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Language Model-based Approaches for Legal Assistance

Zhiran Li, Leilei Kong
2020 Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation  
The first part of it is to match similar legal cases, and the second part is to match legal cases with relevant statues. We tried the language model on the first task.  ...  This paper mainly introduces our approaches for the task provided by the FIRE2020(forum for information retrieval evaluation). Task 1 has 2 sub-tasks.  ...  The μ stands for the default parameter in the Lucene language model with Dirichlet smoothing.  ... 
dblp:conf/fire/LiK20 fatcat:7jmrtxxy6fcdvpy7z2jgkfsv6q

Spectre@AILA-FIRE2020: Supervised Rhetorical Role Labeling for Legal Judgments using Transformers

Racchit Jain, Abhishek Agarwal, Yashvardhan Sharma
2020 Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation  
A transformer-based language model (RoBERTa) pretrained over an extensive English language corpus and fine-tuned on legal judgments from the Supreme Court is presented along with its evaluation on standard  ...  This paper presents the methodologies implemented while performing multi-class text classification for rhetorical role labeling of legal judgments for task 2 of the track 'Artificial Intelligence for Legal  ...  The 'Artificial Intelligence for Legal Assistance' track proposed by FIRE 2020 [2] , comprised of two tasks.  ... 
dblp:conf/fire/JainAS20 fatcat:kuarrgudfbbenctncchoczcfzq

Working with Bilingual Corpora to Enhance Legal Translation Competence

Diana Oțăt
2018 Romanian Journal of English Studies  
Legal translation corpus design, analysis tools and false-friend management are addressed so as to provide further insights into such recurrent matters.  ...  Following the design phase, students were assisted in the use of different tools provided by MAXQDA 12 in order to develop a corpus-based analysis focusing on legal language lexical particularities and  ...  We share the perspective that Corpus-based Translation Studies (CTS) opens the door for an integrated approach to develop students' translation knowledge and competence.  ... 
doi:10.1515/rjes-2018-0018 fatcat:khvl4g7njzctlmfnaptoa4mn24

Computational law

Nathaniel Love, Michael Genesereth
2005 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '05  
Computational law is an approach to automated legal reasoning focusing on semantically rich laws, regulations, contract terms, and business rules in the context of electronicallymediated actions.  ...  Current computational tools for electronic commerce fall short of the demands of business, organizations, and individuals conducting complex transactions over the web.  ...  to complex behavioral constraints, without the need for outside legal assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1165485.1165517 dblp:conf/icail/LoveG05 fatcat:bif5iazbtfh4zf4sgpnwwnx2hu

Asking the Right Questions: Examining the Efficacy of Question Trails as a Method of Improving Lay Comprehension and Application of Legal Concepts

Benjamin Spivak, James R. P. Ogloff, Jonathan Clough
2018 Psychiatry, Psychology and Law  
The present study examines the 'fact based' approach to jury instructions, which embeds legal concepts in a series of logically ordered written factual questions that the jury must answer to reach a verdict  ...  Four instructional types (standard, plain language, checklist, fact based) were compared on paraphrase and application measures across three time points.  ...  The complexity of the relevant law makes it a useful test case to determine whether fact-based approaches have utility in assisting the jury to understand and apply legal concepts in their decision-making  ... 
doi:10.1080/13218719.2018.1506720 pmid:31984088 pmcid:PMC6762111 fatcat:ybjwh5pxxjd4bcrmp7krpdrmii

Privacy Policy Question Answering Assistant: A Query-Guided Extractive Summarization Approach [article]

Moniba Keymanesh, Micha Elsner, Srinivasan Parthasarathy
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This is a challenging task because users articulate their privacy-related questions in a very different language than the legal language of the policy, making it difficult for the system to understand  ...  Existing work on making privacy policies accessible has explored new presentation forms such as color-coding based on the risk factors or summarization to assist users with conscious agreement.  ...  To compute the relevance score, we rely on a transformer-based language representation model (Devlin et al., 2018) pretrained on legal contracts called legal-bert (Chalkidis et al., 2020) 3 .  ... 
arXiv:2109.14638v1 fatcat:uh3pkqbcrbenjdwkwktcrxh3oi

An overview of information extraction techniques for legal document analysis and processing

Ashwini V. Zadgaonkar, Avinash J. Agrawal
2021 International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems (IJPEDS)  
In this work, we have divided the approaches into three classes NLP based, deep learning-based and, KBP based approaches.  ...  In this paper, we are exploring the recent advances in the field of legal text processing and provide a comparative analysis of approaches used for it.  ...  [3] proposed an approach to design a comprehensive model to assist legal researchers in accessing legal data for the most applied case. The proposed approach is implemented using LegalCo.  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijece.v11i6.pp5450-5457 fatcat:cigtd4kh4vc4hhfnl32sss25ye

Computer-Assisted Legal Linguistics: Corpus Analysis as a New Tool for Legal Studies

Friedemann Vogel, Hanjo Hamann, Isabelle Gauer
2017 Law and Social Inquiry  
For more information, see Figure 2 . The CAL 2 Corpus of German Law is the first large-scale representative corpus for computer-assisted analyses of German legal language.  ...  and evidence-based policy, and marks the way forward for legal corpus linguistics" .  ... 
doi:10.1111/lsi.12305 fatcat:heicibcca5gaffhglutrihrx7u

Page 2086 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 29, Issue 4 [page]

1995 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
; Student Assistant for Learning from Text software system influence, learning-disabled students’ text comprehension; basic vs enhanced versions; test; 9509617 verb acquisition/learning process components  ...  /categorizing approaches, ethno- methodological basis; 9508379 Dutch-Spanish legal terminology translation, juridical vs functional equivalence; 9508003 foreign-language training relevance, future European  ... 

SHIFTING THE LEGAL BORDERLANDS OF RULE OF LAW PROGRAMS - BRAZILIAN COOPERATION AGENCY (ABC) AND PUBLIC DEFENDERS' OFFICE IN EAST TIMOR

Sapna Reheem Shaila
2019 Revista de Estudos Institucionais  
model of 'rule of law' assistance.  ...  Donors from the Global South are more open to accommodate legal pluralism, as well as take a prolonged approach of assistance.  ...  was its blinkered approach of strengthening state based legal system.  ... 
doi:10.21783/rei.v5i2.376 fatcat:jie6l4sszfdzrbidqkfok5d5ia

Recognition of Chinese Legal Elements Based on Transfer Learning and Semantic Relevance

Dian Zhang, Hewei Zhang, Long Wang, Jiamei Cui, Wen Zheng, Yan Huang
2022 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
On the China Law Research Cup 2019 Judicial Artificial Intelligence Challenge (CAIL-2019) dataset, the final result improves 4.2 points over the method based on the BERT model but without using similarity  ...  This paper proposes a Chinese legal element identification method based on BERT's contextual relationship capture mechanism to identify the elements by measuring the similarity between legal elements and  ...  BERT uses a novel approach to use bidirectionality by pretraining the "masked language model" and "next sentence prediction" rather than pretraining the language model.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/1783260 fatcat:dg75q5o33vbjdde6bp5pszqbga

Ergo – a programming language for Smart Legal Contracts [article]

Niall Roche, Walter Hernandez, Eason Chen, Jérôme Siméon, Dan Selman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We see this as a step towards improving existing approaches to representing the complexity of legal agreements and executing aspects of these agreements.  ...  We present a smart legal contract platform to support a wide range of smart legal contract use cases.  ...  In future work we intend to expand the breath and depth templates and models available and to support additional DLT based systems, including support for WebAssembly.  ... 
arXiv:2112.07064v2 fatcat:us7afer5w5fpddlsoiwxtcpx4y

An Artificial Intelligence based Analysis in Legal domain

2019 VOLUME-8 ISSUE-10, AUGUST 2019, REGULAR ISSUE  
Through this review, we instituted that deep learning models are giving advanced performance  ...  The automation tool to analyse this legal data can serve effectively for lawyers and law students, which can address a lawyer's role and can even become powerful to release such a role in future.  ...  Intelligent models and applications are developed based on the intense logic from research area. Different algorithms and approaches have been developed for facing this problem.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.b1113.1292s219 fatcat:nk4nnpe4urgsbmowwfeysfgtke

Providing Actionable Insights for Jurisprudence Researchers

Jamie Schram, Christian Dirschl, Jessica Kent, Quentin Reul, Vincent Henderson, Harry Sabnani
2021 Conference on Digital Curation Technologies  
Since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been an erosion of the belief in the need for information to be delivered in book form [2] .  ...  As legal professionals are used to retrieving granular information in their personal search engine of choice (most start with Google), they come to expect similar capabilities from their legal search engine  ...  Our approach for the design and management of the ontology aims to strike a balance between a very loose semantic model, which provides great flexibility and extensibility (based primarily on making use  ... 
dblp:conf/qurator/SchramDKRHS21 fatcat:xvj5jgqolfhehge43siupd27tm

Curation Technologies for the Construction and Utilisation of Legal Knowledge Graphs

Julian Moreno Schneider, Georg Rehm
2018 Zenodo  
In this paper we present an overview of the current state of the art with regard to semantic technologies and natural language processing approaches applied to the legal domain.  ...  Under the umbrella of the European project LYNX we currently develop technologies for the construction of a legal knowledge graph and a corresponding system that makes use of this legal knowledge graph  ...  ., 2010) perform legal knowledge acquisition based on top-down and bottom-up approaches. They present a methodology for multilingual legal knowledge acquisition and modeling.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4720282 fatcat:rhdz6p4cjbeebooqu3amhd2534
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