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Learning plan schemata from observation: Explanation-based learning for plan recognition

R Mooney
1990 Cognitive Science  
This article discusses how explanation-based learning of plan schemata from observation can improve performance of plan recognition.  ...  Learned schemata allow GENESIS to use schema-based understanding techniques when interpreting events and thereby ovoid the expensive search associated with plan-based understanding.  ...  Since a plan recognition system constructs explanations for observed actions, it is particularly well-suited for employing EBL to acquire plan schemata from observation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0364-0213(90)90007-j fatcat:3yblqbktgvfjhlchcvtzi6sjfa

Learning Plan Schemata from Observation: Explanation-Based Learning for Plan Recognition

Raymond J. Mooney
1990 Cognitive Science  
This article discusses how explanation-based learning of plan schemata from observation can improve performance of plan recognition.  ...  Learned schemata allow GENESIS to use schema-based understanding techniques when interpreting events and thereby ovoid the expensive search associated with plan-based understanding.  ...  Since a plan recognition system constructs explanations for observed actions, it is particularly well-suited for employing EBL to acquire plan schemata from observation.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog1404_1 fatcat:kgxhijwhdjc6bcd65kleheit6a

Learning Rhetorical Structure Theory-based descriptions of observed behaviour [article]

Luis Botelho, Luis Nunes, Ricardo Ribeiro, Rui J. Lopes
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The relations of the family Although, once extracted from the agent's observations, express surprise at the observed behaviour and, in certain circumstances, present a justification for it.  ...  by the agent, just by observation, using domain-independent axiom schemata and or learning algorithms.  ...  an explanation for the surprising actions.  ... 
arXiv:2206.12294v1 fatcat:o7x54sznfzghxhtgru6mijsmai

Page 7 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 25, Issue 4 [page]

1991 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
(Dept Computer Sciences U Texas, Austin 78712), Learning Plan Schemata from Observation: Explanation- Based Learning for Plan Recognition, Cognitive Science, 1990, 14, 4, Oct-Dec, 483-509. 1 Explanation-based  ...  learning of plan schemata from observation is shown to improve the performance of plan recognition (explaining the observed actions of others).  ... 

Page 445 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 79, Issue 1 [page]

1992 Psychological Abstracts  
—Discusses how explanation-based learning of plan schemata from observation can improve performance of plan recognition.  ...  (U Texas, Austin) Learning plan schemata from observation: Explanation-based jearning for recognition. Cognitive Science, 1990(Oct-Dec), Vol 14(4), 483-509.  ... 

Analyzing the Psychological and Social Contents of Evidence-Experimental Comparison between Guessing, Naturalistic Observation, and Systematic Analysis

Henriette S. Haas, Maja Pisarzewska Fuerst, Patrick Tönz, Jutta Gubser-Ernst
2015 Journal of Forensic Sciences  
Subjects who learned SA well abducted significantly better hypotheses than those who observed naturally or who guessed intuitively. Internal validity of SA was a = 0.74.  ...  Subjects who learned SA well abducted significantly better hypotheses than those who observed naturally or who guessed intuitively. Internal validity of SA was a = 0.74.  ...  Gall, for their generous advice and support and to Marianne Pithon for her close reading of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1556-4029.12703 pmid:25677757 fatcat:xtj4bkjk7nb7bjfubper7lwntq

Action observation treatment: a novel tool in neurorehabilitation

G. Buccino
2014 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
AOT exploits this neurophysiological mechanism for the recovery of motor impairment. During one typical session, patients observe a daily action and afterwards execute it in context.  ...  It is now a well-accepted notion in neurophysiology that the observation of actions performed by others activates in the perceiver the same neural structures responsible for the actual execution of those  ...  B 369: 20130185 MNS and play a role in motor planning and motor learning [30] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2013.0185 pmid:24778380 pmcid:PMC4006186 fatcat:sgk6rcnrozhxtffmlbchckgrrm

Premotor Cortex Activation during Observation and Naming of Familiar Tools

Scott T. Grafton, Luciano Fadiga, Michael A. Arbib, Giacomo Rizzolatti
1997 NeuroImage  
This dorsal premotor activation, which further augments when the subject names the tool use, should reflect the neural activity related to motor schemata for object use.  ...  Positron emission tomography was used to investigate whether observation of real objects (tools of common use) activates premotor areas in the absence of any overt motor demand.  ...  These activations were observed after subtraction of observation of fractals from tools observation.  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.1997.0293 pmid:9417966 fatcat:llu43afsafffrhx4lxhin2z2pe

Schema acquisition from a single example

Woo-kyoung Ahn, William F. Brewer, Raymond J. Mooney
1992 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
Explanation-based learning approaches hypothesize that a general schema can be acquired from a single example by connecting instantiations of existing schemata and generalizing the connected portion of  ...  The present experiments demonstrated that subjects could acquire a plan schema from a single example in knowledge-rich domains as predicted by the explanation-based approach.  ...  natural language narratives by learning new plan schemata.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.18.2.391 fatcat:l5vt4hapw5bypldw5l6prrpxam

Integrating art historical, psychological, and neuroscientific explanations of artists' advantages in drawing and perception

Aaron Kozbelt, William P. Seeley
2007 Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts  
The authors propose an integrative model to explain these results, derived from research in psychology and cognitive neuroscience on how category knowledge, attention, and motor plans influence visual  ...  Suggestions for testing the model are discussed.  ...  diagnostic for form recognition, further contributing to artists' observed perceptual advantages.  ... 
doi:10.1037/1931-3896.1.2.80 fatcat:ghbmoa7xpzfrpkijs7yxnaiseu

Explanation-based learning: a survey of programs and perspectives

Thomas Ellman
1989 ACM Computing Surveys  
Explanation-based learning (EBL) is a technique by which an intelligent system can learn by observing examples.  ...  This paper provides a general introduction to the field of explanation-based learning. Considerable emphasis is placed on showing how EBL combines the four learning tasks mentioned above.  ...  the term operationality for the purpose of explanation-based learning.  ... 
doi:10.1145/66443.66445 fatcat:o25qzli5sza3nczyifhhcl2roi

EFFECTS OF PREDICT-EXPLAIN-OBSERVE-EXPLAIN AND VEE HEURISTIC STRATEGIES ON STUDENTS' ACHIEVEMENT, METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS AND SELF-EFFICACY BELIEF IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

PhD Victor Oluwatosin Ajayi
2020 Figshare  
This research investigated the effects of Predict-Explain-Observe-Explain (PEOE) and Vee Heuristic (VH) strategies on students' achievement, metacognitive awareness and self-efficacy belief in Organic  ...  The instruments used for data collection were Organic Chemistry Achievement Test (OCAT), Metacognitive Awareness Inventory (MAI) and Organic Chemistry Self-Efficacy Belief Scale (OCSEBS).  ...  Draw the structure of propanoic acid explanations-observations-explanations for each group).  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12205043 fatcat:7lroan7c2ve2pozntvqw4v6fk4

A review of the fourth International Workshop on Machine Learning

Rogers P. Hall, Brian Falkenhainer, Nicholas Flann, Steve Hampson, Robert Reinke, Jeff Shrager, Michael H. Sims, Prasad Tadepalli
1987 Machine Learning  
Hammond describes a case-based approach to constructing explanations for planning failures and repairing faulty plans.  ...  explanations for these laws or observations.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00114266 fatcat:p3middb4jjcjzdykb5q4orfn6q

Page 2752 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 84, Issue 6 [page]

1997 Psychological Abstracts  
(U Leeds, Com- puter Based Learning Unit, planations in a Leeds, England) Generating ex- learning environment. /nier- national Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 1996(Nov), Vol 45(5), 527-551.  ...  Some inference rules for expanding the user model by inferring the user’s beliefs from both the sentences s/he utters and the in- formation stored in the plan library of the system are proposed that describes  ... 

Art, Artists, and Perception: A Model for Premotor Contributions to Perceptual Analysis and Form Recognition

William Seeley, Aaron Kozbelt
2008 Philosophical Psychology  
in visual recognition.  ...  The artist's full name is Humphrey Ocean. [15] See Calvo-Merino, Glaser, Grèzes, Passingham and Haggard's (2005) fMRI study of expert dancers for further evidence for the role of PM and motor simulation  ...  Motor Plans and Visual Attention The premotor cortex (area 6) is associated with and specialized for motor intention based on prior motor plans.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09515080801976573 fatcat:dir6yc2wnndznf7vn3ken3no7a
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