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Fusing Deep Learned and Hand-Crafted Features of Appearance, Shape, and Dynamics for Automatic Pain Estimation

Joy Egede, Michel Valstar, Brais Martinez
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kpdlnoy5crhxtiv7j3acen4kje" style="color: black;">2017 12th IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face &amp; Gesture Recognition (FG 2017)</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this work we propose a combination of hand-crafted and deep-learned features that makes the most of deep learning techniques in small sample settings.  ...  Automatic continuous time, continuous value assessment of a patient's pain from face video is highly sought after by the medical profession.  ...  We show that combining features deep-learned to detect facial muscle actions with handcrafted features yields significant improvement in automatic pain recognition compared to using only the former.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/fg.2017.87">doi:10.1109/fg.2017.87</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/fgr/EgedeVM17.html">dblp:conf/fgr/EgedeVM17</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6j7e3j7cx5cgzoiixjsivtpma4">fatcat:6j7e3j7cx5cgzoiixjsivtpma4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200823154918/https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/preview/862406/fg-2017-pain.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e6/89/e6894620ff98dd2a20c3a19b371784b4695ad3b8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/fg.2017.87"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Facial Expression Recognition using SVM with CNN and Handcrafted Features

<span title="2019-11-30">2019</span> <i title="Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Engineering and Sciences Publication - BEIESP"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/3sfifsouvjgadp4gfj54u3z2ku" style="color: black;">International journal of recent technology and engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
In order to achieve the needed accuracy metrics, the convolution neural network was constructed to extract the facial expression features automatically and combined with the handcrafted features extracted  ...  The main objective of this work is to improve the performance of facial expression recognition in the benchmark datasets like CK+, JAFFE.  ...  Combined features of appearance and automatic techniques V. FACIAL EXPRESSION RECOGNITION RESULT The performance of the facial expression recognition system is evaluated on three dataset CK+, JAFFE.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.d7802.118419">doi:10.35940/ijrte.d7802.118419</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/64iew6izfnaofln6mehnnkboxq">fatcat:64iew6izfnaofln6mehnnkboxq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191218010730/https://www.ijrte.org/wp-content/uploads/papers/v8i4/D7802118419.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4a/f8/4af8021d8566715e0d449aabbc2ea555d8ce5529.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.d7802.118419"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Audio-visual emotion recognition in adult attachment interview

Zhihong Zeng, Yuxiao Hu, Yun Fu, Thomas S. Huang, Glenn I. Roisman, Zhen Wen
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7n7fy4pqdbc4xcakjv25uibz4e" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 8th international conference on Multimodal interfaces - ICMI &#39;06</a> </i> &nbsp;
Automatic multimodal recognition of spontaneous affective expressions is a largely unexplored and challenging problem.  ...  Based on the assumption that facial expression and vocal expression be at the same coarse affective states, positive and negative emotion sequences are labeled according to Facial Action Coding System  ...  Maja Pantic and Anton Nijholt for providing valuable comments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1180995.1181028">doi:10.1145/1180995.1181028</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/icmi/ZengHFHRW06.html">dblp:conf/icmi/ZengHFHRW06</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xxeae5xbk5f43ndlxahd3cnfa4">fatcat:xxeae5xbk5f43ndlxahd3cnfa4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808131445/http://www.ifp.illinois.edu/~zhzeng/sp12-zeng.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c1/9d/c19d48a35d7ea4a338351c4765a487fbd934506c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1180995.1181028"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Fusing Deep Learned and Hand-Crafted Features of Appearance, Shape, and Dynamics for Automatic Pain Estimation [article]

Joy Egede, Michel Valstar, Brais Martinez
<span title="2017-01-17">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this work we propose a combination of hand-crafted and deep-learned features that makes the most of deep learning techniques in small sample settings.  ...  Automatic continuous time, continuous value assessment of a patient's pain from face video is highly sought after by the medical profession.  ...  We show that combining deep learned features with handcrafted features yields significant improvement in automatic pain recognition compared to using only the former.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.04540v1">arXiv:1701.04540v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/skxg3h656bdwhi2h7jrc7fbfou">fatcat:skxg3h656bdwhi2h7jrc7fbfou</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200901011227/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1701.04540v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b3/8c/b38c7a58b4c5298705b8f63dcb6a1c21ee297af8.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1701.04540v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Local Learning with Deep and Handcrafted Features for Facial Expression Recognition [article]

Mariana-Iuliana Georgescu, Radu Tudor Ionescu, Marius Popescu
<span title="2019-05-13">2019</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
results in facial expression recognition.  ...  We present an approach that combines automatic features learned by convolutional neural networks (CNN) and handcrafted features computed by the bag-of-visual-words (BOVW) model in order to achieve state-of-the-art  ...  for our task (facial expression recognition).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.10892v6">arXiv:1804.10892v6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/w6fibaar2nbjlgtq5bqmvgbt3i">fatcat:w6fibaar2nbjlgtq5bqmvgbt3i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200828152310/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1804.10892v6.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/71/31/7131f8c72d8b1eae4306b9506faab35773818b1e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.10892v6" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Facial Recognition with Face Regions by Machine Learning: Review

Vijaya Ravindra Wankhade, Prof. Krutika K Chhajed
<span title="2022-03-31">2022</span> <i title="International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology (IJRASET)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hsp44774azcezeyiq4kuzpfh5a" style="color: black;">International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Keywords: Facial expression recognition, SVM, feature descriptor, Facial decomposition, facial landmarks  ...  Abstract: This paper proposes a comprehensive study of facial recognition method supported a unique facial decomposition.  ...  In [7] authors proposed a spontaneous face expression recognition technique based on effective feature extraction and facial expression recognition for micro Expression analysis.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2022.40644">doi:10.22214/ijraset.2022.40644</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/36lcyump3jh5jax6nd4mo6sany">fatcat:36lcyump3jh5jax6nd4mo6sany</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220518054945/https://www.ijraset.com/best-journal/facial-recognition-with-face-regions-by-machine-learning" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/47/e0/47e0b982b485cc062aabb319fcc9044dac1396b6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2022.40644"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Automatic facial expression recognition for affective computing based on bag of distances

Fu-Song Hsu, Wei-Yang Lin, Tzu-Wei Tsai
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/uwvzhxfa7jcfte6a2nokf6fbm4" style="color: black;">2013 Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association Annual Summit and Conference</a> </i> &nbsp;
Our method first combines holistic and local distance-based features so that facial expressions could be characterized in more detail.  ...  In the recent years, the video-based approach is a popular choice for modeling and classifying facial expressions.  ...  Expression Recognition In this study, we exploit the BoW approach for representing facial expressions. Each facial expression looks like a bag, which contains some words from the codebook.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/apsipa.2013.6694238">doi:10.1109/apsipa.2013.6694238</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/apsipa/HsuLT13.html">dblp:conf/apsipa/HsuLT13</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lvleg4jc4feirfps5a5blenrt4">fatcat:lvleg4jc4feirfps5a5blenrt4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170813022613/http://www.apsipa.org/proceedings_2013/papers/280_automatic-facial-hsu-2931731.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bc/90/bc906630b1fdf182e564104522ce6137b2a11d01.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/apsipa.2013.6694238"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Automatic Facial Feature Extraction and Expression Recognition based on Neural Network

S P, Dr. R.C.Thool, P.D.Khandait
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="The Science and Information Organization"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2yzw5hsmlfa6bkafwsibbudu64" style="color: black;">International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, an approach to the problem of automatic facial feature extraction from a still frontal posed image and classification and recognition of facial expression and hence emotion and mood of a  ...  Experiments are carried out on JAFFE facial expression database and gives better performance in terms of 100% accuracy for training set and 95.26% accuracy for test set.  ...  In this paper, automatic facial expression recognition (AFER) system is proposed.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2011.020117">doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2011.020117</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yjpzqi2bznanfmdh67k5rj4k7i">fatcat:yjpzqi2bznanfmdh67k5rj4k7i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180720105821/http://thesai.org/Downloads/Volume2No1/Paper%2017-Automatic%20facial%20feature%20extraction%20and%20expression%20recognition%20based%20on%20neural%20network.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/43/62/4362fb950b31b6cb90daaaeb33ec8b7c04859447.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2011.020117"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Dynamics of facial expression extracted automatically from video

Gwen Littlewort, Marian Stewart Bartlett, Ian Fasel, Joshua Susskind, Javier Movellan
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/z7tk7kanxjcz7hgk77ae6t3ofy" style="color: black;">Image and Vision Computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
We present a systematic comparison of machine learning methods applied to the problem of fully automatic recognition of facial expressions, including AdaBoost, support vector machines, and linear discriminant  ...  The faces found are scaled into image patches of equal size, convolved with a bank of Gabor energy filters, and then passed to a recognition engine that codes facial expressions into 7 dimensions in real  ...  Many other approaches to automatic facial expression recognition include explicit detection and alignment of internal facial features.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imavis.2005.09.011">doi:10.1016/j.imavis.2005.09.011</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4f4zxodagrh4lbuy5nyom5bzdm">fatcat:4f4zxodagrh4lbuy5nyom5bzdm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060514032435/http://mplab.ucsd.edu:80/~movellan/mypapers/Littlewort_CVPR04.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/df/b7/dfb7ccd06dca95161305331b61d6837ee72a6d9f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.imavis.2005.09.011"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Yawning detection and Head Nodding Detecion Analysis of Student Engagement during online Tutorials

Harshali S. Sawale
<span title="2016-11-16">2016</span> <i title="Valley International"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7itxqhdltnewtn4ueymnlhnkea" style="color: black;">International Journal Of Engineering And Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
is facial expressions which has been intensely studied for decades.  ...  Action Coding System has been widely used to study detailed facial movements for decades.FACS has been widely consumed.This paper presents an automated facial recognition approach to analyzing student  ...  Gwen Littlewort proposed systematic comparison of machine learning methods applied to the problem of fully automatic recognition of facial expressions,including Adaboost ,support vector machines and linear  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.18535/ijecs/v5i11.53">doi:10.18535/ijecs/v5i11.53</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mezf6gov4ra4pf6gs7zuiw2qwa">fatcat:mezf6gov4ra4pf6gs7zuiw2qwa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180602010925/http://ijecs.in/issue/v5-i11/53%20ijecs.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b5/e8/b5e88512c05ca0f35dacfc88201162b7454dfbc9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.18535/ijecs/v5i11.53"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Facial Expression Recognition For Mood Analysis

Prof. P. A. Patil
<span title="2019-04-30">2019</span> <i title="International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology (IJRASET)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hsp44774azcezeyiq4kuzpfh5a" style="color: black;">International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Facial expression is the main approach for human to express their emotional state.  ...  Facial expression recognition is the process of assigning an emotional label to a still image or a video.  ...  The idea is to use known image media forensics approaches to detect the face expressions of the given input image and exploring visual-based approaches for mood analysis.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2019.4263">doi:10.22214/ijraset.2019.4263</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/djz7w3f2wvg33ay6v7x2dhyt54">fatcat:djz7w3f2wvg33ay6v7x2dhyt54</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200212094643/http://ijraset.com/fileserve.php?FID=21155" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/cd/2b/cd2ba823d3f918c8c390fe037b60eb886497116d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.22214/ijraset.2019.4263"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Local Learning with Deep and Handcrafted Features for Facial Expression Recognition

Mariana-Iuliana Georgescu, Radu Tudor Ionescu, Marius Popescu
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
state-of-the-art results in facial expression recognition (FER).  ...  INDEX TERMS Facial expression recognition, local learning, convolutional neural networks, bag-of-visualwords, dense-sparse-dense training.  ...  for our task (facial expression recognition).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2917266">doi:10.1109/access.2019.2917266</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/snkfkaczqvhlrnnonyk2ue2hpm">fatcat:snkfkaczqvhlrnnonyk2ue2hpm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210429044457/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/8600701/08716652.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d9/a2/d9a232738d7cb355d14b686eb4225821ff53768e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2917266"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Machine analysis of facial behaviour: naturalistic and dynamic behaviour

M. Pantic
<span title="2009-11-02">2009</span> <i title="The Royal Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/p7stgfom7rbkheuw5cc6avanwu" style="color: black;">Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Scientific and engineering challenges in the field in general, and in these specific subproblem areas in particular, are discussed and recommendations for accomplishing a better facial expression measurement  ...  This article introduces recent advances in the machine analysis of facial expressions. It describes the problem space, surveys the problem domain and examines the state of the art.  ...  for automatic facial expression recognition from face image sequences (Pantic & Bartlett 2007; Zeng et al. 2009 ).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0135">doi:10.1098/rstb.2009.0135</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19884145">pmid:19884145</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2781883/">pmcid:PMC2781883</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yf3zrtebtnd53i3z426z7rlumi">fatcat:yf3zrtebtnd53i3z426z7rlumi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170815133331/http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royptb/364/1535/3505.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ec/9d/ec9df13e66bb3394846f34e1fdc50a7cec7d840c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2009.0135"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2781883" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Active Image Labeling and Its Application to Facial Action Labeling [chapter]

Lei Zhang, Yan Tong, Qiang Ji
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
We demonstrate the validity of the proposed framework for interactive labeling of facial action units. The proposed methodology, however, is not limited to labeling of facial action units.  ...  Fully automatic data labeling, on the other hand, is not feasible and reliable. In this paper, we propose an interactive image labeling technique for efficient and accurate data labeling.  ...  [25] improves active learning by combining the instance level feedback with the feature level feedback.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88688-4_52">doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88688-4_52</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dvxqeeji3ba57ivlq6nyjjwrhe">fatcat:dvxqeeji3ba57ivlq6nyjjwrhe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170811040921/https://www.ecse.rpi.edu/homepages/qji/Papers/activelabeling.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e8/f0/e8f0f9b74db6794830baa2cab48d99d8724e8cb6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-88688-4_52"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Face and Body Gesture Analysis for Multimodal HCI [chapter]

Hatice Gunes, Massimo Piccardi, Tony Jan
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
Accordingly, in this paper we present a vision-based framework that combines face and body gesture for multimodal HCI.  ...  Multimodal interfaces allow humans to interact with machines through multiple modalities such as speech, facial expression, gesture, and gaze.  ...  These are systems mostly combining auditory and visual information by processing facial expression and vocal cues for affective emotion recognition.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-27795-8_59">doi:10.1007/978-3-540-27795-8_59</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ib3d3ek6fjbyzceinv73k5baxi">fatcat:ib3d3ek6fjbyzceinv73k5baxi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170813211159/https://opus.lib.uts.edu.au/bitstream/10453/2680/1/2004000245.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ac/9b/ac9b784cb808bb766e1b4068346e5cf13020fac3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-27795-8_59"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>
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