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Knowledge acquisition from simplified text

Kevin Livingston, Christopher K. Riesbeck
2007 Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces - IUI '07  
The interfaces presented provide direct feedback about what portions of the text are understood, and what interpretations are being produced from it.  ...  In addition tools are presented to, among other things, provide example sentences, to facilitate users producing simplified English text suitable for the Reader.  ...  The path across the top represents the ideal use case for text simplifiers. They transform source text into simplified text for input into the Reader.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1216295.1216332 dblp:conf/iui/LivingstonR07 fatcat:fvrqa5ky7zf55cjfsjjhyd27n4

Explanation-based learning helps acquire knowledge from natural language texts [chapter]

Sylvain Delisle, Stan Matwin, Jiandong Wang, Lionel Zupan
1991 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Existing systems to acquire knowledge from expository texts do not perform any learning beyond interpreting the contents of the text.  ...  The opportunity to learn from examples included in texts is not exploited.  ...  Moreover, these rules generalize and compile knowledge necessary to perform a task, e.g., filling out a section of an Income Tax return.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-54563-8_96 fatcat:qcyiv2o3qrev3jpk35jyvnuqz4

Effects of Lexical Modification on Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition of Iranian EFL Students

Giti Mousapour Negari, Mahdieh Rouhi
2012 English Language Teaching  
., lexical simplification and elaboration, on incidental vocabulary acquisition of Iranian EFL learners.To this end, four versions of experimental texts containing 20 target words were created: baseline  ...  and simplified versions, as well as elaborated version with two types, i.e., parenthetical elaborated and non-parenthetical elaborated version.  ...  Results showed that both the high-ability group and the average-ability group gained substantially more word knowledge from reading the elaborated texts than from reading the original unelaborated texts  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v5n6p95 fatcat:t7txzgdqrfhz5hlpp2ahsjv5me

Optimal and appropriate input in a second language: The potential of (modified-)elaborated input in distance and classroom learning

Ilaria Borro, Silvia Scolaro
2021 EuroAmerican Journal of Applied Linguistics and Languages  
In this situation, there is the risk of exposing learners to inappropriate input, which can be detrimental to language acquisition.  ...  The proposed solution, (modified-)elaborated input, is designed to increase comprehensibility without sacrificing the richness of authentic input, which is crucial for language acquisition (Long, 2015;  ...  The aim of simplifying texts is to boost comprehensibility, thus making processing possible even for learners with a limited knowledge of the target language.  ... 
doi:10.21283/2376905x.14.246 fatcat:qglphmnq75hkpjtisdxcrvgka4

From Text to Knowledge [chapter]

M. Fernández, E. Villemonte de la Clergerie, M. Vilares
2007 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This makes practicable knowledge acquisition a highly interesting topic, in particular in the case of technical and/or scientific documents with a highly structured wording that could simplify their computational  ...  In this context, we focus on semantical data extraction from text. The goal is to generate a knowledge structure to develop question-answering facilities on textual documents.  ...  This makes practicable knowledge acquisition a highly interesting topic, in particular in the case of technical and/or scientific documents with a highly structured wording that could simplify their computational  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-75867-9_34 fatcat:f7izph7hmfe2vgz7irhvufoo2q

The impact of reading on three aspects of word knowledge: spelling, meaning and collocation

Nina Daskalovska
2011 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
The biggest gains in all three aspects of word knowledge were found for words which occurred from 11 to 20 times in the novel.  ...  This study investigates the degree to which intermediate EFL learners can acquire knowledge of spelling, meaning and collocation of 100 target words with different frequency from reading the authentic  ...  Moreover, most of the studies used simplified texts and focused on the acquisition of meaning, neglecting the other aspects of word knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.103 fatcat:zacqqrlk3bbuvfq5qugfsaqrjm

The Role of Persian Elaboration on Incidental Vocabulary Learning from Reading by EFL Learners

Shahin Vaezi, Aso Biri, Farhang Moradi
2018 World Journal of English Language  
This study attempted to tap into the potential of reading for incidental vocabulary learning by exposing EFL learnersto elaborated texts.  ...  On the other hand, studentsof the control group (N=18) were required to read the non-elaborated version of the aforementioned texts.  ...  Blau (1982) argued that simplified texts result in unnatural and non-authentic language which considerable differs from authentic target language.  ... 
doi:10.5430/wjel.v8n1p28 fatcat:y7z2r3ksybcmzhefjlmg5x6jgq

Elaborative text modification vs. input flooding: a case study on non-congruent collocations

Zahra Ahmadpour Kasgari
2018 Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education  
They received the instruction of non-congruent collocations based on input elaboration and input flooding methods and their knowledge of non-congruent collocations was measured before and after the instruction  ...  pretest and posttest scores of non-congruent collocations test indicated that there was no significant difference between the two groups receiving input elaboration and input flooding in terms of their knowledge  ...  simplified texts.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40862-018-0049-z fatcat:n7mchhkx2vcpxghsk2qgabzrfa

The Effect of Teacher Talk Modifications on Second Language Learners' Comprehension and Acquisition

Nouroddin Yousofi, Khosro Bahramlou
2014 Journal of English Language and Literature  
Some studies support the effect of modifications on acquisition, yet others shed doubts on the value of modifications in terms of promoting internalization of language knowledge.  ...  While the effect of modifications on comprehension is evident, the same cannot be said of acquisition.  ...  Comprehension can be achieved by means of top down processing based on world knowledge and inference from context, while language acquisition requires bottom up processing involving attention to linguistic  ... 
doi:10.17722/jell.v2i1.30 fatcat:tjvs4ngddngzpg6hn2ewzuhmei

The Impact of Input Modifications on Listening Comprehension: A Study of Learner Perceptions

2000 JALT journal  
FL learners than mechanically or linguistically Simplified-and supposedly more comprehensible-input.  ...  This article describes a study which was carried out over a period of eight weeks to explore the frequently made claim that authentic listening comprehension materials elicit more favorable attitudes from  ...  In both languages, the content of the texts was not simplified, nor were implicit references to extra-textual knowledge or background knowledge made more explicit.  ... 
doi:10.37546/jaltjj22.2-3 fatcat:ecn76ozdvvcbtjjfi7iuznlxj4

Page 130 of The Modern Language Forum Vol. 19, Issue 2 [page]

1934 The Modern Language Forum  
The four types of Exercises have been prepared also with the idea of facilitating an acquisition of a reading knowledge.  ...  The short exercises following the text are delightfully free from the usual grammatical puzzles so commonly found in readers.  ... 

Effects of Lexical Simplification and Elaboration on Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners' Learning and Retention of Phrasal Verbs

Melika Ghorbanian, Shadab Jabbarpoor
2017 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
Through 8 sessions of treatment, each group received a reading comprehension text that contained 5 phrasal verbs. But the way the phrasal verbs in two experimental groups were modified was different.  ...  One of them received elaborated input and the other group received simplified input; meanwhile, the control group received unmodified input.  ...  Data obtained from this study indicated a significant difference between the simplified and baseline version of the text.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.0711.09 fatcat:ao7wtnfrcfbsvk56oexaytxi4i

Effects of unenhanced, enhanced, and elaborated input on learning English phrasal verbs

Parviz Birjandi, Seyed Mohammed Alavi, Shaban Najafi Karimi
2014 International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning  
after reading the unenhanced and enhanced texts.  ...  Results of related samples Friedman's two-way ANOVA on the pre-tests and post-tests showed that the participants' scores on the post-tests were higher after reading the elaborated texts than their scores  ...  Results revealed that text enhancement did not have a positive impact on the knowledge and acquisition of the target forms, but it helped the learners notice the structure.  ... 
doi:10.5861/ijrsll.2014.772 fatcat:n62ddqap6fcf5krfj37p2uwhju

Use of Syntactic Elaboration Techniques to Enhance Comprehensibility of EST Texts

Mohammad Rahimi, Amir Rezaei
2011 English Language Teaching  
The results of the study even indicated that students benefited more from elaborated than simplified texts although it was not statistically significant.  ...  To carry out the study, three versions of 5 passages including Baseline, syntactically simplified, and syntactically elaborated were provided.  ...  simplified version of the texts (M=14.22).  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v4n1p11 fatcat:bvlgtrxxunfuzlzdwk7r2mf4xy

Engineering an Aligned Gold-Standard Corpus of Human to Machine Oriented Controlled Natural Language

Hazem Safwat, Brian Davis, Manel Zarrouk
2018 2018 IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Web Intelligence (WI)  
While the abundance of unstructured text helps in easing the knowledge acquisition gap, the ambiguous nature of language tends to impact accuracy when engaging in more complex semantic analysis.  ...  We describe a novel dataset which aligns a representative sample of Simplified English Wikipedia sentences with a well known machine-oriented CNL.  ...  To our knowledge this resource is the first aligned dataset across a human-oriented and machine-oriented CNL as well as unstructured text.  ... 
doi:10.1109/wi.2018.00-58 dblp:conf/webi/Safwat0Z18 fatcat:gxqbifzdynav5m24iiw2bcscye
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