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Learning Transformation Rules to Find Grammatical Relations [article]

Lisa Ferro, Marc Vilain, Alexander Yeh
1999 arXiv   pre-print
We present a trainable approach to find these relationships through transformation sequences and error-driven learning.  ...  Our approach finds grammatical relationships between core syntax groups and bypasses much of the parsing phase.  ...  The Processing Model Our system uses transformation-based error-driven learning to automatically learn rules from training examples [Brill and Resnik, 1994] .  ... 
arXiv:cs/9906015v1 fatcat:7fe5jm3xs5et3nr7wjesj5qcpa


Олена Олександрівна ПОЖАРИЦЬКА, Кирило Володимирович ТРОЇЦЬКИЙ
2021 Мова  
Також у статті проаналізовано іншу модель, засновану на архітектурі трансформера — GECToR (Grammatical Error Correction: Tag, Not Rewrite).  ...  Thus, it has been concluded that deep learning models, such as the Transformer, can turn out to be particularly useful in tasks related to grammatical error correction.  ...  Key words: syntactic n-grams, computational linguistics, grammatical error correction, transformer, rule-based methods, deep learning methods. Problem statement.  ... 
doi:10.18524/2307-4558.2021.35.237789 fatcat:hw3aunhhmvcwza533o6fgjglze

Grammar in Low-Stakes, Informal Testing Context — Do Different Task Types Influence Performance?

Valentina М. Gavranović, Marijana M. Prodanović
2020 Узданица  
The main findings of the study not only revealed some strengths and weaknesses in demonstrating grammatical competence accordingly but also pointed to some links between task types and performance.  ...  ways how to assess it.  ...  The findings also imply that the students applied grammatical rules and knowledge in tasks which explicitly contained these rules, with indicative elements within sentences.  ... 
doi:10.18485/uzdanica.2020.17.2.3 fatcat:ufutvq6ktncktmuztkcvkkk3we

Grammatical Relations of Myanmar Sentences Augmented by Transformation-Based Learning of Function Tagging [article]

Win Win Thant, Tin Myat Htwe, Ni Lar Thein
2011 arXiv   pre-print
We augment the grammatical relations of Myanmar sentences with transformation-based learning of function tagging.  ...  Function tagging is the preprocessing step to show grammatical relations of the sentences.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Ministry of Science and Technology, Department of Myanmar, Department of English and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, for promoting a project on Myanmar to English  ... 
arXiv:1112.0396v1 fatcat:hsfbyzy3azfxzh5puxpoukp5ce

The Analysis of Semantic Constraints on Active-Passive Constructions in the Teaching-Learning of English as a Second Language

2022 Canadian Journal of Language and Literature Studies  
For more than a decade, many studies have emphasized a transformational rule for active passive construction that an object becomes a subject in passive voice with little attention paid to an extent to  ...  This could be attributed to rule-based teaching.  ...  grammatical relations and semantic roles.  ... 
doi:10.53103/cjlls.v2i3.44 fatcat:oyu7jlcoc5glbgllnc4wswo65q

Page 1913 of American Anthropologist Vol. 75, Issue 6 [page]

1973 American Anthropologist  
transformation rules as well as more complicated phrase structure rules to describe them.  ...  Chapter 5, “Universals in Child Lan- guage,” focuses on a discussion of pivot grammars as surface structure realizations of grammatical relations implicit in earlier holophrastic sentences, and as the  ... 

English Grammar Automatic Output Model under Non-native Environment

Xiaohong Du
2013 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
of their grammatical competence, which directly leads to an obvious gap between students' English grammatical knowledge and their grammatical competence.  ...  According to Anderson's cognitive theory of ACT, learners will go through three stages (cognitive, associative and automatic stage) from declarative knowledge to procedural knowledge in acquiring the automatic  ...  selecting suitable teaching materials, finding grammar points, and guiding students to internalize the related grammatical rules.  ... 
doi:10.4304/tpls.3.1.29-34 fatcat:6qa4frignvdzzkz25woeok4uoe

An Analysis of Grammatical Errors in the Conversation of the Third Grade Students of Tourism Department of SMK Negeri 1 Kupang, Indonesia

Yandry Diana Dethan
2017 SMCC Higher Education Research Journal  
The spoken and written language cannot be separated from grammatical rules because the grammatical rules of a language play an important role to convey and receive the message.  ...  This study aimed to answer the following questions: What were the types and the most of the grammatical errors in the conversation of the third-grade students of Tourism Department of SMK Negeri 1 Kupang  ...  The spoken and written language cannot be separated from grammatical rules because the grammatical rules of a language play an important role to convey and receive the message.  ... 
doi:10.18868/sher4j.04.00817.01 fatcat:fb65cwmwrnhilbds3lcf7jiaji


Sulistyo Adi Joko Saharjo, Ni Nyoman Nidya Trianingrum
2017 Jurnal Santiaji Pendidikan (JSP)  
In the grammatical transformation tasks, the students were asked to change direct speech to indirect speech or vice versa by the correct grammatical forms in the sentences.  ...  The data required for the study were collected by using grammatical transformation tasks.  ...  The research question which is related to the number of grammatical errors made by the students was answered.  ... 
doi:10.36733/jsp.v7i2.61 fatcat:fl5w3a3f4rdqblzqhmve6tjdai

Page 221 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 45, Issue 2 [page]

1971 Psychological Abstracts  
Likewise, learning to verbalize the grammatical rule which governs the concept did not facilitate concept formation.  ...  ., Center for Study of Social Organization of Schools) Effects of discrimination, grammatical rules, and application of rules on the acquisition of grammatical concepts.  ... 

Research on Automatic Error Correction Method in English Writing Based on Deep Neural Network

Lanzhi Cheng, Peiyun Ben, Yuchen Qiao, Akshi Kumar
2022 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
This paper uses the deep learning model of Seq2Seq_Attention model and transformer model to eliminate deep-level errors.  ...  However, grammar learning in English is a difficult and long process for English learners. Especially in English writing, English learners will inevitably make various grammatical writing errors.  ...  Errors that were easier to find could be checked with simple rules, such as repeated punctuation.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/2709255 pmid:35310588 pmcid:PMC8930232 fatcat:xqa6lc4pune7rejlmpmw6j43g4

The role of consciousness and sub-consciousness in teaching of grammar in ELT

Selin Ozdemir, Fatih Yavuz
2018 New Trends and Issues Proceedings on Humanities and Social Sciences  
to choosing one of them as an ideal way to teach grammar.  ...  It gains its importance since it helps learners attain high level of accuracy and proficiency in language learning processes.  ...  These definitions imply that grammatical rules should be transformed into learner's real life environment.  ... 
doi:10.18844/prosoc.v5i1.3392 fatcat:tiwldijggbfpfarn5gnulfnp3e

Exploring the Capacity of a Large-scale Masked Language Model to Recognize Grammatical Errors [article]

Ryo Nagata, Manabu Kimura, Kazuaki Hanawa
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, based on these findings, we explore a cost-effective method for detecting grammatical errors with feedback comments explaining relevant grammatical rules to learners.  ...  These suggest that (i) the BERT-based method should have a good knowledge of grammar required to recognize certain types of error and that (ii) it can transform the knowledge into error detection rules  ...  Finally, based on these findings, we explore a cost-effective method for detecting grammatical errors with feedback comments explaining relevant grammatical rules to learners.  ... 
arXiv:2108.12216v1 fatcat:qzbneuemsbcs5dgysvab65fyfm

Current Issues in Psycholinguistics and Second Language Teaching

John B. Carroll
1971 TESOL Quarterly (Print)  
Key issues discussed include (1) the nature of linguistic rules and their relation to the "habits" of language use, (2) the role of grammatical theory in language teaching, (3) the nature of language learning  ...  The author illustrates why the field of language instruction has become characterized by pedagogical uncertainty and concludes that the teacheres ability to manage learning behavior remains one of the  ...  If we were to take that sentence from the New York Times and decompose it into its various constituents, even using a transformational grammar to find its phrasemarkers and transformations, these constituents  ... 
doi:10.2307/3585992 fatcat:ebutztdldzc33fvsxk3xn4olli

The Metacognitive Role of Familiarity in Artificial Grammar Learning: Transitions from Unconscious to Conscious Knowledge [chapter]

Ryan Scott, Zoltán Dienes
2010 Trends and Prospects in Metacognition Research  
The two methods are related to the distinction between conscious and unconscious knowledge i.e., between knowledge in the presence and absence of metacognition.  ...  The first method is shared with animals and new born babies: By this method, one learns using representations whose function is to indicate how the world IS.  ...  learning styles and assess how their scores related to responding in an AGL task.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6546-2_3 fatcat:symuy3f2lrehrlzsegvcop3yay
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