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Teaching AI, Ethics, Law and Policy [article]

Asher Wilk
2019 arXiv   pre-print
For example, self-driving cars raise new technical, ethical, legal and public policy issues.  ...  This paper proposes a course named Computers, Ethics, Law, and Public Policy, and suggests a curriculum for such a course.  ...  This paper suggests what should be taught in a course named Computers, Ethics, Law, and Public Policy, that is intended for persons involved with AI, new technologies, computer science, information science  ... 
arXiv:1904.12470v5 fatcat:x2z4sx65yrfnjga3omyghht4nm

Just Policy? An Ethical Analysis of Early Intervention Policy Guidance

Rose Mortimer, Alex McKeown, Ilina Singh
2018 American Journal of Bioethics  
EI is concerned with the just distribution of "life chances," so that all children are given fair opportunity to realize their potential and lead a good life; EI policy design, therefore, invokes ethical  ...  We analyze a corpus of EI policy guidance to investigate explicit and implicit ethical arguments about who should be held morally responsible for safeguarding child health and well-being.  ...  therefore hope to have shown that the kind of philosophical analysis conducted here is useful to policymakers seeking to make society fairer through EI, and may lead to productive collaborations in future  ... 
doi:10.1080/15265161.2018.1523491 pmid:30475174 pmcid:PMC6259047 fatcat:2dxorpwa7zhsfmkydpkyhjfs4q

Philosophical Bioethics in the Policy Arena: A Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Just Policy? An Ethical Analysis of Early Intervention Policy Guidance"

Rose Mortimer, Alex McKeown, Ilina Singh
2019 American Journal of Bioethics  
are excited by this opportunity to take the debate in new directions.  ...  We chose this method of inquiry in order to view the ethical issue in question through a new lens, and hopefully to bring new ideas or insights to the debate.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15265161.2018.1549291 pmid:30676901 pmcid:PMC6352370 fatcat:d7ulfepddrhfzeyymdnkomlfke

Life Within Energy Policy

Jacob Bethem
2018 Relations  
In this way, the "value of life" bridges these related philosophies and provides theoretical support for decisions of social and environmental sustainability where lives are impacted, such as in the energy  ...  So, we ought to be explicit about those impacts if we are concerned about the morality of policies.  ...  I aim to open new values perspectives to individuals who are not as naturally inclined to these views.  ... 
doi:10.7358/rela-2018-001-beth fatcat:cmrfya5xsvgh7eevbq5uj4utt4

The Ethical Foundations of Social Policy: Martha Nussbaum and Dependency

Cristina Guirao Mirón
2017 Research on Ageing and Social Policy  
We are witnessing the regeneration of the ethical models that nourish social policy in a more inclusive manner, being more acquiescent with diversity than are the classical social contract and justice  ...  New societies require social polities based upon renewed ethical values.  ...  Notes 1 The prevailing economism in political principles has drawn the attention of different disciplines, from moral philosophy and political theory to economic science.  ... 
doi:10.17583/rasp.2017.2400 fatcat:wqscuonndzhmbamikpavabjrle

The ethics of language policies [chapter]

Astrid von Busekist
2018 The Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy  
This chapter aims to clarify why language policies are the substructure of a variety of important democratic requirements and hence why fair and ethical language policies matter for democratic polities  ...  Another, more promising way of looking at efficiency is by asking what kind of political efficiency we are aiming for.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315461731-34 fatcat:dv2egn3akvho7gyzcz35fw7fuq

The Fourth Revolution: Philosophical Foundations and Technological Implications

Hilmi Demir
2010 Knowledge, Technology and Policy  
The changes that have happened since then have brought about new issues, questions, challenges, and opportunities that need to be carefully and scholarly analyzed for the betterment of humanity.  ...  The other category is policy-related questions and challenges. With the introduction of the Internet, there are new ways of community building through social networks.  ...  of philosophy with Floridi's work.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12130-010-9095-7 fatcat:ax4i2qg46bhfpdpgimqzc46awi

On the Future of the Public Policy School

Helmut K. Anheier
2018 Global Policy  
Perhaps now is the time for public policy schools to revisit how to reconcile the nearly century-old Weberian directive of valuesfree research with the ethics of moral conviction and the ethics of responsibility  ...  They, in turn, need to balance an ethic of moral conviction (Gesinnungsethik, or a core belief in what in their view seems right or wrong) with an ethic of responsibility (Verantwortungsethik, or a concern  ... 
doi:10.1111/1758-5899.12599 fatcat:fb6ogkordzbtdnhgijgns7fe3e


Anshuman Tiwari
of science and technology.  ...  As it is known that research and development has very vast effect on the growth of any country, NEP 2020 focuses on research in the field of educational psychology, philosophy, sociology etc. with integration  ...  basis for replacing the outgoing policy of NEP 1986.  ... 
doi:10.36106/paripex/7008072 fatcat:4tmcsxjas5cc7kyo4a2ohmg6ry

Following Policy: A Network Ethnography of the UK Character Education Policy Community

Kim Allen, Anna Bull
2018 Sociological research online  
) on social science research and policy in the UK.  ...  Investigating character education from a perspective of policy formation and influence, we trace the key policy actors who have contributed to the adoption of character education in the UK, and their international  ...  Acknowledgments: We would like to thank the two anonymous peer reviewers, and Steve Roberts, for their helpful and encouraging comments on this article.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1360780418769678 fatcat:awr7t3cj3rbnviv56n3oavvq6u

Humanoid Research on Brain-Impaired Children: Comparative Policies

Rugayah Hashim, Zulhabri Ismail, Hanafiah Yussof
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
should there emerge a unique case, an extension to one of the policies would have to be undertaken to circumvent ethics in research practices.  ...  The four policies From the five policy papers, it is expected that any research projects involving children with mental disabilities will require the compliance with the current statutes and policies but  ...  Acknowledgements The research projects have been funded by the Ministry of Education, Malaysia awarded under the Niche Research Grant Scheme (NRGS 13/2013 and NRGS 12/2013).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.12.314 fatcat:qipmn7raqncgvi4zr3opsgrp2a

Shifting the Centre of Gravity from SME Policy to Entrepreneurship Policy

Iqbal M. Khan
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Entrepreneurship Policy on the other hand addresses all the needs for enhancing innovation and productivity in a knowledge based economy.  ...  Entrepreneurship Policy caters to the generation of the energy that fosters entrepreneurship and the enterprising culture.  ...  With this as the Philosophy of our Entrepreneurship Policy we can look at the practical side of the policy.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1355064 fatcat:hst45snhjfhlpf3k3xqkdt5br4

Critical realism and its prospects for African development research and policy

JM Njihia
2011 Thought and Practice  
This paper outlines critical realism, a relatively new philosophy of science, in an attempt to increase awareness of it amongst African researchers.  ...  The paper argues that this school of thought has important implications for framing social science research and development policy in developing countries.  ...  Subsequent study under leading realist, Rom Harre led Bhaskar to a new philosophy for science from a reconsideration of seminal works by Hume and Kant (Bhaskar 1978) .  ... 
doi:10.4314/tp.v3i1.70985 fatcat:s5x7nzhxo5g7pfhw5dsjjwfrse

Bionetworking over DNA and biosocial interfaces: Connecting policy and design

Denisa Kera
2010 Genomics, Society and Policy  
The notion of cosmopolitics as "collective experimentation" and "progressive composition of the common world" (Bruno Latour) offers a framework for understanding this connection between philosophy, policy  ...  Personal genetic information services (PGI) or direct-to-consumer genomics (DTC) presents a convergence of web 2.0 platforms with consumer-oriented genetics that brings together issues of policy and design  ...  Connecting policy with design in bionetworking How to account for the pace with which these novel online applications are redefining the meaning of "biological citizenship" and exploring new forms of "  ... 
doi:10.1186/1746-5354-6-1-47 fatcat:fosuz5rv5nb6dhlnbztczy5zt4

Race, racism, and social policy [chapter]

Albert Atkin
2018 The Routledge Handbook of Ethics and Public Policy  
I shall expand upon these three starting points in more detail ahead (in Part 1 ), but crucially they lead back to my central claim that race should always be a matter of consideration for policy-makers  ...  consideration for appropriately cautious policy-makers.  ...  pitfalls with new recommendations.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315461731-23 fatcat:xawanntu6zalfoliry2hl77u3q
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