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Risk-Mitigation in Supply Chain Digitization: A Study of System Modularity and IT Governance

Ling Xue, Zhang Cheng, Ling Hong, Xia Zhao
2013 Social Science Research Network  
The main logic is that IT managers with more domain IT knowledge can better utilize their knowledge in decision making to achieve effective system modularity.  ...  The study also theorizes how the risk-mitigating effect of system modularity can be enhanced by the allocation of decision rights to the IT unit.  ...  more of their IT domain knowledge in the strategic decision making for SC digitization.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1856513 fatcat:bf62fc2ozvaunj3qp3eu2a3icq

Complementarities Between Organizational IT Architecture and Governance Structure

Amrit Tiwana, Benn Konsynski
2010 Information systems research  
Tests of the proposed mediated-moderation model using data from 223 organizations support these ideas. Implications for theory and practice are also discussed.  ...  We theoretically develop the idea that IT architecture modularity helps sustain IT alignment by increasing IT agility, and that decentralization of IT governance strengthens this relationship.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Ashley Bush, Arun Rai, the three anonymous reviewers, the senior editor, and especially the associate editor for their input.  ... 
doi:10.1287/isre.1080.0206 fatcat:y3lnlswul5dvrgjbq773manphe

Model-Based Simulation at Runtime for Self-Adaptive Systems

Danny Weyns, M. Usman Iftikhar
2016 2016 IEEE International Conference on Autonomic Computing (ICAC)  
In this paper, we propose a novel modular approach for decision making in self-adaptive systems that combines distinct models for each relevant quality with runtime simulation of the models.  ...  Self-adaptation enables a system to reason about runtime models to adapt itself and realises its goals under uncertainties. Our focus is on providing guarantees for adaption goals.  ...  MODULAR DECISION MAKING APPROACH FOR SELF-ADAPTATION We introduce the novel modular decision making approach for self-adaptation in two steps.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icac.2016.67 dblp:conf/icac/WeynsI16 fatcat:ypxcoyntkfdzvcnmjmy76ho3fm

Risk Mitigation in Supply Chain Digitization: System Modularity and Information Technology Governance

Ling Xue, Cheng Zhang, Hong Ling, Xia Zhao
2013 Journal of Management Information Systems  
The main logic is that IT managers with more domain IT knowledge can better utilize their knowledge in decision making to achieve effective system modularity.  ...  The study theorizes how the risk-mitigating effect of system modularity can be enhanced by the allocation of decision rights to the IT (information technology) unit.  ...  The authors thank three anonymous referees for their valuable comments and suggestions. Any remaining errors are the authors'.  ... 
doi:10.2753/mis0742-1222300110 fatcat:kol774snwrbqxjzue5ilzckk5q

A case for modular design: Implications for implementing evidence-based interventions with culturally diverse youth

Aaron R. Lyon, Anna S. Lau, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep, Bruce F. Chorpita
2014 Professional Psychology: Research and Practice  
cultural knowledge.  ...  Specific applications of modular principles to clinical work with diverse youth are highlighted.  ...  of therapy models but, within a codesign approach, provide an explicit framework for adaptation in real time.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0035301 pmid:25328279 pmcid:PMC4199229 fatcat:bqvib777yrhwlk762vgcesjyki

Distributed Intelligent Automation Solutions for Self-adaptive Manufacturing Plants [chapter]

Alessandro Brusaferri, Andrea Ballarino, Emanuele Carpanzano
2010 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
In such a context, the present paper describes an automation solution based on a modular distributed approach for agile factory integration and reconfiguration, integrating a knowledge based cooperation  ...  The proposed approach is discussed through its application to a plant for customized shoe manufacturing.  ...  Main focus of the paper is kept on the description of the overall solution structure, highlighting the capabilities of run-time updating of the knowledge model used for control decisions, while factory  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-14341-0_24 fatcat:l3gbddewffhedbl3twep24wqay

Adjustment Strategies for Managing Unanticipated Changes in Software Development Processes

Katja Andresen, Norbert Gronau
2009 International Conference on Wirtschaftsinformatik  
Hereafter the solution approach imposing the process model PEPMAD is outlined.  ...  The PEPMAD -Process Model PEPMAD -the Potsdam Evolutionary Process Model for Adaptable Design is a process model (Figure 2 ).  ...  topology Decision area A: additional testing -possible but requires -adjustment of se 4 model -delegation of (modular) scalability of se model, -model exchange tasks, processes, phases actor -allocating  ... 
dblp:conf/wirtschaftsinformatik/AndresenG09 fatcat:yqrawwbzjjfvpf7lggtne34uy4

Conceptual Design of the HARMLESS Decision Support System

Eugene van Someren, Neeraj Shandilya, Remy Franken, Tanja Krone, Robin van Stokkum, Blanca Suarez-Merino, Véronique Adam, Beatrice Salieri, Wendel Wohlleben, Gino Kalkman, Mark van Barneveld, Ioannis Tolios (+4 others)
2022 Zenodo  
SSbD Decision Support System (DSS) as an online IT tool.  ...  Potential users of Safe and Sustainable by Design (SSbD) approaches, in particular small and medium sized enterprises, suffer from the sheer vastness and variety of existing knowledge, testing methods  ...  • the user is guided how to collect more data and run more models thereby selec�vely reducing uncertainty • Decision rules will construct SSbD advices adapted to the user's current situa�on • Knowledge  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6806189 fatcat:r22rmpw3f5fd5pu5xlsla7we5i

A Multi-agent Approach to Collaborative Design of Modular Products

Chun-Che Huang
2004 Concurrent Engineering - Research and Applications  
The solution approach involves (1) modeling/representing modular products and design knowledge explicitly and (2) supporting collaborative decision-making with agent techniques intelligently.  ...  This paper presents an agent-based system to knowledge management, specifically in design knowledge externalization, and focuses on decision support of modular product collaborative design.  ...  In this paper, design knowledge is modeled in a similar way to data warehouses using the dimensional modeling approach that is one of the best ways to model/store decision support data for data warehouse  ... 
doi:10.1177/1063293x04041944 fatcat:zvzdzcq3jvfyzd2nj7pawdkrve

The Role of Project Modularity in Information Systems Development

Yi Nah Yeo, Jungpil Hahn
2014 International Conference on Information Systems  
In this study, we utilize the NK fitness landscapes model to computationally examine via computer simulations the effects of problem modularity alongside various project environmental factors, and aim  ...  However, as ISD projects often have different characteristics such as size, scope and complexity, prior studies have been focused on helping organizations better choose an ISDM for projects.  ...  As an adaptive development approach, agile operates in modules, allowing for change in requirements and adaptations of decisions.  ... 
dblp:conf/icis/YeoH14 fatcat:i4y4uyc3zbemvo4hkmb35ckeja

Sentiment Tagging with Partial Labels using Modular Architectures

Xiao Zhang, Dan Goldwasser
2019 Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics  
In this paper we focus on a popular class of learning problems, sequence prediction applied to several sentiment analysis tasks, and suggest a modular learning approach in which different sub-tasks are  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the reviewers for their insightful comments. We thank the NVIDIA Corporation for their GPU donation, used in this work. This work was partially funded by a Google Gift.  ...  Fig. 3 describes the outcome for targetsentiment, comparing a non-modular model using only the full labels, with the modular approach, which uses the full labels for knowledge integration.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p19-1055 dblp:conf/acl/ZhangG19 fatcat:b2k727udjbfuriyudsxbl6ap5m

A Modular Approach Dedicated to Self-Adaptive System

Mohamed Lamine Berkane, Mahmoud Boufaida, Lionel Seinturier
2015 Lecture Notes on Software Engineering  
In this paper, we propose an approach for developing policies for self-adaptive systems at multiple levels of abstraction. This approach is modular, based on the modeling of design patterns.  ...  Index Terms-Self-adaptive systems, design patterns, modularity, reusability.  ...  PATTERNS-BASED APPROACH FOR MODELING SELF-ADAPTIVE SYSTEMS In this section, we present an approach that enables the design of self-adaptive systems in a modular way.  ... 
doi:10.7763/lnse.2015.v3.187 fatcat:azlphxfpnfapfnpq5rmbodeshi

Microservices and Their Design Trade-Offs: A Self-Adaptive Roadmap

Sara Hassan, Rami Bahsoon
2016 2016 IEEE International Conference on Services Computing (SCC)  
If the solution space is provided as input to the self-adaptive solution then the role of the self-adaptive solution is less autonomous and more of a design support for decision making.  ...  This knowledge update will feed into more informed decision making over the lifetime of the system (addressing DP3).  ... 
doi:10.1109/scc.2016.113 dblp:conf/IEEEscc/HassanB16 fatcat:54zp3gzey5byfbb32ulp4fvzbe

Evolutionary modular design of rough knowledge-based network using fuzzy attributes

Sushmita Mitra, Pabitra Mitra, Sankar K. Pal
2001 Neurocomputing  
These subnetworks are then combined and the "nal network is evolved using a GA with restricted mutation operator which utilizes the knowledge of the modular structure already generated, for faster convergence  ...  This article describes a way of integrating rough set theory with a fuzzy MLP using a modular evolutionary algorithm, for classi"cation and rule generation in soft computing paradigm.  ...  Modular knowledge-based network It is believed that the use of modular neural network (MNN) enables a wider use of ANNs for large-scale systems.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0925-2312(00)00335-0 fatcat:sbgtv6ojdjgxrjjalfx4ny7qee

MODEL-BASED PRODUCT CONFIGURATION OF HIGH VARIETY PRODUCT PORTFOLIOS

C. Wyrwich, G. Jacobs, J. Siebrecht, C. Konrad
2020 Proceedings of the Design Society: DESIGN Conference  
The model based approach changes the environment of configuration from static configuration rules to the dependencies defined within the product's system model.  ...  Traditional configurators support the creation of personalized products from the elements of a modular product system, but are based on a pre-defined set of rules.  ...  Supply bottlenecks, model changes or changed market requirements demand the re-adaption of a modular product system.  ... 
doi:10.1017/dsd.2020.287 fatcat:2yxtji4qu5gabkiypvuytnmyky
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