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Heat transfer variation on protuberances and surface roughness elements

Robert C. Henry, R. J. Hansman, Kenneth S. Breuer
1995 Journal of thermophysics and heat transfer  
For the techniques: LDV offers the capability of three-component measure-first time a comparison of LDV and PIV data acquired in a windtunments, whereas PIV captures the unsteadyness of the flowfield,  ...  aerodynamic applications literature(9-11_. helicopter rotor model were performed by three component laser- The application of PIV to high speed air flows started approximately Doppler velocimetry (3D-LDV  ...  (g = 0.2, viewing direction parallel to the rotor axis, according to Beesten(17)--not to scale.  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.644 fatcat:pd5evir42jarvc36rykhnu7jse

Correlation Between Tenofovir Drug Levels and the Renal Biomarkers RBP-4 and ß2M in the ION-4 Study Cohort

Austin Chan, Lawrence Park, Lauren F Collins, Curtis Cooper, Michael Saag, Douglas Dieterich, Mark Sulkowski, Susanna Naggie
2019 Open Forum Infectious Diseases  
Concomitant dosing of ledipasvir (LDV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) results in an increased tenofovir (TFV) area under the curve (AUC).  ...  These biomarkers have traditionally been reported as ratios over urine creatinine to normalize biomarker values for volume status and urine concentration [12, 13] .  ...  Retinol binding protein-4 is a carrier protein synthesized in the liver associated with vitamin A transport [17, 18] , and β2M is the light chain portion of the MHC I complex.  ... 
doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy273 pmid:30697570 pmcid:PMC6344926 fatcat:uj2tzfz5xvdkri7ypdgmgcleeq

Seed particle dynamics in tip vortex flows

J. G. Leishman
1996 Journal of Aircraft  
However, LDV de- pends on signals produced by particles entrained into the flow that convect through a minute measurement volume as defined by pairs of interfering focused laser beams.  ...  The corresponding measured relative particle count (ratio of local particle count in each grid bin to total particle count) of seed that pass through the LDV measurement volume is shown in the lower part  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.47020 fatcat:mj3uz3lcgrab3j2ngsqadjzsiy

Role of Integrin Alpha4 in Drug Resistance of Leukemia

Stephanie Shishido, Halvard Bönig, Yong-Mi Kim
2014 Frontiers in Oncology  
May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 1 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 2 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 3 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 4 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99  ...  | 5 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 6 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 7 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 8 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 9 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article  ...  The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with  ... 
doi:10.3389/fonc.2014.00099 pmid:24904821 pmcid:PMC4033044 fatcat:vi3cwvzcwvfpnfrx7jjoxuqq4i

Party organizational change and ICTs: The growth of a virtual grassroots?

Rachel K. Gibson, Kevin Gillan, Fabienne Greffet, Benjamin J. Lee, Stephen Ward
2012 New Media & Society  
LDV also provides a membersonly discussion forum in addition to the public blog site.  ...  (46) 22% (35) 16% (18) 18% (29) 20% (23) 1% (2) 14% (16) 3% (4) 9% (10) Lib Dem Voice 53% (63) 44% (32) 19% (22) 4% (3) 25% (29) 24% (17) 1% (1) 17% (12) 3% (4) 11%  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444812457329 fatcat:kvvlj5ymnvhhrku47fhsm2cj7a

In situ Probe Microphone Measurement for Testing the Direct Acoustical Cochlear Stimulator

Christof Stieger, Yasser H. Alnufaily, Claudia Candreia, Marco D. Caversaccio, Andreas M. Arnold
2017 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Intra-operative situation DACS actuator/ER-7C & LDV Figure 4 Frontiers in Neuroscience | www.frontiersin.org August 2017 | Volume 11 | Article 450  ...  c x = 0, y = 0, z = 10 mm, d = 7, 12, 17 mm. 2a Mastoid cavity closed with skin flap, TM intact. Fixed d & x, y, z.  ...  The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2017.00450 pmid:28860963 pmcid:PMC5559539 fatcat:3xv2a4wrpfadxfkd256pjaytym

Comparative Analysis of the Environmental Performance of Delivery Routes in the City Center and Peri-Urban Area of Madrid

Alessandra Boggio-Marzet, Andrés Monzón, Pablo Luque-Rodríguez, Daniel Álvarez-Mántaras
2021 Atmosphere  
The outputs set a basis for recommendations for using LDV only for delivery routes with less traffic interruptions and foster intermodal solutions.  ...  Based on a real-life case study, this research compares the environmental performance of different delivery routes carried out by Diesel Light-Duty Vehicles (LDV) according to delivery area, city center  ...  The Field Trial The data collection campaign took place for four weeks (between 17 September 2018 and 19 October 2018).  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos12101233 fatcat:q6f5cqkbnvghdlrlrmkrcp3y3a

A tunnel study to validate motor vehicle emission prediction software in Australia

R. Smit, P. Kingston, D.H. Wainwright, R. Tooker
2017 Atmospheric Environment  
PIARC: LDV NOx, COPERT Australia: HDV PM2.5, LDV PM10, HDV CO, as is shown in Table 2. 367 The PIARC and COPERT Australia CO emission factors for LDVs are 81% higher and 48% lower, respectively, 368  ...  At night, traffic volumes in the tunnel are small 260 (Figure 2) and ratios are more affected by ambient ratios.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.12.014 fatcat:3qv5mdzedrbyfeexvygtnqwm74

Embedded Laser Doppler Velocimetry Boundary-Layer Investigation on a Tilt-Rotor Blade

Charlie A. Barla, Eric C. Berton, Daniel Favier, Christian Maresca
2006 Journal of Aircraft  
., “Progress in Analysis and Prediction of Dynamic Stall,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 25, No. 1, 1988, pp. 6-17. '3 Berton, E., Favier, D., Nsi Mba, M., Maresca, C., and Allain, C., “Em- bedded LDV Measurement  ...  The rotating transmitter Location of LDV Measurement 0.16 03-951 0 Arfoil section at r/R=0.3 Optics and Mirror of the LDV 0.32 Chord Station Measurement Fig. 2.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.15983 fatcat:vp7u6t5kj5c3bfbdoxhwwkqlzu

Interdependence of Diffusion and Straining of Helicopter Blade Tip Vortices

Manikandan Ramasamy, J. Gordon Leishman
2004 Journal of Aircraft  
Alignment is critical for three-component LDV systems because it is geometric coincidence that determines the spatial resolution of the LDV probe volume.  ...  '* This tech- nique spatially filers the effective length of the LDV probe volume on all three channels.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.3364 fatcat:4ltcdtthxbe4jl6puvomd57mn4

Current directions in LD powertrain technology in response to stringent exhaust emissions and fuel efficiency requirements

Piotr Bielaczyc, Joseph Woodburn
2016 Combustion Engines  
(Fig. 17) .  ...  Fig. 17 . 17 Engine technology trends -a summary of the past few yearsFig. 18.  ... 
doi:10.19206/ce-2016-341 fatcat:b6botp7ixrh7rmxc3hi24u2x5e

Editorial: Tutorial Materials In Optical Engineering

H . J. Caulfield
1981 Optical Engineering: The Journal of SPIE  
error in the velocity measurements Forum JJ Laser Velocimetry W.  ...  Laser Optics, Santa Fe, NM, Aug. 17-21, 1981.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.7972717 fatcat:c55rjk7cqjh3nlx4im54z26mhu

Intercomparison of real-time tailpipe ammonia measurements from vehicles tested over the new world-harmonized light-duty vehicle test cycle (WLTC)

Ricardo Suarez-Bertoa, Alessandro A. Zardini, Velizara Lilova, Daniel Meyer, Shigeru Nakatani, Frank Hibel, Jens Ewers, Michael Clairotte, Leslie Hill, Covadonga Astorga
2015 Environmental science and pollution research international  
The volume of the measurement cell including an inline acoustical filter is 6 ml.  ...  It has been reported that ammonium accounts for up to 17 % of the total PM 2.5 in the South Coast Air Basin (Kim et al. 2000) and that ammonium, nitrate, and sulfate represent 40 % of the total PM 2.5  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4267-3 pmid:25779108 pmcid:PMC4432089 fatcat:36nfi6zqezg4ba5gatb6o7jy5m

Greenspan Shrugs: Central Bank Communication, Formal Pronouncements, and Bond Market Volatility [chapter]

2013 Central Bank Communication, Decision Making, and Governance  
Congress 80 6/17/99 Thursday 6/17/99 10:00 6/17/99 10:00 Testimony Monetary policy and the economic outlook Before the Joint Economic Commit- tee, U.S.  ...  Senate 51 6/17/98 Wednesday 6/17/98 11:00 6/17/98 11:00 Testimony H.R. 10, the Fi- nancial Services Act of 1998 Before the Committee on Banking, Senate -12- Event Day Information/market  ...  . • The federal funds rate is expected to fall 25 basis points from around 5-1/4 percent to around 5 percent" 1 0 November 17, 1998 "The Federal Reserve today announced the following set of policy actions  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/9470.003.0012 fatcat:wczhnvk2x5ef3lxrjxmakmwhnm

Ethical Standards for Publication of Aeronautics and Astronautics Research

2013 Journal of Aircraft  
of tetrahedron formed using vertices 2, 3, 4, and p; V>_, is the volume of tetrahedron formed using vertices 1, 3, 4, and p and so on; V ,, is the volume of the tetrahedron enclosing the point p.  ...  inner span, % of R freestream speed, ft/s shaft angle, deg trailing-edge deflection amplitude, deg Presented as Paper 2012-1044 at the 50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.70002 fatcat:icqvzta7zfezfbvxdj2alq27ou
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