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Heat transfer variation on protuberances and surface roughness elements

Robert C. Henry, R. J. Hansman, Kenneth S. Breuer
1995 Journal of thermophysics and heat transfer  
In general, the results are in good tions are for example, given by Refs 14 and 15.  ...  For the techniques: LDV offers the capability of three-component measure-first time a comparison of LDV and PIV data acquired in a windtunments, whereas PIV captures the unsteadyness of the flowfield,  ...  Progress towards quieter civil helicopters, Proc of the 17th European Rotorcraft Forum, Paper 59, Berlin, Germany 1991. -30 2. CARDONNE, F.X., LAUTENSCHL._GER, J.L. and SILVA, M.J.  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.644 fatcat:pd5evir42jarvc36rykhnu7jse

Correlation Between Tenofovir Drug Levels and the Renal Biomarkers RBP-4 and ß2M in the ION-4 Study Cohort

Austin Chan, Lawrence Park, Lauren F Collins, Curtis Cooper, Michael Saag, Douglas Dieterich, Mark Sulkowski, Susanna Naggie
2019 Open Forum Infectious Diseases  
Concomitant dosing of ledipasvir (LDV) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) results in an increased tenofovir (TFV) area under the curve (AUC).  ...  These biomarkers have traditionally been reported as ratios over urine creatinine to normalize biomarker values for volume status and urine concentration [12, 13] .  ...  Retinol binding protein-4 (RBP-4) and β2 microglobulin (β2M) are reliable urinary biomarkers for detecting proximal tubule dysfunction [12] [13] [14] .  ... 
doi:10.1093/ofid/ofy273 pmid:30697570 pmcid:PMC6344926 fatcat:uj2tzfz5xvdkri7ypdgmgcleeq

Velocity field of a lifting rotor blade in hover

N. M. KOMERATH, T. L. THOMPSON, O. J. KWON, R. B. GRAY
1988 Journal of Aircraft  
Seeding Techniques The LDV measures the Doppler shift in light scattered by solid or liquid particles crossing the measurement volume.  ...  Initially, the LDV was operated as a two-component system.  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.45585 fatcat:6l4gwab5p5drnmvlcbsxvulq6m

Role of Integrin Alpha4 in Drug Resistance of Leukemia

Stephanie Shishido, Halvard Bönig, Yong-Mi Kim
2014 Frontiers in Oncology  
May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 1 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 2 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 3 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 4 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99  ...  | 5 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 6 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 7 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 8 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article 99 | 9 May 2014 | Volume 4 | Article  ...  The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with  ... 
doi:10.3389/fonc.2014.00099 pmid:24904821 pmcid:PMC4033044 fatcat:vi3cwvzcwvfpnfrx7jjoxuqq4i

In situ Probe Microphone Measurement for Testing the Direct Acoustical Cochlear Stimulator

Christof Stieger, Yasser H. Alnufaily, Claudia Candreia, Marco D. Caversaccio, Andreas M. Arnold
2017 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Intra-operative situation DACS actuator/ER-7C & LDV Figure 4 Frontiers in Neuroscience | www.frontiersin.org August 2017 | Volume 11 | Article 450  ...  The ear canal was plugged with a standard foam plug (ER3-14) for insert phones. The ER3-14 has a black tube where typically sound is applied.  ...  The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2017.00450 pmid:28860963 pmcid:PMC5559539 fatcat:3xv2a4wrpfadxfkd256pjaytym

Interdependence of Diffusion and Straining of Helicopter Blade Tip Vortices

Manikandan Ramasamy, J. Gordon Leishman
2004 Journal of Aircraft  
Alignment is critical for three-component LDV systems because it is geometric coincidence that determines the spatial resolution of the LDV probe volume.  ...  '* This tech- nique spatially filers the effective length of the LDV probe volume on all three channels.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.3364 fatcat:4ltcdtthxbe4jl6puvomd57mn4

Party organizational change and ICTs: The growth of a virtual grassroots?

Rachel K. Gibson, Kevin Gillan, Fabienne Greffet, Benjamin J. Lee, Stephen Ward
2012 New Media & Society  
LDV also provides a membersonly discussion forum in addition to the public blog site.  ...  The volume of posts was, unsurprisingly, more intense in the last week of the election campaign for all the sites.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444812457329 fatcat:kvvlj5ymnvhhrku47fhsm2cj7a

Comparative Analysis of the Environmental Performance of Delivery Routes in the City Center and Peri-Urban Area of Madrid

Alessandra Boggio-Marzet, Andrés Monzón, Pablo Luque-Rodríguez, Daniel Álvarez-Mántaras
2021 Atmosphere  
The outputs set a basis for recommendations for using LDV only for delivery routes with less traffic interruptions and foster intermodal solutions.  ...  Based on a real-life case study, this research compares the environmental performance of different delivery routes carried out by Diesel Light-Duty Vehicles (LDV) according to delivery area, city center  ...  The least efficient conditions correspond with Route A, in which 50% of the micro-trips shows an efficiency lower than 14%.  ... 
doi:10.3390/atmos12101233 fatcat:q6f5cqkbnvghdlrlrmkrcp3y3a

A tunnel study to validate motor vehicle emission prediction software in Australia

R. Smit, P. Kingston, D.H. Wainwright, R. Tooker
2017 Atmospheric Environment  
PIARC: LDV NOx, COPERT Australia: HDV PM2.5, LDV PM10, HDV CO, as is shown in Table 2. 367 The PIARC and COPERT Australia CO emission factors for LDVs are 81% higher and 48% lower, respectively, 368  ...  At night, traffic volumes in the tunnel are small 260 (Figure 2) and ratios are more affected by ambient ratios.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.12.014 fatcat:3qv5mdzedrbyfeexvygtnqwm74

Velocity measurements of airframe effects on a rotor in a low-speed forward flight

S. G. LIOU, N. M. KOMERATH, H. M. MCMAHON
1989 Journal of Aircraft  
The results were used to move the measuring volume of the LDV remotely and to avoid obstructions in the beam paths.  ...  The measurement volume of the LDV was translated in three dimensions using a computer- controlled optical traverse system.  ... 
doi:10.2514/3.45766 fatcat:4f2vssfcnreszhbxgoiymlz3di

Developing On-Road NOx Emission Factors for Euro 6b Light-Duty Diesel Trucks in Korean Driving Conditions

Seungcheon Ro, Junhong Park, Myunghwan Shin, Jongtae Lee
2021 Energies  
Energies 2021, 14, 1041 12 of 13  ...  Energies 2021, 14, 1041 7 of 13 Energies 2021, 14, x FOR PEER REVIEW 7 of 14 The average on-road NOx emissions of the Euro 6b LDDTs were 4.4-14.6 times higher than those measured with the NEDC  ... 
doi:10.3390/en14041041 fatcat:d2oujvfxdrgzhbvxuvekzv32b4

Embedded Laser Doppler Velocimetry Boundary-Layer Investigation on a Tilt-Rotor Blade

Charlie A. Barla, Eric C. Berton, Daniel Favier, Christian Maresca
2006 Journal of Aircraft  
The rotating transmitter Location of LDV Measurement 0.16 03-951 0 Arfoil section at r/R=0.3 Optics and Mirror of the LDV 0.32 Chord Station Measurement Fig. 2.  ...  The induced incidence a@; has been obtained from direct LDV mea- surements of the induced velocity field through the retor disk.  ... 
doi:10.2514/1.15983 fatcat:vp7u6t5kj5c3bfbdoxhwwkqlzu

Current directions in LD powertrain technology in response to stringent exhaust emissions and fuel efficiency requirements

Piotr Bielaczyc, Joseph Woodburn
2016 Combustion Engines  
. 14 CO 2 emissions measurements under the GTR 15 regime: NEDC vs WLTC Fig. 15.  ...  Emission control technologies for LDV TDI to meet RDE NO x limits (source: AECC, 2016) ): -{DOC + DPF + SCR (mandatory)} -{DOC + SDPF + SCR}, -{LNT + DOC + SDPF}, for smaller LDVs with CI en- gines  ... 
doi:10.19206/ce-2016-341 fatcat:b6botp7ixrh7rmxc3hi24u2x5e

Fabricating Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducers with Wafer Bonding Technique

Anil ARORA, Ram GOPAL, V K DWIVEDI, Chandra SHEKHAR
2008 Sensors & Transducers  
(a) LDV image of vibrating 1x1 element; (b) LDV image of vibrating 5x1 array; (c) Frequency response of fabricated device by LDV.  ...  .................................................................. 50 S Se en ns so or rs s & & T Tr ra an ns sd du uc ce er rs s J Jo ou ur rn na al l C C o o n n t t e e n n t t s s Volume  ...  ra an ns sd du uc ce er rs s J Jo ou ur rn na al l G Gu ui id de e f fo or r C Co on nt tr ri ib bu ut to or rs s Aims and Scope Sensors & Transducers Journal (ISSN 1726-5479) provides an advanced forum  ... 
doaj:a6aa2896fcb34d0e9e052657df0f68db fatcat:m5anwq76nrcjfpkpw2dxzajk3q

Intercomparison of real-time tailpipe ammonia measurements from vehicles tested over the new world-harmonized light-duty vehicle test cycle (WLTC)

Ricardo Suarez-Bertoa, Alessandro A. Zardini, Velizara Lilova, Daniel Meyer, Shigeru Nakatani, Frank Hibel, Jens Ewers, Michael Clairotte, Leslie Hill, Covadonga Astorga
2015 Environmental science and pollution research international  
The volume of the measurement cell including an inline acoustical filter is 6 ml.  ...  Moreover, the maximum ammonia concentration measured for the FFV over the WLTC was, at least, one order of magnitude higher (135-272 ppm) than over the NEDC (14 ppm).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11356-015-4267-3 pmid:25779108 pmcid:PMC4432089 fatcat:36nfi6zqezg4ba5gatb6o7jy5m
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