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Learning What To Do by Simulating the Past [article]

David Lindner, Rohin Shah, Pieter Abbeel, Anca Dragan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Such learning is possible in principle, but requires simulating all possible past trajectories that could have led to the observed state.  ...  In this work, we show that by combining a learned feature encoder with learned inverse models, we can enable agents to simulate human actions backwards in time to infer what they must have done.  ...  We thank researchers at the Center for Human-Compatible AI and the InterACT lab for helpful discussion and feedback.  ... 
arXiv:2104.03946v2 fatcat:bnddpbwxorhmrnyui3snvjsxiu

Experiential Learning in Mandarin Classrooms: The Case for Simulation

Noor Hanim Rahmat, Mok Soon Sim, Lau Suk Khin, Fan Pik Shy
2020 International Journal of Asian Social Science  
One way to enable learners to learn through interaction in "real-life" environment is by using simulation.  ...  The simulation is a very valuable method for second language teaching and learning. "In order for a simulation to occur the participants must accept the  ...  According to Mok, Lau, Sankaran, and Suchithra (2019) at present, UiTM has the greatest number of Malay students studying Mandarin language in a International Journal of Asian Social Science  ... 
doi:10.18488/journal.1.2020.104.171.180 fatcat:kmwjehspkbew5h2ymlhbt6f24i

The future of simulation in medical education

2015 Journal of Biomedical Research  
What will happen to the cost of simulation?  ...  Secondly, our vision of what constitutes simulation will change radically in the future. Currently simulation is often seen as a method of learning that can be defined by time and space.  ... 
doi:10.7555/jbr.29.20140138 pmid:26060450 pmcid:PMC4449494 fatcat:2x43vufxhfaxjbkardrriz5xoi

Two Challenges in Simulating the Social Processes of Science

Edmund Chattoe-Brown
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
The second is how to get effective data on what, in broad terms, the properties of the "future" are. Paradoxically, with due care, we may learn a lot about the future by studying the past.  ...  This note discusses two challenges to simulating the social process of science.  ...  least a reasonable chance of doing what might appear impossible, allowing us to "model" and compare the efficacy of policies for doing something which, by its nature, is continually unknowable in its details  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1819 fatcat:fwq4gpley5caxdvba7wwuc52zi

Procedural Simulations and Reflective Practice: Meeting the Need

Sarah Sullivan, Andrew Ruis, Carla Pugh
2017 Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques  
The medical profession continues to learn about the ways in which simulations can help to improve education and training.  ...  In addition, simulation is constantly evaluated regarding the many ways it can help to improve the abilities of surgeons throughout their course of training and practice.  ...  To teach reflection skills and reap the learning benefits of reflective learning with simulation, educators must be prepared to define what reflection should look like and what the learning goals of reflective  ... 
doi:10.1089/lap.2016.0639 pmid:28157421 fatcat:vlf5kyximfa7dhvinazsd6xqo4

Embodied Simulations of Pasts

Anne Brædder
2018 Public History Review  
Firstly, the material space they do their simulations of pasts in is analysed; Secondly, the things they use to simulate the pasts; Thirdly, their embodiments and their bodies' movements, senses, habits  ...  But what the research does not reveal, is how pasts are also physically present to people and that this process of materialization also has an effect on how people interpret, use and reflect on pasts.  ...  The living historians do not express any limits in their reflections on pasts activated by their embodied simulations.  ... 
doi:10.5130/phrj.v25i0.6391 fatcat:czroks2x2bhodlswalryrsch34

Mental time travel, memory and the social learning strategies tournament

L. Fogarty, L. Rendell, K.N. Laland
2012 Learning and Motivation  
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank R. Boyd, M. Enquist, K. Eriksson, M.W. Feldman, S. Ghirlanda and all tournament entrants, including the winners D. Cownden and T.  ...  Lillicrap, ERC FP6 'Cultaptation' and ERC Advanced Grant to KNL and a BBSRC studenship to LF.  ...  Here we discuss what this use of 'mental time travel' by a number of the strategies submitted to the tournament might imply about memory in a social learning context.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lmot.2012.05.009 fatcat:z2ok4ertsvef7ebfvjzumnhajq

Evolutionary Connectionism and Mind/Brain Modularity [chapter]

2005 Modularity  
hardwired in the neural networks by the researcher, but it makes it possible to explore all sorts of interactions between evolution at the population level and learning at the level of the individual  ...  On the other hand, connectionists tend to think that the mind is a more homogeneous system that basically genetically inherits only a general capacity to learn from experience and that if there are modules  ...  This is what cognitive neuropsychologists are supposed to do.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/4734.003.0021 fatcat:nwluebj2p5e73kzbw7bjm7bztq

Computer-based simulations

Antonoaie, C., Antonoaie, N.
2010 Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Brasov. Series V : Economic Sciences  
Computer-based simulation is used in organization studies to model human social systems to better understand the dynamics between individual and group behaviours.These methods advance organization studies  ...  A computer-based simulation replicates an environment through a computer program designed to consider multiple variables, interactions, and system constraints.  ...  When we attempt to create high quality classes we ask the following questions: What do I want to teach? How can I best cover the designated course material?  ... 
doaj:84db643698814b05887afaf10fb5cf7e fatcat:ajppqwthajdjbew5m2xqiyidsu

The Theory of Reasoned Action as Parallel Constraint Satisfaction: Towards a Dynamic Computational Model of Health Behavior

Mark G. Orr, Roxanne Thrush, David C. Plaut, Angela Sirigu
2013 PLoS ONE  
In two simulations, we show that constraint satisfaction can simultaneously incorporate the effects of past experience (via learning) with the effects of immediate social context to yield behavioral intention  ...  In a third simulation, we illustrate the predictive ability of the model with respect to empirically derived behavioral intention.  ...  Hoppe for providing us with the empirical data used in this paper. And Dan Romer for helpful direction concerning the vast literature implicated by the Theory of Reasoned Action.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062490 pmid:23671603 pmcid:PMC3643950 fatcat:6jcpd5doxzbplas4xbwqcz4wge

Predictions: a universal principle in the operation of the human brain

M. Bar
2009 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
Are we as good as and future: 'what if' questions and mental scenarios in the context of preparation; 'what if ' questions that seem to serve fantasizing; 'what if ' questions that pertain to the past  ...  and the need to be able to update them with novel experiences; -counterfactual reasoning for past We learn, encode, recollect, attend, recognize, evaluate, feel and act.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2008.0321 pmid:19527998 pmcid:PMC2666718 fatcat:mgmvs7jyqrg2xolublsbb4xlee

Musing on the Past 60 Years in Electrical Engineering Education [Point of View]

C. Sidney Burrus
2012 Proceedings of the IEEE  
When people realized the simulation was better than what was being simulated, the simulation replaced the RLC circuit. The Bactive filter[ was born.  ...  Extrapolating from the past will get incremental progress. Disruptive new results come from a paradigm change in thinking. The IEEE has done that many times and will do it in the future.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2012.2200536 fatcat:k53656ca6bguno4xwfd4qldnwi

VIRTUAL LABORATORIES IN SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Valdis Priedols, Anita Jansone
2019 SOCIETY. TECHNOLOGY. SOLUTIONS. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference  
RESULTS What people mean by a virtual laboratory, to understand what value it can bring, and importantly what it cannot and must not do.  ...  The most recognizable are computer simulations that allow us to examine basic concepts in physics. These simulations are broadly used in the teaching and learning process in different ways.  ...  RESULTS What people mean by a virtual laboratory, to understand what value it can bring, and importantly what it cannot and must not do.  ... 
doi:10.35363/via.sts.2019.11 fatcat:nzhxkxpe7rezbhvl4am2gh3nq4

Language and connectionism: the developing interface

Mark S. Seidenberg
1994 Cognition  
I consider how connectionist concepts may be relevant to issues concerning the representation of linguistic knowledge; the role of a priori constraints on acquisition; and the poverty of the stimulus argument  ...  I then discuss whether these models contribute to the development of explanatory theories of language. *  ...  What happens if we present a vector of features that forms a legal consonant in Spanish, The model no longer has to learn about what a possible segment is; it only has to learn the structure of the  ... 
doi:10.1016/0010-0277(94)90037-x pmid:8039370 fatcat:pn2ddhwvzfasplafbwkyl5xxu4

An Overview of Experiential Learning in Nursing Education

Rhoda Murray
2018 Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal  
In nursing education, learning through experience is called "hands-on" learning, or learning by doing (Burnard, 1993) .  ...  , and describe the challenges of experiential learning theory as it relates to learners in nursing programs.  ...  However, as postulated by Wingfield and Black (2008) , any assignment can be experiential if it requires students to apply concepts learned in the classroom to what they will be expected to do in practice  ... 
doi:10.14738/assrj.51.4102 fatcat:g4sxgf5zurhojkluq4e6skeqhe
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