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2 Physics and mathematics [chapter]

2011 Learning and Teaching Mathematics using Simulations  
from 40 to 1,200 microns, built for thestudy of solids in the semiconductor physics laboratory at the Physics Institute imeni P.  ...  The effect of a solvent on the spectral characteristics of molecules in dissolved matter is of main interest in molecular physics since in the majority of cases, the optical and other physical properties  ...  Recent Soviet Conferences on Physics and Mathematics The conferences listed below were reported or announced in recent issues of Soviet periodicals.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110250077.10 fatcat:emmsj75ewjhatjkucsvf52iyey

Micro-orbits in a many-brane model and deviations from Newton's $$1/r^2$$ 1 / r 2 law

A. Donini, S. G. Marimón
2016 European Physical Journal C: Particles and Fields  
The Standard Model particles are localized onto a brane located at y=0, with identical branes localized at different points in the extra dimension.  ...  After using the same technique to the study of orbits of objects lying on the same brane (d=0), we apply this method to detect generic deviations from the inverse-square Newton's law.  ...  Cros for discussions regarding some experimental aspects of the paper beyond our expertise. We acknowledge also useful discussions with P.  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-016-4537-3 fatcat:wynybdgthnayxll2vuasd36emq

Dynamics Of Particle Removal By Supercritical Carbon Dioxide [chapter]

Shirish M. Chitanvis, Chris W. Patterson, W. Dale Spall, Kenneth E. Laintz
1998 Supercritical Fluid Cleaning  
Through these calculations it is proposed that the drag on a particle sitting on a flat plate in the viscous sublayer is capable of rolling submicron-sized spheres off the wafer at sufficiently high velocities  ...  We have investigated the possibility of cleaning semiconductor wafers contaminated by particles by flowing supercritical carbon dioxide over them.  ...  The dielectric properties of the intervening fluid viz., supercritical carbon dioxide will change the strength of the interaction between the particle and the surface.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-081551416-9.50006-9 fatcat:tm3hkrujqnefdcscar7rgprkgy

Protein Dielectrophoresis: A Tale of Two Clausius–Mossottis or Something Else?

Ronald Pethig
2022 Micromachines  
An empirical theory, employing the equivalent of a molecular version of the macroscopic CM-factor, predicts a protein's DEP response from the magnitude of the dielectric β-dispersion produced by its relaxing  ...  non-linear) forces now being considered in iDEP theory.  ...  on recent advances in the practice and theory of insulator-based electrokinetic studies.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mi13020261 pmid:35208384 pmcid:PMC8876334 fatcat:l3fdur6r2razfn4iqb2ajhxnya

Adaptive remote sensing techniques implementing swarms of mobile agents

Stewart M. Cameron, Guillermo M. Loubriel, Rush D. Robinett III, Keith M. Stantz, Michael W. Trahan, John S. Wagner, Edward M. Carapezza, David B. Law, K. Terry Stalker
1999 Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications  
To accomplish such tasks, research in the fields of robotics, sensor technology, and swarms are being conducted within an integrated program.  ...  Measurement and signal intelligence (MASINT) of the battlespace has created new requirements in information management, communication and interoperability as they effect surveillance and situational awareness  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.357131 fatcat:tuy57pkr5vhs5fkyasp7nfo6oe

Micro-Scale Mobile Robotics

Eric Diller
2011 Foundations and Trends in Robotics  
The field of microrobotics has seen tremendous advances  ...  Microscale Physics and Dynamics Scaling Effects All entities, regardless of size, experience the same physical forces and are governed by the same laws.  ...  We see that magnetic and fluid drag torques dominate the motion of the microrobot down to size scales of tens of microns.  ... 
doi:10.1561/2300000023 fatcat:p3zhibrfhbft3ojesygjb3wtta

Nanomaterials based Nanoplasmonic Accelerators and Light-sources driven by Particle-beams

Aakash A. Sahai
2021 IEEE Access  
These relativistic nonlinear surface modes are accessible due to advances in nanofabrication and quasi-solid density sub-micron particle bunch compression.  ...  increasing the crunch-in field strength.  ...  For more information, see This article has been accepted for publication in a future issue of this journal, but has not been fully edited.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3070798 fatcat:pj5iq5ksfvaebgjv62dr65gsdi

Application of Surface Plasmon Resonance Based on a Metal Nanoparticle [chapter]

Amir Reza, A. S. M. Noor, Mohd. Maarof
2012 Plasmonics - Principles and Applications  
In the case of propagating SPR (PSPR) [20] , the amplitude of the SP wave is decaying exponentially normal to the interface, which the Plasmon propagates, for a distance of about one to ten microns.  ...  particle shape and size, interaction between the particles, and the influence of the environment.  ...  dependence in order to define an effective refractive index of the medium surrounding the metal core according to:  ... 
doi:10.5772/51219 fatcat:e6t5dh3chnbfnixd5ukkiihk2q

SpaceSkin: development of aerospace-grade electronic textile for simultaneous protection and high velocity impact characterization

Juliana Cherston, Joseph A. Paradiso, Kon-Well Wang, Hoon Sohn, Haiying Huang, Jerome P. Lynch
2019 Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2019  
skin of the International Space Station.  ...  Specifically, this paper documents design considerations for multifunctional Beta cloth, in which piezoelectric yarn is directly woven into Teflon-coated fiberglass, the material used as the outermost  ...  For a 100 micron particle, the average plasma timescale is on the order of microseconds, and the average size is on the scale of millimeters, though time and length scales are heavily velocity dependent  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2513962 fatcat:zkjs7f2nabhlbgwaxyo75meiiu

What Controls the Rheology of Granular Materials? [chapter]

Einat Aharonov
2004 Continuum Models and Discrete Systems  
physics and the commercial-applications points of view.  ...  The approximation that the infiltration curve is a unique function of cumulative rainfall independent of rainfall intensity is not valid in a sealing heterogeneous field case.  ...  Acknowledgement: This work was supported by the Israel Science Foundation. Acknowledgement. The study was partially sponsored by the RFBR (project 03-03-32072).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-2316-3_52 fatcat:x4kh7xkf6fajloq6fffagbyp24

Colloidal dispersion of gold nanorods: Historical background, optical properties, seed-mediated synthesis, shape separation and self-assembly

Vivek Sharma, Kyoungweon Park, Mohan Srinivasarao
2009 Materials science & engineering. R, Reports  
Mohan Srinivasarao also acknowledges support from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore in the form of Tan Chin Tuan Exchange Fellowship, during which time parts of the manuscript was written.  ...  Acknowledgements Mohan Srinivasarao acknowledges financial support from the National Science Foundation (DMR-637233 and DMR-706235).  ...  The color of colloidal dispersions of gold particles in a fluid, typically water, varies from red to blue, depending upon the shape and size of particles.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mser.2009.02.002 fatcat:antfad4ra5ggjavzkxwkl5eyaq

Role of fluctuations in fluid mechanics and dendritic solidification

H.Eugene Stanley
1987 Superlattices and Microstructures  
role of fluctuations in a range of fluid mechanical systems, as well as in dendn'tic solidification.  ...  Our purpose is to review certain recent advances in understanding the role of fluetuations in fluid mechanics and dendritic solidification; many of these represent joint work of the author and J.  ...  A real dendrite has a mass of roughly 10" particles; it is impossible to generate clusters of this size on a computer, since even clusters of size lo6 require hundreds of hours on the fastest available  ... 
doi:10.1016/0749-6036(87)90192-3 fatcat:4vjtfe4o7rgf5at3ipp7coxnsa

100 years of Einstein's theory of Brownian motion: from pollen grains to protein trains [article]

Debashish Chowdhury
2005 arXiv   pre-print
The domain of Brownian motion transcends the traditional disciplinary boundaries of physics and has become an area of multi-disciplinary research.  ...  In the last 100 years discoveries of many facets of the ubiquitous Brownian motion has revolutionized our fundamental understanding of the role of thermal fluctuations in the exotic structures and complex  ...  However, on the scale of the size of a real Brownian particle the fluid does not appear to be a continuum.  ... 
arXiv:cond-mat/0504610v1 fatcat:vdxdblm6tjcsjogyn2g7nzyccq

Understanding Optical Trapping Phenomena: A Simulation for Undergraduates

Josep Mas, Arnau Farre, Jordi Cuadros, Ignasi Juvells, Artur Carnicer
2011 IEEE Transactions on Education  
To provide a better understanding of the underlying concepts for students, a Java application for simulating the behavior of a dielectric particle trapped in a highly-focused beam has been developed.  ...  The program illustrates a wide range of theoretical results and features, such as the calculation of the force exerted by a beam in the Mie and Rayleigh regimes or the calibration of the trap stiffness  ...  Optical tweezers (OT) are highly-focused light beams which are able to trap and manipulate small particles (from micron to nanometer size) by taking advantage of the radiation pressure effect.  ... 
doi:10.1109/te.2010.2047107 fatcat:4bqqgfvx4fbvzlvtpark3coa6e

Physics and technological aspects of nanofluidics

Lyderic Bocquet, Patrick Tabeling
2014 Lab on a Chip  
The fundamental questions of nanofluidics are the following: How do the characteristic scales pertaining to the 1–100 nm range interfere with the system size?  ...  The mechanisms are illustrated by characters whose positions in the spectrum of scales are fixed by the characteristic lengths they are associated with.  ...  LB has benefited from interactions with the members from the liquids at interfaces group in Lyon in the past few years, as well as discussions with members of the CNRS UMI-MIT unit.  ... 
doi:10.1039/c4lc00325j pmid:25046581 fatcat:2fv5u5yqv5bgxojgxxxxqssbam
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