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Tracking Analysis of Hurricane Gonzalo Using Airborne Microwave Radiometer

Ruaa.A.S.Alsabah, Ali.A.J.Al-Sabbagh, Josko Zec, Ivica Kostanic
2016 International Journal of Microwave Engineering  
In passive microwave remote sensing from space at C band has the penetrating advantages of atmosphere.  ...  There is a huge consideration in the use of microwave airborne radiometry for remote sensing instead of satellite, the important role of airborne way is how to provide high accuracy real time data.  ...  This project is an airborne passive microwave synthetic aperture radiometer designed to provide wide swath images of ocean surface wind speed under heavy precipitation.  ... 
doi:10.5121/jmicro.2016.1203 fatcat:mjaibux76fan7e6syk4vq7h5ai

Geophysical Model Function for the AMSR2 C-Band Wind Excess Emissivity at High Winds

Elizaveta V. Zabolotskikh, Nicolas Reul, Bertrand Chapron
2016 IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  
Estimated oceanic TBs were regressed against the wind speeds from the Best Track Archive to derive the new geophysical model function (GMF) for the wind speed excess emissivity at AMSR2 C-band microwave  ...  Measurements of the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) onboard GCOM-W1 satellite at 6.925 and 7.3 GHz and both linear polarizations over tropical cyclones (TCs) during 2012 -2014 are used  ...  ACKNOWLEGEMENTS This research was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation Project through the Project RFMEFI61014X0006, agreement #14.610.21.0006 and by the ESA Support  ... 
doi:10.1109/lgrs.2015.2497463 fatcat:dhohn3iytrci3egp4v5x4sesam

The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer: Present and future

Timothy L. Miller, M. W. James, J. B. Roberts, S. K. Biswas, D. Cecil, W. L. Jones, J. Johnson, S. Farrar, S. Sahawneh, C. S. Ruf, M. Morris, E. W. Uhlhorn (+1 others)
2013 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium - IGARSS  
The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is an airborne passive microwave radiometer designed to provide high resolution, wide swath imagery of surface wind speed in tropical cyclones from a low profile  ...  Index Terms-HIRAD, hurricane wind speed, imaging radiometer.  ...  INTRODUCTION The Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRAD) is an airborne passive microwave synthetic aperture radiometer designed to provide wide swath images of ocean surface wind speed under heavy precipitation  ... 
doi:10.1109/igarss.2013.6723174 dblp:conf/igarss/MillerJRBCJJFSRMUB13 fatcat:ofgsceyvbvhnhg6tvkgewikszu

On Extreme Winds at L-Band with the SMAP Synthetic Aperture Radar

Alexander G. Fore, Simon H. Yueh, Bryan W. Stiles, Wenqing Tang, Akiko K. Hayashi
2019 Remote Sensing  
We find that the L-band cross-polarized backscatter is far more sensitive to wind speed at extreme winds than the co-polarized backscatter and it is essential to observations of extreme winds with L-band  ...  In this letter, we discuss some observations of the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) mission's high-resolution synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for extreme winds and tropical cyclones.  ...  L-Band Remote Sensing of Ocean Surface L-band active/passive remote sensing of the ocean has been proven to be a reliable means for retrieval of sea surface salinity, ocean wind speed, and ocean wind direction  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11091093 fatcat:ccj7e22itnahno55jg6zshe2s4

New possibilities for geophysical parameter retrievals opened by GCOM-W1 AMSR2

Elizaveta Zabolotskikh, Leonid Mitnik, Nicolas Reul, Bertrand Chapron
2014 2014 13th Specialist Meeting on Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment (MicroRad)  
As also compared, very high consistency between AMSR2 and L-band SMOS wind speed estimates are obtained, especially for the super typhoon Haiyan, to prove the high potential of AMSR2 measurements in TCs  ...  A new approach to retrieve sea surface wind speed (SWS) in tropical cyclones (TCs) from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) data is presented.  ...  Remotely sensed measurements from passive and active microwave instruments ensure global wind mapping capabilities.  ... 
doi:10.1109/microrad.2014.6878931 fatcat:vctybm433nh5lcbq6k6bwzvpa4

New Possibilities for Geophysical Parameter Retrievals Opened by GCOM-W1 AMSR2

Elizaveta V. Zabolotskikh, Leonid M. Mitnik, Nicolas Reul, Bertrand Chapron
2015 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
As also compared, very high consistency between AMSR2 and L-band SMOS wind speed estimates are obtained, especially for the super typhoon Haiyan, to prove the high potential of AMSR2 measurements in TCs  ...  A new approach to retrieve sea surface wind speed (SWS) in tropical cyclones (TCs) from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) data is presented.  ...  Remotely sensed measurements from passive and active microwave instruments ensure global wind mapping capabilities.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2015.2416514 fatcat:n4vuutufb5gyxiceuh32ebe6v4

SMOS satellite L-band radiometer: A new capability for ocean surface remote sensing in hurricanes

Nicolas Reul, Joseph Tenerelli, Bertrand Chapron, Doug Vandemark, Yves Quilfen, Yann Kerr
2012 Journal of Geophysical Research  
We find the L-band ocean emissivity dependence with wind speed appears less sensitive to roughness and foam changes than at the higher C-band microwave frequencies.  ...  Without correcting for rain effects, L-band wind-induced ocean surface brightness temperatures (T B ) were co-located and compared to H*Wind analysis.  ...  In particular we acknowledge Brad Klotz (Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami) and Eric Uhlhorn from NOAA/AOML/Hurricane Research Division for providing us with some of the data sets  ... 
doi:10.1029/2011jc007474 fatcat:igsnqb367van5hkpahmzxn2vni

Remotely Sensed Winds and Wind Stresses for Marine Forecasting and Ocean Modeling

Mark A. Bourassa, Thomas Meissner, Ivana Cerovecki, Paul S. Chang, Xiaolong Dong, Giovanna De Chiara, Craig Donlon, Dmitry S. Dukhovskoy, Jocelyn Elya, Alexander Fore, Melanie R. Fewings, Ralph C. Foster (+22 others)
2019 Frontiers in Marine Science  
Strengths and weakness of remotely sensed winds are discussed, along with the current capabilities for remotely sensing winds and stress. Future missions are briefly mentioned.  ...  The observational needs for a wide range of wind and stress applications are provided. These needs strongly support a short list of desired capabilities of future missions and constellations.  ...  Both the European Space Agency Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity (SMOS) and the NASA Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) L-band radiometers are able to provide useful estimates of extreme ocean wind speeds  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00443 fatcat:mbket5dcjvaibhd2j5ngkyvvri

Passive active L- and S-band (PALS) microwave sensor for ocean salinity and soil moisture measurements

W.J. Wilson, S.H. Yueh, S.J. Dinardo, S.L. Chazanoff, A. Kitiyakara, F.K. Li, Y. Rahmat-Samii
2001 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
A passive/active L/S-band (PALS) microwave aircraft instrument to measure ocean salinity and soil moisture has been built and tested.  ...  Because the L-band brightness temperatures associated with salinity changes are expected to be small, it was necessary to build a very sensitive and stable system.  ...  Howden and the crew of the Cape Hatteras for their help during the salinity missions. They also thank R. Hoferer of UCLA for his assistance in computing the horn patterns.  ... 
doi:10.1109/36.921422 fatcat:2a2eojojjfdqpcnrkstfii2zma

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Kristina B. Katsaros, Paris W. Vachon, W. Timothy Liu, Peter G. Black
2012 Journal of Oceanography  
wind field provided by RADARSAT-1 SAR, particularly inside and in the vicinity of hurricane "eyes," and the presence of secondary flows in the region between rainbands in TCs.  ...  This article reviews several microwave instruments employed in research and analysis of tropical cyclones (TCs), typhoons, and hurricanes.  ...  The research of Timothy Liu was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA.  ... 
doi:10.1023/a:1015884903180 fatcat:kdmg4qiitnafldwtluiihw5py4

Dual-polarized Ku-band backscatter signatures of hurricane ocean winds

S.H. Yueh, R. West, F.K. Li, W.-Y. Tsai, R. Lay
2000 IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  
The Ku-band dual-polarized backscatter signatures of ocean surfaces are described in this article with the airborne scatterometer measurements collected in the Hurricane ocean Wind Experiment in September  ...  The data collected from flights over Hurricane Erika provide a direct evidence that there are wind direction signals in the vertically and horizontally polarized Ku-band backscatter of ocean surfaces under  ...  small scale roughness is a function of h2(Sz) = remote sensing datasets.  ... 
doi:10.1109/36.823903 fatcat:3ft7qqslq5dd3jcvmwnzwchr4m

Impact on Sea-Surface Electromagnetic Scattering and Emission Modeling of Recent Progress on the Parameterization of Ocean Surface Roughness, Drag Coefficient and Whitecap Coverage in High Wind Conditions

Paul A. Hwang
2020 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
This article describes the improvement of ocean surface properties achieved by incorporating microwave remote sensing measurements.  ...  Because roughness and whitecaps are two major components of the ocean surface response in microwave remote sensing, a clear understanding of the drag coefficient, ocean surface roughness, and whitecap  ...  In particular, ocean surface roughness and whitecap coverage are two main contributors to the received signals in microwave wind sensing.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2020.2977420 fatcat:jy7sk7nflbblpn4xugxwzyvcpu

A New Generation of Tropical Cyclone Size Measurements from Space

N. Reul, B. Chapron, E. Zabolotskikh, C. Donlon, A. Mouche, J. Tenerelli, F. Collard, J. F. Piolle, A. Fore, S. Yueh, J. Cotton, P. Francis (+2 others)
2017 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The measurement of ocean surface wind speeds during precipitation events has been a long-standing problem for satellite passive microwave radiometers.  ...  Multisensor wind field structure sensing over Hurricanes Jimena, Ignacio, and Kilo. The 2015 Pacific hurricane season was the second most active Pacific hurricane season on record.  ...  AMS announces the launch of our new online directory of Weather and Climate Service Providers. NEW!  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-15-00291.1 fatcat:urad3mxdz5g6jnzf56h6kurldm

Challenges to Satellite Sensors of Ocean Winds: Addressing Precipitation Effects

D. E. Weissman, B. W. Stiles, S. M. Hristova-Veleva, D. G. Long, D. K. Smith, K. A. Hilburn, W. L. Jones
2012 Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology  
Measurements of global ocean surface winds made by orbiting satellite radars have provided valuable information to the oceanographic and meteorological communities since the launch of the Seasat in 1978  ...  When Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) was launched in 1999, it ushered in a new era of dual-polarized, pencil-beam, higher-resolution scatterometers for measuring the global ocean surface winds from space  ...  Much of the work reported here was supported by the Physical Oceanography Program of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) through grants to Brigham Young University, Remote Sensing  ... 
doi:10.1175/jtech-d-11-00054.1 fatcat:lxbdzy6i3zd7fdpytg646gvrye

Water makes its mark on GPS signals

Clara Chew
2022 Physics today  
extent, sea-ice concentration, and ocean-surface winds.  ...  Although GPS satellites were first launched in the late 1970s, their use as a remote-sensing tool was not explored until the mid 1990s.  ...  3 Since its launch, CYGNSS data have been successfully used to map winds during numerous hurricanes, including Harvey and Irma.  ... 
doi:10.1063/pt.3.4941 fatcat:bzpgljrjd5btfhiqfz5xvvlgbm
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