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Learning to Play with Intrinsically-Motivated Self-Aware Agents [article]

Nick Haber, Damian Mrowca, Li Fei-Fei, Daniel L. K. Yamins
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We seek to mathematically formalize these abilities using a neural network that implements curiosity-driven intrinsic motivation.  ...  Infants are experts at playing, with an amazing ability to generate novel structured behaviors in unstructured environments that lack clear extrinsic reward signals.  ...  Figure 2 :Figure 3 : 23 Intrinsically-motivated self-aware agent architecture. The world-model (blue) solves a dynamics prediction problem.  ... 
arXiv:1802.07442v2 fatcat:2ad6jq47pzezfhtyrwfpfn2o4y

Do Game Bots Dream of Electric Rewards?

Penny Sweetser, Matthew Aitchison
2020 International Conference on the Foundations of Digital Games  
We suggest that motivation, exploration, and play are not just fundamental to human learning and behaviour, but that they could transcend nature into machine learning.  ...  The purpose of this paper is to draw together theories, ideas, and observations related to rewards, motivation, and play to develop and question our understanding and practice of designing reward-based  ...  However, what the agent learns from these self-motivated behaviours is often essential to developing the skills required to solve the intended task.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3402942.3402965 dblp:conf/fdg/SweetserA20 fatcat:q63cj36mrnh3nkuhlnolxdbjie

Incremental Skill Acquisition for Self-motivated Learning Animats [chapter]

Andrea Bonarini, Alessandro Lazaric, Marcello Restelli
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Inspired by studies from psychology, neuroscience, and machine learning, we designed SMILe (Self-Motivated Incremental Learning), a learning framework that allows artificial agents to autonomously identify  ...  interesting situations and generates an intrinsic motivation (motivating phase) aimed at learning how to get into these situations (skill acquisition phase).  ...  Each skill is learned by a self-motivated process that iterates on three main phases (see Fig. 1 ): -Babbling: the agent playfully interacts with the environment to get aware of the relationships between  ... 
doi:10.1007/11840541_30 fatcat:tsurc5icwjbbtlbqg7kl2twi2u

Intrinsically Motivated Intelligent Rooms [chapter]

Owen Macindoe, Mary Lou Maher
2005 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Developments in intelligent agents towards intrinsically motivated learning agents can be integrated with the concept of an intelligent room.  ...  Using a motivated learning agent model as the basis for an intelligent room opens up the possibility of intelligent environments being able to adapt both to people's changing usage patterns and to the  ...  Intrinsically Motivated Intelligent Room Combining the ideas in IEs with motivated learning agents leads to a model for an intrinsically motivated intelligent room.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11596042_20 fatcat:zrlmcbdujvhnrhkuvqxogjo4cu

Strategies Used to Increase Intrinsic Motivation of Colledge Students

2020 Zanco Journal of Humanity Sciences  
Students who are intrinsically motivated are more eager to learn and to develop their capacities through having active participation.  ...  According to Self-Determination Theory , fulfilling the psychological needs of students helps students to be intrinsically motivated and to succeed in achieving their academic goals.  ...  are "active agents within the educational environment, capable of stimulating the development of student motivation toward learning".  ... 
doi:10.21271/zjhs.24.3.16 fatcat:6n7qnnjiqbgsbhpglu4qhfxlau

CHARISMA: A Context Hierarchy-based cognitive architecture for self-motivated social agents

Matthew Conforth, Yan Meng
2011 The 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks  
To this end, the CHARISMA (Context Hierarchy-based Adaptive ReasonIng Self-Motivated Agent) cognitive architecture is proposed for the agents within the CIVS system.  ...  By using intrinsic motivations and dynamic knowledge representation, the CHARISMA cognitive architecture can provide autonomous mental development capability for the agent to develop its knowledge and  ...  Another important feature of intrinsic motivation is that it makes the agent's learning self-directed. The agent takes an active role, choosing its own learning progression.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2011.6033455 dblp:conf/ijcnn/ConforthM11a fatcat:h3wbg2nanrdczfnbdzvreavq2q

Page 3958 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 79, Issue 9 [page]

1992 Psychological Abstracts  
—Stresses the importance of teach- ers’ relationships and interactions in impacting students’ self-de- velopment and motivation through elicitation of students’ high- er, agentic self.  ...  higher level of consciousness (agentic self) is elicited. 33148.  ... 

Foundations of Trusted Autonomy: An Introduction [chapter]

Hussein A. Abbass, Jason Scholz, Darryn J. Reid
2018 Foundations of Trusted Autonomy  
Sun argues that agents need to have intrinsic motivation, meaning internal motivational processes, if they are to deal successfully with unpredictable complex environments.  ...  Part III is heavily concerned with the centre point of autonomy in terms of intrinsic motivation, computational motivation, creativity, freedom of action, and theory of self.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-64816-3_1 fatcat:yon2kqin5zamricryg7vguczaa

An Exploration of Attitudinal and Situational Factors Related to Intrinsic Motivation and Autonomy in Teacher Education Students

Alfred P. Rovai, Michael K. Ponton, M. Gail Derrick, Nancy Rhea Wiggers, Jenny Sue Flannagan
2020 International Journal of Education  
Possible explanations for this result are that (a) students with greater levels of intrinsic motivation self-select online versus face-to-face courses or (b) online instructors, course design, and pedagogy  ...  Study results suggest that the most important factors related to intrinsic motivation are the three types of regulation associated with extrinsic motivation, graduate student status, enrollment in an online  ...  to others and to self) so that students who are initially interested in learning are also equipped with the knowledge that informs enhancements of extrinsic motivation.  ... 
doi:10.5296/ije.v12i1.16160 fatcat:vqnhrh7wavaorgvegp6bcliunu

The Gap between Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of Motivation in Chinese EFL Classrooms: A Study Based on Self-Determination Theory and the 5Ts Framework

Shufang Wang, Pai Chai University, Chang-In Lee
2019 The Journal of AsiaTEFL  
Motivation plays an important role in learning foreign languages and many scholars have conducted research on how to maintain and enhance students" motivation in the EFL class.  ...  In the past 50 years or so, second language acquisition (SLA) research has also demonstrated that motivation plays a vital role in second language learning and attempted to explore Shufang Wang et al.  ...  Self-determination has three aspects: intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation.  ... 
doi:10.18823/asiatefl.2019. fatcat:6lqdtlfahrh2liwzvsans4vcba

Emotional Multiagent Reinforcement Learning in Social Dilemmas [chapter]

Chao Yu, Minjie Zhang, Fenghui Ren
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Without extra mechanisms or assumptions, directly applying multiagent reinforcement learning in social dilemmas will end up with convergence to the Nash equilibrium of mutual defection among the agents  ...  This paper investigates the importance of emotions in modifying agent learning behaviors in order to achieve cooperation in social dilemmas.  ...  A novel framework called Intrinsically Motivated Reinforcement Learning (IMRL) [18] has been proposed to implement intrinsic motivation systems in learning agents by clarifying the rewards into "extrinsic  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-44927-7_25 fatcat:aqqblwmrxvh77muj4ovpxfjh6m

Introducing a Challenging Teachable Agent [chapter]

Camilla Kirkegaard, Agneta Gulz, Annika Silvervarg
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The aim of such a pedagogical agent is to increase engagement and motivation, and challenge students into deeper learning and metacognitive reasoning.  ...  as means to improve learning.  ...  We intend to evaluate the proposed CTA and compare it to a traditional TA as well as a system without an agent, with regard to student variables such as self-efficacy and goal-orientation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-07482-5_6 fatcat:d4qbbdwzqfbk5bdprpcgt3wu2q

Distributed learning companion system: WEST revisited [chapter]

Tak -Wai Chan, I. -Ling Chung, Rong -Guey Ho, Wen -Juan Hou, Ging -Long Lin
1992 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The evaluation result has two significant implications: (1) such learning systems hold the promise to be a form of futuristic intelligent computer classroom and (2) competition could be a powerful motive  ...  Considering different numbers and roles of involved agents, we have enumerated 768 possible distributed learning models.  ...  According to both of these two approaches, a learning environment with peers will promote intrinsic motivation to a learner.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-55606-0_74 fatcat:45xj7zra2ffhfap6k7doz3lhxe

Self-Awareness and Personal Growth: Theory and Application of Bloom's Taxonomy

Hasan Uğur, Petru-Madalin Constantinescu, Michael J. Stevens
2015 Eurasian Journal of Educational Research  
The processes of awareness and integration are common to SDT and Bloom's Taxonomy, and to our knowledge, have not been applied together with the practical goal of promoting the student self-development  ...  these aspects first become internalized as meaningful guides for living, second, motivate behavior that is consistent with the chosen values and characteristics, and third, contribute to a sense of well-being  ...  is an outcome of the motivation to fulfill intrinsic goals coupled with the integration of learning through an awareness of personal limitations and potentialities.  ... 
doi:10.14689/ejer.2015.60.6 fatcat:oji7kyiuanh5rgg5ko37of7aoa

The effects of motivation in education

Hamid Tohidi, Mohammad Mehdi Jabbari
2012 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
On the importance of motivation, researches have shown that employees with high job motivation show, greater commitment to their job; on the other hand Workers who feel more commitment even when things  ...  Definition of motivation is the following "Powering people to achieve high levels of performance and overcoming barriers in order to change".  ...  Education Motivation is of particular interest to educational psychologists because of the crucial role it plays in student learning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.12.148 fatcat:umq4zmxumjasrfliyk5axr3xf4
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