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Remembering LEO [chapter]

Frank Land
2012 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
It is now more than 60 years since the world's first business use of a computer, the valuation of bakery output, was rolled-out the LEO I computer at Cadby Hall in London, the headquarters of the food  ...  The story of the Lyons initiative has been recorded and explanations of how a company in the food business came to build a computer has been told in books and articles in the last decades (-see Appendix  ...  Also included is a Science Museum interview with John Simmons. LEO, the Incredible Story of the World's First Business Computer, (eds.) D.T. Caminer, J.B.B. Aris, P.M.R. Hermon, F.F.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33899-1_2 fatcat:kzeeptd725bmve373hy4w7zao4

Behind the curtain at LEO: A personal reminiscence

D.T. Caminer
2003 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
The computer section of the report is reproduced in LEO-The Incredible Story of The World's First Business Computer. 2 TRT, as he was generally known, was a Cambridge mathematician with first-class honors  ...  serve the Lyons business. 1951-The world's first business computer job starts running regularly on the basic LEO. 1951-The world's first full-scale business computer job, the Lyons payroll, ran on the  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.2003.1203055 fatcat:irzpp5j4p5dbfa3v2bh3rpbf3u

Information Technology implementation: the case of the worlds first business computer: the initiation phase [chapter]

F. F. Land
1997 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
The world'sfirst computer designed and used primarily as a business computer was built by a British food manufacturing and catering company at the beginning of the 1950s.  ...  The paper tells the story of how the decisions to make a computer were taken and sets out an analysis of the characteristics of the enterprise which made such an action not as surprising as it may seem  ...  Indeed, the American edition of the book User-Driven innovation: The world's first business computer is to be called The incredible story of LEO the world's first business computer. 3.1 The pragmatic  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-35092-9_1 fatcat:l65gy2r4lfb7xpesteoauv2bka

The first business computer: a case study in user-driven innovation

F. Land
2000 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
Original citation: Land, Frank (2000) The first business computer: a case study in user-driven innovation. IEEE annals of the history of computing, 22  ...  Incredible Story of the World's First Business Computer. 1  ...  July-September 2000In May 1949 EDSAC would become the world's first stored program computer to do regular mathematical work. 19 Driven Innovation: The World's First Business Computer 4 is called LEO-The  ... 
doi:10.1109/85.859523 fatcat:uicku3tqy5ce3it7pqxymuec54

Cuba: Anatomy of a Revolution

Paul M. Sweezy, Leo Huberman
1960 Monthly review  
This is a social revolution inuoloing the masses of the Cuban people, and its aim is not to install a new set of zulers but to work out a new social order.  ...  Manufactured in the U.S.A. Library of Congress catalog card number 60-14686 357 CUBA .•-,r-t.  ...  world's most deeply revolutionary classes.  ... 
doi:10.14452/mr-012-03-04-1960-07-08_1 fatcat:oxtcpyugmjfcppo6w7uquth2bu

The Pile: An 800GB Dataset of Diverse Text for Language Modeling [article]

Leo Gao, Stella Biderman, Sid Black, Laurence Golding, Travis Hoppe, Charles Foster, Jason Phang, Horace He, Anish Thite, Noa Nabeshima, Shawn Presser, Connor Leahy
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our evaluation of the untuned performance of GPT-2 and GPT-3 on the Pile shows that these models struggle on many of its components, such as academic writing.  ...  Conversely, models trained on the Pile improve significantly over both Raw CC and CC-100 on all components of the Pile, while improving performance on downstream evaluations.  ...  C.18 HackerNews We first use the Hackernews BigQuery dataset to obtain a list of all story ids in our date range. For the Pile we use the first Hacker News post (1) to post number 24531712.  ... 
arXiv:2101.00027v1 fatcat:74dgmcl55rdupks3kzygosjlca

Frederick Seitz and Norman G. Einspruch, Electconic Genie: The Tangled History of Silicon [Book Review]

R. Bassett
1999 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
This is a 50th-anniversary reprint of Shannon and Weaver's book, with a new foreword. o David Caminer, John Aris, Peter Hermon, and Frank Land, eds., LEO: The Incredible Story of the World's First Business  ...  The present book is the U.S. edition of User-Driven Innovation: The World's First Business Computer, which has already been reviewed in the Annals (vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 81-82, 1997) .  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.1999.801538 fatcat:s7a3wrvekranpnwnb5pldd33o4

Tool Based Psychology as a Philosophy of Technology

Irina Verenikina, Edward Gould
1998 Australasian Journal of Information Systems  
This paper examines the influence of psychology in the area of human computer interaction and information technology in general.  ...  This Russian developed theory may provide a more extensive basis for human computer interaction and holds some promise as a framework for the development of computer systems more compatible with the humans  ...  LEO: The Incredible Story of the World's First Business Computer. McGraw-Hill New York. 392 pp.  ... 
doi:10.3127/ajis.v6i1.324 fatcat:dfiqpsfi6bg6bp7uctw7lux7ui

With Great (Computing) Power Comes Great (Human Rights) Responsibility: Cloud Computing and Human Rights

Vivek Krishnamurthy
2022 Business and Human Rights Journal  
It offers some initial thoughts on the human rights responsibilities of cloud computing providers under the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights and concludes by suggesting directions  ...  Cloud computing underlies many of the most powerful and controversial technologies of our day – from large-scale data processing to face recognition systems – yet the human rights impacts of cloud computing  ...  this project, and the participants at a workshop hosted by the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School for their feedback on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1017/bhj.2022.8 fatcat:2gg2o6dkpncnphye7azljir7z4

Chirurgie: Forschung am Menschen im Operationssaal

Leo Buhler, Jose Nunez, Philippe Morel
2017 Swiss Medical Forum = Schweizerisches Medizin-Forum  
, many businesses).  ...  effective ways TO PUT THE PATIENT FIRST.  ...  Although this is the first such case you have experienced, you have heard of similar cases from your colleagues.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smf.2017.03137 fatcat:lip3inykgbcqpasnmyw6vapua4

Genocide and the Modern Age: Etiology and Case Studies of Mass Death

Leo Kuper, Isidor Walliman, Michael N. Dobkowski
1988 Contemporary Sociology  
If the world's destruction depends on a computer error, we are justified in exploring whether the human process leading to this state of affairs was mad.  ...  That number will rise to 6 billion by the end of the twentieth century. Within forty years, the world's population will double.  ...  He is the author of Jean-Paul Sartre: Philosophy in the World (1980) , The Dialectics of Disaster: A Preface to Hope (1984) , and Sartre's Second Critique, which is forthcoming from the University of  ... 
doi:10.2307/2069392 fatcat:42k6eyqlerdppha3fd6osauo3a

Page 24 of Collier's: The National Weekly Vol. 54, Issue 14 [page]

1914 Collier's: The National Weekly  
they were in the disguised handwriting of Leo Frank.  ...  Con ley had no mission at the factory that | day, unless his story, told for the first time at the trial, was true, that he was there at Frank’s direction, fortified with a bottle of cheap whisky, to see  ... 

Facts and ideas from anywhere

William Clifford Roberts
2018 Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings  
Cuneiform: Cuneiform writing adorned clay tablets with the world's first abstract writing. They created the world's first accounts and the world's first written contracts.  ...  He became the world's first professional market researcher.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08998280.2017.1401850 pmid:29686586 pmcid:PMC5903519 fatcat:ulkxqxugc5fxfj7bubv7eowt6m

The Intel 4004 microprocessor: what constituted invention?

W. Aspray
1997 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
This paper investigates the context for the development of one of the earliest microprocessors, the Intel 4004. It considers the contributions Intel employees, most notably Marcian E.  ...  The paper represents a case study of how corporate and national cultures affect technological development and of the many aspects of invention, including conceptualization, logical design, engineering,  ...  Acknowledgments This paper is an abbreviated version of "The Social Construction of the Microprocessor: A Japanese and American Story," in A. Goldstein and W.  ... 
doi:10.1109/85.601727 fatcat:3pbtfffbdnhl5bbegp36mg6ifi

Congo Kodaks: A Consideration of Two New Media Art Projects and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Neil Hennessy
2010 Hyperrhiz  
Fund at the first and second meetings of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) in December 2003 (Geneva) and November 2005 (Tunisia) were symptomatic of the complexity of debates surrounding  ...  To give a sense of the range of responses in different settings, I start with three quotes that articulate a spectrum of attitudes.  ...  Acknowledgments I would like to thank the following people for the ongoing conversations that helped me to write this article, in particular Barbara Abrash, Leo Hsu, Jolene Rickard, David Vadiveloo, and  ... 
doi:10.20415/hyp/007.e02 fatcat:zlizv357e5awxity63r6befcei
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