Cameron E. F. Clark, Sabrina Lomax
2020 Animals  
Individual training is impractical, therefore, future research should evaluate group training protocols ensuring all cows learn the VF to avoid any adverse impacts on animal welfare.  ...  Cattle are gregarious, so there may be an impact of herd mates on the learning process. To evaluate this, a VF was set 30 m down one of three test paddocks with a feed attractant 70 m past the VF.  ...  Additionally, the role of social facilitation on individual cow learning and how to utilise this for effective animal training should be identified.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani10101767 pmid:33003613 pmcid:PMC7600956 fatcat:cwayef4offdtjpdsioj5yldifq

An insight on needs analysis towards the development of animated infographic module in Arabic grammar learning

Mohd Fauzi ABDUL HAMİD, Zulazhan Ab. HALİM, Muhammad Sabri SAHRİR
2020 Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies  
Animated infographics is one of the many technological applications aimed to innovate learning information or content into simple, interesting, and easy to understand materials.  ...  It involved need analysis data where the first phase used a questionnaire on the use of learning material, issues regarding learning approaches, tendencies to use innovation, and needs of using animated  ...  To identify the need for the use of animated infographic modules in learning Arabic grammar based on students' views.  ... 
doi:10.17263/jlls.803813 fatcat:y7twgjdvkjbxhng7ypkjx2ystu

When learning from animations is more successful than learning from static pictures: learning the specifics of change

Rolf Ploetzner, Sandra Berney, Mireille Bétrancourt
2021 Instructional Science  
need to be learned.  ...  All groups had to identify specific motions and spatial arrangements covered by the gear mechanism.  ...  Learning task The learning task refers to a six-bar linkage, a gear mechanism that moves in a plane (cf. Fig. 1 ).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11251-021-09541-w fatcat:pgzhltt4u5h6rc3v7cgptm3gge

Plant vs. Animal, Which is the Most Prefer Understanding of Evolution?

Hana Gardenia Mahbubah, Topik Hidayat, Bambang Supriatno
2017 International Journal of Science and Applied Science: Conference Series  
Tree thinking refers to an approach to evolution that emphasizes reading and interpreting phylogenetic tree.  ...  Nevertheless, the use of plants as models can be an alternative to learning evolution in the future.</p>  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank all those who have provided financial and moral support for this research.  ... 
doi:10.20961/ijsascs.v2i1.16700 fatcat:xbbt5jgmtrh2vm6sy5zzwunbfq

Page 699 of Biological Reviews Vol. 85, Issue 4 [page]

2010 Biological Reviews  
Further work to identify the underlying social learning mechanisms of both human and animals is welcomed.  ...  The current corpus of literature has thus far provided evidence for forms of emulative learning in humans and animals but further research is required to identify, with greater accuracy, the specific forms  ... 

An Assessment of the Impact of an Animation on Biology Students' Visualization Skills Related to Basic Concepts of Mitosis

Lindelani Mnguni, Dudrah Moyo
2021 Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education  
The current quantitative quasi-experimental research sought to determine the extent to which an animation could be used to enhance students' visualization skills and reduce learning difficulties related  ...  Results showed that exposure to an animation, as an additional learning tool, improved students' visualization skills while reducing visualization difficulties related to basic concepts of mitosis.  ...  Acknowledgements: We want to thank all the students who participated in the research.  ... 
doi:10.29333/ejmste/11116 fatcat:lcr2i2wtgrahvf6ro42dwyvki4

Acquisition of Prosodic Focus Marking by Three- to Six-Year-Old Children Learning Mandarin Chinese

Qianyutong Zhang, Kexin Lyu, Zening Chen, Ping Tang
2021 Conference of the International Speech Communication Association  
The current study explored Mandarinlearning 3-6-year-olds' online interpretation of prosodic focus to identify contrastive referents.  ...  Previous studies exploring children's acquisition of prosodic focus have generally focused on Germanic and Romance languages, while it was unclear when children learning Mandarin Chinese were able to correctly  ...  meaning of prosodic focus and integrate it into speech comprehension such as identifying contrastive referents [5] [6] [7] .  ... 
doi:10.21437/interspeech.2021-316 dblp:conf/interspeech/ZhangLCT21 fatcat:635stsgo7zggjmt3sgjgodgm5m

Thinking of Things Unseen

Patricia A. Ganea, Kristin Shutts, Elizabeth S. Spelke, Judy S. DeLoache
2007 Psychological Science  
One of the most distinctive characteristics of humans is the capacity to learn from what other people tell them.  ...  The 22-month-olds (but not the 19-month-olds) subsequently identified the toy solely on the basis of the property that they were told about but had never seen.  ...  Grant 23103 to E.S.S.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01968.x pmid:17680946 fatcat:3rsuosl6uva75csljx444suzsi

The involvement of Type II Neuregulin-1 in rat visuospatial learning and memory

Adam R. Taylor, Sara B. Taylor, James I. Koenig
2012 Neuroscience Letters  
Nrg1 Tn rats committed more reference and working memory errors in this test. These results indicate that decreased Type II NRG1 in the brain may lead to deficits in visuospatial learning and memory.  ...  Here, we have utilized a rat model (Nrg1 Tn ), which is hypomorphic for the neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) gene, to test whether reduced Type II NRG1 in the rat brain leads to cognitive deficits relevant to schizophrenia  ...  Thus it was possible for animals to use either spatial or visual cues (or a combination) to learn the location of the water.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2012.10.018 pmid:23098760 pmcid:PMC3517732 fatcat:sfhl4aiycbfgjmovmc5rjrle34

Students' early experiences of biodiversity and education for a sustainable future

Gustav Helldén, Sofia Helldén
2012 Nordina: Nordic Studies in Science Education  
It is important, both to give children early experiences of biodiversity in nature and to take students' early ideas into consideration in teaching for lifelong learning and for a sustainable future.  ...  We analysed how they described the organisms and how they referred to experiences from everyday life. After two years we interviewed the students about what they said in the initial interview.  ...  Aknowledgement We wish to thank Professor Georges Dussart, Christ Church College Canterbury for valuable comments on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.5617/nordina.286 fatcat:ffopbksfejcltaprpene2zc3da

Bird on Your Smartphone: How to make identification faster?

T Hidayat, I S Kurniawan, F S Tapilow
2018 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
The most of students (90.08%) mentioned that the use of smart phone applications in identifying birds is helpful, more effective and convenience to make identification faster.  ...  Identification skills of students are needed in the field activities of animal ecology course.  ...  The results of this study can be used as a reference in the development of lecture programs, especially animal ecology so as to assist in the efforts of animal conservation.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/288/1/012143 fatcat:qahhqxy3srfvtmtev4nockossi

Two- and Three-Year-Olds Track a Single Meaning During Word Learning: Evidence for Propose-but-Verify

Kristina Woodard, Lila R. Gleitman, John C. Trueswell
2016 Language Learning and Development  
The same is true for resolving temporarily ambiguous phrases, and reference resolution; listeners prefer to identify the communicative intentions of the speaker as quickly as possible, never holding open  ...  This finding suggests young children do not store multiple possible meanings from a single word occurrence, but rather restrict learning to what they deemed to be the unique referent of the novel word  ...  Acknowledgments Author notes We wish to thank Lucia Pozzan for helpful comments on this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15475441.2016.1140581 pmid:27672354 pmcid:PMC5035104 fatcat:vmc37u7m25hehh6fo2hszble3y
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