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Language Learning from Texts: Degrees of Intrinsic Complexity and Their Characterizations

Sanjay Jain, Efim Kinber, Rolf Wiehagen
2001 Journal of computer and system sciences (Print)  
We have also discovered and characterized rich hierarchies of degrees of complexity based on \core" natural learning problems.  ...  To quantify hardness of learning, we use intrinsic complexity based on reductions between learning problems.  ...  E m Kinber was supported in part by the URCG grant of Sacred Heart University.  ... 
doi:10.1006/jcss.2001.1759 fatcat:yhx3sxhpbnf2re5duxeqnjuo64

Learning Language from a Large (Unannotated) Corpus [article]

Linas Vepstas, Ben Goertzel
2014 arXiv   pre-print
The suggested approach builds on the authors' prior work with the Link Grammar, RelEx and OpenCog systems, as well as on a number of prior papers and approaches from the statistical language learning literature  ...  A novel approach to the fully automated, unsupervised extraction of dependency grammars and associated syntax-to-semantic-relationship mappings from large text corpora is described.  ...  learns the linguistic content characterizing a particular language.  ... 
arXiv:1401.3372v1 fatcat:cl7huumnvbfppottck6jldcyji

TOWARDS STRATEGIC SELF-REGULATION IN SECOND/ FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING. PART II. LEARNING FROM GOOD LANGUAGE LEARNERS

Małgorzata Dąbrowska
2017 Rozprawy Społeczne  
/foreign language learning, and what teachers and learners can learn from those who succeed in this complex task.  ...  Sidorska 95/97, Dąbrowska M. (2017), Towards strategic self-regulation in second/foreign language learning. Part II. Learning from good language learners.  ...  She made an attempt to present what both teachers and learners can learn from those who succeed in the complex task of second/foreign language learning.  ... 
doi:10.29316/rs.2017.7 fatcat:fmavdhca5zhh7lr2y2aalnxxyq

Simulated speaking environments for language learning: insights from three cases

Tetyana Sydorenko, Tom F. H. Smits, Keelan Evanini, Vikram Ramanarayanan
2018 Computer Assisted Language Learning  
Acknowledgements: This study was supported by a grant from the Academic Support Services of the North-West University as part of a Scholarship of Teaching and Learning project.  ...  Drawing on sound contemporary theories from a broad landscape of research in social science, education, science, technology and so on, CALL and design for learning clearly have much in common.  ...  (Garcia-Mayo, 2007) , Task in Second language Learning , Second Language Task Complexity , have provided overviews of task-based language teaching, learning and research concerns.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09588221.2018.1466811 fatcat:56weegbwy5djzk7a4toj7bzqiy

Success: From failure to failure with enthusiasm

Danuta Gabryś-Barker
2014 Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching  
The empirical part of this article looks at my own qualitative study of pre-service EFL teachers' narratives and their perceptions of teacher enthusiasm and its impact on teaching and learning success,  ...  as seen from their own perspective.  ...  or learn a language.  ... 
doi:10.14746/ssllt.2014.4.2.7 fatcat:5f3dapxxrjdcvakvym25ja5rte

Learning Language under Tension: New Directions from a Qualitative Study

Guy Spielmann, Mary L. Radnofsky
2001 The Modern Language Journal  
Their overall perception of the learning experience was ultimately bound to the opportunity to reinvent themselves successfully in the target language.  ...  These valuations appear linked not to the allegedly objective quality of instruction, materials and learning environment, but to personal expectations and a priori beliefs about language learning.  ...  Baker Fellowship in Second language Acquisition Research from the Middlebury Language Schools (1993). We wish to thank Dr. Daniel Jourlait, then Director of the French School and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1111/0026-7902.00108 fatcat:ekgpicvnj5a2jft4jlrs4rbepy

How Children Learn Language: Getting From the Input to the Output

Patricia M. Clancy
1984 Contemporary Psychology  
On the basis of evi- dence from the structure and acquisition of American Sign Language, Newport concludes that the structure of language is determined by the nature of the learn- ing mechanisms through  ...  An important line of departure from Chomsky’s view of the LAD has substi- tuted constraints on the learning process for innate linguistic knowledge as an ex- planation of linguistic universals and their  ... 
doi:10.1037/022957 fatcat:lhkplefsjragfpcfug7vs5x7vq

Incidental Learning and Long-Term Retention of New Word Meanings From Stories: The Effect of Number of Exposures

Rachael C. Hulme, Daria Barsky, Jennifer M. Rodd
2018 Language Learning  
There was no significant forgetting after 1 week, regardless of the Incidental Learning of Word Meanings From Stories number of exposures during training, demonstrating the efficiency with which adults  ...  This study used a Web-based naturalistic story-reading paradigm to investigate the impact of number of exposures on incidental acquisition and long-term retention of new meanings for known words by native  ...  plot, and some items may be intrinsically easier or harder to learn than others.  ... 
doi:10.1111/lang.12313 fatcat:jqckhtlfwjcovbq4o5dtuuuijq

Field-dependent/independent cognitive style preferences of EFL learners in an implicit learning task from information processing perspective: A qualitative investigation

Elaheh Hamed Mahvelati
2019 International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning  
Individuals' field-dependent/independent cognitive style is regarded as one of the most important factors affecting second language learning.  ...  and memory) and consequently the learning outcome.  ...  their attention in the texts or what they learned from the texts, in general, and the words they encountered, in particular.  ... 
doi:10.5861/ijrsll.2019.3009 fatcat:a6oiitnn3nb73juc7jhadx6fde

A Retrospective View of English Language Learning Materials Produced in Slovenia from 1945 to the Present

Janez Skela
2013 ELOPE  
Taking a historical perspective, this article documents the development of domestically produced English Language Learning (ELL) materials in the period between 1945 and 2013.  ...  To this end, reference is made to milestones that marked shifts in linguistic and foreign language teaching paradigms, including aspects of Method and the underlying conception of language.  ...  In the second, materials are selected first, for their intrinsic interest and general linguistic appropriateness, and a specific language syllabus is then derived from them.  ... 
doi:10.4312/elope.10.2.97-124 fatcat:il43hoi5x5c5xgxch6krlngrji

Interactive Tools and Tasks for the Hebrew Bible : From Language Learning to Textual Criticism

Nicolai Winther-Nielsen
2017 Journal of Data Mining and Digital Humanities  
Broadly speaking, interactive tools and tasks within the three areas of language learning, textual criticism, and Biblical studies illustrate a new kind of intertextuality emerging within digital humanities  ...  of digital humanities and theology be applied to ancient texts, and how this can be envisioned as a new field of digital intertextuality.  ...  As a substitute for the missing communication partner who disappeared thousands of years ago, we can still learn from their texts, and [Flowerdew, 2012] shows the great potential of corpora for language  ... 
doi:10.46298/jdmdh.4003 fatcat:q3jrqbp7t5dntnlpgc4lbj26xa

Using natural language processing and machine learning to classify health literacy from secure messages: The ECLIPPSE study

Renu Balyan, Scott A. Crossley, William Brown, Andrew J. Karter, Danielle S. McNamara, Jennifer Y. Liu, Courtney R. Lyles, Dean Schillinger, Natalia Grabar
2019 PLoS ONE  
To this end, three literacy profiles were generated based on natural language processing (combining computational linguistics and machine learning) using a sample of 283,216 secure messages sent from 6,941  ...  Literacy profiles varied in their test characteristics, with C-statistics ranging from 0.61-0.74.  ...  Related research Prior research in medical domains has benefitted from the use of NLP combining computational linguistics with machine learning (ML).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0212488 pmid:30794616 pmcid:PMC6386302 fatcat:53cohzizojekjhocj635acgrmy

Transitional woes: On the impact of L2 input continuity from primary to secondary school

Simone E. Pfenninger, Johanna Lendl
2017 Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching  
language (EFL) teaching at primary level to more formal and explicit ways of foreign language (FL) teaching at secondary is often experienced as problematic by students and teachers alike (see, e.g.,  ...  In this paper, we discuss the problem of articulation between levels in the educational system, as the transition from a rather more communicative, contentbased and holistic approach to English as a foreign  ...  of learners' control over their learning, and variations in tasks and their sequencing play a significant role in the quantity and quality of learners' production and interaction with the target language  ... 
doi:10.14746/ssllt.2017.7.3.5 fatcat:32tqgtek35h2hcvt3ym2gloe34

The Mixed Effects of Phonetic Input Variability on Relative Ease of L2 Learning: Evidence from English Learners' Production of French and Spanish Stop-Rhotic Clusters

Laura Colantoni, Jeffrey Steele
2018 Languages  
production of French and Spanish word-medial stop-rhotic clusters, which differ from their English counterparts in terms of stop and rhotic voicing and manner.  ...  We conclude with a discussion of the importance of variability as well as other factors, including first language influence and articulatory complexity, as predictors of relative difficulty in L2 speech  ...  Acknowledgments: Funds for data collection were received from the University of Toronto Connaught Fund (both authors) and from Victoria College, University of Toronto (Colantoni).  ... 
doi:10.3390/languages3020012 fatcat:4w2yj7tgrzaxtb6xr4vjrtw6m4

Analysis of an educational software for language learning: insights from the Theory of Structural Cognitive Modifiability and Human-Computer Interaction

Gicele Vieira Prebianca, Vital Pereira dos Santos Junior, Kyria Rebeca Finardi
2014 DELTA: Documentação de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada  
Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) aspects of the software were also analyzed so as to evaluate its degree of interactiveness and usability (Ergolist, 2011).  ...  The aim of the study is to analyze a software for teaching English as a foreign language reporting (i) the interaction between the software and the learner; (ii) the cognitive/mental operations required  ...  HCI aspects are of great relevance due to the fact that human natural language is very different from the complex codes that constitute machine language.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0102-44502014000100006 fatcat:2cypa4u5drbqbgsag2u2zfqs3u
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